Guide CIT 0003 - Application for Canadian Citizenship - Minors (under 18 years of age)

Table of Contents


This is not a legal document. For legal information, refer to the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act and Regulations or the Citizenship Act and Regulations, as applicable.

This publication is available in alternative formats upon request.


Overview

Application package

This application package has:

  • an instruction guide, and
  • the forms you need to fill out.

The instruction guide:

  • has information you must know before you submit your application and
  • explains how to fill out the forms and gather your supporting documents.

Read the instruction guide completely and then fill out each of the applicable forms.

The forms are designed with questions that will help the processing of your application.


Symbols used in this guide

This guide uses these symbols to draw your attention to important information:

Required step

What you must do to have your application processed.

Important information

Important information that you need to know to avoid delays or other problems.

Get more information

Where to get more information.

Note:

Tips that will help you with this application.



Before you apply

Who may use this application?

You may use this guide to apply for citizenship for your minor child (under 18 years old) if one of the parents is a Canadian citizen or is also applying for their Canadian citizenship. Read these instructions before you begin to fill out the application form. They contain important information.

Minor children must:

  • be under 18 years of age at the time of the application;
  • be a permanent resident of Canada;
  • have at least one parent (includes legally adoptive parent) who is a Canadian citizen or who will become a citizen at the same time as the child (applying together as a family). Note: legally adopted is not the same as having custody, guardianship or being the step-parent of a child.

Minor children must not:

  • be subject to any prohibition under the Citizenship Act (see section 11 of the application form CIT 0003); and/or
  • have any unfulfilled conditions relating to their permanent resident status; and/or
  • be under a removal order (asked by Canadian officials to leave Canada).

Note: A guardian may file an application on behalf of a minor child as long as the child has at least one parent who is a Canadian citizen.

What are the other requirements for citizenship?

Important information: The child could lose his or her present nationality or citizenship if he or she becomes a Canadian citizen. If you have any questions about this, you should ask the embassy, high commission or consulate of the country of your child’s nationality.

To apply for Canadian citizenship as an adult, you must complete the Application for Canadian Citizenship — Adults (CIT 0002).


Is your child already a citizen?

A child born outside Canada to a Canadian parent on or after April 17, 2009, is a citizen by birth if the child is in the first generation born outside Canada, and the Canadian parent:

  • was born in Canada, or
  • became a Canadian citizen by immigrating to Canada (becoming a permanent resident) and being granted citizenship (also known as naturalization).

If your child is a Canadian citizen, use the Application for a Citizenship Certificate under section 3 (CIT 0001).


Is your child adopted?

If your adopted child is a permanent resident of Canada, and under 18 years of age, this is the application form you should use to apply for a grant of citizenship on their behalf.  If the adopted child is not a permanent resident of Canada, you can submit an adoptive grant of citizenship application on their behalf instead.

If the adoptive child is over 18 but is not eligible to apply for a 5(1) grant of citizenship, they might want to submit an adoptive grant of citizenship application instead.


Step 1. Gather documents

What documents are required?

The table below outlines the documents that you need to include with your child application. Refer to the Document Checklist (CIT 0008) (PDF, 314.35KB) to assist you gathering the necessary documentation.

Note: If any of the required documents are missing, or photocopies are not clear, your child's application will be returned to you.

Note: Additional documents may be required during the processing of your application.

  1. Biographical page of Passport(s)/Travel Documents of the child

    The biographical page means the page where it has your child’s name, photo, passport/travel document number, issue date and expiration date.

    Provide photocopies of the biographical pages of all passports and/or travel documents of your child (valid and cancelled) for the relevant five (5) year period immediately before the date of your application or since the child became a permanent resident. If the child was included in the passport(s) of one of the parents, provide copies of that passport(s)

    Also, provide photocopies of any renewal pages of the passport(s)/travel documents.

    Note: If any of these documents are no longer in your possession, provide an explanation in the space provided in question 9C on the application form.

    Note: If there are any gaps in time between the validity periods of the child’s passports or travel documents during the past five (5) years, or since the child became a permanent resident if the child became a permanent resident within the past five years, provide an explanation in the space provided in question 9D.

  2. Two (2) pieces of the child’s personal identification

    Both pieces of identification should show your child’s name and date of birth, one of which must have a photo on it.

    Examples include:

    • school record
    • health insurance card

    If there is information on both sides of your child’s personal identification documents, provide a photocopy of both sides.

    For a child under school age, identification such as:

    • a passport page containing his or her photo and personal details, or
    • a hospital or immunization record, may be provided

    Format: Clear and legible photocopy

  3. Birth certificate or adoption order (in the case of adopted children)

    The document must show:

    • the child’s name,
    • date of birth,
    • place of birth and
    • the names of the parents or adoptive parents.

    For adopted children living in Quebec, you must submit one of the following documents:

    • jugement d’adoption
    • jugement sur requête en adoption
    • reconnaissance de jugement d’adoption
    • certificat d’inscription d’adoption
    • attestation d’adoption
    • lettre d’attestation d’adoption

    Format: Clear and legible photocopy

  4. One (1) proof of the parent’s Canadian citizenship (if applicable)

    Examples include:

    • Provincial/territorial birth certificate
    • Certificate of Canadian citizenship
    • Certificate of naturalization
    • Certificate of Registration of Birth Abroad
    • Certificate of retention issued between January 1, 1947 and February 14, 1977

    Format: Clear and legible photocopy

  5. Proof of guardianship (if applicable)

    • a legal guardian applying on behalf of the child must provide legal documentation proving guardianship

    Format: Clear and legible photocopy

  6. Payment receipt

    For more information. See: “Step 3. Pay the Fees”.

    Receipt showing total payment of application fees.

  7. Additional documents (if required)

    Possible documents are:

    • translation of documents that are not in English or French completed by a certified translator

      Format: See “Translation of documents

    • supporting documents to prove name change
    • supporting documents to prove a date of birth correction

    For more information. See: name change and date of birth correction in this section

    Format: Clear and legible photocopy

  8. Police certificate(s) (as required)

    You are required to provide a police certificate for each country where your child was present for a total of 183 days or more while the child was 14 years of age or older during the four (4) years immediately before the date of your child’s application. Consult How to get a police certificate (police check) for specific and up-to-date information on how to obtain police certificates from any country.

    Format: Original

  9. Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476), if applicable

    For instructions on completing the Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476), see: Guide IMM 5561 – Use of a Representative

    Format: Original


Name change

Consult the table below to determine the documents that are to be included with your child’s application.

If you have legally changed the child’s name within Canada

Then you must submit a copy of the change of name document issued by a Canadian province or territory, or by the appropriate foreign-state authority. The document must show both the child’s previous and amended names.

The following documents are accepted:

  • Legal change of name document
  • Court order specifying name change
  • Adoption order

The following documents are accepted for changes to family name only:

  • Marriage certificate
  • Divorce decree
  • Registration or declaration of union issued by civil authorities
  • Revocation of declaration or annulment of union issued by civil authorities
  • Registration for common-law relationship, in provinces that permit changes of name for common-law relationships under their provincial/territorial law

If you have legally changed your child’s name outside Canada and the child is residing in Canada

Then you must provide a copy of the following documents:

  • A foreign passport or other national authoritative documentation amended to reflect the new name;
  • A document that links the child’s previous name to the new name, such as a foreign marriage certificate (with an official translation); and
  • A document in the new name from Canadian provinces/ territories (ex. driver’s license, health card).

If you have legally changed your child’s name outside Canada and the child is residing outside Canada

Then you must provide a copy of the following documents:

  • A foreign passport or other national authoritative documentation amended to reflect the new name;
  • a document that links the child’s previous name to the new name, such as a foreign marriage certificate (with an official translation) or other foreign legal change of name document issued by foreign authorities; and
  • an authoritative national or state/province (or equivalent) issued photo identification document issued in the country or state/province in which the child resides that displays the new name, such as:
    • a foreign passport or other travel documents, if the child is a dual citizen;
    • a state/provincial (or equivalent) identification card.

If you have applied and obtained an amendment to your child’s Record of Landing, or Confirmation of Permanent Residence due to errors made by Canadian immigration officials when recording your child’s name, then you must submit a copy of the amendment or a letter confirming the change of name.


Date of birth correction

The date of birth on the child’s citizenship certificate will be the same as the one shown on his/her immigration document unless you:

  • have corrected the date of birth on the child’s immigration document or
  • have legally changed it after arriving in Canada or
  • are requesting a different date of birth for the child’s citizenship certificate and you can provide supporting documents.

If the date of birth has been corrected on the immigration document, then you must provide a copy of

  • an approved Request to Amend Immigration Record of Landing (IMM 1000) or Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM 5292 or IMM 5688), and
  • the new corrected Permanent Resident Card (if the child has one).

If you have legally changed the date of birth by a provincial/territorial court order, then you must provide a copy of

If the child did not change the date of birth by a provincial/territorial court order and the date of birth has not been corrected on the child’s immigration document, then you must provide a copy of

Important information: You cannot request a change in the child’s date of birth after the application has been submitted. If satisfactory documentation is not provided with the application to support the date of birth requested, the citizenship certificate will reflect the date of birth indicated on the child’s immigration document.

Important information: If you do not have a provincial/territorial court order changing the child’s date of birth, you must first request an amendment to your immigration document before requesting a different date of birth on your child’s citizenship certificate.

For more information. For information on amending your immigration document
Refer to the guide Request to Amend the Record of Landing, Confirmation of Permanent Residence or Valid Temporary Resident Documents (IMM 5218).


Quebec government documents

The following documents issued by the government of Quebec before January 1, 1994 are not acceptable documents in support of an application for a citizenship certificate.

  • baptismal certificates
  • birth certificates, and
  • marriage certificates.

For more information. If you are currently in possession of one of these certificates you must obtain a new document by contacting the office of the Directeur de l’état civil du Québec


Translation of documents

You must send the following for any document that is not in English or French:

  • the English or French translation; and
  • an affidavit from the person who completed the translation (see below for details); and
  • a certified copy of the original document.

Translations may be done by a person who is fluent in both languages (English or French and the unofficial language).

If the translation isn’t done by a member in good standing of a provincial or territorial organization of translators and interpreters in Canada, you must submit an affidavit swearing to the accuracy of the translation and the language proficiency of the translator. A certified translator will provide both a certified translation and certified copies of the original documents.

The affidavit must be sworn in the presence of:

In Canada:

  • a notary public
  • a commissioner of oaths
  • a commissioner of taking affidavits

Authority to certify varies by province and territory. Consult your local provincial or territorial authorities.

Outside of Canada:

  • a notary public

Authority to administer oaths varies by country. Consult your local authorities.

Important information: Translations must not be done by the applicants themselves nor by members of the applicant’s family. This includes a parent, guardian, sibling, spouse, common-law partner, conjugal partner, grandparent, child, aunt, uncle, niece, nephew and first cousin.

Note: An affidavit is a document on which the translator has sworn, in the presence of a person authorized to administer oaths in the country where the translator is living, that the contents of their translation are a true translation and representation of the contents of the original document. Translators who are certified in Canada don’t need to supply an affidavit.



Note

Photographs

You must:

  • provide two (2) identical citizenship photographs;
  • print the Citizenship Photo Specifications page and take it to the photographer to make sure you get the correct size photo;
  • follow the steps explained on the form; and
  • not staple, glue or otherwise attach the photo directly to the application.

Your application will be returned to you if you do not include the two (2) photos that meet the citizenship photo specifications.


Step 2. Complete the application

Filling out the application

Follow the step-by-step instructions below to complete the application form.

The following are the forms that must be filled out and submitted:

Optional:

Important information: If you are completing this application for a child under 18 years of age, remember all questions are about the child.

Note: The information you provide on your application may be subject to verification. Throughout the application process, if you or someone on your behalf provide any misleading or fraudulent information or withhold any information that could cause an error in the administration of the Citizenship Act, you could be charged with an offence under the Citizenship Act, your application for citizenship could be refused, and/or you could be prohibited from reapplying for citizenship for five (5) years.



Important information

Be complete and accurate

Complete all sections. If a section does not apply to you, write “Not Applicable” or “NA”. If your application is incomplete it may be returned to you and this will delay the processing of your application.

If you need more space for any section, print out an additional page containing the appropriate section, complete it and submit it along with your application.


Section 1

Question 1

Would you like to receive service (correspondence) in English or in French?


Section 2

Question 2

Check the box to indicate if the child has any special needs. If yes, please explain.

Special needs are described as:

  • wheelchair access
  • sign language interpretation
  • personal assistance (for example, the child will be accompanied by a care attendant, an interpreter, a seeing eye dog, a sighted guide, etc.)
  • visually impaired (for example, the study guide is required in large print, audio version or Braille

Note: It is important to provide the information if the child needs assistance in order for IRCC to make the necessary arrangements to accommodate the child.


Section 3

Question 3

Write if you have applied for the child to obtain Canadian citizenship before. If yes, you must tell us when you applied for the child.


Section 4

Question 4

Check the box to indicate if you are the parent or guardian of the child.

You must provide a document which proves the relationship between the parent and the child.

  • If you are the Legal guardian
    then you must submit
    • a clear and legible copy of the legal document showing guardianship.
  • If you are the Biological parent(s)
    then you must submit
    • the child’s birth certificate showing the names of the child and his or her parents
  • If you are the Adoptive parent(s)
    then you must submit
    • a copy of the adoption order
    • Important information: For adopted children living in Quebec, you must submit one of the following documents:
      • jugement d’adoption;
      • jugement sur requête en adoption;
      • reconnaissance de jugement d’adoption;
      • certificat d’inscription d’adoption;
      • attestation d’adoption; or
      • lettre d’attestation d’adoption.

Section 5

Question 5A

Copy the Client ID# or Unique Client Identifier (UCI) exactly as it appears on the child’s immigration document.  Immigration documents include the child’s:

  • Permanent Resident Card (PR Card)
  • Confirmation of Permanent Residence (IMM5292 or IMM 5688)
  • Record of landing (IMM 1000)
    • if there is no client ID number listed, provide the document number located at the bottom right corner that begins with a W followed by 9 digits (Example: W 012 345 678)
Question 5B

Write the last name (surname/family name) and given name(s) of the child exactly as they appear on the child’s immigration document. If the name was shortened (truncated) on the immigration document, it will appear in full length on the child’s citizenship certificate, up to 50 characters for the family name(s) and 50 characters for the given name(s).

Question 5C

Write the child’s current last name (surname/family name) and given name(s), if different from question 5B.

Important information: You must provide supporting documents for any change in the child’s name. See “Name change” in the Gather Documents section.

Question 5D

Write any names the child has used in the past such as:

  • birth name,
  • nicknames, or
  • community names, etc.

Section 6

Question 6A

Write your child’s:

  • date of birth exactly as it appears on your child’s immigration document (examples are noted in Question 5A above), and
  • place of birth, including the city or town and country.

Are you requesting a different date of birth on your child’s citizenship certificate?

If yes, see Date of birth correction section in this guide in Gather Required Documents.

Note: A request for a different date of birth is subject to approval by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).

Question 6B

Write the child’s current citizenship.

Question 6C

Check the box to indicate whether if the child is male or female. Include the child’s height, eye colour, and legal marital status.


Section 7

Question 7A

Write the child’s current home address, complete with

  • Street address
  • City or town
  • Province
  • Postal code
Question 7B

If your mailing address is different from your home address, write your complete mailing address. If the mailing address indicated is that of a representative, you must indicate their mailing address in this section and complete the IMM 5476 form.

Question 7C

List the telephone number(s) where you can be reached.

Question 7D

Indicate your email address using this format (if applicable): name@provider.net

If you provide your email address IRCC will correspond with you via email where possible.

If the email address is that of a representative, you must indicate their email address in this section and complete the IMM 5476 form.


Section 8

Question 8A

Write the family name and given name(s) of the child’s parents.

Question 8B

Write the country and date of birth of the child’s parents.

Question 8C

Check box “yes” or “no” to indicate if the child's grandparent (s) was a Canadian citizen at the time of the parent's birth.

Question 8D

Answer this question if the child's parent acquired Canadian citizenship by birth or by naturalization before February 15, 1977.

Question 8E

Write whether the child's parent is the biological or adoptive parent(s).

Question 8F

Indicate whether the child's parent left Canada for more than one (1) year before 1977. If yes, provide the dates the child's parent was away and indicate the country they were staying in. If the child's parent acquired Canadian citizenship after February 14, 1977, indicate “N/A” (Not Applicable).

Question 8G

Indicate whether the parent was employed outside Canada as a Crown servant (in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or the public service of a province or territory other than as a locally engaged person) at the time of the child’s birth or adoption.

Question 8H

Indicate whether either of the child’s grandparents was employed outside Canada as a Crown servant (in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, the federal public administration or the public service of a province or territory other than as a locally engaged person) at the time of the parent’s birth or adoption.


Section 9

Question 9A

Write the date when the child became a permanent resident of Canada. The information can be found on:

  • the child’s Record of Landing – IMM 1000, or
  • the child’s Confirmation of Permanent Residence – IMM 5292, or
  • of the child’s Confirmation of Permanent Residence – IMM 5688,
  • the child’s Permanent Resident Card.
Question 9B

You must let us know if the child left Canada for a total of six months or longer since becoming a permanent resident. If yes, give details of the time the child spent away from Canada. Use another piece of paper, if you need more space.

Question 9C

Check the box to indicate if you have all the required photocopies of passports or travel documents for the child for the relevant period. If you do not have all the required photocopies, explain why in the space provided. If the passport validity was extended, include a photocopy of the page(s) containing the extension stamp(s).

Question 9D

Check the box to indicate if there are any gaps in time in the validity period of the child’s passports or travel documents for the relevant period. If there are gaps between the validity of any passports or travel documents, explain why in the space provided.

Question 9E

Answer the question by checking yes or no. If your child is under 14 years of age, or was under 14 years of age while present in a country other than Canada, check not applicable (child under 14 years of age). The following examples may help you answer the question:

Example 1

In the past four (4) years, your child travelled with you on one (1) trip to France that lasted 200 days.

You would answer “Yes” to the question and you would need to provide a police certificate from France for your child.

Example 2

In the past four (4) years, your child travelled with you on 10 trips to the United States of America (USA). Each trip lasted three (3) weeks, for a total of 210 days.

You would answer “Yes” to the question and you would need to provide a police certificate from the USA for your child.

Example 3

In the past four (4) years, your child spent one year (365 days) studying in Singapore. While studying in Singapore, your child took a trip to Malaysia (10 days) and Thailand (10 days).

You would answer “Yes” to the question and you would need to provide a police certificate from Singapore for your child. You would not need to provide police certificates from Malaysia or Thailand.

Example 4

In the past four (4) years, your child travelled with you on one (1) trip to Europe where you and your child visited Portugal (5 days), Spain (7 days), France (10 days), Belgium (3 days), Netherlands (3 days), Germany (21 days), Switzerland (7 days) and Italy (21 days). Your child took a second trip to Europe where your child visited Ireland (14 days), Scotland (14 days) and English (21 days). Your child went to Germany on a student exchange program that lasted 60 days. The total time your child was outside of Canada was 186 days but your child was not in a single country for more than 183 days.

You would answer “No” to the question and you would not need to provide police certificates from any of the countries for your child.

If you checked “Yes”, list the name(s) of each country in the space provided below the question.

Your child will be required to obtain a police certificate for each country, other than Canada, where your child was present for a total of 183 days or more while the child was 14 years of age or older in the past four (4) years. See Police Certificate section in this guide in “Step 1. Gather documents.

If your child cannot get a police certificate from a country, you must provide an explanation in the space provided below the question.


Section 10

Question 10

Certain conditions outlined in the Citizenship Act, may affect the child’s application for citizenship. To find out if this applies to the child, read this section of the application. If any of the questions in this section of the application apply to the child, you must provide details. For further information consult the Help Centre (see “Need Help?”).

You do not have to tell us whether the child was found guilty of an offence under the Youth Criminal Justice Act if the sentence was a youth sentence and it has been successfully completed.

Note: IRCCchecks with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and the Canadian Security and Intelligence Service (CSIS) to find out if there are any criminal or security reasons which could prevent the child from acquiring Canadian citizenship. Also, the child’s entry to Canada and status will be verified with Immigration officials. You may be required to provide the child’s fingerprints or court documents to ensure that the child is not prohibited under the Citizenship Act.


Section 11

Question 11

If you appoint an individual, firm or organization as your representative, you must complete the Use of a Representative Form (IMM 5476). Note that once you appoint a representative, all correspondence from IRCC regarding your application will be directed to them and not to you.

For instructions on completing the Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476), see: Guide IMM 5561 – Use of a Representative.


Section 12

Question 12

The parent or legal guardian(s) must sign the application, using the same signature they currently use on other official documents. Enter the place (city, town or village) and date beside the signature.

Sign and date the application on the same day.

Note: Children who are 14 years of age or older must also co-sign the application form with the legal guardian who is applying on behalf of the child.

Note: Your application will be returned to you if the application form is:

  • not signed and dated,
  • stale-dated (dated more than 90 days before IRCCreceives it),or
  • post-dated (dated into the future).

Note: Your application will be returned to you if:

  • You have appointed an individual, firm or organization as your representative and you did not submit the Use of a Representative form (IMM 5476) with your application or the Use of a Representative form you submitted is incomplete.
  • You have appointed a compensated representative who is not:
    • a member of the designated body (consultant who is in good standing of the Immigration Consultants of Canada Regulatory Council (ICCRC);
    • a lawyer or a paralegal who is a member in good standing of a Canadian provincial or territorial law society or a student-at-law under their supervision; or
    • a notary who is a member in good standing of the Chambre des notaires du Québec or a students-at-law under their supervision.

Step 3. Pay the fees

Your fees

If more than one member of your family is applying for Canadian citizenship pay the fees all together.

Use the table below to calculate the total amount of fees to be paid. The fee payment receipt must be included with this application.

Application (per person) $CAN
Minor (under 18)
Processing fee ($100)
$100

Incorrect fee payments

Payment issue - No fee included or insufficient fees included  

We will return your application.

Note: : We will only start processing your application after you return your application with the requested fees.

Payment issue - Overpayment

We will:

  • start processing your application, and
  • send you a refund as soon as possible.

Note: You do not have to ask for a refund, it will be done automatically.


Pay your fees online

You can pay your fees online if you have:

  • a valid email address;
  • access to a printer (you will need to print the receipt), and
  • a credit or debit card.

Instructions

Follow these instructions to pay using the Internet.

  • Go to online Payment.
  • Follow the online instructions.
    • At the end, click on the button to print the IRCC official receipt with barcode. Print two copies.

Note

Do not exit without printing the receipt!

  • Attach a copy of this receipt to your completed application. Keep the second copy of the receipt for your records.

Proof of payment

The receipt you printed is your proof of payment.



Note

The only acceptable form of payment is online payment. If you send any other form of payment, IRCC will return your application.

You can submit an IMM 5401 payment receipt with your application only if it was date-stamped by a Canadian financial institution before April 1st, 2016.


Step 4. Mail the application

Where to mail the application

Mail your completed application in a stamped envelope addressed as shown below:

Affix sufficient postage (top right of the envelope)
Sender (top left of the envelope)
(Your name)
(Your Address)
(Your Postal Code)
Recipient (centre of the envelope)
Case Processing Centre – Sydney
Grant – Minors
P.O. Box 7000
SYDNEY, NS  B1P 6V6
CANADA

Courier address:
Case Processing Centre – Sydney
Grant - Minors
49 Dorchester Street
SYDNEY, NS
B1P 5Z2


If you are sending more than one application

If you are sending more than one application (for example, applications for family members), you may send one receipt to cover all applications. Mail the receipt (if applicable) and all applications together in one envelope so that they will be processed together.

Note: If you are sending more than one application (for example, family members), and one of the applications is incomplete, all the applications will be returned to you.



Note

Reminders

Make sure to use the document checklist and include it with your application.

Here are some reminders to avoid your application being returned to you :

  • You have answered all questions on the form or wrote “N/A” (Not applicable) for any question that is not applicable to you.
  • You (parent or legal guardian) have signed and dated the form and the child has co-signed, if the child is 14 years old and older.
  • Make sure before you send it that it is not stale-dated (dated more than 90 days before IRCC receives it) or it is post-dated (dated into the future).
  • You have included photocopies of the biographical pages of the child’s passport(s) or travel documents and/or photocopies of the parent’s passport if the child is included in that passport.
  • You have included the child’s birth certificate or Adoption order.
  • You have included the parent’s proof of Canadian citizenship, if applicable.
  • If your child was 14 years of age and older and present in any country, other than Canada, for at least 183 days or more in the past four (4) years, you have included police certificates for your child issued by that country.
  • You have included photocopies of both sides of two (2) pieces of the child’s personal identification, one of which must have a photo.
  • You have included two (2) photos of the child according to the citizenship application photograph specification.
  • You have included proof of payment and exact fees.
  • You have included original translation and an affidavit by the translator for any documents that are not in English or French.
  • You have included the Use of Representative form (IMM 5476) if you appoint a representative to communicate with IRCC on your behalf regarding this application.

What happens next?

Once your child's application is received

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada reviews the application to make sure:

  • The necessary documents are all included in order to process your application, and
  • The appropriate fee payment has been made.

When the application has been received by the Case Processing Centre we will send you:

A letter of acknowledgment confirming the reception of the application. If you provided an email address, you may receive an email acknowledgement.


Decision

If IRCC determines your child meets all the requirements for citizenship, if the child is under 14 years of age, you will receive:

  • A request for you to provide your child’s original Record of Landing (IMM 1000) and Permanent Resident Card.
  • Once these documents are received by IRCC, the citizenship certificate as well as the updated IMM 1000 will be sent by mail.

Note: If the child is 14 years of age or older or turns 14 during processing of the application and meets all the requirements for citizenship, the IRCC office notifies your child in writing of the time and place of the citizenship ceremony.

  • What your child will receive:

    • Notification to appear to take the oath of citizenship
    • Certificate of Canadian Citizenship received at the ceremony after taking the oath of citizenship.

    The ceremony notice will indicate that your child must bring to the ceremony their original Record of Landing (IMM 1000) and Permanent Resident Card, if they have one.

Note: Once your child becomes a citizen, your child will no longer be a permanent resident. The IMM 1000 will be updated accordingly and returned, and the Permanent Resident Card will be cancelled and destroyed.



Important information

Updating your contact information

During the application process, you must advise us of any change of address or telephone number. You can do this by going to Change of address or by consulting the Help Centre.


Checking application status

You can check the status of your application online by doing the following:

  1. Go to Check application status on the IRCC website.
  2. Follow the instructions provided.

Note: Your application status will only appear online once the application is received and the initial review by IRCC is completed.

To obtain details on how to remove your application status information from the Internet, visit the Help Centre on the IRCC website.


Protecting your information

Your personal information is:

  • available to IRCC and the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) employees who need to see it to provide the services to you, and
  • not disclosed to other organizations except as permitted under the provisions of the Privacy Act or the Citizenship Regulations.

For more information. For more information about the protection of your data, visit the Help Centre.


Quality Assurance Program

Our quality assurance program randomly chooses applications for a special review. If chosen, we will ask you to attend an interview with an IRCC official to:

  • verify that the documentation and any other information you submitted is accurate,
  • verify that your application has been completed properly.

Note: We will notify you in writing if your application is chosen.



For more information

Current processing times

Processing time can change. You can check current processing times on the Application processing times webpage.


Need help?

If you need help, you can find answers to your questions by visiting the Help Centre.



Appendix A

Changing sex designation

If you are requesting a change of sex designation, you must submit proof to support the request. See below for the list of acceptable documents you may submit.

Documentary evidence issued in Canada

To request a change of sex designation where the documentary evidence was issued in Canada, you must submit one of the following documents issued by a provincial or territorial authority:

  • a legal document issued by provincial or territorial vital statistics organizations showing a change of sex designation;
  • a court order; or
  • an amended birth certificate showing a change of sex designation.

IRCC does not require proof of sex reassignment surgery to amend the sex designation on documents. However, you may, in order to support your request to change your sex designation, submit proof of sex reassignment surgery (partial or full) from a medical practitioner in good standing with the regulatory body under which they practice.

If you have an amendment to your Record of Landing, or Confirmation of Permanent Residence because of errors made by Canadian immigration officials when recording your sex, then you must submit a copy of the amendment or a letter confirming the change of sex.

Note: Your provincial or territorial identification (such as a driver’s license) is not enough to process a change of sex designation. You must submit:

  • one of the documents listed above, or
  • a Request form for a Change of Sex Designation (CIT 0404) as listed below.

If you cannot get any of the documentary evidence listed above, you must submit the following document:

  • a Request form for a Change of Sex Designation (CIT 0404) (PDF, 1.52MB) stating:
    • that your gender identity matches the requested change in sex designation,
    • that you are living full-time in the gender corresponding to the sex designation requested to appear on the IRCC document, and
    • the reason why you could not submit a provincial or territorial document (see requirements for witnesses below);

Note: If you do not explain why you did not submit a provincial or territorial document, your application will be returned as incomplete.

If you are residing in Canada, the Request form for a Change of Sex Designation will need to be witnessed and sworn in the presence of:

  • a notary public,
  • a commissioner of taking oaths, or
  • a commissioner of taking affidavits.

If you are residing outside Canada, it must be sworn in the presence of a notary public.

Documentary evidence issued outside Canada

If your documentary evidence is issued outside Canada, you must submit the following:

IRCC does not require proof of sex reassignment surgery in order to amend the sex designation on documents. However, you may, in order to support your request to change your sex designation, submit proof of sex reassignment surgery (partial or full) from a medical practitioner in good standing with the regulatory body under which they practice.

If you are residing in Canada, supplementary photo identification can include the following documents issued by a Canadian province or territory:

  • a driver's license;
  • a health card;
  • an age of majority card;
  • a social services card;
  • a senior citizen identification card.

If you are residing outside Canada, supplementary photo identification can include:

  • an amended foreign passport, for dual Canadian citizens; or
  • a national or state identification card.

Any copy of a foreign passport or national authoritative document should show:

  • the document type and number,
  • the issuance date and expiry date, and
  • your full name, photo and date of birth.

Note: If you are unable to provide photo identification in the amended sex designation, you must explain why (example: fear of persecution or you were not able to amend foreign documents before you amended your Canadian documents). If you do not provide photo identification and you have failed to provide an adequate reason, the application will be returned as incomplete.


Appendix B

"X" in the sex field on an immigration document

In the future, we will be introducing an "X" in the sex field. Sign up for email updates on changing your sex to X (unspecified). Until this becomes available, you may request a supporting document, free of charge that will state that your sex is unspecified.

You can request the supporting document once your application has been approved and you’ve received your citizenship certificate.

Find out how to request a supporting document with X.

Important:

If your birth certificate has a sex other than male (M) or female (F):

  • On your application form, identify the sex you would like displayed (M or F) until the X can be issued.
  • The sex chosen (M or F) on your application will be the sex printed on your certificate.

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