Simplified income tax process for non-resident artists and athletes
Introducing a simplified process for non-resident artists and athletes
Non-resident artists and athletes who provide services in Canada are subject to regulation 105 of the Income Tax Act, which states that they are subject to Canadian withholding taxes on income earned while they are in the country.
To reduce the time and paperwork involved, the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) has introduced a simplified process for non-resident artists and athletes that will allow for the waiver of regulation 105 withholding tax with no advanced approval from the CRA. Along with this change, effective June 2018, the threshold income of non-resident artists and athletes has increased to CAN$15,000 or less in a calendar year.
The simplified process: what has changed
The CRA has created a new simplified process for self-employed non-resident artists and athletes earning money for performances in Canada. If you are a non-resident artist or an athlete providing services in Canada for a fee and will earn no more than CAN$15,000 during the calendar year, you can use the simplified process to cut down on paperwork, as well as reduce or eliminate the tax withheld on your earnings in Canada.
The simplified process is an alternative to using Form R105-R, Regulation 105 Waiver Application which requires more steps. The benefits of the process include:
- You do not need an individual tax number or social insurance number. Leave the field blank if you don’t have one.
- You give your completed form to the entity that will be paying you (the “payer”). You don’t need to interact with the CRA, because the payer takes care of everything.
- You may not need to file an income tax and benefit return in Canada. The CRA will usually not require you to file a return. However, you have the option to file a Canadian income tax and benefit return.
Who can use the simplified process
You can use the simplified process if both of the following apply:
- you are a self-employed non-resident artist or athlete
- your total amount earned in Canada is no more than CAN$15,000 in the calendar year. The total includes:
- the amount you are paid directly for your performance(s)
- any expenses that are paid for you or reimbursed to you
- benefits, such as bonuses, sponsorship/promotional income, royalties, and amounts based on ticket sales (overages)
If you’re performing in Canada more than once during the calendar year and your combined earnings will total CAN$15,000 or less, you can apply for a waiver more than once.
It may happen that you unexpectedly surpass the limit through additional ticket sales or other benefits described above. As long as you reasonably expected to be under the CAN$15,000 limit at the time you applied, the simplified waiver will still be valid.
Individual members of a group (for example, a band) may be eligible to use the simplified process, as long as they meet the eligibility criteria, even if the total income paid to the group is over CAN$15,000. This may mean that while some members may qualify, others could be over the limit and will need to use the Form R105 R, Regulation 105 Waiver Application if they want to reduce the tax withheld from their income.
You cannot use the simplified process if:
- you expect that your total earnings will be more than CAN$15,000;
- you are incorporated (not self-employed);
- you are a personal services or traveling corporation through which your services are provided as an artist or athlete; or
- you are considered an employee for the work you will do in Canada.
If you are self-employed but do not qualify, use Form R105-R, Regulation 105 Waiver Application.
If you are a non-resident artist or athlete acting as an employee, please use: Form R102-R, Regulation 102 Waiver Application.
Artists and athletes: how the simplified process works
Your country of residence determines the steps required when you use the simplified process.
Process for residents of the United States
If you are an artist or athlete living in the United States (U.S.) and expect to earn no more than CAN$15,000 for performances in Canada during the calendar year, here’s how the process works:
- Complete Section 1 of Form R105-S, Simplified Waiver Application, and give the form to the entity paying you to perform in Canada (the “payer”).
- The payer will not withhold any of your Canadian income.
- The payer will issue you a tax slip for proof of income earned in Canada by February 28 of the following year.
- Report the amounts you earned in Canada on your U.S. income tax return.
If you do not earn other income in Canada during the calendar year, you have no more actions to take.
A U.S. resident artist enters into a contract to perform a show in Canada for CAN$13,000 with a CAN$1,000 bonus to cover expenses. This is the artist’s only performance in Canada in the calendar year. Since Article XVI of the Canada – U.S. Tax Treaty exempts income earned by a U.S. resident artist when the gross income earned by the artist (which includes the amount paid for services and the bonus) does not exceed CAN$15,000 in the calendar year, the U.S resident artist can use this simplified waiver process:
- The artist completes Section 1 of Form R105-S, Simplified Waiver Application.
- The artist signs the form and gives it to the payer before the performance or any payment, including any deposit (no interaction with the CRA or Canadian identification number is required).
- The payer makes sure the artist has completed and signed the form.
- The payer completes their portion of the form and signs, which brings the waiver into force. The payer is then not required to withhold any funds and can pay the artist in full.
- The payer keeps a copy of the signed Form R105-S, Simplified Waiver Application, for their records for a six-year period in the event that the CRA asks for it.
Process for residents of countries other than the U.S.
If you are an artist or athlete living in a country other than the U.S., and expect to earn no more than CAN$15,000 for performances in Canada during the calendar year, here’s how the process works:
- Complete Section 1 of Form R105-S, Simplified Waiver Application, and the section of that form called “Income and Expense worksheet.” You can deduct reasonable expenses from your gross revenue (such as travel to and from Canada, accommodations and meals) to arrive at your net income. Give the completed form to your payer. (For more information see Reasonable expense amounts below.)
- The payer will withhold tax of 23% on your net income.
If you do not earn any other income in Canada during the calendar year, you have no more actions to take.
A United Kingdom (U.K.) resident artist enters into a contract to do a show in Canada for CAN$14,500 and this is the artist’s only performance in Canada in the calendar year. The U.K. artist will stay in Canada for three nights and will incur the following costs:
The Canada – U.K. tax treaty does not generally exempt income earned by a U.K. resident artist in Canada. However, the U.K. resident can apply to have the taxes waived on income and expenses using the simplified process.
- The artist completes Section 1 of Form R105-S, Simplified Waiver Application, which includes entering revenues and expenses (up to the maximums described in Reasonable expense amounts below) in box 7.
- The artist signs the form and gives it to the payer before the performance or any payment, including any deposit.
- The payer makes sure the form is completed and signed.
- The payer completes Section 2 of the form and signs, which brings the waiver into force.
- The payer withholds and sends to the CRA 23% on the net earnings as follows:
- The payer keeps a copy of Form R105-S, Simplified Waiver Application, for their records for a six-year period in the event that the CRA asks for it. If there are receipts for the travel expenses, the payer should also keep those.
Filing a Canadian income tax and benefit return
The CRA will generally agree to waive the filing of a Canadian income tax and benefit return, as long as you qualify for the simplified process, and you have not exceeded the CAN$15,000 limit for income earned in Canada during the calendar year.
Although it is rare, the CRA may ask you later to file a final income tax and benefit return.
You can choose to file a Canadian income tax and benefit return. For more information, go to: Guide 5013-G, General Income Tax and Benefit Guide for Non-Residents and Deemed Residents of Canada – 2017. (Note: Although you do not need an individual tax number to complete Form R105-S, Simplified Waiver Application, you do need an individual tax number to file an income tax and benefit return.)
Payers: your role in the simplified process
As the payer, you have to do the following:
- Complete Section 2 of Form R105-S, Simplified Waiver Application, and sign it, either before the payee performs in Canada or before issuing any payment.
- Keep the original completed Form R105-S, Simplified Waiver Application, on file for a six-year period, in case the CRA asks to see it
- For non-U.S. residents, withhold 23% on their net income and keep any proof of expenses on file that the artist or athlete included with their form.
- Send the amount withheld to the CRA by the 15th of the month following the month you make the payment.
- File a T4A-NR summary and a T4A-NR slip with the CRA, and give the payee a copy of the slip before the end of February of the following year.
Reasonable expense amounts for the 2018 calendar year
Artists and athletes who are residents of countries other than the U.S. can claim the following amounts to reduce the taxes they will need to pay:
- Accommodations: CAN$140 per person, per night
- Meals: CAN$75 per person, per day
- Travel to and from Canada: economy fares for train or airplane, bus, or mileage on personal/rented vehicle (details below)
To claim any other expenses, the artist or athlete must either use the regular waiver (R105 Regulation 105 Waiver Application) or claim them when they file a Canadian income tax return.
Information specific to travel expenses
From home base to Canada and return
Artists or athletes who travel directly to a Canadian location to perform and return directly to their home base afterwards may claim the full cost of the travel to and from Canada.
To Canada as one stop of many on a tour
When making additional stops, artists and athletes can claim travel expenses based on the cost of travel to Canada, one-way only, from the last stop outside of Canada to the location in Canada where the services will begin.
Mileage can be claimed when a personally owned or rented vehicle is used. The present mileage rates include all rental costs, repairs, capital cost allowance, maintenance, insurance, gas, and oil:
If there are receipts for the travel expenses, the payer should be given copies for their records.
International tax and non-resident enquiries
Call these numbers for international and non-resident enquiries: International tax and non-resident enquiries phone numbers and hours of service.
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