Beta

   This is an experimental page layout. Provide feedback to help us improve our content.

Language selection

Search

Who can apply

On this page

Who can get the Canada child benefit

You must meet all of the following conditions:

  • See who is primarily responsible

You cannot get the Canada child benefit (CCB) for a foster child for any month in which Children's special allowances (CSA) are payable.

You may get the CCB if you live with and care for a child under a kinship or close relationship program, as long as CSA are not payable for that child.

For more information, see Children's special allowances.

Who is primarily responsible for the care of the child

The person who is primarily responsible for the care and upbringing of the child should apply for the CCB. That person is responsible for things such as:

  • supervising the child’s daily activities and needs
  • making sure the child’s medical needs are met
  • arranging for child care when necessary

When there is a female parent who lives with the child

When both a female and male parent live in the same home as the child, the female parent is usually considered to be primarily responsible for the care and upbringing of the child. She should be the one applying for the CCB.

However, if the male parent is primarily responsible, he should apply and attach a signed letter from the female parent stating that he is the parent who is primarily responsible for all the children in the home.

Custody arrangements and your benefits

If a child only lives with you part time, you need to determine if you are considered to have shared custody.

Determine if you have shared custody

Does the child spend their time:

  • about equally between both parents (at least 40% of the time)

    If the child shares their time about equally between the parents, then both parents are considered to have shared custody for the purposes of the CCB:

    • each parent must apply for the CCB separately
    • the CRA will calculate the amount each parent will get separately, using their respective adjusted family net income
    • each parent will get exactly 50% of what they would have gotten if they had full custody of the child, calculated based on their respective adjusted family net income
    • the CRA will not split the amount using other percentages, or give the full amount to one of the parents
  • mostly with you

    If the child lives with you most of the time, you are considered to have full custody for the purposes of the CCB:

    • only you can apply for the CCB
    • the CRA will calculate your payment based on your family net income
    • the CRA will not split the amount between you and the other parent
  • mostly with the other parent

    If the child lives with the other parent most of the time, the other parent is considered to have full custody for the purposes of the CCB:

    • only the other parent can apply for the CCB
    • the CRA will calculate their payment based on their family net income (not taking into account your income)
    • the CRA will not split the amount between you and the other parent
  • mostly with the other parent, but for a temporary period, mostly with you

    Changes in custody can sometimes be temporary. This can happen, for example, if the child usually lives with one parent, but goes to live with the other parent for the summer.

    In these cases, the parent that gets custody on a temporary basis can apply to get CCB payments for that period. When the child returns to live with the other parent, that parent needs to reapply to start getting the payments again.

If you start or end a shared custody situation, let the CRA know that your situation changed.

Report a problem or mistake on this page
Please select all that apply:

Thank you for your help!

You will not receive a reply. For enquiries, contact us.

Date modified: