List of Acts and Regulations

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The Public Health Agency of Canada assists the Minister of Health in exercising or performing the Minister's powers, duties, and functions in relation to public health.

Through the delivery of its legislative and regulatory programs, the Agency is seeking to comply with the Cabinet Directive on Regulatory Management, which encompasses the commitments outlined in the Government of Canada's Red Tape Reduction Action Plan that responds to the recommendations of the Red Tape Reduction Commission.

Here you will find information regarding Acts and Regulations associated with the Public Health Agency of Canada.

Human Pathogens and Toxins Act

The purpose of this Act is to establish a safety and security regime to protect the health and safety of the public against the risks posed by human pathogens and toxins.

Department of Health Act

This Act sets out the powers, duties, and functions of the Minister, which extend to all matters covering the promotion or preservation of the health of Canadians over which Parliament has jurisdiction.

Public Health Agency of Canada Act

This Act establishes the Public Health Agency of Canada for the purpose of assisting the Minister of Health in exercising or performing the Minister's powers, duties and functions in relation to public health. It also establishes the office of the Chief Public Health Officer and the office of the President, and the related powers, duties and functions.

Quarantine Act

The purpose of this Act is to protect public health by taking comprehensive measures to prevent the introduction and spread of communicable diseases. The Act authorizes the Minister of Health to establish quarantine stations and quarantine facilities anywhere in Canada, and to designate various officers including quarantine officers, environmental health officers, and screening officers. The Act authorizes measures that can be taken in respect of international travellers, or other persons at an entry or departure point, who have or might have a communicable disease (one that poses a risk of significant harm to public health). It also authorizes measures that can be taken in respect of conveyances arriving in or departing from Canada, and cargo on those conveyances, which could be the source of a communicable disease.

COVID-19 Emergency Orders in Council (OIC) pursuant to section 58 of the Quarantine Act in effect:

Group Exemption under 3(1)(j)(ii) of the Order

Pursuant to paragraph 3(1)(j)(ii)of the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 Coronavirus Disease in Canada Order (Prohibition of Entry into Canada from any country other than the United States), made pursuant to section 58 of the Quarantine Act, the Chief Public Health Officer may determine a class of persons who provide an essential service while in Canada.

As determined by the Chief Public Health Officer, at this time, the following class of persons are exempt:

  • Technicians or specialists specified by a government, manufacturer, or company, as required to install, inspect, maintain or repair equipment necessary to support critical infrastructure (Energy and Utilities, Information and Communication Technologies, Finance, Health, Food, Water, Transportation, Safety, Government and Manufacturing);
  • Persons, including a captain, deckhand, observer, inspector, scientist, veterinarian and any other person supporting commercial or research open water aquaculture-related activities, who enter Canada for the purpose of carrying out aquaculture-related activities, including fishing, transporting fish to and from the aquaculture facility, treating fish for pests or pathogens, repairs, provisioning of aquaculture-related vessels or aquaculture facilities or exchange of crew and who proceed directly to an open water facility or vessel upon entry to Canada;
  • Officials of a foreign government, including border services officers, immigration enforcement officers, law enforcement and correctional officers, who are escorting individuals travelling to Canada or from Canada pursuant to a legal process such as deportation, extradition or international transfer of offenders; and
  • Officials of a foreign government, including law enforcement, border enforcement, and immigration enforcement officers, who enter Canada for the purposes of law, border or immigration enforcement, or national security activities that support active investigations, ensure continuity of enforcement operations or activities, or transfer information or evidence pursuant to, or in support, of a legal process; and who are required to provide their services within 14 days of entry and have reasonable rationales for the immediacy of the work and the inability to plan for a 14 day quarantine.

Upon arriving at a point of entry into Canada, those who fall under the above categories, will not be prohibited from entering the country, provided the standard Government of Canada documentation for foreign nationals is presented and verified by a Canada Border Service Agency Screening Officer.

Please be aware that the mandatory 14-day isolation period for asymptomatic people does not apply to those who meet the exemption criteria. However, should any person - with no exception - arrive at the border exhibiting symptoms of COVID-19, they are subject to the isolation orders issued by a Quarantine Officer under the Quarantine Act. This could include home isolation or even immediate referral to a health care facility. This is in the best interest of both the traveller and all other Canadians.

Group Exemption from pre-arrival COVID-19 test by land mode under Schedule 1, Table 2, Item 3 of the Quarantine Order

Pursuant to Item 3 in Table 2 of Schedule 1 to the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 in Canada Order (Quarantine, Isolation and Other Obligations), (the Quarantine Order) made pursuant to section 58 of the Quarantine Act, and as amended from time-to-time, the Chief Public Health officer determines that the following class of persons will provide an essential service and are exempt from the pre-border COVID-19 molecular test requirement under the following conditions:

  • An asymptomatic Canadian Citizen, permanent resident, temporary resident, protected person or person with status under the Indian Act accompanying an individual residing in Canada who received essential medical services or treatments in a foreign country pursuant to Item 12 in Table 2 of Schedule 1, if this individual is either:
    • An asymptomatic or symptomatic minor or dependent child; or
    • An asymptomatic person requiring assistance in accessing the essential medical services or treatments.
Group Exemption from pre-arrival COVID-19 test by air mode under Schedule 1, Table 1, Item 3 of the Quarantine Order

Pursuant to Item 3 in Table 1 of Schedule 1 to the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 in Canada Order (Quarantine, Isolation and Other Obligations), (the Quarantine Order) made pursuant to section 58 of the Quarantine Act, and as amended from time-to-time, the Chief Public Health Officer determines that the following class of persons will provide an essential service and are exempt from the pre-border COVID-19 molecular test requirement under the following conditions:

  • An asymptomatic Canadian Citizen, permanent resident, temporary resident, protected person or person with status under the Indian Act accompanying an individual residing in Canada who received essential medical services or treatments in a foreign country pursuant to Item 12 in Table 1 of Schedule 1, if the individual is either:
    • An asymptomatic or symptomatic minor or dependent child; or
    • An asymptomatic person requiring assistance in accessing the essential medical services or treatments.
  • If the urgency of the medical situation does not permit a COVID-19 molecular test to be administered before boarding the aircraft for the flight to Canada, an asymptomatic person accompanying an individual entering by a medical evacuation flight for medical purposes pursuant to Item 16 in Table 1 of Schedule 1, when the individual is either:
    • An asymptomatic or symptomatic dependent child; or
    • An asymptomatic person requiring assistance in accessing the essential medical services or treatments.
Immediate Requirement for Non-Fully Vaccinated Operators of Commercial Vehicles Transporting Goods by Land to be Subject to Pre-Arrival Testing, Testing in Canada and Quarantine

To briefly summarize the following requirements: Unvaccinated operators of a commercial vehicle transporting goods by land, but not rail, or entering Canada to do so, are subject to the new CPHO requirement.

If they would usually be exempt from entry requirements only because they are crew, or working in trade and transport, they must now undergo a pre-arrival test, quarantine, and test in Canada, unless their reason for entry concerns transportation of medical equipment, blood products, or body parts required for patient care.

Pursuant to subsection 1.3(1) of the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 in Canada Order (Quarantine, Isolation and Other Obligations (the Quarantine Order) made under section 58 of the Quarantine Act, as amended from time to time, having considered the factors in subsection 1.3(3) of the Quarantine Order, and in order to address the immediate risks posed by the spread of the COVID-19 virus and its variants of concern, the Chief Public Health Officer (CPHO), hereby revises the decision of the same title made January 14th, 2022, and impose the following conditions and requirements:

A/ Application
The conditions in this instrument apply only to persons who:

  1. are not a fully vaccinated person within the meaning of the Quarantine Order; and
  2. enter Canada by land as the operator of a commercial vehicle transporting, or returning from transporting, goods by land, or enter Canada by any means for the purpose of assuming duties to operate such a vehicle within 72 hours of arrival to Canada. This does not include operators of a conveyance that travels only on a railway.

B/ Pre-Arrival Testing
The following applies to those in (A) who are normally exempt from pre-arrival testing on the basis of any of:

  • Schedule 1, Table 1, item 2 (a crew member entering by air);
  • Schedule 1, Table 2, item 2 (a crew member entering by land);
  • Schedule 1, Table 2, item 12 (a person in the trade or transportation sector who is important for the movement of goods…including a truck driver…who enters Canada [by land] for the purpose of performing their duties as a member of that sector);
  • Schedule 1, Table 3, item 2 (a crew member entering by water);
  • Schedule 1, Table 3, item 11 (a person in the trade or transportation sector who is important for the movement of goods…including a truck driver… who enters Canada [by water] for the purpose of performing their duties as a member of that sector.

Those enumerated in this section (B), and who are only normally exempt from pre- arrival testing for the preceding reasons, are now required to undergo pre-arrival testing in accordance with Quarantine Order sections 2.1, 2.2, or 2.21, as applicable.
The requirements imposed in (B) do not apply to

  1. persons who enter Canada for the purpose of delivering, installing, maintaining or repairing medically necessary equipment or devices; or
  2. persons who enter Canada for the purpose of donating or making medical deliveries of stem cells, blood and blood products, tissues, organs or other body parts that are required for patient care in Canada.

C/ Testing in Canada
The following applies to those in (A) who are normally exempt from testing in Canada based only on Schedule 2, Table 2, item 1 (a crew member) of the Quarantine Order. Such persons are now required to undergo testing in Canada in accordance with subsection 2.3(1) of the Quarantine Order.

D/ Quarantine
The following applies to those in (A) who are normally exempt from quarantine based only on Schedule 2, Table 1, Item 1 (a crew member) of the Quarantine Order. Such persons are now required to quarantine themselves without delay in a suitable place in accordance with subsection 3.1(2) of the Quarantine Order and with the requirements set out in sections 4.1 to 4.4 and section 4.93 of the Quarantine Order.

E/ General Conditions and Requirements
Should extraordinary circumstances arise, a Quarantine Officer may release a person identified above from any of these additional conditions or requirements, or vary these conditions or requirements, and if applicable, in accordance with additional guidance the CPHO may provide.

The terms of this decision prevail over those in the Quarantine Order to the extent of any inconsistency.

This decision repeals and replaces the decision of the same title made January 14, 2022.

This decision remains in effect until January 31, 2022, at 23:59:59 EST, or until otherwise repealed.
Mandatory Random Testing (MRT) Requirements for Fully Vaccinated Travellers

Pursuant to subsections 2.3(1.1) and 2.3(1.2) of the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 in Canada Order (Quarantine, Isolation and Other Obligations) (the Quarantine Order), the Chief Public Health Officer (CPHO) has indicated that the following groups of persons are subject to Mandatory Random Testing (MRT) for their on-arrival (Day 1) molecular test:

  • Fully vaccinated persons (within the meaning of the Quarantine Order) entering Canada by air or land, who are compliant with applicable pre-arrival testing and have provided the applicable information and evidence of vaccination; and
    • are not a person:
      • required to isolate when entering Canada (subsection 5.1(1)); or exempted under the Aeronautics Act from providing evidence of a pre-arrival test result (Item 15 of Table 1 of Schedule 1 to the Quarantine Order).

Exemptions for fully vaccinated travellers who meet specific conditions

COVID-19 Travel exemptions from testing and quarantine

Types of accepted molecular tests

Specification that the ArriveCAN application and website are and remain the electronic means specified for purposes of electronic submission requirements in the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 in Canada Order (Quarantine, Isolation and Other Obligations)

Pursuant to subsections 3.2(4), 3.8(4), 4.2(a), 4.2(b)(ii) and 5.2(a) of the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 in Canada Order (Quarantine, Isolation and Other Obligations) (the Quarantine Order), made pursuant to section 58 of the Quarantine Act, and as amended from time to time, the Minister of Health has the authority to specify the electronic means by which travellers submit information as required by the Quarantine Order.

The ArriveCAN application and web portal are, and have remained since November 2020, the specified electronic means of submitting the mandatory information required under the Quarantine Order for all travellers, unless otherwise exempt.

Failure to comply with the requirements in the Quarantine Order to provide required information via the ArriveCAN application or web portal constitutes an offence under the Quarantine Act and can result in fines and/or imprisonment, as well as tickets under the Contraventions Act.

Group Exceptions from providing information by ArriveCAN

Pursuant to subsection 3.4(8) of the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 in Canada Order (Quarantine, Isolation and Other Obligations), (the Quarantine Order), a person who enters Canada by air or land must provide the information and the evidence of COVID-19 vaccination by electronic means specified by the Minister of Health, unless they are a member of a class of persons who, as determined by the Minister of Health, are unable to provide their information by those electronic means for a reason such as a disability, inadequate infrastructure, a service disruption or a natural disaster, in which case the information must be provided in the form and manner and at the time specified by the Minister of Health.

As determined by the Minister of Health, at this time, the following classes of persons may use an alternative to ArriveCAN:

  • Persons with a disability: Persons whose impairments, activity limitations, or participation restrictions make them unable to provide their information by the specified electronic means (based on WHO definition of disability).
  • Persons who are unable to provide their information by the specified electronic means due to inadequate infrastructure (including limitations of the ArriveCAN application). All travellers are expected to use the most recent version of ArriveCAN unless a new version has been made available within 72 hours of travel.
  • Persons who are unable to provide their information by the specified electronic means due to a service disruption or a natural disaster.
  • Certain Classes of Temporary Foreign Workers: A foreign national who holds a valid work permit issued under subparagraph 200(1)(c)(ii.1) or (iii) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations or a foreign national whose application for a work permit under one of those subparagraphs was approved and who has received written notice of the approval but who has not yet been issued the permit, provided that the permit authorizes the foreign national to work in a unit group referred to in Schedule 3 of the Quarantine Order (Temporary Foreign Workers - Agriculture, agri-food, fish and seafood sectors as defined in the QIO).
  • Resettled Refugees: A person whose application for permanent residence was approved under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, and who is a Convention Refugee as described in section 96 of that Act or is a member of country of asylum class described in section 147 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations, and who meets the requirements for financial assistance in the form of funds from a government resettlement assistance program that is available in Canada, as described in subparagraph 139(1)(f)(ii) of those Regulations.
  • Asylum Seekers: Persons referred to in subsection 5(1) or (2) of the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 in Canada Order (Prohibition of Entry into Canada from the United States) who made a claim for refugee protection when entering Canada from the United States.
  • Government-authorized Afghanistan Evacuees (in effect until January 31, 2022)
    • Canadian citizens, permanent residents and foreign nationals who are the immediate and extended family members of Canadian citizens or permanent residents, who are part of a Government of Canada-facilitated evacuation relating to Afghanistan; and
    • Other foreign nationals who are part of a Government of Canada-facilitated evacuation relating to Afghanistan; and
    • Crew members who are assisting, or part of, a Government of Canada-facilitated evacuation.

Other than the Quarantine-Exempt travellers, these classes may also use an alternative to ArriveCAN for any other information that must be submitted before or when entering Canada as required under the Quarantine Order, including:

  • Quarantine plan and/or contact information (subsection 3.2(4)); and/or
  • Travel history and information and proof of vaccination status (subsections 3.3(1), (2)).
Group Exemption from Quarantine under Schedule 2, Table 1, Item 4 of the Quarantine Order

While an exemption from quarantine may be granted under the federal Quarantine, Isolation, and Other Obligations Order, you are encouraged to consult provincial and territorial resources for any additional restrictions regarding mandatory quarantine, as stricter measures may apply.

Pursuant to Item 4 of Table 1 of Schedule 2 to the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 in Canada Order (Quarantine, Isolation, and Other Obligations), (the Quarantine Order) made pursuant to section 58 of the Quarantine Act, and as amended from time-to-time, the Chief Public Health Officer may determine an exempt class of persons who provide an essential service while in Canada, if the person complies with any conditions imposed on them by the Chief Public Health Officer to minimize the risk of introduction or spread of COVID-19.

As determined by the Chief Public Health Officer, at this time, the following class of persons are exempt from the requirement to quarantine upon entry into Canada:

  • Persons in the trade or transportation sector who are important for the movement of goods or people, including truck drivers and members of a crew on any aircraft, shipping vessel or train, and that cross the border while performing their duties or for the purpose of performing their duties;
  • Persons who must cross the border regularlyFootnote * to go to their normal place of employment, including critical infrastructure workers (Energy and Utilities, Information and Communication Technologies, Finance, Health, Food, Water, Transportation, Safety, Government and Manufacturing), provided they do not directly care for persons 65 years of age or older within the first 14 days after their entry to CanadaFootnote *;
  • Technicians or specialists specified by a government, manufacturer, or company, who enter Canada as required for the purpose of maintaining, repairing, installing or inspecting equipment necessary to support critical infrastructure (Energy and Utilities, Information and Communication Technologies, Finance, Health, Food, Water, Transportation, Safety, Government and Manufacturing) and are required to provide their services within 14 days of their entry to Canada and have reasonable rationales for the immediacy of the work and the inability to plan for a 14 day quarantine;
  • Persons, including a captain, deckhand, observer, inspector, scientist, veterinarian and any other person supporting commercial or research open water aquaculture-related activities, who enter Canada for the purpose of carrying out aquaculture-related activities, including fishing, transporting fish to and from the aquaculture facility, treating fish for pests or pathogens, repairs, provisioning of aquaculture-related vessels or aquaculture facilities or exchange of crew and who proceed directly to an open water facility or vessel upon entry to Canada;
  • Emergency service providers, including firefighters, peace officers, and paramedics, who return from providing such services in another country and are required to provide their services within 14 days of their return to Canada;
  • Commercial conveyance operators repatriating human remains into Canada;
  • Officials of the Government of Canada or a foreign government, including border services officers, immigration enforcement officers, law enforcement and correctional officers, who are escorting individuals travelling to Canada or from Canada pursuant to a legal process such as deportation, extradition or international transfer of offenders;
  • Officials of the Government of Canada, a provincial or a foreign government, including law enforcement, border enforcement, and immigration enforcement officers, who enter Canada for the purposes of law, border or immigration enforcement, or national security activities that support active investigations, ensure continuity of enforcement operations or activities, or transfer information or evidence pursuant to, or in support, of a legal process; and who are required to provide their services within 14 days of entry and have reasonable rationales for the immediacy of the work and the inability to plan for a 14 day quarantine;
  • Members of a crew for any conveyance who are re-entering Canada after having left to undertake mandatory training relating to the operation of a conveyance, and who are required by their employer to return to work as members of a crew on a conveyance within 14 days of their return to Canada; and
  • Asymptomatic Canadian citizen, permanent resident, temporary resident, protected person or person with status under the Indian Act accompanying a person residing in Canada who received essential medical services or treatments in a foreign country pursuant to Item 9 in Table 1 of Schedule 2, if the person is either:
    • An asymptomatic or symptomatic minor child or dependent child; or
    • An asymptomatic person requiring assistance in accessing the essential medical services or treatments

Please be aware that the mandatory 14-day isolation period for asymptomatic people does not apply to those who meet the exemption criteria. During the 14-day period that begins on the day in which they enter Canada, persons exempt from mandatory quarantine must wear a mask that a screening officer or quarantine officer considers suitable when they are in public settings, including when entering Canada. They must also maintain a list of the names and contact information of each person with whom they come into close contact and the locations visited during that period. Exemption from the requirement to quarantine does not automatically infer exemptions from any of the other pre-arrival or post-arrival measures.

Should any person - with no exception - arrive at the border exhibiting symptoms of COVID-19, they are subject to the isolation orders issued by a border official under the Quarantine Act. This could include home isolation, a quarantine facility or even immediate referral to a health care facility. Symptomatic persons arriving at the Canadian land border will not be permitted entry unless they have the right to access Canadian health care. This is in the best interest of both the traveller and all other Canadians.

Group Exemption from Undergoing Tests in Canada under Schedule 2, Table 2, Item 4 of the Quarantine Order

While an exemption from undergoing tests in Canada may be granted under the federal Quarantine, Isolation, and Other Obligations Order, you are encouraged to consult provincial and territorial resources for any additional restrictions regarding mandatory quarantine, as stricter measures may apply.

Pursuant to Item 4 of Table 2 of Schedule 2 to the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 in Canada Order (Quarantine, Isolation, and Other Obligations), (the Quarantine Order) made pursuant to section 58 of the Quarantine Act, and as amended from time-to-time, the Chief Public Health Officer may determine an exempt class of persons who provide an essential service while in Canada, if the person complies with any conditions imposed on them by the Chief Public Health Officer to minimize the risk of introduction or spread of COVID-19.

As determined by the Chief Public Health Officer, at this time, the following class of persons are exempt from the requirement to undergo tests upon entry into Canada:

  • Persons in the trade or transportation sector who are important for the movement of goods or people, including truck drivers and members of a crew on any aircraft, shipping vessel or train, and that cross the border while performing their duties or for the purpose of performing their duties;
  • Persons who must cross the border regularly Footnote * to go to their normal place of employment, including critical infrastructure workers (Energy and Utilities, Information and Communication Technologies, Finance, Health, Food, Water, Transportation, Safety, Government and Manufacturing), provided they do not directly care for persons 65 years of age or older within the first 14 days after their entry to Canada Footnote *;
  • Technicians or specialists specified by a government, manufacturer, or company, who enter Canada as required for the purpose of maintaining, repairing, installing or inspecting equipment necessary to support critical infrastructure (Energy and Utilities, Information and Communication Technologies, Finance, Health, Food, Water, Transportation, Safety, Government and Manufacturing) and are required to provide their services within 14 days of their entry to Canada and have reasonable rationales for the immediacy of the work and the inability to plan for a 14 day quarantine;
  • Persons, including a captain, deckhand, observer, inspector, scientist, veterinarian and any other person supporting commercial or research open water aquaculture-related activities, who enter Canada for the purpose of carrying out aquaculture-related activities, including fishing, transporting fish to and from the aquaculture facility, treating fish for pests or pathogens, repairs, provisioning of aquaculture-related vessels or aquaculture facilities or exchange of crew and who proceed directly to an open water facility or vessel upon entry to Canada;
  • Emergency service providers, including firefighters, peace officers, and paramedics, who return from providing such services in another country and are required to provide their services within 14 days of their return to Canada;
  • Commercial conveyance operators repatriating human remains into Canada;
  • Officials of the Government of Canada or a foreign government, including border services officers, immigration enforcement officers, law enforcement and correctional officers, who are escorting individuals travelling to Canada or from Canada pursuant to a legal process such as deportation, extradition or international transfer of offenders;
  • Officials of the Government of Canada, a provincial or a foreign government, including law enforcement, border enforcement, and immigration enforcement officers, who enter Canada for the purposes of law, border or immigration enforcement, or national security activities that support active investigations, ensure continuity of enforcement operations or activities, or transfer information or evidence pursuant to, or in support, of a legal process; and who are required to provide their services within 14 days of entry and have reasonable rationales for the immediacy of the work and the inability to plan for a 14 day quarantine;
  • Members of a crew for any conveyance who are re-entering Canada after having left to undertake mandatory training relating to the operation of a conveyance, and who are required by their employer to return to work as members of a crew on a conveyance within 14 days of their return to Canada; and
  • Asymptomatic Canadian citizen, permanent resident, temporary resident, protected person or person with status under the Indian Act accompanying a person residing in Canada who received essential medical services or treatments in a foreign country pursuant to Item 9 in Table 2 of Schedule 2, if the person is either:
    • An asymptomatic or symptomatic minor child or dependent child; or
    • An asymptomatic person requiring assistance in accessing the essential medical services or treatments

Please be aware that the requirement to undergo tests does not apply to those who meet the exemption criteria. During the 14-day period that begins on the day in which they enter Canada, persons exempt from the requirement to undergo tests must wear a mask that a screening officer or quarantine officer considers suitable when they are in public settings, including when entering Canada. They must also maintain a list of the names and contact information of each person with whom they come into close contact and the locations visited during that period. Exemption from the requirement to undergo tests does not automatically infer exemptions from any of the other pre-arrival or post-arrival measures.

Should any person - with no exception - arrive at the border exhibiting symptoms of COVID-19, they are subject to the isolation orders issued by a border official under the Quarantine Act. This could include home isolation, a quarantine facility or even immediate referral to a health care facility. Symptomatic persons arriving at the Canadian land border will not be permitted entry unless they have the right to access Canadian health care. This is in the best interest of both the traveller and all other Canadians.

Immediate Requirement to Quarantine to Mitigate the Spread of the Omicron Variant for Certain Quarantine-Exempt Travellers Entering Canada by Air or Land

Pursuant to subsection 1.3(1) of the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 in Canada Order (Quarantine, Isolation and Other Obligations) (the Quarantine Order) made under section 58 of the Quarantine Act , as amended from time to time; having considered the factors in subsection 1.3 (3) of the Quarantine Order, and in order to address the immediate risks posed by the emergence of the Omicron variant of the COVID-19 virus, the Chief Public Health Officer (CPHO) has repealed the decisions titled:

Immediate Requirement to Quarantine for Certain Quarantine Exempt Travellers who have Travelled to Countries other than Canada or the United States within the past 14 days to Mitigate the Spread of the Omicron Variant that came into effect at 00:01:00 EST on December 7, 2021; and

Temporary Requirement for in Canada Testing and Quarantine of Certain Exempt Travellers Arriving in Canada from Countries at High Risk of the COVID-19 Omicron Variant that came into effect on November 28, 2021.

For greater certainty, persons who were subject to either of the previous decisions before their repeal, and who meet the criteria below will now be subject to new requirements and conditions set out below, as applicable. Those travellers who do not fall within the groups identified below are released from all additional measures. The following conditions and requirements do not apply to persons subject to the November 27, 2021 decision titled Temporary Requirement for On Arrival Testing of all Fully Vaccinated Asylum Claimants e ntering Canada .

In place of the prior approaches, the CPHO now imposes the following conditions and requirements on to persons who enter Canada by air or by land, and who:

  1. were in a country other than Canada or the United States within the 14 days prior to entry into Canada;
  2. are normally exempt from quarantine only on the basis of their status as:
    • a fully vaccinated person referred to in s.4.9 of the Quarantine Order; or
    • a person with a contraindication to vaccination referred to in section 4.92 of the Quarantine Order; and
  3. are required to be tested when entering Canada under s.2.3 of the Quarantine Order, or who entered Canada when one of the aforementioned repealed CPHO decisions were in effect and who were required to be tested when entering Canada, on entry, pursuant to that decision.

The above noted travellers must:

  1. Quarantine themselves without delay in a suitable place in accordance with s.3.1(2) of the Quarantine Order and with the requirements set out in sections 4.1 to 4.4, and section 4.94 of the Quarantine Order;
  2. Remain in quarantine until the expiry of the 14-day period that begins on the day on which the person enters Canada, or until receipt of a negative test result from the on arrival COVID-19 molecular test, whichever comes first;
  3. Report their arrival at, and the civic address of, their place of quarantine within 48 hours after entering Canada to the Minister of Health, screening officer or quarantine officer, by way of any means instructed by a screening officer, a quarantine officer or the Minister of Health, unless they are a member of a class of persons who, as determined by the Minister of Health, are unable to report that information by those means for a reason such as a disability, inadequate infrastructure, a service disruption or a natural disaster, in which case the reporting must be done in the form and manner and at the time specified by the Minister of Health;
  4. Should they receive a positive COVID-19 test result for a test conducted upon entry or within the 14 days after entry to Canada, have reasonable grounds to suspect they have COVID-19 or develop signs and symptoms of COVID-19:
    1. Without delay, report the positive test result or signs and symptoms to the Public Health Agency of Canada by any means instructed by a screening officer, a quarantine officer or the Minister of Health, unless they are a member of a class of persons who, as determined by the Minister of Health, are unable to report that information by those means for a reason such as a disability, inadequate infrastructure, a service disruption or a natural disaster, in which case the reporting must be done in the form and manner and at the time specified by the Minister of Health;
    2. Isolate themselves in accordance with the requirements set out in Part 5 of the Quarantine Order for a 10-day period that begins on:
      1. in the case of a person who develops signs and symptoms of COVID-19, the day on which the person developed signs and symptoms of COVID-19, or
      2. in the case of a person who receives a positive result,
        1. the date when the specimen collection was validated by the test provider and indicated by the test provider to the Minister of Health, screening officer or quarantine officer, or
        2. if there is no date for when the specimen collection was validated by the test provider, the test result date that was indicated by the test provider to the person or to the Minister of Health, screening officer or quarantine officer.
    3. Report their arrival at, and the civic address of, their place of isolation within 48 hours to the Minister of Health, screening officer or quarantine officer, by way of any means instructed by a screening officer, a quarantine officer or the Minister of Health, unless they are a member of a class of persons who, as determined by the Minister of Health, are unable to report that information by those means for a reason such as a disability, inadequate infrastructure, a service disruption or a natural disaster, in which case the reporting must be done in the form and manner and at the time specified by the Minister of Health.
    4. If upon entry or within the 14-day period that begins on the day on which the person enters Canada, someone who travelled with a person subject to these additional requirements and conditions receives a positive COVID-19 test result, or develops signs and symptoms of COVID-19, the person subject to these additional requirements and conditions must quarantine themselves without delay in accordance with Part 4 of the Quarantine Order, during the 14-day period that begins on the day on which the person subject to these additional requirements and conditions was most recently exposed to the person with whom they travelled, in accordance with any instructions provided by a quarantine officer or screening officer.

Should extraordinary circumstances arise, a quarantine officer may release persons identified above from any of these additional conditions or requirements, or vary these conditions or requirements.

These conditions and requirements come into effect on December 18, 2021 at 23:59:59 EST, and remain in effect until 23:59:59 EST on January 31, 2022, or until otherwise repealed.

Temporary Requirement for On Arrival Testing of all Fully Vaccinated Asylum Claimants Entering Canada

Pursuant to subsection 1.3(1) of the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 in Canada Order (Quarantine, Isolation and Other Obligations) (the Quarantine Order) made pursuant to section 58 of the Quarantine Act, and as amended from time to time; having considered factors in subsection 1.3 (3) of the Quarantine Order, the Chief Public Health Officer imposes the following requirements on fully vaccinated travellers who make a claim for refugee protection between land Points of Entry (POEs) and who do not have proof of a negative pre-arrival COVID-19 test result:

  • Undergo a COVID-19 molecular test when entering Canada, in accordance with s. 2.3(1)(a) of the Quarantine Order;
  • Remain in quarantine until receipt of a negative COVID-19 molecular test result in accordance with the instructions provided by a quarantine officer or screening officer; and
  • In case of a positive COVID-19 molecular test result or signs and symptoms of COVID-19 develop, isolate themselves without delay in accordance with the instructions provided by a quarantine officer or screening officer.

Pursuant to subsection 1.3(1) of the Quarantine Order and having considered factors in subsection 1.3 (3) of the Quarantine Order, the Chief Public Health officer imposes the following requirements on unvaccinated children under 12 years of age (unless under the age of 5 years) travelling with a fully vaccinated parent, step-parent, guardian or tutor who make a claim for refugee protection between land Points of Entry (POEs) and who do not have proof of a negative pre-arrival COVID-19 test result:

  • Remain in quarantine until receipt of a negative result of a COVID-19 molecular test required under section 2.3(1)(a) of the Quarantine Order, in accordance with the instructions provided by a quarantine officer or screening officer (a child aged less than five years may leave quarantine when their accompanying adult does); and
  • In case of a positive COVID-19 molecular test result or signs and symptoms of COVID-19 develop, isolate themselves without delay in accordance with instructions provided by a quarantine officer or screening officer.

This requirement remains in effect until 12:01 am EDT on January 31, 2022, or until otherwise repealed.

Upon arrival at Canadian ports of entry, travellers are required to follow the instructions of a government of Canada representative designated to administer the Emergency Orders under the Quarantine Act. Government of Canada representatives will:

  • administer the Emergency Orders for COVID-19 on behalf of the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC)
  • determine if an individual's travel purpose for travelling to Canada falls within the definition of the exemptions of the Emergency Orders
  • assess travellers for potential risks to public health, in accordance with their designation under the Quarantine Act

If you require assistance in interpreting any of the Orders in Council currently in effect, or if you have additional questions about the Emergency Orders, please direct your enquiry to phac.emergencyorder-decretdurgencecovid19.aspc@canada.ca.

Please note you do not require a letter from the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) in order to be considered exempt from an Emergency Order if you meet one of the specified conditions. PHAC can provide opinions on the interpretation of the exemptions as it relates to individual situations, but does not issue exemption letters to travellers.

To support a thorough analysis in a timely manner, please include the following information, at minimum:

  • number of travellers and country of citizenship of each traveller
  • planned travel dates/frequency of travel
  • specific purpose for travel to Canada
  • an explanation as to why you are of the view that you qualify for exemption and are unable to plan for a 14 day quarantine
  • please include any relevant information to support your explanation (Note: do not include copies of personal/sensitive documentation (e.g. images of passports, licences)

Archived:

Group Exemptions

Pursuant to paragraph 3(l)(ii) of the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 Coronavirus Disease in Canada Order (Prohibition of Entry into Canada), made pursuant to section 58 of the Quarantine Act, and as amended from time-to-time, the Chief Public Health Officer may determine a class of persons who provide an essential service while in Canada.

As determined by the Chief Public Health Officer, at this time, the following class of persons are exempt:

  • Persons making urgent medical deliveries of cells, blood and blood products, tissues, organs, or other similar lifesaving human body parts, that are required for patient care in Canada.
  • Crew members of a vessel within the meaning of section 2 of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001 other than a pleasure craft within the meaning of that section.
  • Persons who are licensed health care professionals with proof of employment in Canada.
  • Those who fall under the above categories and arrive by means of an aircraft, will not be prohibited from entering Canada. By order of the Chief Public Health Officer of Canada, these individuals must present an exemption form upon entering Canada. Additional documentation related to the essential service may also be requested.

Please be aware that the 14-day isolation period for asymptomatic people is recommended by the Public Health Agency of Canada but is not mandatory at this time. However, should any person - with no exception - arrive at the border exhibiting symptoms of COVID-19, they are subject to the isolation orders issued by a Quarantine Officer under the Quarantine Act. This could include home isolation or even immediate referral to a health care facility. This is in the best interest of both the traveller and all other Canadians.

If you require an exemption form or if you have additional questions about the Emergency Order, email us at: phac.emergencyorder-decretdurgencecovid19.aspc@canada.ca.

Group Exemptions

Pursuant to paragraph 3(1)(l)(ii) of the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 Coronavirus Disease in Canada Order (Prohibition of Entry into Canada from any country other than the United States), issued pursuant to section 58 of the Quarantine Act, the Chief Public Health Officer may determine a class of persons who provide an essential service while in Canada.

As determined by the Chief Public Health Officer, at this time, the following class of persons are exempt:

  • Persons making necessary medical deliveries within during or within a reasonable period of time of the duration of the Order in Council Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 Coronavirus Disease in Canada Order (Prohibition of Entry into Canada from any country other than the United States) or within reasonable time after that, of cells, blood and blood products, tissues, organs, or other similar lifesaving human body parts, that are required for patient care in Canada.
  • Crew members of a vessel within the meaning of section 2 of the Canada Shipping Act, 2001 other than a pleasure craft within the meaning of that section.
  • Persons who are licensed health care professionals with proof of employment in Canada.

Those who fall under the above categories and arrive by means of an aircraft, will not be prohibited from entering Canada. By order of the Chief Public Health Officer of Canada, these individuals must present an exemption form upon entering Canada. Additional documentation related to the essential service may also be requested.

Please be aware that the 14-day isolation period for asymptomatic people is recommended by the Public Health Agency of Canada but is not mandatory at this time. However, should any person - with no exception - arrive at the border exhibiting symptoms of COVID-19, they are subject to the isolation orders issued by a Quarantine Officer under the Quarantine Act. This could include home isolation or even immediate referral to a health care facility. This is in the best interest of both the traveler and all other Canadians.

If you require an exemption form or if you have additional questions about the Emergency Order, email us at: phac.emergencyorder-decretdurgencecovid19.aspc@canada.ca.

Group Exemptions

Pursuant to paragraph 3(j)(ii)of the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 Coronavirus Disease in Canada Order (Prohibition of Entry into Canada from any country other than the United States), issued pursuant to section 58 of the Quarantine Act, the Chief Public Health Officer may determine a class of persons who provide an essential service while in Canada.

As determined by the Chief Public Health Officer, at this time, the following class of persons are exempt:

  • Asymptomatic persons, including captains, deckhands, observers, inspectors, scientists and other persons supporting commercial or research fishing-related activities, who enter Canada aboard a "Canadian fishing vessel" or "foreign fishing vessel", as these phrases are defined under section 2 of the Coastal Fisheries Protection Act, for the purpose of carrying out fishing or fishing-related activities, including offloading of fish, repairs, provisioning the vessel and exchange of crew.
  • Technicians specified by a government, manufacturer, or company, as required to maintain or repair equipment necessary to support critical infrastructure (Energy and Utilities, Information and Communication Technologies, Finance, Health, Food, Water, Transportation, Safety, Government and Manufacturing).

Upon arriving at a point of entry into Canada, those who fall under the above categories, will not be prohibited from entering the country, provided the standard Government of Canada documentation for foreign nationals is presented and verified by a Canada Border Service Agency Screening Officer.

Please be aware that the mandatory 14-day isolation period for asymptomatic people now required by the Public Health Agency of Canada does not apply to those who meet the exemption criteria. However, should any person - with no exception - arrive at the border exhibiting symptoms of COVID-19, they are subject to the isolation orders issued by a Quarantine Officer under the Quarantine Act. This could include home isolation or even immediate referral to a health care facility. This is in the best interest of both the traveller and all other Canadians.

If you require assistance in interpreting the exemptions or if you have additional questions about the Emergency Order, email us at: phac.emergencyorder-decretdurgencecovid19.aspc@canada.ca.

Group Exemptions

Pursuant to paragraph 3(e) of the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 Coronavirus Disease in Canada Order (Mandatory Isolation), issued pursuant to section 58 of the Quarantine Act, the Chief Public Health Officer may determine a class of persons who provide an essential service while in Canada.

As determined by the Chief Public Health Officer, at this time, the following class of persons are exempt:

  • Persons making necessary medical deliveries during, or within a reasonable period of time of the duration of, the Order in Council Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 Coronavirus Disease in Canada Order (Mandatory Isolation) of cells, blood and blood products, tissues, organs, or other similar body parts, that are required for patient care in Canada;
  • Asymptomatic persons in the trade and transportation sector who are important for the movement of goods and people, including truck drivers and crew on any plane, train or marine vessel, and that cross the border while performing their duties or for the purpose of performing their duties;
  • Asymptomatic persons, including captains, deckhands, observers, inspectors, scientists and other persons supporting commercial or research fishing-related activities, who enter Canada aboard a "Canadian fishing vessel" or "foreign fishing vessel", as these phrases are defined under section 2 of the Coastal Fisheries Protection Act, for the purpose of carrying out fishing or fishing-related activities, including offloading of fish, repairs, provisioning the vessel and exchange of crew;
  • Asymptomatic persons who have to cross the border regularly to go to work, including those in the health care sector or critical infrastructure workers; and
  • Asymptomatic persons who have to cross the border to provide or receive essential services, including emergency responders and personnel providing essential services to Canadians related to the COVID-19 outbreak.

Upon arriving at a point of entry into Canada, those who fall under the above categories, will not be prohibited from entering the country. By order of the Chief Public Health Officer of Canada, these individuals must present an exemption form upon entering Canada. Additional documentation related to the essential service may also be requested.

Please be aware that the mandatory 14-day isolation period for asymptomatic people now required by the Public Health Agency of Canada does not apply to those who meet the exemption criteria. However, should any person - with no exception - arrive at the border exhibiting symptoms of COVID-19, they are subject to the isolation orders issued by a Quarantine Officer under the Quarantine Act. This could include home isolation or even immediate referral to a health care facility. This is in the best interest of both the traveller and all other Canadians.

If you require an exemption form or if you have additional questions about the Emergency Order, email us at: phac.emergencyorder-decretdurgencecovid19.aspc@canada.ca.

Archived CPHO decisions

Repealed, came into force November 27, 2021: List of specified countries

A foreign national is prohibited from entering Canada if, within a period of 14 days before the day on which they seek to enter Canada, they were in any of the following countries affected or at risk of being affected by the SARS-CoV-2 variant: B.1.1.529 (Omicron variant):

  • Botswana;
  • Egypt;
  • Eswatini;
  • Lesotho;
  • Malawi;
  • Mozambique;
  • Namibia;
  • Nigeria;
  • South Africa; and
  • Zimbabwe
Repealed, came into force November 28, 2021: Temporary Requirement for in Canada Testing and Quarantine of Certain Exempt Travellers Arriving in Canada from Countries at High Risk of the COVID-19 Omicron Variant

Pursuant to subsection 1.3(1) of the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 in Canada Order (Quarantine, Isolation and Other Obligations) (the Quarantine Order) made pursuant to section 58 of the Quarantine Act, and as amended from time to time; having considered factors in subsection 1.3 (3) of the Quarantine Order, the Chief Public Health Officer imposes the conditions and requirements set out below on the following persons:

  • Persons entering Canada by any mode of travel who, within the 14 days prior to entry into Canada, were in a country with an outbreak, or at risk of an outbreak of, the Omicron (SARS-CoV-2 variant: B.1.1.529), namely:
    1. Botswana;
    2. Eswatini;
    3. Lesotho;
    4. Mozambique;
    5. Namibia;
    6. South Africa;
    7. Zimbabwe; and
    8. Such other country as may be specified under the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 in Canada Order (Prohibition of Entry into Canada - Specified Countries).

The following measures will apply to these persons:

  1. For members of any of the following groups:
    1. fully vaccinated persons normally subject to mandatory random on arrival COVID-19 molecular testing and normally exempt from quarantine pursuant to the Quarantine Order;
    2. persons normally exempt from quarantine as per Schedule 2, Table 1 (Items 2, 5, 9, 10, 11, or 28) of the Quarantine Order;
    3. persons normally exempt from in Canada COVID-19 molecular testing as per Schedule 2, Table 2 (Items 2, 5, 9, 10, 11, 28, 37, 38, or item 40 (if entering on a ferry or pleasure craft vessel as per item 40) of the Quarantine Order; and
    4. persons normally exempt from quarantine as per sections 4.7, 4.8 and subsection 4.92 of the Quarantine Order
      • All in (A) must undergo two COVID-19 molecular tests in Canada, in accordance with paragraphs 2.3(1)(a) and (b) of the Quarantine Order (i.e. on day 1 and day 8);
        • If entering by air: quarantine in a Designated Quarantine Facility, upon the direction of a Quarantine Officer, until receipt of a negative COVID-19 molecular test completed under s. 2.3(1)(a) of the Quarantine Order. Upon receipt of a negative COVID-19 molecular test completed under s. 2.3(1)(a) of the Quarantine Order, they must comply with enhanced quarantine measures in a place considered suitableFootnote ** by a quarantine officer, in accordance with instructions provided by a quarantine officer, for the remainder of the 14-day period after entry and report their arrival at, and the civic address of, their place of quarantine within 48 hours after entering Canada to the Minister of Health, screening officer or quarantine officer, through the electronic means specified by a quarantine or screening officer;
        • If entering by land or water, comply with enhanced quarantine requirements as instructed by a quarantine officer, in a suitable placeFootnote ** (as determined by a quarantine officer) and report their arrival at, and the civic address of, their place of enhanced quarantine within 48 hours after entering Canada to the Minister of Health, screening officer or quarantine officer through the electronic means specified by a quarantine or screening officer.
      • All in (A) must, upon receipt of a positive COVID-19 molecular test completed under s. 2.3(1)(a) or 2.3(1)(b) of the Quarantine Order, isolate themselves for 10 days from the day on which they received a positive test result, without delay, in accordance with the instructions provided by a quarantine officer or screening officer, and part 5 of the Quarantine Order, and report their arrival at, and the civic address of, their place of isolation within 48 hours after entering Canada in accordance with instructions provided by the Minister of Health, quarantine officer or screening officer;
      • All in (A) must, if upon entry or within the 14 days after entry into Canada they have reasonable grounds to suspect they have COVID-19, receive a positive COVID-19 molecular test result, develop signs and symptoms of COVID-19 or someone with whom they travelled does, isolate themselves for 10 days at a suitable place of isolation, without delay, and in accordance with the instructions provided by a quarantine officer or screening officer and part 5 of the Quarantine Order.
  2. For persons over the age of 5 years who have received a prior positive COVID-19 test result within 14-180 days prior to travel (or 10-180 days as of January 15, 2022, at 00:01:00 EST)
    • All in (B) must undergo two COVID-19 molecular tests in Canada, in accordance with paragraphs 2.3(1)(a) and (b) of the Quarantine Order (i.e. on day 1 and day 8);
      • If entering by air, unless exempt from quarantine on the basis not listed in (A) and other than based on their status as a person with a prior positive COVID-19 molecular test result, enter quarantine at a Designated Quarantine Facility upon the direction of a Quarantine Officer until receipt of either:
        • A negative COVID-19 molecular test result completed under s. 2.3(1)(a); or
        • A positive COVID-19 molecular test result completed under s. 2.3(1)(a) which confirms the prior positive and a laboratory confirmation that the traveller does not have the Omicron variant.
      • If entering by land or water, unless exempt from quarantine for a reason not listed in (A) and other than based on their status as a person with a prior positive COVID-19 molecular test result, they must comply with enhanced quarantine requirements for 14 days, in a suitable placeFootnote **, as instructed by a quarantine officer and report their arrival at, and the civic address of, their place of quarantine within 48 hours after entering Canada to the Minister of Health, screening officer or quarantine officer, through the electronic means specified by a quarantine or screening officer;
    • All in (B) must, upon receipt of either of the above noted COVID-19 molecular test results, comply with enhanced quarantine measures in a place considered suitableFootnote ** by a quarantine officer, in accordance with instructions provided by a quarantine officer, for the remainder of a 14-day period after entry, and report their arrival at, and the civic address of, their place of quarantine within 48 hours after entering Canada in accordance with instructions provided by the Minister of Health, quarantine officer or screening officer, through the electronic means specified by a quarantine or screening officer;
    • All in (B) must if upon entry or within the 14 days after entry into Canada, they have reasonable grounds to suspect they have COVID-19, receive a positive COVID-19 molecular test result, develop signs and symptoms of COVID-19 or someone with whom they travelled does, they must isolate themselves for 10 days without delay at a suitable place of isolation, and in accordance with the instructions provided by a quarantine officer or screening officer and Part 5 of the Quarantine Order.
  3. For persons listed in Schedule 2, Table 1 of the Quarantine Order (Items 1, 3, 6, 7, 8, 12 (if disembarking)); or Schedule 2, Table 2 (Items 1, 3, 6, 7, 8, 12 (if disembarking), 35, 36, or 40 (if entering on a vessel that is not a ferry or a pleasure craft and disembarking):
    • If arriving by air, land, or a vessel that is not a ferry or a pleasure craft, and provided they are not normally subject to COVID-19 molecular testing in Canada as per the Quarantine Order, they must undergo a COVID-19 molecular test when entering Canada in accordance with s. 2.3(1)(a) of the Quarantine Order (i.e. day 1 test);
    • In case of a positive COVID-19 molecular test completed under s. 2.3(1)(a) of the Quarantine Order, they must isolate themselves for 10 days, at a suitable place of isolation, without delay and in accordance with the instructions provided by a quarantine officer or screening officer, and part 5 of the Quarantine Order.
    • If upon entry or within the 14 days after entry into Canada, they have reasonable grounds to suspect they have COVID-19, receive a positive COVID-19 molecular test result, develop signs and symptoms of COVID-19 or someone with whom they travelled does, they must isolate themselves for 10 days without delay at a suitable place of isolation, and in accordance with the instructions provided by a quarantine officer or screening officer and Part 5 of the Quarantine Order.
  4. For unvaccinated children under 12 years of age (travelling with a fully vaccinated parent, step-parent, guardian or tutor):
    • Provided they are normally not subject to quarantine in the Quarantine Order but are required to undergo in Canada COVID-19 molecular testing (unless under the age of 5), they are subject to the same quarantine or isolation requirements applicable to their fully vaccinated parent, step-parent, guardian or tutor, as set out herein.
  5. For persons listed in the above sections A - D, who entered Canada within the 14 days prior to the day the conditions and requirements set out herein are imposed:
    • In accordance with the instructions provided by a quarantine officer or a screening officer, they must undergo a COVID-19 molecular test in Canada, in accordance with paragraph 2.3(1)(b) of the Quarantine Order; and
    • They must quarantine for the remainder of the 14 days from their date of entry, in accordance with part 4 of the Quarantine Order, in a place considered suitable by a quarantine officer, as per the requirements of s.3.1(2) of the Quarantine Order.

For persons identified in sections A-E above, who travelled with a person who exhibits signs and symptoms of COVID-19 or receives a positive result for any type of COVID-19 test, before the expiry of the 14-day period that begins on the day on which the person they travelled with entered Canada, they must quarantine themselves in a place that meets the conditions set out in section 4.1 of the Quarantine Order, in accordance with Part 4 of the Quarantine Order, during the 14-day period that begins on the day on which the person was most recently exposed to the other person.

For person identified in sections A-E above, a quarantine officer may release a person from any of the above quarantine or testing requirements or vary their requirements, in extraordinary circumstances, in accordance with the guidance provided by the CPHO, if applicable.

For persons identified in sections A-D above, they will also be exempt from the requirement to undergo mandatory randomized testing as normally required pursuant to subsection 2.3(1.2) of the Quarantine Order.

These requirements remain in effect until 00:01:00 EST on January 31, 2022, or until otherwise repealed.

Repealed, came into force December 7, 2021: Immediate Requirement to Quarantine for Certain Quarantine Exempt Travellers who have Travelled to Countries other than Canada or the United States within the past 14 days to Mitigate the Spread of the Omicron Variant

Pursuant to subsection 1.3(1) of the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 in Canada Order (Quarantine, Isolation and Other Obligations) (the Quarantine Order) made under section 58 of the Quarantine Act , as amended from time to time; having considered the factors in subsection 1.3 (3) of the Quarantine Order, and in order to address the immediate risks posed by the emergence of the Omicron variant of the COVID-19 virus, the Chief Public Health Officer (CPHO) imposes the conditions and requirements set out below.

Application

These conditions and requirements apply to the following persons otherwise normally exempt from quarantine under the Quarantine Order who enter Canada by air or by land, and who:

  1. were in a country other than Canada or the United States within the 14 days prior to entry into Canada;
  2. were not in a country where there is an outbreak or risk of an outbreak of the Omicron variant of COVID-19, as determined by the CPHO pursuant to the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 in Canada Order (Prohibition of Entry in to Canada Specified Countries) ; and
  3. are normally exempt from quarantine only on the basis of their status as:
    • a fully vaccinated person referred to in s.4.9 of the Quarantine Order; or
    • a person with a contraindication to vaccination referred to in section 4.92 of the Quarantine Order; and
  4. Are required to be tested when entering Canada under s.2.3 of the Quarantine Order.

Conditions and Requirements

The above noted travellers must:

  1. Quarantine themselves without delay in a suitable place in accordance with s.3.1(2) of the Quarantine Order and with the requirements set out in sections 4.1 to 4.4 of the Quarantine Order;
  2. Remain in quarantine until the expiry of the 14-day period that begins on the day on which the person enters Canada, or until receipt of a negative test result from the on arrival COVID-19 molecular test, whichever comes first;
  3. Report their arrival at, and the civic address of, their place of quarantine within 48 hours after entering Canada to the Minister of Health, screening officer or quarantine officer, by way of any means instructed by a screening officer, a quarantine officer or the Minister of Health, unless they are a member of a class of persons who, as determined by the Minister of Health, are unable to report that information by those means for a reason such as a disability, inadequate infrastructure, a service disruption or a natural disaster, in which case the reporting must be done in the form and manner and at the time specified by the Minister of Health;
  4. Should they receive a positive COVID-19 test result for a test conducted upon entry or within the 14 days after entry to Canada, have reasonable grounds to suspect they have COVID-19 or develop signs and symptoms of COVID-19:
    1. Without delay, report the positive test result or signs and symptoms to the Public Health Agency of Canada by any means instructed by a screening officer, a quarantine officer or the Minister of Health, unless they are a member of a class of persons who, as determined by the Minister of Health, are unable to report that information by those means for a reason such as a disability, inadequate infrastructure, a service disruption or a natural disaster, in which case the reporting must be done in the form and manner and at the time specified by the Minister of Health;.
    2. Isolate themselves in accordance with the requirements set out in Part 5 of the Quarantine Order for a 10-day period that begins on:
      1. in the case of a person who develops signs and symptoms of COVID-19, the day on which the person developed signs and symptoms of COVID-19, or
      2. in the case of a person who receives a positive result,
        1. the date when the specimen collection was validated by the test provider and indicated by the test provider to the Minister of Health, screening officer or quarantine officer, or
        2. if there is no date for when the specimen collection was validated by the test provider, the test result date that was indicated by the test provider to the person or to the Minister of Health, screening officer or quarantine officer.
    3. Report their arrival at, and the civic address of, their place of isolation within 48 hours to the Minister of Health, screening officer or quarantine officer, by way of any means instructed by a screening officer, a quarantine officer or the Minister of Health, unless they are a member of a class of persons who, as determined by the Minister of Health, are unable to report that information by those means for a reason such as a disability, inadequate infrastructure, a service disruption or a natural disaster, in which case the reporting must be done in the form and manner and at the time specified by the Minister of Health.
  5. If upon entry or within the 14-day period that begins on the day on which the person enters Canada, someone who travelled with a person subject to these additional requirements and conditions receives a positive COVID-19 test result, or develops signs and symptoms of COVID-19, the person subject to these additional requirements and conditions must quarantine themselves without delay in accordance with Part 4 of the Quarantine Order, during the 14-day period that begins on the day on which the person subject to these additional requirements and conditions was most recently exposed to the person with whom they travelled, in accordance with any instructions provided by a quarantine officer or screening officer.

Should extraordinary circumstances arise, a quarantine officer may release persons identified above from any of these additional conditions or requirements, or vary these conditions or requirements, in accordance with any applicable guidance the CPHO may provide.

The terms of this decision prevail over those in the Quarantine Order to the extent of any inconsistency.

These conditions and requirements come into effect at 00:01:00 EST on December 7, 2021 and remain in effect until 00:01:00 EST on January 31, 2022, or until otherwise repealed.

Repealed, came into force January 14, 2022: Immediate Requirement for Non-Fully Vaccinated Operators of Commercial Vehicles Transporting Goods by Land to be Subject to Pre-Arrival Testing, Testing in Canada and Quarantine

Pursuant to subsection 1.3(1) of the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 in Canada Order (Quarantine, Isolation and Other Obligations (the Quarantine Order) made under section 58 of the Quarantine Act, as amended from time to time, having considered the factors in subsection 1.3(3) of the Quarantine Order, and in order to address the immediate risks posed by the spread of the COVID-19 virus and its variants of concern, the Chief Public Health Officer (CPHO), hereby impose the following conditions and requirements:

A/ Application

The conditions in this instrument apply only to persons who:

  1. are not a fully vaccinated person within the meaning of the Quarantine Order; and
  2. enter Canada by land as the operator of a commercial vehicle transporting, or returning from transporting, goods by land, or enter Canada by any means for the purpose of assuming duties to operate such a vehicle within 72 hours of arrival to Canada. This does not include operators of a conveyance that travels only on a railway.

B/ Pre-Arrival Testing

The following applies to those in (A) who are normally exempt from pre-arrival testing on the basis of any of:

  • Schedule 1, Table 1, item 2 (a crew member entering by air);
  • Schedule 1, Table 2, item 2 (a crew member entering by land);
  • Schedule 1, Table 2, item 12 (a person in the trade or transportation sector who is important for the movement of goods…including a truck driver…who enters Canada for the purpose of performing their duties as a member of that sector);
  • Schedule 1, Table 3, item 2 (a crew member entering by water).

Those enumerated in this section (B), and who are only normally exempt from pre- arrival testing for the preceding reasons, are now required to undergo pre-arrival testing in accordance with Quarantine Order sections 2.1, 2.2, or 2.21, as applicable.
The requirements imposed in (B) do not apply to persons described in paragraphs 5(5)(h) (persons who enter Canada for the purpose of delivering, installing, maintaining or repairing medically necessary equipment or devices) and (i) (persons who enter Canada for the purpose of donating or making medical deliveries of stem cells, blood and blood products, tissues, organs or other body parts that are required for patient care in Canada) of the Minimizing the Risk of Exposure to COVID-19 in Canada Order (Prohibition of Entry into Canada from the United States) as it will read effective January 15, 2022 at 00:01:00 EST.

C/ Testing in Canada

The following applies to those in (A) who are normally exempt from testing in Canada based only on Schedule 2, Table 2, item 1 (a crew member) of the Quarantine Order. Such persons are now required to undergo testing in Canada in accordance with subsection 2.3(1) of the Quarantine Order.

D/ Quarantine

The following applies to those in (A) who are normally exempt from quarantine based only on Schedule 2, Table 1, Item 1 (a crew member) of the Quarantine Order. Such persons are now required to quarantine themselves without delay in a suitable place in accordance with subsection 3.1(2) of the Quarantine Order and with the requirements set out in sections 4.1 to 4.4 and section 4.93 of the Quarantine Order.

E/ General Conditions and Requirements

Should extraordinary circumstances arise, a Quarantine Officer may release a person identified above from any of these additional conditions or requirements, or vary these conditions or requirements, and if applicable, in accordance with additional guidance I, as CPHO, may provide.
The terms of this decision prevail over those in the Quarantine Order to the extent of any inconsistency.

These conditions and requirements will remain in   effect until January 31, 2022, at 23:59:59 EST, or until otherwise repealed.

Footnote *

NB. This exemption applies to persons who must regularly cross Canadian international borders to go to their normal place of employment.

NB. If direct medical care is needed for persons 65 years of age or older for unvaccinated travelers, an individual request outlining the precautionary public health measures intended for interaction with this older age group must be submitted for consideration by the Chief Public Health Officer of Canada.

Return to footnote * referrer

Footnote **

Suitable place for purposes of enhanced quarantine – a place that meets the requirements of s.5.1(2) of the Order, and may include a Designated Quarantine Facility.

Return to footnote ** referrer

For more information

To learn about upcoming or ongoing consultations on proposed federal regulations, visit the Canada Gazette and Consulting with Canadians websites.

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