Greenhouse gas emissions projections

Canada prepares greenhouse gas emissions projections to 2035. These projections help us measure progress in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and combating climate change.

Most recent projections

Questions about the projections should be sent to: epr-rpe@ec.gc.ca

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Greenhouse gas emissions projections

Greenhouse gas emissions projections

Environment and Climate Change Canada publishes updated emissions projections annually. In December 2022, the projections were updated and published as part of Canada's Eighth National Communication and Fifth Biennial Report to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and include projections out to 2035. For the December 2022 projections update, two scenarios were developed:

  • the "Reference Case" scenario includes all policies and measures funded, legislated, and implemented by federal, provincial and territorial governments up to November 2022
  • the "Additional Measures Case" scenario adds in policies and measures that are under development but have not yet been fully implemented, including credits purchased under the Western Climate Initiative (WCI)Footnote 1, and excluding contributions from nature-based-climate solutions (NBCS) and agriculture measuresFootnote 2 and contributions from the Land use, land-use change and forestry sector.

These scenarios do not include modelling of further measures which could contribute to progress toward the 2030 target but have not yet been sufficiently developed, such as the cap on oil and gas emissions and elements of the Green Buildings Strategy.

Key results:

  • Under the "Reference Case" scenario, emissions in Canada are projected to be 638 megatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (Mt CO2 eq) in 2030 (or 14% below 2005 levels)
  • Under the "Additional Measures Case" scenario, emissions are projected to decline to 522 Mt CO2 eq in 2030 (or 30% below 2005 levels).
  • 2035 emissions are projected to decline further, reaching 621 Mt CO2 eq (16% below 2005 levels) under the "Reference Case" scenario and 470 Mt CO2 eq (37% below 2005 levels) under the “Additional Measures Case" scenario.
  • Note that the results shown for the Additional Measures scenario exclude the expected additional reductions of 27 Mt CO2 eq in 2030 from the Land use, land-use change and forestry sector, nature-based climate solutions and other agricultural measures.
Data for Greenhouse gas emissions projections
Carbon Dioxide
Year 2022 Additional Measures Case 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case
2005 - 574.5 -
2006 - 568.5 -
2007 - 593.5 -
2008 - 576.7 -
2009 - 543.9 -
2010 - 556.4 -
2011 - 567.0 -
2012 - 568.3 -
2013 - 572.6 -
2014 - 570.0 -
2015 - 574.3 -
2016 - 560.6 -
2017 - 571.6 -
2018 - 584.4 -
2019 - 584.8 -
2020 534.9 534.9 534.9
2021 555.1 - 555.3
2022 560.8 - 561.4
2023 546.6 - 556.0
2024 531.6 - 546.5
2025 515.8 - 544.1
2026 502.0 - 539.7
2027 477.3 - 529.0
2028 457.1 - 517.2
2029 441.6 - 509.4
2030 423.7 - 502.1
2031 408.8 - 498.6
2032 400.1 - 494.8
2033 392.6 - 492.1
2034 386.9 - 489.1
2035 374.6 - 487.3
Hydrofluorocarbon
Year 2022 Additional Measures Case 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case
2005 - 5.1 -
2006 - 5.3 -
2007 - 6.0 -
2008 - 6.2 -
2009 - 7.0 -
2010 - 7.6 -
2011 - 8.6 -
2012 - 9.0 -
2013 - 10.1 -
2014 - 10.9 -
2015 - 11.1 -
2016 - 11.4 -
2017 - 11.1 -
2018 - 12.1 -
2019 - 12.1 -
2020 11.9 11.9 11.9
2021 10.5 - 10.5
2022 10.7 - 10.7
2023 10.8 - 10.8
2024 10.6 - 10.5
2025 10.6 - 10.5
2026 10.2 - 10.0
2027 10.6 - 10.3
2028 9.8 - 9.5
2029 9.6 - 9.2
2030 8.9 - 8.5
2031 8.9 - 8.3
2032 9.3 - 8.7
2033 8.7 - 8.0
2034 7.8 - 7.2
2035 7.0 - 6.4
Methane
Year 2022 Additional Measures Case 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case
2005 - 124.3 -
2006 - 126.0 -
2007 - 123.4 -
2008 - 121.8 -
2009 - 115.7 -
2010 - 115.3 -
2011 - 115.5 -
2012 - 117.2 -
2013 - 117.2 -
2014 - 118.4 -
2015 - 115.6 -
2016 - 111.5 -
2017 - 111.1 -
2018 - 111.0 -
2019 - 108.9 -
2020 91.8 91.8 91.8
2021 99.6 - 99.6
2022 97.7 - 99.1
2023 95.5 - 98.1
2024 94.7 - 98.3
2025 90.6 - 95.3
2026 80.6 - 94.2
2027 77.8 - 93.6
2028 70.7 - 92.9
2029 64.0 - 92.4
2030 60.1 - 92.2
2031 59.8 - 91.5
2032 59.7 - 91.3
2033 59.6 - 91.6
2034 59.4 - 91.8
2035 59.5 - 91.9
Nitrogen Trifluoride
Year 2022 Additional Measures Case 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case
2005 - 0.2 -
2006 - 0.2 -
2007 - 0.2 -
2008 - 0.2 -
2009 - 0.2 -
2010 - 0.2 -
2011 - 0.2 -
2012 - 0.2 -
2013 - 0.2 -
2014 - 0.0 -
2015 - 0.0 -
2016 - 0.1 -
2017 - 0.2 -
2018 - 0.3 -
2019 - 0.3 -
2020 0.6 0.6 0.6
2021 0.6 - 0.6
2022 0.7 - 0.7
2023 0.7 - 0.7
2024 0.7 - 0.7
2025 0.7 - 0.7
2026 0.7 - 0.7
2027 0.7 - 0.7
2028 0.8 - 0.8
2029 0.8 - 0.8
2030 0.8 - 0.8
2031 0.8 - 0.8
2032 0.9 - 0.9
2033 0.9 - 0.9
2034 0.9 - 0.9
2035 0.9 - 0.9
Nitrous Oxide
Year 2022 Additional Measures Case 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case
2005 - 31.9 -
2006 - 30.2 -
2007 - 30.7 -
2008 - 31.3 -
2009 - 28.3 -
2010 - 27.8 -
2011 - 27.8 -
2012 - 28.9 -
2013 - 30.1 -
2014 - 28.9 -
2015 - 30.2 -
2016 - 30.6 -
2017 - 30.2 -
2018 - 31.5 -
2019 - 31.6 -
2020 33.0 33.0 33.0
2021 33.1 - 33.1
2022 33.4 - 33.4
2023 33.5 - 33.5
2024 33.6 - 33.6
2025 32.3 - 33.8
2026 31.6 - 33.9
2027 30.9 - 34.0
2028 30.1 - 34.0
2029 29.6 - 34.3
2030 29.0 - 34.4
2031 29.0 - 34.4
2032 28.8 - 34.5
2033 28.8 - 34.5
2034 28.7 - 34.5
2035 28.7 - 34.5
Perfluorocarbon
Year 2022 Additional Measures Case 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case
2005 - 3.8 -
2006 - 3.0 -
2007 - 2.5 -
2008 - 2.6 -
2009 - 2.5 -
2010 - 1.8 -
2011 - 1.6 -
2012 - 1.8 -
2013 - 1.6 -
2014 - 1.1 -
2015 - 1.0 -
2016 - 0.7 -
2017 - 0.7 -
2018 - 0.6 -
2019 - 0.6 -
2020 0.8 0.8 0.8
2021 0.6 - 0.6
2022 0.6 - 0.6
2023 0.6 - 0.5
2024 0.6 - 0.6
2025 0.5 - 0.6
2026 0.5 - 0.6
2027 0.5 - 0.6
2028 0.5 - 0.6
2029 0.5 - 0.6
2030 0.5 - 0.6
2031 0.4 - 0.6
2032 0.4 - 0.6
2033 0.4 - 0.6
2034 0.4 - 0.6
2035 0.4 - 0.6
Sulphur-Hexafluoride
Year 2022 Additional Measures Case 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case
2005 - 1.4 -
2006 - 1.6 -
2007 - 0.7 -
2008 - 0.6 -
2009 - 0.4 -
2010 - 0.5 -
2011 - 0.3 -
2012 - 0.5 -
2013 - 0.4 -
2014 - 0.4 -
2015 - 0.4 -
2016 - 0.3 -
2017 - 0.2 -
2018 - 0.4 -
2019 - 0.4 -
2020 0.3 0.3 0.3
2021 0.1 - 0.1
2022 0.1 - 0.1
2023 0.0 - 0.0
2024 0.0 - 0.0
2025 0.0 - 0.0
2026 0.0 - 0.0
2027 0.0 - 0.0
2028 0.0 - 0.0
2029 0.0 - 0.0
2030 0.0 - 0.1
2031 0.1 - 0.1
2032 0.1 - 0.1
2033 0.1 - 0.1
2034 0.1 - 0.1
2035 0.1 - 0.1
Total GHG
Year 2022 Additional Measures Case 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case
2005 - 741.2 -
2006 - 734.8 -
2007 - 757.0 -
2008 - 739.4 -
2009 - 698.0 -
2010 - 709.6 -
2011 - 721.0 -
2012 - 725.9 -
2013 - 732.2 -
2014 - 729.7 -
2015 - 732.6 -
2016 - 715.2 -
2017 - 725.1 -
2018 - 740.3 -
2019 - 738.7 -
2020 673.3 673.3 673.3
2021 699.6 - 699.8
2022 704.0 - 706.0
2023 687.7 - 699.6
2024 671.8 - 690.2
2025 650.5 - 685.0
2026 625.6 - 679.1
2027 597.8 - 668.2
2028 569.0 - 655.0
2029 546.1 - 646.7
2030 523.0 - 638.7
2031 507.8 - 634.3
2032 499.3 - 630.9
2033 491.1 - 627.8
2034 484.2 - 624.2
2035 471.2 - 621.7
Detailed greenhouse gas emissions projections

Detailed greenhouse gas emissions projections

Canada’s emissions projections are developed and published at the provincial/territorial and economic sector levels. The visualization below shows emissions projections for the “Reference case” and “Additional Measures case” scenarios by area (province or territory) and by economic sector. Navigation to the area and economic sector is accessible by using the buttons located on the top left corner on the visualization below. Filters located on the left side of the visuals allow to select subset of areas and economic sectors.

How to use:

  1. Navigation to the area and economic sector is accessible by using the buttons located on the top left corner on the visualization below.
  2. Filters located on the left side of the visuals allow to select subset of areas and economic sectors.

Note that the results shown for the Additional Measures scenario exclude the expected reductions of 27 Mt CO2 eq in 2030 from the land use, land-use change and forestry sector, nature-based climate solutions, and other agricultural measures.

Detailed greenhouse gas emissions projections data
Alberta
Year Economic Sector 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case 2022 Additional Measures Case
2005 Agriculture 21.0 - -
2006 Agriculture 20.2 - -
2007 Agriculture 20.2 - -
2008 Agriculture 20.1 - -
2009 Agriculture 19.1 - -
2010 Agriculture 19.0 - -
2011 Agriculture 19.0 - -
2012 Agriculture 19.1 - -
2013 Agriculture 19.5 - -
2014 Agriculture 19.5 - -
2015 Agriculture 19.4 - -
2016 Agriculture 19.0 - -
2017 Agriculture 18.5 - -
2018 Agriculture 18.9 - -
2019 Agriculture 19.2 - -
2020 Agriculture 19.4 19.4 19.4
2021 Agriculture - 19.4 19.4
2022 Agriculture - 19.5 19.5
2023 Agriculture - 19.5 19.4
2024 Agriculture - 19.6 19.5
2025 Agriculture - 19.7 18.9
2026 Agriculture - 19.6 18.7
2027 Agriculture - 19.7 18.5
2028 Agriculture - 19.7 18.4
2029 Agriculture - 19.8 18.2
2030 Agriculture - 19.8 18.1
2031 Agriculture - 19.8 18.1
2032 Agriculture - 19.8 18.1
2033 Agriculture - 19.8 18.1
2034 Agriculture - 19.8 18.2
2035 Agriculture - 19.8 18.2
2005 Buildings 16.0 - -
2006 Buildings 16.2 - -
2007 Buildings 18.3 - -
2008 Buildings 18.1 - -
2009 Buildings 18.1 - -
2010 Buildings 17.8 - -
2011 Buildings 19.0 - -
2012 Buildings 22.6 - -
2013 Buildings 20.2 - -
2014 Buildings 18.9 - -
2015 Buildings 18.8 - -
2016 Buildings 17.8 - -
2017 Buildings 20.0 - -
2018 Buildings 21.5 - -
2019 Buildings 21.6 - -
2020 Buildings 20.7 20.7 20.7
2021 Buildings - 19.5 19.5
2022 Buildings - 19.3 19.3
2023 Buildings - 18.8 18.3
2024 Buildings - 18.5 17.6
2025 Buildings - 18.3 16.7
2026 Buildings - 17.9 15.8
2027 Buildings - 17.6 15.0
2028 Buildings - 17.5 14.6
2029 Buildings - 17.3 14.1
2030 Buildings - 17.0 13.7
2031 Buildings - 16.9 13.6
2032 Buildings - 16.9 13.5
2033 Buildings - 16.7 13.3
2034 Buildings - 16.7 13.1
2035 Buildings - 16.6 13.0
2005 Electricity 47.7 - -
2006 Electricity 47.9 - -
2007 Electricity 48.5 - -
2008 Electricity 48.3 - -
2009 Electricity 45.3 - -
2010 Electricity 44.7 - -
2011 Electricity 44.8 - -
2012 Electricity 42.4 - -
2013 Electricity 43.8 - -
2014 Electricity 44.3 - -
2015 Electricity 46.4 - -
2016 Electricity 41.6 - -
2017 Electricity 42.5 - -
2018 Electricity 31.4 - -
2019 Electricity 31.1 - -
2020 Electricity 29.3 29.3 29.3
2021 Electricity - 28.4 28.4
2022 Electricity - 27.3 27.3
2023 Electricity - 23.7 22.2
2024 Electricity - 17.0 14.8
2025 Electricity - 13.9 11.4
2026 Electricity - 14.4 11.1
2027 Electricity - 13.6 7.0
2028 Electricity - 12.8 6.2
2029 Electricity - 13.1 6.4
2030 Electricity - 12.9 6.4
2031 Electricity - 12.0 4.8
2032 Electricity - 12.0 4.8
2033 Electricity - 12.2 4.8
2034 Electricity - 12.0 4.8
2035 Electricity - 11.9 1.3
2005 Heavy Industry 17.6 - -
2006 Heavy Industry 17.5 - -
2007 Heavy Industry 16.8 - -
2008 Heavy Industry 16.5 - -
2009 Heavy Industry 15.2 - -
2010 Heavy Industry 16.6 - -
2011 Heavy Industry 18.2 - -
2012 Heavy Industry 17.8 - -
2013 Heavy Industry 18.6 - -
2014 Heavy Industry 18.8 - -
2015 Heavy Industry 18.9 - -
2016 Heavy Industry 17.3 - -
2017 Heavy Industry 17.0 - -
2018 Heavy Industry 17.2 - -
2019 Heavy Industry 18.5 - -
2020 Heavy Industry 17.5 17.5 17.5
2021 Heavy Industry - 17.4 17.4
2022 Heavy Industry - 17.2 17.1
2023 Heavy Industry - 17.2 16.9
2024 Heavy Industry - 17.2 16.6
2025 Heavy Industry - 17.1 16.1
2026 Heavy Industry - 17.4 15.7
2027 Heavy Industry - 17.4 15.5
2028 Heavy Industry - 17.2 14.9
2029 Heavy Industry - 16.9 14.3
2030 Heavy Industry - 16.9 13.8
2031 Heavy Industry - 16.9 13.7
2032 Heavy Industry - 17.0 13.7
2033 Heavy Industry - 16.2 14.0
2034 Heavy Industry - 14.3 14.0
2035 Heavy Industry - 14.5 14.2
2005 Oil and Gas 105.3 - -
2006 Oil and Gas 111.4 - -
2007 Oil and Gas 115.9 - -
2008 Oil and Gas 114.9 - -
2009 Oil and Gas 114.8 - -
2010 Oil and Gas 120.3 - -
2011 Oil and Gas 126.8 - -
2012 Oil and Gas 133.7 - -
2013 Oil and Gas 136.9 - -
2014 Oil and Gas 140.5 - -
2015 Oil and Gas 141.5 - -
2016 Oil and Gas 134.1 - -
2017 Oil and Gas 138.0 - -
2018 Oil and Gas 146.6 - -
2019 Oil and Gas 146.8 - -
2020 Oil and Gas 132.8 132.8 132.8
2021 Oil and Gas - 145.7 145.7
2022 Oil and Gas - 146.0 145.8
2023 Oil and Gas - 145.6 142.4
2024 Oil and Gas - 145.6 139.9
2025 Oil and Gas - 147.3 137.4
2026 Oil and Gas - 142.3 123.1
2027 Oil and Gas - 139.4 116.5
2028 Oil and Gas - 136.9 108.7
2029 Oil and Gas - 133.9 101.3
2030 Oil and Gas - 131.8 96.3
2031 Oil and Gas - 130.3 94.5
2032 Oil and Gas - 129.4 93.0
2033 Oil and Gas - 129.1 92.5
2034 Oil and Gas - 129.1 92.1
2035 Oil and Gas - 128.4 91.9
2005 Transportation 23.2 - -
2006 Transportation 24.9 - -
2007 Transportation 26.7 - -
2008 Transportation 27.1 - -
2009 Transportation 26.5 - -
2010 Transportation 29.0 - -
2011 Transportation 28.3 - -
2012 Transportation 29.8 - -
2013 Transportation 31.5 - -
2014 Transportation 32.7 - -
2015 Transportation 30.8 - -
2016 Transportation 29.9 - -
2017 Transportation 31.5 - -
2018 Transportation 32.4 - -
2019 Transportation 33.0 - -
2020 Transportation 28.2 28.2 28.2
2021 Transportation - 30.2 30.2
2022 Transportation - 30.9 30.9
2023 Transportation - 31.0 31.1
2024 Transportation - 31.1 31.4
2025 Transportation - 31.4 31.4
2026 Transportation - 30.9 31.0
2027 Transportation - 30.6 30.7
2028 Transportation - 30.2 29.9
2029 Transportation - 29.9 29.2
2030 Transportation - 29.4 28.4
2031 Transportation - 29.4 27.7
2032 Transportation - 29.2 27.1
2033 Transportation - 29.2 26.4
2034 Transportation - 29.2 25.7
2035 Transportation - 29.4 25.1
2005 Waste and Others 6.4 - -
2006 Waste and Others 6.9 - -
2007 Waste and Others 7.2 - -
2008 Waste and Others 7.2 - -
2009 Waste and Others 7.0 - -
2010 Waste and Others 7.5 - -
2011 Waste and Others 7.8 - -
2012 Waste and Others 7.6 - -
2013 Waste and Others 8.6 - -
2014 Waste and Others 8.6 - -
2015 Waste and Others 8.7 - -
2016 Waste and Others 8.7 - -
2017 Waste and Others 8.3 - -
2018 Waste and Others 8.4 - -
2019 Waste and Others 8.6 - -
2020 Waste and Others 8.4 8.4 8.4
2021 Waste and Others - 8.5 8.5
2022 Waste and Others - 8.6 8.4
2023 Waste and Others - 8.6 7.9
2024 Waste and Others - 8.6 7.5
2025 Waste and Others - 8.6 7.0
2026 Waste and Others - 8.5 6.6
2027 Waste and Others - 8.5 6.2
2028 Waste and Others - 8.5 5.8
2029 Waste and Others - 8.5 5.6
2030 Waste and Others - 8.5 5.2
2031 Waste and Others - 8.4 5.2
2032 Waste and Others - 8.6 5.1
2033 Waste and Others - 8.6 5.2
2034 Waste and Others - 8.7 5.2
2035 Waste and Others - 8.7 5.2
British Columbia
Year Economic Sector 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case 2022 Additional Measures Case
2005 Agriculture 2.7 - -
2006 Agriculture 2.6 - -
2007 Agriculture 2.5 - -
2008 Agriculture 2.4 - -
2009 Agriculture 2.1 - -
2010 Agriculture 2.4 - -
2011 Agriculture 2.4 - -
2012 Agriculture 2.5 - -
2013 Agriculture 2.6 - -
2014 Agriculture 2.4 - -
2015 Agriculture 2.7 - -
2016 Agriculture 2.8 - -
2017 Agriculture 2.8 - -
2018 Agriculture 3.0 - -
2019 Agriculture 3.0 - -
2020 Agriculture 3.0 3.0 3.0
2021 Agriculture - 3.0 3.0
2022 Agriculture - 2.9 2.9
2023 Agriculture - 2.9 2.9
2024 Agriculture - 2.9 2.8
2025 Agriculture - 2.9 2.8
2026 Agriculture - 2.8 2.7
2027 Agriculture - 2.8 2.6
2028 Agriculture - 2.8 2.6
2029 Agriculture - 2.7 2.6
2030 Agriculture - 2.7 2.6
2031 Agriculture - 2.7 2.5
2032 Agriculture - 2.7 2.5
2033 Agriculture - 2.7 2.5
2034 Agriculture - 2.7 2.5
2035 Agriculture - 2.7 2.5
2005 Buildings 8.3 - -
2006 Buildings 8.2 - -
2007 Buildings 8.1 - -
2008 Buildings 8.3 - -
2009 Buildings 7.9 - -
2010 Buildings 7.2 - -
2011 Buildings 8.1 - -
2012 Buildings 7.8 - -
2013 Buildings 7.7 - -
2014 Buildings 7.8 - -
2015 Buildings 7.3 - -
2016 Buildings 7.8 - -
2017 Buildings 8.4 - -
2018 Buildings 8.2 - -
2019 Buildings 8.6 - -
2020 Buildings 8.6 8.6 8.6
2021 Buildings - 8.3 8.3
2022 Buildings - 7.9 7.9
2023 Buildings - 7.8 7.5
2024 Buildings - 7.5 7.1
2025 Buildings - 7.3 6.6
2026 Buildings - 7.1 6.2
2027 Buildings - 6.9 5.8
2028 Buildings - 6.7 5.5
2029 Buildings - 6.6 5.2
2030 Buildings - 6.4 5.0
2031 Buildings - 6.4 4.9
2032 Buildings - 6.4 4.8
2033 Buildings - 6.2 4.6
2034 Buildings - 6.1 4.4
2035 Buildings - 5.9 4.2
2005 Electricity 1.0 - -
2006 Electricity 1.1 - -
2007 Electricity 0.9 - -
2008 Electricity 1.2 - -
2009 Electricity 1.1 - -
2010 Electricity 1.0 - -
2011 Electricity 0.3 - -
2012 Electricity 0.3 - -
2013 Electricity 0.4 - -
2014 Electricity 0.3 - -
2015 Electricity 0.3 - -
2016 Electricity 0.4 - -
2017 Electricity 0.4 - -
2018 Electricity 0.5 - -
2019 Electricity 0.8 - -
2020 Electricity 0.3 0.3 0.3
2021 Electricity - 0.3 0.3
2022 Electricity - 0.3 0.3
2023 Electricity - 0.2 0.2
2024 Electricity - 0.2 0.2
2025 Electricity - 0.2 0.1
2026 Electricity - 0.2 0.2
2027 Electricity - 0.2 0.1
2028 Electricity - 0.2 0.1
2029 Electricity - 0.2 0.1
2030 Electricity - 0.2 0.1
2031 Electricity - 0.1 0.1
2032 Electricity - 0.1 0.1
2033 Electricity - 0.1 0.1
2034 Electricity - 0.1 0.1
2035 Electricity - 0.1 0.1
2005 Heavy Industry 7.0 - -
2006 Heavy Industry 6.8 - -
2007 Heavy Industry 6.6 - -
2008 Heavy Industry 6.4 - -
2009 Heavy Industry 6.1 - -
2010 Heavy Industry 5.6 - -
2011 Heavy Industry 5.7 - -
2012 Heavy Industry 5.6 - -
2013 Heavy Industry 5.5 - -
2014 Heavy Industry 5.6 - -
2015 Heavy Industry 5.7 - -
2016 Heavy Industry 6.3 - -
2017 Heavy Industry 6.3 - -
2018 Heavy Industry 6.5 - -
2019 Heavy Industry 6.5 - -
2020 Heavy Industry 5.4 5.4 5.4
2021 Heavy Industry - 5.1 5.1
2022 Heavy Industry - 5.1 5.1
2023 Heavy Industry - 5.0 5.0
2024 Heavy Industry - 4.9 5.0
2025 Heavy Industry - 4.7 4.7
2026 Heavy Industry - 4.5 4.4
2027 Heavy Industry - 4.2 4.2
2028 Heavy Industry - 4.1 3.8
2029 Heavy Industry - 4.0 3.5
2030 Heavy Industry - 3.7 3.3
2031 Heavy Industry - 3.8 3.3
2032 Heavy Industry - 3.6 3.1
2033 Heavy Industry - 3.6 3.1
2034 Heavy Industry - 3.7 3.0
2035 Heavy Industry - 3.7 2.8
2005 Oil and Gas 12.6 - -
2006 Oil and Gas 13.5 - -
2007 Oil and Gas 13.9 - -
2008 Oil and Gas 14.3 - -
2009 Oil and Gas 13.9 - -
2010 Oil and Gas 14.0 - -
2011 Oil and Gas 14.8 - -
2012 Oil and Gas 13.9 - -
2013 Oil and Gas 14.1 - -
2014 Oil and Gas 14.0 - -
2015 Oil and Gas 13.8 - -
2016 Oil and Gas 13.5 - -
2017 Oil and Gas 13.5 - -
2018 Oil and Gas 13.4 - -
2019 Oil and Gas 12.7 - -
2020 Oil and Gas 12.7 12.7 12.7
2021 Oil and Gas - 12.7 12.7
2022 Oil and Gas - 12.3 12.3
2023 Oil and Gas - 12.9 12.9
2024 Oil and Gas - 12.8 12.7
2025 Oil and Gas - 13.8 13.6
2026 Oil and Gas - 14.8 14.1
2027 Oil and Gas - 14.6 13.6
2028 Oil and Gas - 14.5 13.0
2029 Oil and Gas - 16.0 13.6
2030 Oil and Gas - 17.2 14.3
2031 Oil and Gas - 17.2 14.1
2032 Oil and Gas - 17.0 13.8
2033 Oil and Gas - 17.6 14.1
2034 Oil and Gas - 18.5 14.7
2035 Oil and Gas - 18.8 14.8
2005 Transportation 21.0 - -
2006 Transportation 21.0 - -
2007 Transportation 21.3 - -
2008 Transportation 21.6 - -
2009 Transportation 20.0 - -
2010 Transportation 20.3 - -
2011 Transportation 19.9 - -
2012 Transportation 20.9 - -
2013 Transportation 22.1 - -
2014 Transportation 22.0 - -
2015 Transportation 22.6 - -
2016 Transportation 23.8 - -
2017 Transportation 24.3 - -
2018 Transportation 25.6 - -
2019 Transportation 25.6 - -
2020 Transportation 23.4 23.4 23.4
2021 Transportation - 24.4 24.4
2022 Transportation - 24.8 24.8
2023 Transportation - 24.7 24.6
2024 Transportation - 24.7 24.8
2025 Transportation - 24.8 24.9
2026 Transportation - 24.6 24.3
2027 Transportation - 24.1 23.9
2028 Transportation - 23.7 23.4
2029 Transportation - 23.3 22.9
2030 Transportation - 22.7 22.3
2031 Transportation - 22.7 21.9
2032 Transportation - 22.4 21.4
2033 Transportation - 22.2 21.0
2034 Transportation - 22.0 20.6
2035 Transportation - 21.9 20.1
2005 Waste and Others 10.7 - -
2006 Waste and Others 9.0 - -
2007 Waste and Others 9.4 - -
2008 Waste and Others 8.9 - -
2009 Waste and Others 8.4 - -
2010 Waste and Others 8.7 - -
2011 Waste and Others 8.4 - -
2012 Waste and Others 8.5 - -
2013 Waste and Others 8.4 - -
2014 Waste and Others 8.0 - -
2015 Waste and Others 7.8 - -
2016 Waste and Others 7.8 - -
2017 Waste and Others 7.8 - -
2018 Waste and Others 8.5 - -
2019 Waste and Others 8.1 - -
2020 Waste and Others 8.1 8.1 8.1
2021 Waste and Others - 7.9 7.9
2022 Waste and Others - 7.9 7.9
2023 Waste and Others - 7.8 7.4
2024 Waste and Others - 7.9 7.2
2025 Waste and Others - 7.8 6.8
2026 Waste and Others - 7.8 6.5
2027 Waste and Others - 7.7 6.1
2028 Waste and Others - 7.6 6.0
2029 Waste and Others - 7.6 5.7
2030 Waste and Others - 7.6 5.6
2031 Waste and Others - 7.7 5.5
2032 Waste and Others - 7.7 5.4
2033 Waste and Others - 7.7 5.4
2034 Waste and Others - 7.6 5.5
2035 Waste and Others - 7.7 5.5
Manitoba
Year Economic Sector 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case 2022 Additional Measures Case
2005 Agriculture 7.1 - -
2006 Agriculture 7.7 - -
2007 Agriculture 7.1 - -
2008 Agriculture 7.2 - -
2009 Agriculture 6.7 - -
2010 Agriculture 6.6 - -
2011 Agriculture 6.2 - -
2012 Agriculture 6.6 - -
2013 Agriculture 6.9 - -
2014 Agriculture 6.5 - -
2015 Agriculture 6.6 - -
2016 Agriculture 6.7 - -
2017 Agriculture 7.0 - -
2018 Agriculture 7.0 - -
2019 Agriculture 7.0 - -
2020 Agriculture 7.4 7.4 7.4
2021 Agriculture - 7.4 7.4
2022 Agriculture - 7.4 7.4
2023 Agriculture - 7.4 7.4
2024 Agriculture - 7.5 7.5
2025 Agriculture - 7.5 7.3
2026 Agriculture - 7.5 7.2
2027 Agriculture - 7.5 7.1
2028 Agriculture - 7.6 7.0
2029 Agriculture - 7.6 6.9
2030 Agriculture - 7.6 6.8
2031 Agriculture - 7.6 6.8
2032 Agriculture - 7.6 6.8
2033 Agriculture - 7.6 6.8
2034 Agriculture - 7.6 6.8
2035 Agriculture - 7.6 6.8
2005 Buildings 2.7 - -
2006 Buildings 2.3 - -
2007 Buildings 2.5 - -
2008 Buildings 2.7 - -
2009 Buildings 2.6 - -
2010 Buildings 2.6 - -
2011 Buildings 2.5 - -
2012 Buildings 2.4 - -
2013 Buildings 2.8 - -
2014 Buildings 2.9 - -
2015 Buildings 2.6 - -
2016 Buildings 2.6 - -
2017 Buildings 2.9 - -
2018 Buildings 3.1 - -
2019 Buildings 3.2 - -
2020 Buildings 3.0 3.0 3.0
2021 Buildings - 2.7 2.7
2022 Buildings - 2.8 2.8
2023 Buildings - 2.8 2.6
2024 Buildings - 2.6 2.5
2025 Buildings - 2.6 2.3
2026 Buildings - 2.4 2.2
2027 Buildings - 2.4 2.0
2028 Buildings - 2.4 2.0
2029 Buildings - 2.3 1.9
2030 Buildings - 2.2 1.8
2031 Buildings - 2.2 1.8
2032 Buildings - 2.2 1.8
2033 Buildings - 2.1 1.7
2034 Buildings - 2.0 1.7
2035 Buildings - 2.0 1.7
2005 Electricity 0.4 - -
2006 Electricity 0.4 - -
2007 Electricity 0.5 - -
2008 Electricity 0.4 - -
2009 Electricity 0.2 - -
2010 Electricity 0.1 - -
2011 Electricity 0.1 - -
2012 Electricity 0.1 - -
2013 Electricity 0.1 - -
2014 Electricity 0.1 - -
2015 Electricity 0.1 - -
2016 Electricity 0.1 - -
2017 Electricity 0.1 - -
2005 Heavy Industry 1.5 - -
2006 Heavy Industry 1.7 - -
2007 Heavy Industry 1.6 - -
2008 Heavy Industry 1.7 - -
2009 Heavy Industry 1.6 - -
2010 Heavy Industry 1.3 - -
2011 Heavy Industry 1.3 - -
2012 Heavy Industry 1.1 - -
2013 Heavy Industry 1.4 - -
2014 Heavy Industry 1.3 - -
2015 Heavy Industry 1.2 - -
2016 Heavy Industry 1.4 - -
2017 Heavy Industry 1.2 - -
2018 Heavy Industry 1.3 - -
2019 Heavy Industry 1.4 - -
2020 Heavy Industry 1.1 1.1 1.1
2021 Heavy Industry - 1.3 1.3
2022 Heavy Industry - 1.2 1.2
2023 Heavy Industry - 1.2 1.2
2024 Heavy Industry - 1.2 1.1
2025 Heavy Industry - 1.1 1.1
2026 Heavy Industry - 1.1 1.1
2027 Heavy Industry - 1.1 0.9
2028 Heavy Industry - 1.1 0.9
2029 Heavy Industry - 1.1 0.9
2030 Heavy Industry - 1.1 0.9
2031 Heavy Industry - 1.1 0.9
2032 Heavy Industry - 1.1 0.9
2033 Heavy Industry - 1.1 0.9
2034 Heavy Industry - 1.1 0.9
2035 Heavy Industry - 1.1 0.9
2005 Oil and Gas 0.9 - -
2006 Oil and Gas 1.0 - -
2007 Oil and Gas 0.9 - -
2008 Oil and Gas 0.8 - -
2009 Oil and Gas 0.7 - -
2010 Oil and Gas 0.6 - -
2011 Oil and Gas 0.8 - -
2012 Oil and Gas 0.8 - -
2013 Oil and Gas 0.9 - -
2014 Oil and Gas 1.2 - -
2015 Oil and Gas 1.1 - -
2016 Oil and Gas 1.1 - -
2017 Oil and Gas 1.0 - -
2018 Oil and Gas 1.1 - -
2019 Oil and Gas 1.1 - -
2020 Oil and Gas 0.8 0.8 0.8
2021 Oil and Gas - 0.7 0.7
2022 Oil and Gas - 0.6 0.6
2023 Oil and Gas - 0.7 0.7
2024 Oil and Gas - 0.6 0.6
2025 Oil and Gas - 0.6 0.6
2026 Oil and Gas - 0.7 0.4
2027 Oil and Gas - 0.7 0.5
2028 Oil and Gas - 0.7 0.4
2029 Oil and Gas - 0.8 0.4
2030 Oil and Gas - 0.8 0.4
2031 Oil and Gas - 0.8 0.4
2032 Oil and Gas - 0.8 0.4
2033 Oil and Gas - 0.8 0.4
2034 Oil and Gas - 0.8 0.4
2035 Oil and Gas - 0.8 0.4
2005 Transportation 5.7 - -
2006 Transportation 5.9 - -
2007 Transportation 6.1 - -
2008 Transportation 5.9 - -
2009 Transportation 5.6 - -
2010 Transportation 5.9 - -
2011 Transportation 6.0 - -
2012 Transportation 7.2 - -
2013 Transportation 7.0 - -
2014 Transportation 7.1 - -
2015 Transportation 6.8 - -
2016 Transportation 7.0 - -
2017 Transportation 7.2 - -
2018 Transportation 7.6 - -
2019 Transportation 7.4 - -
2020 Transportation 6.8 6.8 6.8
2021 Transportation - 6.8 6.8
2022 Transportation - 7.1 7.1
2023 Transportation - 7.0 7.1
2024 Transportation - 7.1 7.3
2025 Transportation - 7.2 7.3
2026 Transportation - 7.2 7.2
2027 Transportation - 7.0 7.0
2028 Transportation - 6.9 6.8
2029 Transportation - 6.8 6.6
2030 Transportation - 6.7 6.4
2031 Transportation - 6.6 6.2
2032 Transportation - 6.6 6.0
2033 Transportation - 6.5 5.8
2034 Transportation - 6.6 5.7
2035 Transportation - 6.6 5.4
2005 Waste and Others 2.2 - -
2006 Waste and Others 2.2 - -
2007 Waste and Others 2.3 - -
2008 Waste and Others 2.3 - -
2009 Waste and Others 2.2 - -
2010 Waste and Others 2.2 - -
2011 Waste and Others 2.3 - -
2012 Waste and Others 2.4 - -
2013 Waste and Others 2.2 - -
2014 Waste and Others 2.2 - -
2015 Waste and Others 2.4 - -
2016 Waste and Others 2.5 - -
2017 Waste and Others 2.6 - -
2018 Waste and Others 2.3 - -
2019 Waste and Others 2.3 - -
2020 Waste and Others 2.4 2.4 2.4
2021 Waste and Others - 2.4 2.4
2022 Waste and Others - 2.4 2.2
2023 Waste and Others - 2.4 2.1
2024 Waste and Others - 2.4 2.0
2025 Waste and Others - 2.4 1.9
2026 Waste and Others - 2.3 1.7
2027 Waste and Others - 2.3 1.5
2028 Waste and Others - 2.3 1.5
2029 Waste and Others - 2.3 1.4
2030 Waste and Others - 2.3 1.3
2031 Waste and Others - 2.3 1.2
2032 Waste and Others - 2.3 1.2
2033 Waste and Others - 2.3 1.2
2034 Waste and Others - 2.3 1.2
2035 Waste and Others - 2.3 1.2
New Brunswick
Year Economic Sector 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case 2022 Additional Measures Case
2005 Agriculture 0.6 - -
2006 Agriculture 0.6 - -
2007 Agriculture 0.6 - -
2008 Agriculture 0.5 - -
2009 Agriculture 0.6 - -
2010 Agriculture 0.7 - -
2011 Agriculture 0.6 - -
2012 Agriculture 0.6 - -
2013 Agriculture 0.6 - -
2014 Agriculture 0.5 - -
2015 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2016 Agriculture 0.5 - -
2017 Agriculture 0.5 - -
2018 Agriculture 0.5 - -
2019 Agriculture 0.5 - -
2020 Agriculture 0.5 0.5 0.5
2021 Agriculture - 0.5 0.5
2022 Agriculture - 0.5 0.5
2023 Agriculture - 0.5 0.5
2024 Agriculture - 0.5 0.5
2025 Agriculture - 0.5 0.4
2026 Agriculture - 0.5 0.4
2027 Agriculture - 0.5 0.4
2028 Agriculture - 0.5 0.4
2029 Agriculture - 0.5 0.3
2030 Agriculture - 0.5 0.3
2031 Agriculture - 0.5 0.3
2032 Agriculture - 0.4 0.3
2033 Agriculture - 0.4 0.3
2034 Agriculture - 0.4 0.3
2035 Agriculture - 0.4 0.3
2005 Buildings 1.5 - -
2006 Buildings 1.5 - -
2007 Buildings 1.6 - -
2008 Buildings 1.6 - -
2009 Buildings 1.4 - -
2010 Buildings 1.5 - -
2011 Buildings 1.9 - -
2012 Buildings 1.9 - -
2013 Buildings 1.1 - -
2014 Buildings 1.3 - -
2015 Buildings 1.4 - -
2016 Buildings 1.2 - -
2017 Buildings 1.1 - -
2018 Buildings 1.1 - -
2019 Buildings 1.1 - -
2020 Buildings 1.0 1.0 1.0
2021 Buildings - 0.8 0.8
2022 Buildings - 0.8 0.8
2023 Buildings - 0.8 0.8
2024 Buildings - 0.8 0.8
2025 Buildings - 0.7 0.7
2026 Buildings - 0.7 0.7
2027 Buildings - 0.7 0.7
2028 Buildings - 0.7 0.7
2029 Buildings - 0.7 0.6
2030 Buildings - 0.5 0.5
2031 Buildings - 0.5 0.5
2032 Buildings - 0.5 0.5
2033 Buildings - 0.5 0.5
2034 Buildings - 0.5 0.5
2035 Buildings - 0.5 0.5
2005 Electricity 7.8 - -
2006 Electricity 7.3 - -
2007 Electricity 7.2 - -
2008 Electricity 6.7 - -
2009 Electricity 6.6 - -
2010 Electricity 4.7 - -
2011 Electricity 4.3 - -
2012 Electricity 3.6 - -
2013 Electricity 3.5 - -
2014 Electricity 3.8 - -
2015 Electricity 3.8 - -
2016 Electricity 4.2 - -
2017 Electricity 3.5 - -
2018 Electricity 3.7 - -
2019 Electricity 3.2 - -
2020 Electricity 2.9 2.9 2.9
2021 Electricity - 3.3 3.3
2022 Electricity - 3.5 3.5
2023 Electricity - 3.3 3.3
2024 Electricity - 3.4 3.4
2025 Electricity - 3.4 3.4
2026 Electricity - 3.4 3.4
2027 Electricity - 3.4 2.8
2028 Electricity - 3.8 3.5
2029 Electricity - 3.1 3.3
2030 Electricity - 1.7 0.8
2031 Electricity - 1.2 0.5
2032 Electricity - 1.4 0.6
2033 Electricity - 0.9 0.6
2034 Electricity - 1.1 0.9
2035 Electricity - 0.8 -
2005 Heavy Industry 1.2 - -
2006 Heavy Industry 1.0 - -
2007 Heavy Industry 1.3 - -
2008 Heavy Industry 0.9 - -
2009 Heavy Industry 1.0 - -
2010 Heavy Industry 1.0 - -
2011 Heavy Industry 1.1 - -
2012 Heavy Industry 1.0 - -
2013 Heavy Industry 0.8 - -
2014 Heavy Industry 0.7 - -
2015 Heavy Industry 0.7 - -
2016 Heavy Industry 0.8 - -
2017 Heavy Industry 0.7 - -
2018 Heavy Industry 0.8 - -
2019 Heavy Industry 0.6 - -
2020 Heavy Industry 0.5 0.5 0.5
2021 Heavy Industry - 0.5 0.5
2022 Heavy Industry - 0.6 0.5
2023 Heavy Industry - 0.6 0.5
2024 Heavy Industry - 0.6 0.5
2025 Heavy Industry - 0.6 0.5
2026 Heavy Industry - 0.6 0.5
2027 Heavy Industry - 0.5 0.5
2028 Heavy Industry - 0.5 0.5
2029 Heavy Industry - 0.5 0.5
2030 Heavy Industry - 0.5 0.5
2031 Heavy Industry - 0.5 0.5
2032 Heavy Industry - 0.5 0.5
2033 Heavy Industry - 0.5 0.4
2034 Heavy Industry - 0.5 0.4
2035 Heavy Industry - 0.5 0.4
2005 Oil and Gas 2.7 - -
2006 Oil and Gas 3.0 - -
2007 Oil and Gas 2.9 - -
2008 Oil and Gas 3.0 - -
2009 Oil and Gas 3.3 - -
2010 Oil and Gas 4.2 - -
2011 Oil and Gas 3.6 - -
2012 Oil and Gas 3.4 - -
2013 Oil and Gas 3.3 - -
2014 Oil and Gas 2.9 - -
2015 Oil and Gas 2.8 - -
2016 Oil and Gas 3.0 - -
2017 Oil and Gas 3.2 - -
2018 Oil and Gas 2.8 - -
2019 Oil and Gas 3.1 - -
2020 Oil and Gas 3.3 3.3 3.3
2021 Oil and Gas - 3.3 3.3
2022 Oil and Gas - 3.2 3.2
2023 Oil and Gas - 3.2 3.1
2024 Oil and Gas - 3.2 2.9
2025 Oil and Gas - 3.1 2.8
2026 Oil and Gas - 3.1 2.7
2027 Oil and Gas - 3.1 2.5
2028 Oil and Gas - 3.1 2.4
2029 Oil and Gas - 3.0 2.3
2030 Oil and Gas - 3.0 2.3
2031 Oil and Gas - 3.0 2.3
2032 Oil and Gas - 3.0 2.3
2033 Oil and Gas - 3.0 2.4
2034 Oil and Gas - 3.0 2.4
2035 Oil and Gas - 3.0 2.4
2005 Transportation 4.6 - -
2006 Transportation 4.6 - -
2007 Transportation 4.4 - -
2008 Transportation 4.3 - -
2009 Transportation 3.9 - -
2010 Transportation 4.4 - -
2011 Transportation 5.1 - -
2012 Transportation 4.6 - -
2013 Transportation 3.8 - -
2014 Transportation 3.5 - -
2015 Transportation 3.7 - -
2016 Transportation 4.1 - -
2017 Transportation 3.7 - -
2018 Transportation 3.7 - -
2019 Transportation 3.6 - -
2020 Transportation 3.3 3.3 3.3
2021 Transportation - 3.4 3.4
2022 Transportation - 3.4 3.4
2023 Transportation - 3.5 3.5
2024 Transportation - 3.5 3.5
2025 Transportation - 3.5 3.5
2026 Transportation - 3.5 3.5
2027 Transportation - 3.4 3.3
2028 Transportation - 3.4 3.1
2029 Transportation - 3.3 3.0
2030 Transportation - 3.3 2.9
2031 Transportation - 3.1 2.8
2032 Transportation - 3.1 2.7
2033 Transportation - 3.1 2.5
2034 Transportation - 3.0 2.5
2035 Transportation - 3.0 2.4
2005 Waste and Others 1.4 - -
2006 Waste and Others 1.5 - -
2007 Waste and Others 1.4 - -
2008 Waste and Others 1.3 - -
2009 Waste and Others 1.2 - -
2010 Waste and Others 1.2 - -
2011 Waste and Others 1.2 - -
2012 Waste and Others 1.1 - -
2013 Waste and Others 1.1 - -
2014 Waste and Others 1.0 - -
2015 Waste and Others 0.9 - -
2016 Waste and Others 0.9 - -
2017 Waste and Others 0.9 - -
2018 Waste and Others 1.0 - -
2019 Waste and Others 1.0 - -
2020 Waste and Others 1.0 1.0 1.0
2021 Waste and Others - 1.0 1.0
2022 Waste and Others - 1.0 0.9
2023 Waste and Others - 1.0 0.8
2024 Waste and Others - 1.0 0.8
2025 Waste and Others - 1.0 0.8
2026 Waste and Others - 1.0 0.8
2027 Waste and Others - 1.0 0.8
2028 Waste and Others - 1.0 0.7
2029 Waste and Others - 1.0 0.7
2030 Waste and Others - 1.0 0.7
2031 Waste and Others - 1.0 0.7
2032 Waste and Others - 1.0 0.7
2033 Waste and Others - 1.0 0.7
2034 Waste and Others - 1.0 0.7
2035 Waste and Others - 1.0 0.7
Newfoundland and Labrador
Year Economic Sector 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case 2022 Additional Measures Case
2005 Agriculture 0.1 - -
2006 Agriculture 0.1 - -
2007 Agriculture 0.1 - -
2008 Agriculture 0.1 - -
2009 Agriculture 0.1 - -
2010 Agriculture 0.1 - -
2011 Agriculture 0.1 - -
2012 Agriculture 0.2 - -
2013 Agriculture 0.1 - -
2014 Agriculture 0.1 - -
2015 Agriculture 0.1 - -
2016 Agriculture 0.1 - -
2017 Agriculture 0.1 - -
2018 Agriculture 0.1 - -
2019 Agriculture 0.1 - -
2020 Agriculture 0.1 0.1 0.1
2021 Agriculture - 0.1 0.1
2022 Agriculture - 0.1 0.1
2023 Agriculture - 0.1 0.1
2024 Agriculture - 0.1 0.1
2025 Agriculture - 0.1 0.1
2026 Agriculture - 0.1 0.1
2027 Agriculture - 0.1 0.1
2028 Agriculture - 0.1 0.1
2029 Agriculture - 0.1 0.1
2030 Agriculture - 0.1 0.1
2031 Agriculture - 0.1 0.1
2032 Agriculture - 0.1 0.1
2033 Agriculture - 0.1 0.1
2034 Agriculture - 0.1 0.1
2035 Agriculture - 0.1 0.1
2005 Buildings 0.8 - -
2006 Buildings 0.7 - -
2007 Buildings 0.9 - -
2008 Buildings 0.9 - -
2009 Buildings 0.8 - -
2010 Buildings 0.8 - -
2011 Buildings 0.9 - -
2012 Buildings 0.7 - -
2013 Buildings 1.0 - -
2014 Buildings 1.1 - -
2015 Buildings 1.0 - -
2016 Buildings 1.1 - -
2017 Buildings 1.1 - -
2018 Buildings 0.9 - -
2019 Buildings 1.0 - -
2020 Buildings 0.8 0.8 0.8
2021 Buildings - 0.8 0.8
2022 Buildings - 0.8 0.8
2023 Buildings - 0.6 0.6
2024 Buildings - 0.6 0.6
2025 Buildings - 0.6 0.6
2026 Buildings - 0.6 0.6
2027 Buildings - 0.5 0.5
2028 Buildings - 0.4 0.4
2029 Buildings - 0.4 0.4
2030 Buildings - 0.4 0.4
2031 Buildings - 0.4 0.4
2032 Buildings - 0.4 0.4
2033 Buildings - 0.4 0.4
2034 Buildings - 0.3 0.3
2035 Buildings - 0.2 0.3
2005 Electricity 0.8 - -
2006 Electricity 0.6 - -
2007 Electricity 1.0 - -
2008 Electricity 0.9 - -
2009 Electricity 0.8 - -
2010 Electricity 0.7 - -
2011 Electricity 0.8 - -
2012 Electricity 0.8 - -
2013 Electricity 0.9 - -
2014 Electricity 1.2 - -
2015 Electricity 1.3 - -
2016 Electricity 1.5 - -
2017 Electricity 1.5 - -
2018 Electricity 1.1 - -
2019 Electricity 1.1 - -
2020 Electricity 1.0 1.0 1.0
2021 Electricity - 0.4 0.4
2022 Electricity - 0.3 0.3
2023 Electricity - 0.4 0.4
2024 Electricity - 0.1 0.1
2005 Electricity 1.6 - -
2006 Electricity 1.3 - -
2007 Electricity 1.3 - -
2008 Electricity 1.2 - -
2009 Electricity 1.1 - -
2010 Electricity 1.2 - -
2011 Electricity 1.0 - -
2012 Electricity 0.9 - -
2013 Electricity 0.8 - -
2014 Electricity 0.8 - -
2015 Electricity 0.8 - -
2016 Electricity 0.4 - -
2017 Electricity 0.6 - -
2018 Electricity 0.6 - -
2019 Electricity 0.8 - -
2020 Electricity 0.7 0.7 0.7
2021 Electricity - 0.8 0.8
2022 Electricity - 0.8 0.8
2023 Electricity - 1.2 1.1
2024 Electricity - 1.2 1.1
2025 Electricity - 1.2 1.1
2026 Electricity - 1.2 1.1
2027 Electricity - 1.2 1.1
2028 Electricity - 1.2 1.0
2029 Electricity - 1.1 1.0
2030 Electricity - 1.1 0.9
2031 Electricity - 1.1 0.9
2032 Electricity - 1.1 0.9
2033 Electricity - 1.1 0.9
2034 Electricity - 1.1 0.9
2035 Electricity - 1.2 0.9
2005 Oil and Gas 2.6 - -
2006 Oil and Gas 2.9 - -
2007 Oil and Gas 3.1 - -
2008 Oil and Gas 2.7 - -
2009 Oil and Gas 2.7 - -
2010 Oil and Gas 2.7 - -
2011 Oil and Gas 2.4 - -
2012 Oil and Gas 2.3 - -
2013 Oil and Gas 2.5 - -
2014 Oil and Gas 2.6 - -
2015 Oil and Gas 2.5 - -
2016 Oil and Gas 2.9 - -
2017 Oil and Gas 2.8 - -
2018 Oil and Gas 2.9 - -
2019 Oil and Gas 2.8 - -
2020 Oil and Gas 2.1 2.1 2.1
2021 Oil and Gas - 1.6 1.6
2022 Oil and Gas - 1.4 1.4
2023 Oil and Gas - 1.6 1.6
2024 Oil and Gas - 1.6 1.6
2025 Oil and Gas - 1.6 1.6
2026 Oil and Gas - 1.7 1.7
2027 Oil and Gas - 1.8 1.8
2028 Oil and Gas - 2.2 2.2
2029 Oil and Gas - 2.5 2.5
2030 Oil and Gas - 2.6 2.6
2031 Oil and Gas - 2.7 2.7
2032 Oil and Gas - 2.6 2.5
2033 Oil and Gas - 2.5 2.5
2034 Oil and Gas - 2.5 2.5
2035 Oil and Gas - 2.3 2.3
2005 Transportation 3.7 - -
2006 Transportation 3.5 - -
2007 Transportation 3.8 - -
2008 Transportation 3.8 - -
2009 Transportation 3.7 - -
2010 Transportation 3.8 - -
2011 Transportation 4.1 - -
2012 Transportation 4.1 - -
2013 Transportation 3.8 - -
2014 Transportation 4.2 - -
2015 Transportation 4.3 - -
2016 Transportation 4.2 - -
2017 Transportation 4.2 - -
2018 Transportation 4.3 - -
2019 Transportation 4.4 - -
2020 Transportation 3.9 3.9 3.9
2021 Transportation - 3.9 3.9
2022 Transportation - 3.9 3.9
2023 Transportation - 4.0 4.0
2024 Transportation - 4.1 4.1
2025 Transportation - 4.2 4.1
2026 Transportation - 4.2 4.1
2027 Transportation - 4.3 4.1
2028 Transportation - 4.3 4.0
2029 Transportation - 4.2 3.9
2030 Transportation - 4.2 3.8
2031 Transportation - 4.2 3.7
2032 Transportation - 4.3 3.6
2033 Transportation - 4.2 3.6
2034 Transportation - 4.3 3.4
2035 Transportation - 4.3 3.3
2005 Waste and Others 0.9 - -
2006 Waste and Others 0.9 - -
2007 Waste and Others 0.9 - -
2008 Waste and Others 0.9 - -
2009 Waste and Others 0.8 - -
2010 Waste and Others 0.8 - -
2011 Waste and Others 0.9 - -
2012 Waste and Others 0.8 - -
2013 Waste and Others 0.8 - -
2014 Waste and Others 0.8 - -
2015 Waste and Others 0.9 - -
2016 Waste and Others 1.0 - -
2017 Waste and Others 1.0 - -
2018 Waste and Others 1.0 - -
2019 Waste and Others 1.0 - -
2020 Waste and Others 1.0 1.0 1.0
2021 Waste and Others - 1.0 1.0
2022 Waste and Others - 0.9 0.9
2023 Waste and Others - 0.9 0.9
2024 Waste and Others - 0.9 0.9
2025 Waste and Others - 0.9 0.8
2026 Waste and Others - 0.9 0.8
2027 Waste and Others - 0.9 0.8
2028 Waste and Others - 0.8 0.7
2029 Waste and Others - 0.8 0.7
2030 Waste and Others - 0.8 0.7
2031 Waste and Others - 0.8 0.7
2032 Waste and Others - 0.8 0.7
2033 Waste and Others - 0.8 0.7
2034 Waste and Others - 0.8 0.7
2035 Waste and Others - 0.8 0.7
Northwest Territories
Year Economic Sector 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case 2022 Additional Measures Case
2005 Buildings 0.2 - -
2006 Buildings 0.3 - -
2007 Buildings 0.3 - -
2008 Buildings 0.3 - -
2009 Buildings 0.3 - -
2010 Buildings 0.3 - -
2011 Buildings 0.3 - -
2012 Buildings 0.3 - -
2013 Buildings 0.3 - -
2014 Buildings 0.3 - -
2015 Buildings 0.3 - -
2016 Buildings 0.3 - -
2017 Buildings 0.2 - -
2018 Buildings 0.3 - -
2019 Buildings 0.3 - -
2020 Buildings 0.4 0.4 0.4
2021 Buildings - 0.4 0.4
2022 Buildings - 0.4 0.4
2023 Buildings - 0.3 0.3
2024 Buildings - 0.3 0.3
2025 Buildings - 0.3 0.3
2026 Buildings - 0.3 0.3
2027 Buildings - 0.3 0.3
2028 Buildings - 0.3 0.3
2029 Buildings - 0.3 0.3
2030 Buildings - 0.3 0.3
2031 Buildings - 0.3 0.3
2032 Buildings - 0.3 0.3
2033 Buildings - 0.3 0.3
2034 Buildings - 0.3 0.3
2035 Buildings - 0.3 0.3
2005 Heavy Industry 0.3 - -
2006 Heavy Industry 0.3 - -
2007 Heavy Industry 0.3 - -
2008 Heavy Industry 0.3 - -
2009 Heavy Industry 0.3 - -
2010 Heavy Industry 0.3 - -
2011 Heavy Industry 0.3 - -
2012 Heavy Industry 0.4 - -
2013 Heavy Industry 0.3 - -
2014 Heavy Industry 0.3 - -
2015 Heavy Industry 0.3 - -
2016 Heavy Industry 0.3 - -
2017 Heavy Industry 0.3 - -
2018 Heavy Industry 0.3 - -
2019 Heavy Industry 0.3 - -
2020 Heavy Industry 0.3 0.3 0.3
2021 Heavy Industry - 0.5 0.5
2022 Heavy Industry - 0.4 0.4
2023 Heavy Industry - 0.3 0.3
2024 Heavy Industry - 0.3 0.3
2025 Heavy Industry - 0.3 0.3
2026 Heavy Industry - 0.3 0.3
2027 Heavy Industry - 0.3 0.2
2028 Heavy Industry - 0.3 0.2
2029 Heavy Industry - 0.2 0.2
2030 Heavy Industry - 0.2 0.2
2031 Heavy Industry - 0.2 0.2
2032 Heavy Industry - 0.2 0.2
2033 Heavy Industry - 0.2 0.2
2034 Heavy Industry - 0.2 0.2
2035 Heavy Industry - 0.2 0.2
2005 Oil and Gas 0.2 - -
2006 Oil and Gas 0.2 - -
2007 Oil and Gas 0.2 - -
2008 Oil and Gas 0.1 - -
2010 Oil and Gas 0.1 - -
2011 Oil and Gas 0.1 - -
2012 Oil and Gas 0.1 - -
2021 Oil and Gas - 0.1 0.1
2022 Oil and Gas - 0.1 0.1
2023 Oil and Gas - 0.1 0.1
2024 Oil and Gas - 0.1 0.1
2025 Oil and Gas - 0.1 0.1
2026 Oil and Gas - 0.1 0.1
2027 Oil and Gas - 0.1 0.1
2005 Transportation 0.8 - -
2006 Transportation 0.8 - -
2007 Transportation 0.9 - -
2008 Transportation 0.7 - -
2009 Transportation 0.6 - -
2010 Transportation 0.6 - -
2011 Transportation 0.6 - -
2012 Transportation 0.7 - -
2013 Transportation 0.7 - -
2014 Transportation 0.7 - -
2015 Transportation 0.7 - -
2016 Transportation 0.7 - -
2017 Transportation 0.8 - -
2018 Transportation 0.8 - -
2019 Transportation 0.7 - -
2020 Transportation 0.6 0.6 0.6
2021 Transportation - 0.8 0.8
2022 Transportation - 0.8 0.8
2023 Transportation - 0.9 0.9
2024 Transportation - 0.9 0.9
2025 Transportation - 0.9 0.9
2026 Transportation - 0.9 0.9
2027 Transportation - 0.9 0.9
2028 Transportation - 0.9 0.9
2029 Transportation - 0.9 0.9
2030 Transportation - 0.9 0.9
2031 Transportation - 0.9 0.9
2032 Transportation - 0.9 0.9
2033 Transportation - 0.9 0.9
2034 Transportation - 0.9 0.9
2035 Transportation - 0.9 0.9
2035 Waste and Others - 0.1 -
Nova Scotia
Year Economic Sector 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case 2022 Additional Measures Case
2005 Agriculture 0.5 - -
2006 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2007 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2008 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2009 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2010 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2011 Agriculture 0.5 - -
2012 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2013 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2014 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2015 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2016 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2017 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2018 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2019 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2020 Agriculture 0.5 0.5 0.5
2021 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2022 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2023 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2024 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2025 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2026 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2027 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2028 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2029 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2030 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2031 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2032 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2033 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2034 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2035 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2005 Buildings 2.7 - -
2006 Buildings 2.5 - -
2007 Buildings 2.9 - -
2008 Buildings 2.7 - -
2009 Buildings 2.6 - -
2010 Buildings 2.6 - -
2011 Buildings 2.9 - -
2012 Buildings 2.5 - -
2013 Buildings 2.4 - -
2014 Buildings 2.1 - -
2015 Buildings 2.2 - -
2016 Buildings 1.9 - -
2017 Buildings 2.0 - -
2018 Buildings 2.0 - -
2019 Buildings 2.1 - -
2020 Buildings 2.0 2.0 2.0
2021 Buildings - 1.9 1.9
2022 Buildings - 1.9 1.9
2023 Buildings - 1.8 1.8
2024 Buildings - 1.7 1.7
2025 Buildings - 1.6 1.6
2026 Buildings - 1.5 1.5
2027 Buildings - 1.5 1.4
2028 Buildings - 1.4 1.3
2029 Buildings - 1.3 1.3
2030 Buildings - 1.3 1.2
2031 Buildings - 1.2 1.1
2032 Buildings - 1.2 1.1
2033 Buildings - 1.2 1.0
2034 Buildings - 1.2 1.0
2035 Buildings - 1.1 1.0
2005 Electricity 10.8 - -
2006 Electricity 10.2 - -
2007 Electricity 11.7 - -
2008 Electricity 9.5 - -
2009 Electricity 9.5 - -
2010 Electricity 8.9 - -
2011 Electricity 8.5 - -
2012 Electricity 7.7 - -
2013 Electricity 7.6 - -
2014 Electricity 7.2 - -
2015 Electricity 7.0 - -
2016 Electricity 6.4 - -
2017 Electricity 6.7 - -
2018 Electricity 7.0 - -
2019 Electricity 6.7 - -
2020 Electricity 6.3 6.3 6.3
2021 Electricity - 5.5 5.5
2022 Electricity - 6.4 6.4
2023 Electricity - 5.1 5.1
2024 Electricity - 5.3 5.3
2025 Electricity - 3.8 3.4
2026 Electricity - 3.3 2.4
2027 Electricity - 3.1 1.9
2028 Electricity - 2.1 2.0
2029 Electricity - 2.0 1.8
2030 Electricity - 2.1 0.6
2031 Electricity - 2.3 0.2
2032 Electricity - 2.3 0.2
2033 Electricity - 2.2 0.1
2034 Electricity - 2.1 -
2035 Electricity - 2.0 -
2005 Heavy Industry 0.9 - -
2006 Heavy Industry 0.6 - -
2007 Heavy Industry 0.6 - -
2008 Heavy Industry 0.7 - -
2009 Heavy Industry 0.5 - -
2010 Heavy Industry 0.7 - -
2011 Heavy Industry 0.7 - -
2012 Heavy Industry 0.6 - -
2013 Heavy Industry 0.6 - -
2014 Heavy Industry 0.5 - -
2015 Heavy Industry 0.5 - -
2016 Heavy Industry 0.5 - -
2017 Heavy Industry 0.4 - -
2018 Heavy Industry 0.4 - -
2019 Heavy Industry 0.4 - -
2020 Heavy Industry 0.4 0.4 0.4
2021 Heavy Industry - 0.4 0.4
2022 Heavy Industry - 0.4 0.4
2023 Heavy Industry - 0.4 0.4
2024 Heavy Industry - 0.4 0.4
2025 Heavy Industry - 0.4 0.4
2026 Heavy Industry - 0.4 0.4
2027 Heavy Industry - 0.4 0.4
2028 Heavy Industry - 0.4 0.4
2029 Heavy Industry - 0.4 0.4
2030 Heavy Industry - 0.4 0.4
2031 Heavy Industry - 0.4 0.4
2032 Heavy Industry - 0.4 0.4
2033 Heavy Industry - 0.4 0.4
2034 Heavy Industry - 0.4 0.4
2035 Heavy Industry - 0.4 0.4
2005 Oil and Gas 1.5 - -
2006 Oil and Gas 1.4 - -
2007 Oil and Gas 1.3 - -
2008 Oil and Gas 1.4 - -
2009 Oil and Gas 1.4 - -
2010 Oil and Gas 1.5 - -
2011 Oil and Gas 1.6 - -
2012 Oil and Gas 1.5 - -
2013 Oil and Gas 1.3 - -
2014 Oil and Gas 0.8 - -
2015 Oil and Gas 0.6 - -
2016 Oil and Gas 0.5 - -
2017 Oil and Gas 0.3 - -
2018 Oil and Gas 0.2 - -
2005 Transportation 5.4 - -
2006 Transportation 5.3 - -
2007 Transportation 5.1 - -
2008 Transportation 5.1 - -
2009 Transportation 4.8 - -
2010 Transportation 5.0 - -
2011 Transportation 5.6 - -
2012 Transportation 5.2 - -
2013 Transportation 4.8 - -
2014 Transportation 4.3 - -
2015 Transportation 4.9 - -
2016 Transportation 4.9 - -
2017 Transportation 5.2 - -
2018 Transportation 5.3 - -
2019 Transportation 5.3 - -
2020 Transportation 4.5 4.5 4.5
2021 Transportation - 4.9 4.9
2022 Transportation - 5.0 4.9
2023 Transportation - 4.9 4.9
2024 Transportation - 4.9 4.9
2025 Transportation - 4.9 4.9
2026 Transportation - 4.8 4.9
2027 Transportation - 4.7 4.7
2028 Transportation - 4.7 4.6
2029 Transportation - 4.6 4.5
2030 Transportation - 4.6 4.3
2031 Transportation - 4.5 4.2
2032 Transportation - 4.4 4.1
2033 Transportation - 4.4 3.8
2034 Transportation - 4.3 3.7
2035 Transportation - 4.2 3.6
2005 Waste and Others 1.2 - -
2006 Waste and Others 1.3 - -
2007 Waste and Others 1.2 - -
2008 Waste and Others 1.2 - -
2009 Waste and Others 1.2 - -
2010 Waste and Others 1.2 - -
2011 Waste and Others 1.2 - -
2012 Waste and Others 1.1 - -
2013 Waste and Others 1.1 - -
2014 Waste and Others 1.0 - -
2015 Waste and Others 0.8 - -
2016 Waste and Others 0.9 - -
2017 Waste and Others 1.1 - -
2018 Waste and Others 1.2 - -
2019 Waste and Others 1.3 - -
2020 Waste and Others 1.0 1.0 1.0
2021 Waste and Others - 1.1 1.1
2022 Waste and Others - 1.2 1.0
2023 Waste and Others - 1.2 1.0
2024 Waste and Others - 1.2 1.0
2025 Waste and Others - 1.2 1.0
2026 Waste and Others - 1.2 1.0
2027 Waste and Others - 1.2 1.0
2028 Waste and Others - 1.2 0.9
2029 Waste and Others - 1.2 0.9
2030 Waste and Others - 1.2 0.9
2031 Waste and Others - 1.2 0.9
2032 Waste and Others - 1.2 0.8
2033 Waste and Others - 1.2 0.8
2034 Waste and Others - 1.2 0.8
2035 Waste and Others - 1.2 0.8
Nunavut
Year Economic Sector 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case 2022 Additional Measures Case
2006 Heavy Industry 0.1 - -
2007 Heavy Industry 0.1 - -
2008 Heavy Industry 0.1 - -
2010 Heavy Industry 0.1 - -
2011 Heavy Industry 0.1 - -
2012 Heavy Industry 0.1 - -
2013 Heavy Industry 0.1 - -
2016 Heavy Industry 0.1 - -
2021 Heavy Industry - 0.7 0.7
2022 Heavy Industry - 0.8 0.8
2023 Heavy Industry - 0.8 0.8
2024 Heavy Industry - 0.8 0.8
2025 Heavy Industry - 0.9 0.8
2026 Heavy Industry - 0.9 0.8
2027 Heavy Industry - 0.9 0.8
2028 Heavy Industry - 1.0 0.8
2029 Heavy Industry - 1.0 0.8
2030 Heavy Industry - 1.0 0.8
2031 Heavy Industry - 1.1 0.8
2032 Heavy Industry - 1.1 0.8
2033 Heavy Industry - 1.1 0.8
2034 Heavy Industry - 1.1 0.8
2035 Heavy Industry - 1.1 0.8
2005 Transportation 0.4 - -
2006 Transportation 0.3 - -
2007 Transportation 0.3 - -
2008 Transportation 0.3 - -
2009 Transportation 0.3 - -
2010 Transportation 0.3 - -
2011 Transportation 0.4 - -
2012 Transportation 0.4 - -
2013 Transportation 0.4 - -
2014 Transportation 0.4 - -
2015 Transportation 0.3 - -
2016 Transportation 0.4 - -
2017 Transportation 0.4 - -
2018 Transportation 0.5 - -
2019 Transportation 0.5 - -
2020 Transportation 0.3 0.3 0.3
2021 Transportation - 0.5 0.5
2022 Transportation - 0.5 0.5
2023 Transportation - 0.5 0.5
2024 Transportation - 0.5 0.5
2025 Transportation - 0.5 0.5
2026 Transportation - 0.5 0.5
2027 Transportation - 0.5 0.5
2028 Transportation - 0.5 0.5
2029 Transportation - 0.5 0.4
2030 Transportation - 0.5 0.4
2031 Transportation - 0.4 0.4
2032 Transportation - 0.4 0.4
2033 Transportation - 0.4 0.4
2034 Transportation - 0.4 0.4
2035 Transportation - 0.4 0.4
Ontario
Year Economic Sector 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case 2022 Additional Measures Case
2005 Agriculture 11.6 - -
2006 Agriculture 11.6 - -
2007 Agriculture 11.4 - -
2008 Agriculture 10.9 - -
2009 Agriculture 10.9 - -
2010 Agriculture 11.3 - -
2011 Agriculture 11.8 - -
2012 Agriculture 11.6 - -
2013 Agriculture 11.9 - -
2014 Agriculture 11.2 - -
2015 Agriculture 11.3 - -
2016 Agriculture 11.5 - -
2017 Agriculture 11.3 - -
2018 Agriculture 11.4 - -
2019 Agriculture 12.0 - -
2020 Agriculture 12.5 12.5 12.5
2021 Agriculture - 12.5 12.5
2022 Agriculture - 12.5 12.5
2023 Agriculture - 12.5 12.4
2024 Agriculture - 12.5 12.2
2025 Agriculture - 12.5 12.1
2026 Agriculture - 12.5 11.8
2027 Agriculture - 12.5 11.4
2028 Agriculture - 12.4 11.3
2029 Agriculture - 12.4 11.1
2030 Agriculture - 12.3 11.0
2031 Agriculture - 12.3 11.0
2032 Agriculture - 12.2 11.0
2033 Agriculture - 12.2 11.0
2034 Agriculture - 12.2 11.0
2035 Agriculture - 12.2 11.0
2005 Buildings 35.5 - -
2006 Buildings 31.9 - -
2007 Buildings 34.5 - -
2008 Buildings 35.0 - -
2009 Buildings 33.2 - -
2010 Buildings 32.1 - -
2011 Buildings 34.5 - -
2012 Buildings 32.1 - -
2013 Buildings 35.5 - -
2014 Buildings 37.0 - -
2015 Buildings 36.6 - -
2016 Buildings 35.7 - -
2017 Buildings 36.8 - -
2018 Buildings 41.3 - -
2019 Buildings 39.2 - -
2020 Buildings 37.7 37.7 37.7
2021 Buildings - 35.0 35.0
2022 Buildings - 35.4 35.4
2023 Buildings - 34.4 33.4
2024 Buildings - 33.6 31.7
2025 Buildings - 32.9 29.8
2026 Buildings - 32.2 28.1
2027 Buildings - 31.8 26.7
2028 Buildings - 31.2 25.6
2029 Buildings - 30.8 24.7
2030 Buildings - 30.4 24.1
2031 Buildings - 30.3 23.7
2032 Buildings - 30.3 23.6
2033 Buildings - 30.0 23.2
2034 Buildings - 29.6 22.8
2035 Buildings - 29.3 22.3
2005 Electricity 33.9 - -
2006 Electricity 29.5 - -
2007 Electricity 32.7 - -
2008 Electricity 27.0 - -
2009 Electricity 14.4 - -
2010 Electricity 18.9 - -
2011 Electricity 12.9 - -
2012 Electricity 13.0 - -
2013 Electricity 9.2 - -
2014 Electricity 5.0 - -
2015 Electricity 5.4 - -
2016 Electricity 4.8 - -
2017 Electricity 2.2 - -
2018 Electricity 3.5 - -
2019 Electricity 3.4 - -
2020 Electricity 3.2 3.2 3.2
2021 Electricity - 7.2 7.3
2022 Electricity - 11.7 12.0
2023 Electricity - 12.7 12.8
2024 Electricity - 11.9 12.0
2025 Electricity - 12.4 12.1
2026 Electricity - 15.3 15.7
2027 Electricity - 13.1 13.1
2028 Electricity - 11.1 9.6
2029 Electricity - 10.7 9.1
2030 Electricity - 10.9 8.5
2031 Electricity - 11.1 5.6
2032 Electricity - 10.6 4.1
2033 Electricity - 9.8 2.5
2034 Electricity - 9.3 1.5
2035 Electricity - 9.2 -
2005 Heavy Industry 35.0 - -
2006 Heavy Industry 36.2 - -
2007 Heavy Industry 35.4 - -
2008 Heavy Industry 34.6 - -
2009 Heavy Industry 26.1 - -
2010 Heavy Industry 28.4 - -
2011 Heavy Industry 30.7 - -
2012 Heavy Industry 31.5 - -
2013 Heavy Industry 29.3 - -
2014 Heavy Industry 30.6 - -
2015 Heavy Industry 29.5 - -
2016 Heavy Industry 30.6 - -
2017 Heavy Industry 28.6 - -
2018 Heavy Industry 28.7 - -
2019 Heavy Industry 27.8 - -
2020 Heavy Industry 25.4 25.4 25.4
2021 Heavy Industry - 25.7 25.6
2022 Heavy Industry - 26.9 27.0
2023 Heavy Industry - 27.8 28.1
2024 Heavy Industry - 29.0 29.5
2025 Heavy Industry - 29.1 28.8
2026 Heavy Industry - 28.4 27.9
2027 Heavy Industry - 27.3 26.5
2028 Heavy Industry - 26.3 24.9
2029 Heavy Industry - 25.4 23.5
2030 Heavy Industry - 24.3 21.8
2031 Heavy Industry - 24.4 21.5
2032 Heavy Industry - 24.5 21.3
2033 Heavy Industry - 24.6 21.2
2034 Heavy Industry - 25.1 21.4
2035 Heavy Industry - 25.2 21.5
2005 Oil and Gas 11.6 - -
2006 Oil and Gas 11.4 - -
2007 Oil and Gas 11.2 - -
2008 Oil and Gas 10.3 - -
2009 Oil and Gas 9.4 - -
2010 Oil and Gas 9.3 - -
2011 Oil and Gas 8.9 - -
2012 Oil and Gas 9.3 - -
2013 Oil and Gas 9.5 - -
2014 Oil and Gas 10.1 - -
2015 Oil and Gas 9.6 - -
2016 Oil and Gas 9.3 - -
2017 Oil and Gas 7.3 - -
2018 Oil and Gas 7.6 - -
2019 Oil and Gas 7.9 - -
2020 Oil and Gas 7.1 7.1 7.1
2021 Oil and Gas - 6.8 6.8
2022 Oil and Gas - 6.7 6.7
2023 Oil and Gas - 6.6 6.4
2024 Oil and Gas - 6.6 6.2
2025 Oil and Gas - 6.5 6.0
2026 Oil and Gas - 6.4 5.8
2027 Oil and Gas - 6.3 5.6
2028 Oil and Gas - 6.2 5.4
2029 Oil and Gas - 6.1 5.1
2030 Oil and Gas - 6.1 5.0
2031 Oil and Gas - 6.1 5.1
2032 Oil and Gas - 6.1 5.1
2033 Oil and Gas - 6.1 5.1
2034 Oil and Gas - 6.1 5.1
2035 Oil and Gas - 6.1 5.1
2005 Transportation 57.0 - -
2006 Transportation 55.9 - -
2007 Transportation 54.9 - -
2008 Transportation 54.2 - -
2009 Transportation 54.5 - -
2010 Transportation 56.1 - -
2011 Transportation 56.1 - -
2012 Transportation 54.1 - -
2013 Transportation 56.1 - -
2014 Transportation 54.3 - -
2015 Transportation 55.1 - -
2016 Transportation 55.1 - -
2017 Transportation 56.0 - -
2018 Transportation 57.9 - -
2019 Transportation 58.4 - -
2020 Transportation 47.7 47.7 47.7
2021 Transportation - 53.5 53.5
2022 Transportation - 54.4 54.4
2023 Transportation - 54.5 54.7
2024 Transportation - 55.2 55.3
2025 Transportation - 55.7 55.8
2026 Transportation - 55.0 54.9
2027 Transportation - 54.4 54.2
2028 Transportation - 53.4 52.7
2029 Transportation - 52.6 51.2
2030 Transportation - 51.7 49.4
2031 Transportation - 51.3 47.5
2032 Transportation - 51.1 46.0
2033 Transportation - 50.8 44.4
2034 Transportation - 50.5 42.7
2035 Transportation - 50.2 41.3
2005 Waste and Others 19.6 - -
2006 Waste and Others 18.6 - -
2007 Waste and Others 19.3 - -
2008 Waste and Others 18.9 - -
2009 Waste and Others 17.0 - -
2010 Waste and Others 16.9 - -
2011 Waste and Others 17.4 - -
2012 Waste and Others 17.2 - -
2013 Waste and Others 16.8 - -
2014 Waste and Others 16.0 - -
2015 Waste and Others 16.3 - -
2016 Waste and Others 15.6 - -
2017 Waste and Others 16.5 - -
2018 Waste and Others 16.9 - -
2019 Waste and Others 16.7 - -
2020 Waste and Others 15.9 15.9 15.9
2021 Waste and Others - 15.9 15.9
2022 Waste and Others - 16.0 14.9
2023 Waste and Others - 16.1 14.2
2024 Waste and Others - 16.0 13.5
2025 Waste and Others - 16.0 12.7
2026 Waste and Others - 15.9 12.0
2027 Waste and Others - 15.9 11.3
2028 Waste and Others - 15.9 10.6
2029 Waste and Others - 15.8 10.1
2030 Waste and Others - 15.7 9.6
2031 Waste and Others - 15.7 9.5
2032 Waste and Others - 15.9 9.5
2033 Waste and Others - 16.0 9.5
2034 Waste and Others - 16.2 9.6
2035 Waste and Others - 16.3 9.6
Prince Edward Island
Year Economic Sector 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case 2022 Additional Measures Case
2005 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2006 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2007 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2008 Agriculture 0.3 - -
2009 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2010 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2011 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2012 Agriculture 0.4 - -
2013 Agriculture 0.3 - -
2014 Agriculture 0.3 - -
2015 Agriculture 0.3 - -
2016 Agriculture 0.3 - -
2017 Agriculture 0.3 - -
2018 Agriculture 0.3 - -
2019 Agriculture 0.3 - -
2020 Agriculture 0.3 0.3 0.3
2021 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2022 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2023 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2024 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2025 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2026 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2027 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2028 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2029 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2030 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2031 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2032 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2033 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2034 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2035 Agriculture - 0.3 0.3
2005 Buildings 0.5 - -
2006 Buildings 0.4 - -
2007 Buildings 0.5 - -
2008 Buildings 0.5 - -
2009 Buildings 0.5 - -
2010 Buildings 0.5 - -
2011 Buildings 0.5 - -
2012 Buildings 0.5 - -
2013 Buildings 0.4 - -
2014 Buildings 0.4 - -
2015 Buildings 0.3 - -
2016 Buildings 0.3 - -
2017 Buildings 0.3 - -
2018 Buildings 0.3 - -
2019 Buildings 0.3 - -
2020 Buildings 0.3 0.3 0.3
2021 Buildings - 0.3 0.3
2022 Buildings - 0.3 0.3
2023 Buildings - 0.3 0.3
2024 Buildings - 0.3 0.3
2025 Buildings - 0.3 0.3
2026 Buildings - 0.2 0.2
2027 Buildings - 0.2 0.2
2028 Buildings - 0.2 0.2
2029 Buildings - 0.2 0.2
2030 Buildings - 0.2 0.2
2031 Buildings - 0.2 0.2
2032 Buildings - 0.2 0.2
2033 Buildings - 0.2 0.2
2034 Buildings - 0.2 0.2
2035 Buildings - 0.2 0.2
2005 Transportation 0.7 - -
2006 Transportation 0.7 - -
2007 Transportation 0.7 - -
2008 Transportation 0.7 - -
2009 Transportation 0.7 - -
2010 Transportation 0.8 - -
2011 Transportation 0.8 - -
2012 Transportation 0.8 - -
2013 Transportation 0.7 - -
2014 Transportation 0.7 - -
2015 Transportation 0.7 - -
2016 Transportation 0.8 - -
2017 Transportation 0.8 - -
2018 Transportation 0.8 - -
2019 Transportation 0.8 - -
2020 Transportation 0.6 0.6 0.6
2021 Transportation - 0.7 0.7
2022 Transportation - 0.7 0.7
2023 Transportation - 0.7 0.7
2024 Transportation - 0.7 0.7
2025 Transportation - 0.8 0.8
2026 Transportation - 0.7 0.7
2027 Transportation - 0.7 0.7
2028 Transportation - 0.7 0.7
2029 Transportation - 0.7 0.7
2030 Transportation - 0.7 0.7
2031 Transportation - 0.7 0.7
2032 Transportation - 0.7 0.6
2033 Transportation - 0.7 0.6
2034 Transportation - 0.7 0.6
2035 Transportation - 0.7 0.6
2005 Waste and Others 0.3 - -
2006 Waste and Others 0.3 - -
2007 Waste and Others 0.3 - -
2008 Waste and Others 0.3 - -
2009 Waste and Others 0.3 - -
2010 Waste and Others 0.3 - -
2011 Waste and Others 0.3 - -
2012 Waste and Others 0.3 - -
2013 Waste and Others 0.2 - -
2014 Waste and Others 0.2 - -
2015 Waste and Others 0.2 - -
2016 Waste and Others 0.2 - -
2017 Waste and Others 0.2 - -
2018 Waste and Others 0.2 - -
2019 Waste and Others 0.2 - -
2020 Waste and Others 0.3 0.3 0.3
2021 Waste and Others - 0.3 0.3
2022 Waste and Others - 0.3 0.3
2023 Waste and Others - 0.3 0.3
2024 Waste and Others - 0.3 0.3
2025 Waste and Others - 0.3 0.3
2026 Waste and Others - 0.3 0.3
2027 Waste and Others - 0.3 0.3
2028 Waste and Others - 0.3 0.2
2029 Waste and Others - 0.3 0.2
2030 Waste and Others - 0.3 0.1
2031 Waste and Others - 0.3 0.2
2032 Waste and Others - 0.3 0.2
2033 Waste and Others - 0.3 0.2
2034 Waste and Others - 0.3 0.2
2035 Waste and Others - 0.3 0.2
Quebec
Year Economic Sector 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case 2022 Additional Measures Case
2005 Agriculture 8.2 - -
2006 Agriculture 8.0 - -
2007 Agriculture 8.6 - -
2008 Agriculture 8.2 - -
2009 Agriculture 8.2 - -
2010 Agriculture 8.3 - -
2011 Agriculture 8.5 - -
2012 Agriculture 8.8 - -
2013 Agriculture 8.6 - -
2014 Agriculture 8.3 - -
2015 Agriculture 8.9 - -
2016 Agriculture 8.8 - -
2017 Agriculture 8.3 - -
2018 Agriculture 9.0 - -
2019 Agriculture 8.8 - -
2020 Agriculture 9.0 9.0 9.0
2021 Agriculture - 9.0 9.0
2022 Agriculture - 9.0 9.0
2023 Agriculture - 9.0 9.0
2024 Agriculture - 9.0 9.0
2025 Agriculture - 8.9 8.8
2026 Agriculture - 8.9 8.7
2027 Agriculture - 8.9 8.7
2028 Agriculture - 8.9 8.6
2029 Agriculture - 8.9 8.5
2030 Agriculture - 8.9 8.4
2031 Agriculture - 8.9 8.4
2032 Agriculture - 8.9 8.4
2033 Agriculture - 8.9 8.3
2034 Agriculture - 8.9 8.3
2035 Agriculture - 8.9 8.2
2005 Buildings 12.3 - -
2006 Buildings 11.2 - -
2007 Buildings 11.6 - -
2008 Buildings 10.7 - -
2009 Buildings 11.5 - -
2010 Buildings 10.4 - -
2011 Buildings 10.4 - -
2012 Buildings 9.1 - -
2013 Buildings 9.4 - -
2014 Buildings 9.8 - -
2015 Buildings 10.1 - -
2016 Buildings 10.1 - -
2017 Buildings 10.1 - -
2018 Buildings 10.2 - -
2019 Buildings 10.5 - -
2020 Buildings 9.3 9.3 9.3
2021 Buildings - 8.5 8.5
2022 Buildings - 8.7 8.7
2023 Buildings - 8.4 8.2
2024 Buildings - 8.2 7.8
2025 Buildings - 8.0 7.3
2026 Buildings - 7.7 6.8
2027 Buildings - 7.5 6.5
2028 Buildings - 7.4 6.1
2029 Buildings - 7.2 5.9
2030 Buildings - 7.0 5.7
2031 Buildings - 6.9 5.6
2032 Buildings - 6.8 5.7
2033 Buildings - 6.7 5.5
2034 Buildings - 6.5 5.2
2035 Buildings - 6.3 5.0
2005 Electricity 0.6 - -
2006 Electricity 0.5 - -
2007 Electricity 2.5 - -
2008 Electricity 0.5 - -
2009 Electricity 0.7 - -
2010 Electricity 0.5 - -
2011 Electricity 0.4 - -
2012 Electricity 0.5 - -
2013 Electricity 0.4 - -
2014 Electricity 0.3 - -
2015 Electricity 0.3 - -
2016 Electricity 0.3 - -
2017 Electricity 0.3 - -
2018 Electricity 0.3 - -
2019 Electricity 0.3 - -
2020 Electricity 0.4 0.4 0.4
2021 Electricity - 0.4 0.4
2022 Electricity - 0.6 0.6
2023 Electricity - 0.4 0.4
2024 Electricity - 0.5 0.4
2025 Electricity - 0.3 0.1
2026 Electricity - 0.4 0.2
2027 Electricity - 0.2 -
2029 Electricity - 0.1 -
2030 Electricity - 0.1 -
2031 Electricity - 0.1 -
2032 Electricity - 0.1 -
2033 Electricity - 0.1 -
2034 Electricity - 0.1 -
2035 Electricity - 0.1 -
2005 Heavy Industry 19.6 - -
2006 Heavy Industry 19.4 - -
2007 Heavy Industry 19.1 - -
2008 Heavy Industry 18.6 - -
2009 Heavy Industry 16.7 - -
2010 Heavy Industry 16.1 - -
2011 Heavy Industry 17.4 - -
2012 Heavy Industry 17.2 - -
2013 Heavy Industry 17.5 - -
2014 Heavy Industry 17.4 - -
2015 Heavy Industry 16.5 - -
2016 Heavy Industry 15.3 - -
2017 Heavy Industry 16.5 - -
2018 Heavy Industry 16.6 - -
2019 Heavy Industry 17.5 - -
2020 Heavy Industry 15.9 15.9 15.9
2021 Heavy Industry - 17.1 17.1
2022 Heavy Industry - 17.1 17.1
2023 Heavy Industry - 17.4 17.2
2024 Heavy Industry - 17.5 17.2
2025 Heavy Industry - 17.6 16.5
2026 Heavy Industry - 17.6 16.1
2027 Heavy Industry - 18.0 15.5
2028 Heavy Industry - 18.2 15.2
2029 Heavy Industry - 18.4 14.7
2030 Heavy Industry - 18.5 14.1
2031 Heavy Industry - 18.6 13.9
2032 Heavy Industry - 18.7 13.7
2033 Heavy Industry - 18.8 13.5
2034 Heavy Industry - 18.9 13.2
2035 Heavy Industry - 19.0 13.1
2005 Oil and Gas 4.4 - -
2006 Oil and Gas 4.4 - -
2007 Oil and Gas 4.4 - -
2008 Oil and Gas 4.2 - -
2009 Oil and Gas 4.1 - -
2010 Oil and Gas 3.1 - -
2011 Oil and Gas 2.7 - -
2012 Oil and Gas 2.7 - -
2013 Oil and Gas 2.6 - -
2014 Oil and Gas 2.5 - -
2015 Oil and Gas 2.6 - -
2016 Oil and Gas 2.3 - -
2017 Oil and Gas 2.0 - -
2018 Oil and Gas 2.5 - -
2019 Oil and Gas 2.4 - -
2020 Oil and Gas 2.3 2.3 2.3
2021 Oil and Gas - 2.4 2.4
2022 Oil and Gas - 2.5 2.4
2023 Oil and Gas - 2.5 2.4
2024 Oil and Gas - 2.5 2.4
2025 Oil and Gas - 2.4 2.3
2026 Oil and Gas - 2.4 2.1
2027 Oil and Gas - 2.4 2.0
2028 Oil and Gas - 2.4 1.9
2029 Oil and Gas - 2.3 1.8
2030 Oil and Gas - 2.3 1.8
2031 Oil and Gas - 2.3 1.7
2032 Oil and Gas - 2.3 1.7
2033 Oil and Gas - 2.3 1.6
2034 Oil and Gas - 2.3 1.6
2035 Oil and Gas - 2.3 1.6
2005 Transportation 30.8 - -
2006 Transportation 30.9 - -
2007 Transportation 32.1 - -
2008 Transportation 32.1 - -
2009 Transportation 31.8 - -
2010 Transportation 31.6 - -
2011 Transportation 32.6 - -
2012 Transportation 32.5 - -
2013 Transportation 32.0 - -
2014 Transportation 30.5 - -
2015 Transportation 31.0 - -
2016 Transportation 31.6 - -
2017 Transportation 33.1 - -
2018 Transportation 33.3 - -
2019 Transportation 34.1 - -
2020 Transportation 29.4 29.4 29.4
2021 Transportation - 31.5 31.5
2022 Transportation - 31.9 31.9
2023 Transportation - 31.8 31.9
2024 Transportation - 31.8 31.9
2025 Transportation - 31.6 31.8
2026 Transportation - 30.9 31.2
2027 Transportation - 30.3 30.6
2028 Transportation - 29.4 29.7
2029 Transportation - 28.4 28.7
2030 Transportation - 27.4 27.8
2031 Transportation - 27.4 26.2
2032 Transportation - 26.8 25.5
2033 Transportation - 26.2 24.6
2034 Transportation - 25.5 23.8
2035 Transportation - 25.0 22.9
2005 Waste and Others 10.4 - -
2006 Waste and Others 10.6 - -
2007 Waste and Others 10.2 - -
2008 Waste and Others 9.7 - -
2009 Waste and Others 9.3 - -
2010 Waste and Others 9.5 - -
2011 Waste and Others 9.7 - -
2012 Waste and Others 9.4 - -
2013 Waste and Others 9.9 - -
2014 Waste and Others 9.2 - -
2015 Waste and Others 9.3 - -
2016 Waste and Others 9.8 - -
2017 Waste and Others 10.0 - -
2018 Waste and Others 10.0 - -
2019 Waste and Others 10.3 - -
2020 Waste and Others 10.0 10.0 10.0
2021 Waste and Others - 10.1 10.1
2022 Waste and Others - 10.2 10.1
2023 Waste and Others - 10.2 9.6
2024 Waste and Others - 10.1 9.1
2025 Waste and Others - 10.1 8.5
2026 Waste and Others - 10.1 8.0
2027 Waste and Others - 10.1 7.6
2028 Waste and Others - 10.1 7.2
2029 Waste and Others - 10.1 6.8
2030 Waste and Others - 10.0 6.4
2031 Waste and Others - 10.1 6.5
2032 Waste and Others - 10.1 6.4
2033 Waste and Others - 10.0 6.4
2034 Waste and Others - 10.0 6.4
2035 Waste and Others - 10.0 6.4
2021 WCI Credits - - -2.0
2022 WCI Credits - - -7.0
2023 WCI Credits - - -7.0
2024 WCI Credits - - -8.0
2025 WCI Credits - - -7.0
2026 WCI Credits - - -7.0
2027 WCI Credits - - -6.0
2028 WCI Credits - - -5.0
2029 WCI Credits - - -5.0
2030 WCI Credits - - -4.0
Saskatchewan
Year Economic Sector 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case 2022 Additional Measures Case
2005 Agriculture 14.1 - -
2006 Agriculture 13.6 - -
2007 Agriculture 13.8 - -
2008 Agriculture 14.0 - -
2009 Agriculture 13.4 - -
2010 Agriculture 12.7 - -
2011 Agriculture 13.1 - -
2012 Agriculture 13.6 - -
2013 Agriculture 14.7 - -
2014 Agriculture 14.3 - -
2015 Agriculture 14.6 - -
2016 Agriculture 14.7 - -
2017 Agriculture 15.3 - -
2018 Agriculture 15.7 - -
2019 Agriculture 15.5 - -
2020 Agriculture 16.1 16.1 16.1
2021 Agriculture - 16.1 16.1
2022 Agriculture - 16.2 16.2
2023 Agriculture - 16.3 16.2
2024 Agriculture - 16.3 16.2
2025 Agriculture - 16.4 16.1
2026 Agriculture - 16.4 16.0
2027 Agriculture - 16.4 15.8
2028 Agriculture - 16.5 15.7
2029 Agriculture - 16.5 15.5
2030 Agriculture - 16.5 15.4
2031 Agriculture - 16.6 15.3
2032 Agriculture - 16.6 15.4
2033 Agriculture - 16.6 15.4
2034 Agriculture - 16.6 15.4
2035 Agriculture - 16.6 15.4
2005 Buildings 3.3 - -
2006 Buildings 3.2 - -
2007 Buildings 3.1 - -
2008 Buildings 3.2 - -
2009 Buildings 3.6 - -
2010 Buildings 3.6 - -
2011 Buildings 3.3 - -
2012 Buildings 3.1 - -
2013 Buildings 3.3 - -
2014 Buildings 3.3 - -
2015 Buildings 3.2 - -
2016 Buildings 3.3 - -
2017 Buildings 3.7 - -
2018 Buildings 4.0 - -
2019 Buildings 4.2 - -
2020 Buildings 3.9 3.9 3.9
2021 Buildings - 3.7 3.7
2022 Buildings - 3.6 3.6
2023 Buildings - 3.5 3.4
2024 Buildings - 3.4 3.2
2025 Buildings - 3.3 3.0
2026 Buildings - 3.2 2.8
2027 Buildings - 3.2 2.6
2028 Buildings - 3.1 2.6
2029 Buildings - 3.0 2.4
2030 Buildings - 3.0 2.4
2031 Buildings - 2.9 2.2
2032 Buildings - 2.9 2.2
2033 Buildings - 2.9 2.2
2034 Buildings - 2.9 2.1
2035 Buildings - 2.7 2.1
2005 Electricity 14.3 - -
2006 Electricity 13.8 - -
2007 Electricity 14.4 - -
2008 Electricity 14.1 - -
2009 Electricity 15.0 - -
2010 Electricity 14.9 - -
2011 Electricity 14.2 - -
2012 Electricity 14.7 - -
2013 Electricity 13.6 - -
2014 Electricity 13.8 - -
2015 Electricity 14.8 - -
2016 Electricity 14.7 - -
2017 Electricity 15.3 - -
2018 Electricity 14.9 - -
2019 Electricity 14.8 - -
2020 Electricity 12.6 12.6 12.6
2021 Electricity - 13.4 13.4
2022 Electricity - 10.4 10.4
2023 Electricity - 8.5 8.3
2024 Electricity - 6.5 7.0
2025 Electricity - 6.4 5.8
2026 Electricity - 6.2 5.6
2027 Electricity - 6.0 5.2
2028 Electricity - 4.9 3.8
2029 Electricity - 4.5 3.2
2030 Electricity - 4.5 2.8
2031 Electricity - 4.4 2.0
2032 Electricity - 3.9 1.9
2033 Electricity - 3.7 1.9
2034 Electricity - 3.7 1.8
2035 Electricity - 3.6 -
2005 Heavy Industry 2.2 - -
2006 Heavy Industry 2.3 - -
2007 Heavy Industry 3.0 - -
2008 Heavy Industry 3.3 - -
2009 Heavy Industry 2.5 - -
2010 Heavy Industry 3.1 - -
2011 Heavy Industry 4.0 - -
2012 Heavy Industry 3.9 - -
2013 Heavy Industry 3.8 - -
2014 Heavy Industry 3.5 - -
2015 Heavy Industry 3.5 - -
2016 Heavy Industry 3.3 - -
2017 Heavy Industry 3.8 - -
2018 Heavy Industry 4.7 - -
2019 Heavy Industry 3.9 - -
2020 Heavy Industry 3.9 3.9 3.9
2021 Heavy Industry - 4.3 4.3
2022 Heavy Industry - 4.1 4.1
2023 Heavy Industry - 4.3 4.1
2024 Heavy Industry - 4.3 3.8
2025 Heavy Industry - 4.2 3.6
2026 Heavy Industry - 4.2 3.4
2027 Heavy Industry - 4.2 3.0
2028 Heavy Industry - 4.1 2.7
2029 Heavy Industry - 4.0 2.4
2030 Heavy Industry - 4.0 2.4
2031 Heavy Industry - 4.1 2.3
2032 Heavy Industry - 4.0 2.3
2033 Heavy Industry - 4.1 2.4
2034 Heavy Industry - 4.1 2.4
2035 Heavy Industry - 4.2 2.5
2005 Oil and Gas 29.0 - -
2006 Oil and Gas 28.6 - -
2007 Oil and Gas 28.9 - -
2008 Oil and Gas 28.0 - -
2009 Oil and Gas 26.5 - -
2010 Oil and Gas 25.7 - -
2011 Oil and Gas 25.5 - -
2012 Oil and Gas 26.5 - -
2013 Oil and Gas 27.3 - -
2014 Oil and Gas 29.8 - -
2015 Oil and Gas 29.9 - -
2016 Oil and Gas 27.8 - -
2017 Oil and Gas 28.0 - -
2018 Oil and Gas 27.8 - -
2019 Oil and Gas 26.5 - -
2020 Oil and Gas 17.2 17.2 17.2
2021 Oil and Gas - 20.8 20.8
2022 Oil and Gas - 21.3 21.3
2023 Oil and Gas - 21.3 21.3
2024 Oil and Gas - 21.7 21.5
2025 Oil and Gas - 19.5 19.4
2026 Oil and Gas - 19.9 19.5
2027 Oil and Gas - 19.8 18.9
2028 Oil and Gas - 19.2 16.3
2029 Oil and Gas - 18.8 13.6
2030 Oil and Gas - 18.3 11.9
2031 Oil and Gas - 18.0 11.8
2032 Oil and Gas - 17.9 11.7
2033 Oil and Gas - 17.7 11.6
2034 Oil and Gas - 17.6 11.5
2035 Oil and Gas - 17.7 11.4
2005 Transportation 6.5 - -
2006 Transportation 7.0 - -
2007 Transportation 7.4 - -
2008 Transportation 8.2 - -
2009 Transportation 8.5 - -
2010 Transportation 9.1 - -
2011 Transportation 8.7 - -
2012 Transportation 9.7 - -
2013 Transportation 10.4 - -
2014 Transportation 10.4 - -
2015 Transportation 10.8 - -
2016 Transportation 10.8 - -
2017 Transportation 11.1 - -
2018 Transportation 11.3 - -
2019 Transportation 11.1 - -
2020 Transportation 10.1 10.1 10.1
2021 Transportation - 9.9 9.9
2022 Transportation - 10.3 10.3
2023 Transportation - 10.4 10.4
2024 Transportation - 10.4 10.5
2025 Transportation - 10.6 10.7
2026 Transportation - 10.5 10.6
2027 Transportation - 10.4 10.5
2028 Transportation - 10.3 10.3
2029 Transportation - 10.2 9.9
2030 Transportation - 10.1 9.5
2031 Transportation - 10.1 9.5
2032 Transportation - 10.2 9.3
2033 Transportation - 10.2 9.0
2034 Transportation - 10.3 8.8
2035 Transportation - 10.4 8.6
2005 Waste and Others 1.8 - -
2006 Waste and Others 2.1 - -
2007 Waste and Others 2.1 - -
2008 Waste and Others 2.2 - -
2009 Waste and Others 2.0 - -
2010 Waste and Others 2.0 - -
2011 Waste and Others 2.1 - -
2012 Waste and Others 2.1 - -
2013 Waste and Others 2.1 - -
2014 Waste and Others 2.3 - -
2015 Waste and Others 2.2 - -
2016 Waste and Others 2.1 - -
2017 Waste and Others 2.1 - -
2018 Waste and Others 2.1 - -
2019 Waste and Others 2.0 - -
2020 Waste and Others 1.9 1.9 1.9
2021 Waste and Others - 2.0 2.0
2022 Waste and Others - 2.0 1.9
2023 Waste and Others - 2.0 1.8
2024 Waste and Others - 2.0 1.8
2025 Waste and Others - 2.0 1.7
2026 Waste and Others - 2.0 1.7
2027 Waste and Others - 2.0 1.6
2028 Waste and Others - 2.0 1.6
2029 Waste and Others - 2.0 1.4
2030 Waste and Others - 2.0 1.4
2031 Waste and Others - 2.0 1.4
2032 Waste and Others - 2.1 1.4
2033 Waste and Others - 2.1 1.4
2034 Waste and Others - 2.1 1.4
2035 Waste and Others - 2.1 1.4
Yukon
Year Economic Sector 2022 National Inventory Report 2022 Reference Case 2022 Additional Measures Case
2007 Buildings 0.1 - -
2008 Buildings 0.1 - -
2009 Buildings 0.1 - -
2010 Buildings 0.1 - -
2011 Buildings 0.1 - -
2012 Buildings 0.1 - -
2013 Buildings 0.1 - -
2021 Buildings - 0.1 0.1
2022 Buildings - 0.1 0.1
2023 Buildings - 0.1 0.1
2024 Buildings - 0.1 0.1
2025 Buildings - 0.1 0.1
2026 Buildings - 0.1 0.1
2027 Buildings - 0.1 0.1
2028 Buildings - 0.1 0.1
2029 Buildings - 0.1 0.1
2030 Buildings - 0.1 0.1
2031 Buildings - 0.1 0.1
2032 Buildings - 0.1 0.1
2033 Buildings - 0.1 0.1
2034 Buildings - 0.1 0.1
2035 Buildings - 0.1 0.1
2020 Electricity 0.1 0.1 0.1
2021 Electricity - 0.1 0.1
2022 Electricity - 0.1 0.1
2023 Electricity - 0.1 0.1
2024 Electricity - 0.1 0.1
2025 Electricity - 0.1 -
2026 Electricity - 0.1 -
2027 Electricity - 0.1 0.1
2023 Heavy Industry - 0.1 -
2024 Heavy Industry - 0.1 -
2025 Heavy Industry - 0.1 -
2026 Heavy Industry - 0.1 -
2027 Heavy Industry - 0.1 -
2028 Heavy Industry - 0.1 -
2029 Heavy Industry - 0.1 -
2030 Heavy Industry - 0.1 -
2031 Heavy Industry - 0.1 -
2032 Heavy Industry - 0.1 -
2033 Heavy Industry - 0.1 -
2034 Heavy Industry - 0.1 -
2035 Heavy Industry - 0.1 -
2005 Oil and Gas 0.1 - -
2006 Oil and Gas 0.1 - -
2007 Oil and Gas 0.1 - -
2008 Oil and Gas 0.1 - -
2005 Transportation 0.2 - -
2006 Transportation 0.3 - -
2007 Transportation 0.3 - -
2008 Transportation 0.3 - -
2009 Transportation 0.3 - -
2010 Transportation 0.3 - -
2011 Transportation 0.4 - -
2012 Transportation 0.4 - -
2013 Transportation 0.4 - -
2014 Transportation 0.3 - -
2015 Transportation 0.3 - -
2016 Transportation 0.3 - -
2017 Transportation 0.3 - -
2018 Transportation 0.5 - -
2019 Transportation 0.6 - -
2020 Transportation 0.3 0.3 0.3
2021 Transportation - 0.5 0.5
2022 Transportation - 0.5 0.5
2023 Transportation - 0.5 0.5
2024 Transportation - 0.5 0.5
2025 Transportation - 0.5 0.5
2026 Transportation - 0.5 0.5
2027 Transportation - 0.5 0.4
2028 Transportation - 0.5 0.4
2029 Transportation - 0.4 0.4
2030 Transportation - 0.4 0.4
2031 Transportation - 0.4 0.4
2032 Transportation - 0.4 0.3
2033 Transportation - 0.4 0.3
2034 Transportation - 0.4 0.3
2035 Transportation - 0.4 0.3
2033 Waste and Others - 0.1 -
2034 Waste and Others - 0.1 -
2035 Waste and Others - 0.1 -
Sensitivity analysis

Sensitivity analysis

The graphic below shows the Sensitivity Analysis results for six alternative scenarios, focusing on two key uncertainties: the future rate of economic and population growth; and the evolution of world fossil fuel prices.

When gross domestic product (GDP) and population growth accelerate, Canada’s economy consumes more energy which increases emissions. The opposite is true for the slow gross domestic product and population growth scenario.

Changes to global oil and gas prices have more complex reactions throughout the Canadian economy. When fossil fuel prices increase, demand sectors (transportation, heavy industry, etc.) use less energy. It also creates a greater incentive to invest in more efficient technology (equipment upgrades, electrification, etc.) to offset growing energy costs. However, higher global oil and gas prices create conditions for the oil and gas sector to produce and refine greater volumes of fossil fuels, which increases emissions in Canada’s economy.

Key results:

  • Under the scenario with high fossil fuel prices and fast economic growth, emissions in 2035 are projected to be 53 Mt CO2 eq higher than the under the “Reference Case” scenario. In the high fossil fuel prices and fast economic growth, emissions increases from the Oil and Gas sector dominates emissions declines in other sectors.
  • Under the scenario with low fossil fuel prices and slow economic growth, 2035 emissions are projected to be 53 Mt CO2 eq lower than the under the “Reference Case” scenario.
Sensitivity analysis data
Year 2022 National Inventory Report Additional Measures Scenario Fast GDP Fast GDP, High Prices High Prices Low Prices Reference Case Slow GDP Slow GDP, Low Prices
2005 741 - - - - - - - -
2006 735 - - - - - - - -
2007 757 - - - - - - - -
2008 739 - - - - - - - -
2009 698 - - - - - - - -
2010 710 - - - - - - - -
2011 721 - - - - - - - -
2012 726 - - - - - - - -
2013 732 - - - - - - - -
2014 730 - - - - - - - -
2015 733 - - - - - - - -
2016 715 - - - - - - - -
2017 725 - - - - - - - -
2018 740 - - - - - - - -
2019 738 - - - - - - - -
2020 672 672 672 672 672 672 672 672 672
2021 - 679 700 700 700 700 699 700 700
2022 - 677 709 709 702 708 705 701 707
2023 - 664 707 703 693 705 699 691 699
2024 - 651 701 696 683 698 690 678 686
2025 - 631 700 694 679 694 684 670 677
2026 - 606 696 692 672 688 678 661 667
2027 - 578 686 683 660 677 667 648 652
2028 - 550 675 672 648 662 654 634 635
2029 - 528 669 667 642 653 646 623 624
2030 - 491 663 664 635 644 638 614 612
2031 - 479 662 666 633 637 634 606 603
2032 - 470 660 666 631 630 630 599 594
2033 - 463 658 668 630 621 627 593 584
2034 - 455 657 672 630 614 623 588 575
2035 - 443 657 674 631 609 621 583 568
Greenhouse Gas Emissions Projections by International Panel on Climate Change Sector

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Projections by International Panel on Climate Change Sector

To meet its international reporting commitments under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Canada is required to prepare a national communication every four years, and a biennial report every two years. The reports include projections presented by International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) categories and by Canadian economic sector.

The graphic below shows Canada’s emissions projections under the “Reference case” scenario by IPCC categories. Note that these results do not include LULUCF accounting contribution.

Greenhouse gas emissions projections by IPCC sector data
Year Agriculture Industrial Processes Stationary Combustion and Fugitive Sources Transport Waste
2005 54.2 411.7 28.6 56.4 189.8
2006 53.6 406.1 28.6 56.9 189.4
2007 52.9 427.7 28.2 55.5 192.2
2008 52.4 412.4 27.8 54.7 191.5
2009 50.7 385.9 26.9 47.6 186.7
2010 49.6 389.6 25.9 50.4 193.7
2011 49.3 396.2 26.1 54.0 195.1
2012 51.0 394.9 26.0 58.5 195.4
2013 52.8 396.3 26.1 56.0 200.5
2014 51.4 399.2 26.0 54.0 199.1
2015 52.3 399.6 26.1 53.6 201.1
2016 53.0 380.9 26.3 54.5 200.5
2017 52.1 386.1 26.8 52.6 207.6
2018 53.2 391.0 27.1 53.9 215.0
2019 53.3 388.1 27.2 53.5 216.3
2020 55.1 349.6 27.4 50.3 189.9
2021 55.3 363.1 27.2 50.2 203.0
2022 55.4 365.0 27.1 51.5 206.4
2023 55.6 356.8 27.0 52.5 207.0
2024 55.7 344.9 26.8 53.9 208.4
2025 55.8 338.4 26.6 54.2 209.3
2026 55.8 335.6 26.4 53.3 207.1
2027 55.9 327.0 26.3 53.3 204.8
2028 56.1 317.6 26.1 52.3 202.0
2029 56.2 312.3 26.0 51.8 199.2
2030 56.4 308.2 25.9 50.8 196.1
2031 56.4 303.8 25.8 51.0 196.1
2032 56.4 300.6 26.0 51.7 194.7
2033 56.3 298.5 26.0 51.6 193.7
2034 56.3 296.3 26.1 51.6 192.9
2035 56.3 294.8 26.1 51.2 192.1
Air pollutant emissions projections

Air pollutant emissions projections

Air pollutant emissions projections inform both Canada’s domestic and international work related to improving air quality.

Environment and Climate Change Canada publishes updated air pollutant emissions projections annually. In December 2022, the projections were published as part of Canada’s Eighth National Communication and Fifth Biennial Report to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and include projections out to 2035. These projections were also submitted to the United Nations in February 2023 as part of Canada’s annual air pollutants and black carbon inventories submission.

The graphic below tracks the % changes from 2005 for nine pollutants: ammonia, carbon monoxide, mercury, nitrogen oxides, particulate matter 10 microns or less, particulate matter 2.5 microns or less, total particulate matter, sulphur oxides, volatile organic compounds, and black carbon (percentage change from 2013, the first year of available estimates of black carbon emissions).

Key results:

  • Carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds emissions have steadily declined since 2005 and are projected to remain well below 2005 levels by 2035.
  • Emissions of mercury and sulphur oxides declined by 62 % and 70 % below 2005 levels in 2020 respectively. Emissions of these two pollutants are expected to remain well below 2005 levels through 2035.
  • Emissions of particulate matter 2.5 microns or less, particulate matter 10 microns or less and total particulate matter have increased since 2005 and are projected to be between 35 % and 70 % above 2005 levels in 2035. Note that these projections include open source emissions (see more details below).
  • Emissions of ammonia are surpassing 2005 levels starting in 2024 and for the remainder of the forecast period. Ammonia emissions growth is driven by a projected increase in agricultural activity.
Air pollutant emissions projections data (% change)
% change, part 1
Year Ammonia Black Carbon Carbon Monoxide Mercury Nitrogen Oxides
2005 0   0 0 0
2006 -2.647657841   -6.666666667 -9.579704657 -6.310679612
2007 -1.629327902   -7.634408602 -1.539820775 -6.067961165
2008 -3.462321792   -10.51075269 -11.03117506 -9.142394822
2009 -6.720977597   -14.95967742 -27.88085321 -14.2394822
2010 -8.146639511   -17.98387097 -32.99255333 -13.71359223
2011 -8.553971487   -23.33333333 -48.1635744 -15.85760518
2012 -5.295315682   -26.92204301 -51.39467373 -20.02427184
2013 -2.443991853 0 -27.48655914 -50.66262779 -21.80420712
2014 -4.073319756 -2.689486553 -28.69623656 -53.74226934 -23.74595469
2015 -4.073319756 -14.91442543 -30.01344086 -55.19373975 -26.45631068
2016 -3.869653768 -24.44987775 -31.26344086 -55.82481383 -28.68122977
2017 -5.906313646 -20.29339853 -30.45698925 -58.74037612 -26.45631068
2018 -2.647657841 -16.87041565 -30.60483871 -57.38987757 -25.36407767
2019 -3.258655804 -16.62591687 -31.27688172 -59.91417392 -25.64724919
2020 -1.018329939 -24.44987775 -36.93548387 -61.82001767 -35.55825243
2021 -9.572301426 -25.42787286 -34.69086022 -61.11321469 -32.72653722
2022 -4.073319756 -26.16136919 -32.94354839 -62.33749842 -28.39805825
2023 -2.240325866 -27.38386308 -32.94354839 -62.51419917 -30.46116505
2024 1.425661914 -29.3398533 -32.71505376 -63.38508141 -31.51294498
2025 5.091649695 -30.56234719 -32.4327957 -62.9054651 -35.80097087
2026 8.350305499 -32.02933985 -32.93010753 -62.60254954 -37.3381877
2027 11.6089613 -33.49633252 -33.49462366 -61.8705036 -38.79449838
2028 15.0712831 -34.96332518 -33.99193548 -61.63069544 -40.53398058
2029 18.73727088 -35.94132029 -34.18010753 -60.2801969 -40.85760518
2030 23.01425662 -37.16381418 -34.34139785 -60.38116875 -41.18122977
2031 26.88391039 -36.67481663 -34.58333333 -59.97728133 -41.54530744
2032 30.54989817 -36.67481663 -34.77150538 -59.51028651 -41.66666667
2033 34.01221996 -36.67481663 -34.81182796 -58.98018427 -41.58576052
2034 37.47454175 -36.67481663 -34.81182796 -58.46270352 -41.38349515
2035 41.34419552 -36.67481663 -34.82526882 -57.95784425 -41.18122977
% change, part 2
Year Particulate Matter 10 Particulate Matter 2.5 Sulphur Oxides Total Particulate Matter Volatile Organic Compounds
2005 0 0 0 0 0
2006 3.120476114 0.557768924 -9.344938158 3.867603016 -5.184534271
2007 10.51954319 6.852589641 -11.54374714 11.94361252 -6.282952548
2008 16.26186263 11.87250996 -20.15574897 18.4395332 -8.304042179
2009 9.055814702 2.709163347 -32.29500687 11.37560673 -15.20210896
2010 16.40662699 8.207171315 -37.33394411 19.30703294 -17.04745167
2011 20.89432202 11.07569721 -41.27347687 23.98017143 -23.06678383
2012 31.46211999 19.52191235 -41.77737059 36.20778684 -22.67135325
2013 33.5049059 20.6374502 -42.18964727 38.68635753 -21.17750439
2014 31.8642432 20.15936255 -44.38845625 36.1354952 -20.43057996
2015 34.80778511 20.55776892 -50.38937242 39.9617887 -24.12126538
2016 35.49943703 19.92031873 -51.39715987 40.40070226 -28.91036907
2017 36.70580666 20 -55.61154375 42.24413921 -28.2513181
2018 37.73524208 20.71713147 -62.16216216 44.09790354 -26.23022847
2019 38.16953515 20.47808765 -66.78882272 44.40256119 -27.50439367
2020 28.43815345 14.18326693 -69.90380211 33.15088299 -35.54481547
2021 33.56924562 18.4063745 -69.12505726 38.88257771 -36.46748682
2022 36.41627795 20 -70.54512139 42.14602912 -35.41300527
2023 38.81293228 21.75298805 -71.87356848 44.78983786 -38.62038664
2024 40.42142512 22.5498008 -73.56848374 46.72105752 -38.1370826
2025 42.11034261 23.26693227 -73.79752634 48.68325932 -39.27943761
2026 43.3488821 23.74501992 -73.7059093 50.17556542 -38.18101933
2027 44.8769503 24.46215139 -73.9349519 51.92605597 -37.96133568
2028 46.50152807 25.33864542 -74.25561154 53.84178457 -37.74165202
2029 48.36737977 26.45418327 -74.34722858 55.96406072 -37.47803163
2030 50.39408075 27.72908367 -73.9349519 58.2619023 -37.21441125
2031 52.27601737 28.92430279 -73.88914338 60.42032428 -36.99472759
2032 54.19012385 30.03984064 -73.79752634 62.61489208 -36.64323374
2033 56.28116455 31.39442231 -73.52267522 64.96953424 -36.07205624
2034 58.42046003 32.82868526 -73.20201557 67.40163173 -35.54481547
2035 60.59192537 34.34262948 -73.06459001 69.85438397 -34.97363796

Additional details and graphics presenting emissions projections by economic sector for each pollutant are available below.

1. Ammonia

Ammonia

Historically, ammonia emissions have been relatively steady from 2005 to 2020, staying below 500 kt each year. Starting in 2021 emissions are expected to increase gradually—driven by a steady increase in animal and crop production emissions and expected increased use of nitrogenbased fertilizer. Animal and crop production were responsible for approximately 94% of total projected ammonia emissions in 2020. The third largest contributor to the ammonia emissions was fertilizer production at 2% of total projected ammonia emissions.

Ammonia
Year Agriculture Buildings Electricity Heavy Industry Oil and Gas Transportation Waste and Others
2005 449.0 7.0 1.0 14.0 3.0 11.0 6.0
2006 440.0 6.0 - 15.0 3.0 10.0 4.0
2007 446.0 6.0 - 15.0 2.0 10.0 4.0
2008 438.0 7.0 - 14.0 2.0 9.0 4.0
2009 425.0 6.0 1.0 13.0 1.0 9.0 3.0
2010 418.0 6.0 1.0 12.0 2.0 9.0 3.0
2011 416.0 6.0 1.0 12.0 2.0 8.0 4.0
2012 433.0 6.0 - 12.0 2.0 8.0 4.0
2013 446.0 6.0 1.0 11.0 3.0 8.0 4.0
2014 438.0 7.0 1.0 11.0 3.0 7.0 4.0
2015 440.0 6.0 - 12.0 2.0 7.0 4.0
2016 440.0 6.0 - 12.0 2.0 8.0 4.0
2017 431.0 6.0 - 11.0 3.0 8.0 3.0
2018 445.0 6.0 - 12.0 3.0 8.0 4.0
2019 444.0 6.0 - 11.0 3.0 8.0 3.0
2020 457.0 5.0 - 12.0 2.0 7.0 3.0
2021 411.0 5.0 - 14.0 3.0 7.0 4.0
2022 438.0 5.0 - 14.0 3.0 7.0 4.0
2023 448.0 5.0 - 13.0 3.0 7.0 4.0
2024 466.0 5.0 - 13.0 3.0 7.0 4.0
2025 483.0 5.0 - 13.0 3.0 8.0 4.0
2026 499.0 5.0 1.0 13.0 3.0 7.0 4.0
2027 516.0 5.0 - 13.0 3.0 7.0 4.0
2028 533.0 5.0 - 13.0 3.0 7.0 4.0
2029 551.0 5.0 - 13.0 3.0 7.0 4.0
2030 570.0 6.0 - 14.0 3.0 7.0 4.0
2031 589.0 6.0 - 14.0 3.0 7.0 4.0
2032 607.0 6.0 - 14.0 3.0 7.0 4.0
2033 624.0 6.0 - 14.0 3.0 7.0 4.0
2034 642.0 6.0 - 14.0 3.0 6.0 4.0
2035 660.0 6.0 - 15.0 3.0 6.0 4.0
2. Carbon monoxide

Carbon Monoxide

Carbon monoxide (CO) emissions have consistently trended downwards starting from 2005 and are projected to continue declining throughout the projection period. The main source of CO emissions is incomplete combustion of hydrocarbon-based fuels, primarily from mobile sources. The wood industry and residential wood heating are also significant but lesser sources of carbon monoxide. The projected reduction in carbon monoxide emissions is primarily driven by a reduction in passenger transportation emissions, specifically the emissions from light duty vehicles (LDV).

Carbon Monoxide
Year Agriculture Buildings Electricity Heavy Industry Oil and Gas Other Sources Transportation Waste and Others
2005 87.0 604.0 46.0 650.0 516.0 92.0 4855.0 590.0
2006 82.0 590.0 28.0 634.0 516.0 84.0 4567.0 443.0
2007 82.0 687.0 35.0 651.0 537.0 85.0 4436.0 359.0
2008 78.0 687.0 31.0 660.0 556.0 83.0 4207.0 356.0
2009 75.0 693.0 31.0 609.0 541.0 74.0 3946.0 358.0
2010 78.0 617.0 34.0 655.0 539.0 67.0 3810.0 302.0
2011 66.0 655.0 30.0 687.0 549.0 60.0 3378.0 279.0
2012 60.0 621.0 25.0 645.0 550.0 68.0 3143.0 325.0
2013 57.0 684.0 25.0 649.0 582.0 59.0 3094.0 245.0
2014 53.0 697.0 28.0 629.0 569.0 54.0 2958.0 317.0
2015 50.0 683.0 29.0 635.0 574.0 57.0 2884.0 295.0
2016 42.0 647.0 28.0 679.0 552.0 58.0 2844.0 264.0
2017 46.0 651.0 31.0 710.0 568.0 58.0 2904.0 206.0
2018 48.0 662.0 29.0 649.0 584.0 51.0 2957.0 183.0
2019 48.0 631.0 24.0 632.0 557.0 56.0 2969.0 196.0
2020 47.0 582.0 21.0 613.0 518.0 40.0 2705.0 166.0
2021 48.0 529.0 78.0 670.0 525.0 48.0 2783.0 178.0
2022 48.0 525.0 130.0 678.0 538.0 51.0 2838.0 181.0
2023 48.0 497.0 110.0 694.0 554.0 52.0 2849.0 185.0
2024 48.0 470.0 100.0 707.0 553.0 54.0 2887.0 187.0
2025 49.0 445.0 95.0 727.0 541.0 56.0 2924.0 190.0
2026 49.0 422.0 88.0 742.0 525.0 56.0 2917.0 191.0
2027 49.0 404.0 74.0 755.0 507.0 56.0 2910.0 193.0
2028 49.0 388.0 59.0 771.0 493.0 56.0 2900.0 195.0
2029 49.0 374.0 60.0 787.0 486.0 56.0 2888.0 197.0
2030 49.0 363.0 60.0 803.0 482.0 56.0 2873.0 199.0
2031 49.0 352.0 60.0 807.0 474.0 57.0 2868.0 200.0
2032 49.0 343.0 60.0 811.0 467.0 57.0 2863.0 203.0
2033 49.0 335.0 59.0 816.0 467.0 58.0 2860.0 206.0
2034 49.0 328.0 58.0 820.0 468.0 59.0 2859.0 209.0
2035 49.0 322.0 57.0 824.0 468.0 59.0 2858.0 212.0
3. Mercury

Mercury

Emissions of mercury in the atmosphere come from various sectors such as: iron and steel production, electric power generation from combustion of coal, waste incineration and various commercial, residential and institutional uses. Emissions of mercury have declined significantly since 2007, mainly driven by reductions in smelting, refining, and coal-fired electricity generation. From 2011 through 2025, total mercury emissions are expected to continue to decrease, although at a slower rate. From 2025 onward, mercury emissions are expected to increase slowly, driven by expected economic growth especially in the iron and steel sector and population growth driving waste incineration emissions upward.

Mercury
Year Agriculture Buildings Electricity Heavy Industry Oil and Gas Other Sources Transportation Waste and Others
2005 3.0 861.0 2161.0 2966.0 93.0 5.0 97.0 1737.0
2006 3.0 831.0 1980.0 2478.0 110.0 5.0 99.0 1658.0
2007 4.0 877.0 2150.0 2581.0 158.0 5.0 102.0 1924.0
2008 5.0 857.0 1629.0 2242.0 138.0 5.0 102.0 2071.0
2009 8.0 786.0 1671.0 1891.0 134.0 5.0 84.0 1135.0
2010 8.0 733.0 1583.0 1710.0 133.0 5.0 77.0 1060.0
2011 9.0 734.0 1016.0 1319.0 105.0 4.0 83.0 837.0
2012 8.0 700.0 855.0 1397.0 111.0 3.0 81.0 696.0
2013 8.0 645.0 845.0 1551.0 117.0 2.0 72.0 669.0
2014 8.0 616.0 708.0 1443.0 89.0 1.0 67.0 733.0
2015 7.0 582.0 731.0 1390.0 74.0 - 57.0 709.0
2016 7.0 517.0 667.0 1442.0 81.0 - 51.0 735.0
2017 7.0 510.0 626.0 1266.0 70.0 - 54.0 736.0
2018 7.0 502.0 608.0 1386.0 75.0 - 59.0 739.0
2019 7.0 480.0 597.0 1220.0 71.0 - 59.0 742.0
2020 6.0 480.0 493.0 1149.0 68.0 - 55.0 774.0
2021 6.0 466.0 503.0 1193.0 72.0 - 58.0 783.0
2022 6.0 471.0 342.0 1233.0 73.0 - 59.0 800.0
2023 6.0 468.0 247.0 1307.0 73.0 - 58.0 811.0
2024 6.0 466.0 125.0 1350.0 73.0 - 58.0 823.0
2025 5.0 465.0 110.0 1392.0 73.0 - 59.0 835.0
2026 5.0 464.0 103.0 1414.0 73.0 - 59.0 845.0
2027 5.0 465.0 87.0 1476.0 72.0 - 60.0 856.0
2028 5.0 466.0 72.0 1499.0 72.0 - 60.0 866.0
2029 4.0 467.0 70.0 1596.0 72.0 - 61.0 877.0
2030 4.0 469.0 63.0 1583.0 72.0 - 61.0 887.0
2031 4.0 468.0 63.0 1606.0 71.0 - 62.0 897.0
2032 4.0 470.0 63.0 1630.0 71.0 - 63.0 907.0
2033 4.0 473.0 63.0 1657.0 71.0 - 65.0 917.0
2034 4.0 476.0 63.0 1683.0 71.0 - 66.0 928.0
2035 4.0 480.0 63.0 1708.0 71.0 - 67.0 938.0
4. Nitrogen oxides

Nitrogen Oxides

The main sources of nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions in Canada are diesel use in transportation, natural gas production, and utility electric generation. NOx emission levels decreased at a steady rate since 2005 and are expected to continue to decline in the projections, due in part to regulations in the Transportation Sector, natural gas production and electricity generation. Emissions are expected to exceed the Gothenburg Protocol reduction commitment in the early years of the projections due to high electricity demand requiring additional generation from non-renewable sources. Emissions are expected to decline post-2022 as the proportion of utility electricity generation coming from renewable sources is projected to increase.

Nitrogen Oxides
Year Agriculture Buildings Electricity Heavy Industry Oil and Gas Other Sources Transportation Waste and Others
2005 129.0 79.0 248.0 212.0 450.0 206.0 992.0 156.0
2006 118.0 71.0 219.0 179.0 445.0 204.0 939.0 141.0
2007 119.0 77.0 234.0 180.0 470.0 203.0 917.0 122.0
2008 113.0 76.0 220.0 171.0 483.0 199.0 877.0 107.0
2009 108.0 74.0 213.0 150.0 481.0 193.0 805.0 96.0
2010 113.0 69.0 229.0 161.0 475.0 194.0 789.0 103.0
2011 102.0 74.0 194.0 163.0 488.0 195.0 767.0 97.0
2012 91.0 69.0 159.0 163.0 482.0 203.0 725.0 85.0
2013 87.0 72.0 154.0 160.0 485.0 206.0 691.0 78.0
2014 81.0 73.0 160.0 157.0 496.0 205.0 640.0 73.0
2015 75.0 71.0 145.0 160.0 495.0 206.0 595.0 71.0
2016 63.0 69.0 145.0 147.0 486.0 209.0 583.0 61.0
2017 66.0 74.0 137.0 155.0 498.0 214.0 607.0 67.0
2018 70.0 76.0 121.0 154.0 505.0 226.0 625.0 68.0
2019 70.0 74.0 117.0 150.0 501.0 227.0 631.0 68.0
2020 68.0 70.0 94.0 142.0 468.0 146.0 547.0 58.0
2021 66.0 65.0 141.0 151.0 414.0 165.0 600.0 61.0
2022 65.0 65.0 228.0 149.0 416.0 174.0 612.0 61.0
2023 63.0 62.0 175.0 149.0 419.0 177.0 612.0 62.0
2024 62.0 60.0 145.0 150.0 414.0 182.0 618.0 62.0
2025 60.0 59.0 128.0 150.0 316.0 188.0 624.0 62.0
2026 58.0 57.0 103.0 150.0 306.0 190.0 624.0 61.0
2027 56.0 56.0 81.0 150.0 294.0 192.0 624.0 60.0
2028 54.0 55.0 48.0 150.0 285.0 194.0 624.0 60.0
2029 51.0 54.0 46.0 151.0 281.0 197.0 623.0 59.0
2030 48.0 53.0 45.0 151.0 278.0 199.0 622.0 58.0
2031 46.0 52.0 42.0 151.0 272.0 202.0 622.0 58.0
2032 44.0 51.0 42.0 152.0 267.0 205.0 623.0 58.0
2033 44.0 51.0 41.0 154.0 264.0 207.0 625.0 58.0
2034 44.0 50.0 41.0 155.0 263.0 210.0 627.0 59.0
2035 44.0 50.0 41.0 157.0 259.0 214.0 629.0 60.0
5. Particulate matter

Particulate matter

The majority of emissions of particulate matter (total particulate matter, particulate matter 10 microns or less and particulate matter 2.5 microns or less) come from open sources. Open sources include emissions from construction (excluding mobile and stationary off-road equipment emissions), crop production and road dust, and account for 97% of total PM emissions.

Other significant sources of particulate matter emissions are utility electric generation, production of non-ferrous metals and iron ore pelletizing. Current policies and regulations—such as Base Level Industrial Emission Requirements—are driving reductions of non-open sources particulate matter emissions in targeted industries. However, total emissions of particulate matter are expected to grow; increases in emissions from open sources have and will continue to more than offset the reductions from the targeted industries. Projected increase in particulate matter emissions from open sources are driven by growth in transportation and construction activity, and crop farming.

Particulate Matter 10
Year Agriculture Buildings Electricity Heavy Industry Oil and Gas Other Sources Transportation Waste and Others
2005 1747.0 120.0 15.0 98.0 24.0 12.0 54.0 4147.0
2006 1687.0 118.0 12.0 91.0 17.0 12.0 52.0 4422.0
2007 1646.0 131.0 13.0 89.0 17.0 11.0 50.0 4914.0
2008 1602.0 132.0 12.0 87.0 16.0 11.0 49.0 5319.0
2009 1560.0 133.0 10.0 73.0 14.0 11.0 46.0 4933.0
2010 1521.0 121.0 9.0 76.0 14.0 11.0 45.0 5440.0
2011 1477.0 125.0 7.0 73.0 14.0 10.0 42.0 5768.0
2012 1498.0 121.0 6.0 75.0 15.0 9.0 40.0 6409.0
2013 1518.0 126.0 6.0 75.0 16.0 9.0 39.0 6511.0
2014 1539.0 127.0 7.0 73.0 19.0 8.0 37.0 6388.0
2015 1560.0 124.0 7.0 72.0 17.0 3.0 33.0 6565.0
2016 1581.0 118.0 7.0 72.0 16.0 3.0 33.0 6594.0
2017 1549.0 118.0 7.0 70.0 19.0 3.0 34.0 6699.0
2018 1520.0 127.0 6.0 71.0 18.0 3.0 35.0 6783.0
2019 1493.0 122.0 5.0 67.0 18.0 4.0 35.0 6846.0
2020 1474.0 117.0 5.0 66.0 18.0 3.0 31.0 6271.0
2021 1474.0 109.0 6.0 71.0 19.0 3.0 33.0 6589.0
2022 1473.0 109.0 5.0 73.0 19.0 3.0 34.0 6765.0
2023 1473.0 105.0 5.0 75.0 19.0 3.0 35.0 6915.0
2024 1476.0 101.0 3.0 76.0 19.0 3.0 35.0 7017.0
2025 1478.0 97.0 3.0 77.0 20.0 3.0 36.0 7121.0
2026 1477.0 94.0 3.0 78.0 20.0 3.0 36.0 7201.0
2027 1480.0 92.0 3.0 78.0 20.0 3.0 37.0 7294.0
2028 1480.0 90.0 3.0 79.0 19.0 3.0 37.0 7397.0
2029 1482.0 88.0 3.0 80.0 19.0 3.0 37.0 7512.0
2030 1484.0 86.0 3.0 81.0 19.0 3.0 38.0 7636.0
2031 1485.0 85.0 3.0 81.0 19.0 3.0 38.0 7753.0
2032 1486.0 84.0 3.0 82.0 19.0 3.0 38.0 7871.0
2033 1488.0 83.0 3.0 83.0 19.0 3.0 39.0 7998.0
2034 1489.0 82.0 3.0 84.0 20.0 3.0 39.0 8129.0
2035 1490.0 82.0 3.0 85.0 20.0 3.0 39.0 8262.0
Particulate Matter 2.5
Year Agriculture Buildings Electricity Heavy Industry Oil and Gas Other Sources Transportation Waste and Others
2005 463.0 109.0 8.0 55.0 17.0 11.0 43.0 549.0
2006 442.0 106.0 6.0 48.0 13.0 11.0 41.0 595.0
2007 429.0 120.0 6.0 46.0 13.0 11.0 39.0 677.0
2008 415.0 120.0 6.0 45.0 11.0 10.0 37.0 760.0
2009 401.0 120.0 5.0 37.0 11.0 10.0 35.0 670.0
2010 388.0 108.0 5.0 38.0 11.0 10.0 34.0 764.0
2011 372.0 112.0 4.0 36.0 11.0 9.0 30.0 820.0
2012 374.0 107.0 3.0 36.0 12.0 9.0 28.0 931.0
2013 377.0 113.0 3.0 36.0 13.0 8.0 27.0 937.0
2014 379.0 113.0 3.0 36.0 14.0 7.0 25.0 931.0
2015 382.0 108.0 3.0 34.0 13.0 3.0 22.0 948.0
2016 384.0 102.0 3.0 32.0 12.0 3.0 21.0 948.0
2017 375.0 101.0 3.0 32.0 13.0 3.0 22.0 957.0
2018 367.0 109.0 3.0 32.0 14.0 3.0 23.0 964.0
2019 359.0 110.0 3.0 30.0 13.0 3.0 23.0 971.0
2020 353.0 103.0 2.0 29.0 13.0 2.0 21.0 910.0
2021 353.0 96.0 3.0 32.0 14.0 3.0 22.0 963.0
2022 353.0 96.0 3.0 32.0 14.0 3.0 22.0 983.0
2023 353.0 92.0 3.0 33.0 14.0 3.0 22.0 1008.0
2024 353.0 88.0 3.0 34.0 15.0 3.0 22.0 1020.0
2025 354.0 85.0 2.0 34.0 15.0 3.0 23.0 1031.0
2026 353.0 82.0 2.0 35.0 15.0 3.0 23.0 1040.0
2027 354.0 80.0 2.0 35.0 15.0 3.0 23.0 1050.0
2028 354.0 78.0 2.0 35.0 15.0 3.0 23.0 1063.0
2029 354.0 76.0 2.0 36.0 15.0 3.0 23.0 1078.0
2030 355.0 75.0 2.0 36.0 15.0 3.0 23.0 1094.0
2031 355.0 74.0 2.0 36.0 15.0 3.0 23.0 1110.0
2032 355.0 73.0 2.0 36.0 15.0 3.0 23.0 1125.0
2033 355.0 72.0 2.0 37.0 15.0 3.0 23.0 1142.0
2034 356.0 71.0 2.0 37.0 15.0 3.0 23.0 1160.0
2035 356.0 70.0 2.0 38.0 15.0 3.0 24.0 1178.0
Total Particulate Matter
Year Agriculture Buildings Electricity Heavy Industry Oil and Gas Other Sources Transportation Waste and Others
2005 4550.0 158.0 34.0 182.0 34.0 12.0 55.0 14341.0
2006 4356.0 159.0 28.0 164.0 22.0 12.0 52.0 15322.0
2007 4222.0 173.0 28.0 152.0 22.0 12.0 51.0 17019.0
2008 4082.0 174.0 23.0 150.0 22.0 12.0 49.0 18425.0
2009 3948.0 177.0 21.0 125.0 19.0 11.0 46.0 17222.0
2010 3818.0 165.0 20.0 137.0 18.0 11.0 46.0 18890.0
2011 3680.0 170.0 17.0 129.0 18.0 10.0 42.0 19944.0
2012 3713.0 167.0 15.0 133.0 18.0 10.0 40.0 22282.0
2013 3741.0 171.0 15.0 134.0 20.0 9.0 39.0 22729.0
2014 3771.0 179.0 18.0 129.0 24.0 8.0 37.0 22198.0
2015 3802.0 177.0 18.0 128.0 21.0 3.0 33.0 22923.0
2016 3830.0 169.0 16.0 133.0 21.0 3.0 33.0 22985.0
2017 3743.0 173.0 16.0 128.0 27.0 3.0 34.0 23423.0
2018 3658.0 182.0 15.0 130.0 25.0 4.0 35.0 23857.0
2019 3579.0 171.0 14.0 125.0 25.0 4.0 35.0 24012.0
2020 3528.0 173.0 11.0 123.0 25.0 3.0 31.0 21892.0
2021 3528.0 165.0 12.0 135.0 26.0 3.0 34.0 22993.0
2022 3527.0 165.0 10.0 138.0 26.0 3.0 35.0 23624.0
2023 3527.0 160.0 8.0 141.0 27.0 3.0 35.0 24139.0
2024 3536.0 157.0 4.0 143.0 27.0 3.0 36.0 24508.0
2025 3540.0 153.0 4.0 146.0 27.0 3.0 36.0 24885.0
2026 3539.0 150.0 4.0 147.0 27.0 3.0 37.0 25176.0
2027 3544.0 148.0 4.0 148.0 27.0 3.0 37.0 25511.0
2028 3547.0 146.0 3.0 149.0 27.0 3.0 37.0 25881.0
2029 3551.0 144.0 3.0 150.0 27.0 3.0 37.0 26289.0
2030 3555.0 143.0 3.0 152.0 27.0 3.0 38.0 26728.0
2031 3557.0 142.0 3.0 154.0 27.0 3.0 38.0 27143.0
2032 3561.0 141.0 4.0 155.0 27.0 3.0 38.0 27563.0
2033 3565.0 140.0 4.0 157.0 27.0 3.0 39.0 28013.0
2034 3568.0 140.0 4.0 159.0 27.0 3.0 39.0 28479.0
2035 3571.0 139.0 4.0 160.0 27.0 3.0 40.0 28950.0
6. Sulphur Oxides

Sulphur Oxides

In Canada, sulphur oxides emissions are driven mostly by the metallurgical industry, coal-fired electricity generation, and natural gas processing. Emissions of sulphur oxides have been declining significantly over the recent past and are expected to drop further over the projection period— with reductions primarily due to the coal phase-out for electricity generation and regulations on low sulphur fuels.

Sulphur Oxides
Year Agriculture Buildings Electricity Heavy Industry Oil and Gas Other Sources Transportation Waste and Others
2005 5.0 37.0 522.0 942.0 476.0 92.0 57.0 52.0
2006 3.0 27.0 459.0 904.0 432.0 89.0 48.0 17.0
2007 4.0 30.0 492.0 851.0 411.0 88.0 41.0 14.0
2008 3.0 21.0 427.0 771.0 386.0 86.0 37.0 12.0
2009 4.0 18.0 383.0 564.0 382.0 82.0 34.0 11.0
2010 4.0 16.0 334.0 540.0 351.0 81.0 31.0 11.0
2011 5.0 16.0 293.0 506.0 343.0 77.0 31.0 11.0
2012 3.0 12.0 284.0 516.0 344.0 73.0 30.0 9.0
2013 3.0 13.0 278.0 530.0 332.0 68.0 29.0 9.0
2014 1.0 11.0 269.0 529.0 305.0 63.0 28.0 8.0
2015 - 7.0 251.0 521.0 281.0 10.0 7.0 6.0
2016 - 5.0 252.0 515.0 266.0 10.0 7.0 6.0
2017 - 5.0 245.0 422.0 272.0 13.0 7.0 5.0
2018 - 5.0 220.0 294.0 282.0 13.0 7.0 5.0
2019 - 5.0 205.0 215.0 278.0 11.0 6.0 5.0
2020 - 4.0 168.0 221.0 250.0 6.0 3.0 5.0
2021 - 4.0 167.0 224.0 264.0 7.0 3.0 5.0
2022 - 4.0 125.0 230.0 268.0 8.0 3.0 5.0
2023 - 4.0 85.0 232.0 277.0 8.0 3.0 5.0
2024 - 4.0 42.0 235.0 280.0 8.0 3.0 5.0
2025 - 3.0 31.0 239.0 282.0 9.0 3.0 5.0
2026 - 3.0 27.0 244.0 283.0 9.0 3.0 5.0
2027 - 3.0 22.0 248.0 279.0 9.0 3.0 5.0
2028 - 3.0 11.0 255.0 276.0 9.0 3.0 5.0
2029 - 3.0 12.0 260.0 268.0 9.0 3.0 5.0
2030 - 3.0 12.0 266.0 270.0 9.0 4.0 5.0
2031 - 3.0 12.0 269.0 268.0 9.0 4.0 5.0
2032 - 3.0 12.0 273.0 266.0 9.0 4.0 5.0
2033 - 3.0 11.0 277.0 268.0 10.0 4.0 5.0
2034 - 3.0 12.0 281.0 270.0 10.0 4.0 5.0
2035 - 3.0 11.0 285.0 270.0 10.0 4.0 5.0
7. Volatile organic compounds

Volatile Organic Compounds

Volatile organic compounds emissions are primarily driven by steady year over year growth of fugitive VOC emissions in oil and gas production. The regulations for reducing methane and emissions of volatile organic compounds in the upstream oil and gas sector will be fully in place by 2025, when emissions of volatile organic compounds are projected to bottom out, but are then expected to increase slowly until 2035. The increase is linked to higher expected light oil production.

Volatile Organic Compounds
Year Agriculture Buildings Electricity Heavy Industry Oil and Gas Other Sources Transportation Waste and Others
2005 158.0 320.0 3.0 127.0 709.0 8.0 590.0 361.0
2006 155.0 314.0 2.0 103.0 684.0 8.0 558.0 334.0
2007 152.0 333.0 2.0 100.0 680.0 8.0 548.0 310.0
2008 151.0 327.0 2.0 97.0 687.0 8.0 534.0 281.0
2009 147.0 319.0 2.0 81.0 642.0 8.0 486.0 245.0
2010 147.0 302.0 2.0 84.0 624.0 8.0 468.0 253.0
2011 144.0 297.0 2.0 85.0 614.0 7.0 355.0 247.0
2012 143.0 288.0 1.0 84.0 665.0 8.0 323.0 248.0
2013 147.0 300.0 1.0 83.0 715.0 8.0 304.0 236.0
2014 144.0 303.0 1.0 80.0 749.0 7.0 285.0 242.0
2015 143.0 290.0 1.0 71.0 720.0 7.0 273.0 222.0
2016 143.0 276.0 1.0 68.0 659.0 7.0 256.0 208.0
2017 143.0 273.0 1.0 67.0 678.0 7.0 262.0 202.0
2018 144.0 287.0 1.0 76.0 696.0 7.0 268.0 200.0
2019 145.0 285.0 1.0 73.0 676.0 8.0 265.0 197.0
2020 144.0 254.0 1.0 69.0 585.0 6.0 232.0 176.0
2021 144.0 244.0 2.0 70.0 556.0 7.0 242.0 181.0
2022 144.0 245.0 2.0 71.0 565.0 7.0 245.0 191.0
2023 144.0 216.0 2.0 72.0 517.0 7.0 244.0 195.0
2024 144.0 213.0 2.0 74.0 523.0 7.0 246.0 199.0
2025 144.0 209.0 2.0 75.0 492.0 7.0 248.0 205.0
2026 144.0 206.0 2.0 76.0 517.0 7.0 247.0 208.0
2027 145.0 204.0 2.0 76.0 520.0 7.0 245.0 213.0
2028 145.0 203.0 2.0 77.0 522.0 7.0 243.0 218.0
2029 145.0 202.0 2.0 78.0 525.0 7.0 242.0 222.0
2030 145.0 201.0 2.0 79.0 528.0 7.0 240.0 227.0
2031 145.0 201.0 2.0 79.0 530.0 8.0 239.0 230.0
2032 145.0 201.0 2.0 80.0 533.0 8.0 238.0 235.0
2033 145.0 202.0 2.0 81.0 540.0 8.0 237.0 240.0
2034 145.0 202.0 2.0 82.0 548.0 8.0 236.0 244.0
2035 145.0 203.0 2.0 83.0 554.0 8.0 236.0 249.0
8. Black Carbon

Black Carbon

The main sources of black carbon emissions are combustion of diesel and biomass fuel. In 2020, transportation and mobile equipment accounted for 60% of total black carbon emissions, while home firewood burning contributed 23%. The projected downward trend in black carbon emissions is driven by more efficient pollution-control technologies and emission standards—in particular, on-road and off-road transportation and stationary engines for diesel and decrease use of biomass for heating in residential buildings.

Black Carbon
Year Agriculture Buildings Electricity Heavy Industry Oil and Gas Other Sources Transportation Waste and Others
2013 4.9 9.1 0.2 2.8 3.1 3.8 12.9 4.1
2014 4.5 9.1 0.2 2.7 3.5 4.2 12.1 3.5
2015 4.2 8.7 0.2 2.6 3.2 2.2 10.2 3.5
2016 3.3 8.3 0.2 1.9 2.7 2.2 9.7 2.6
2017 3.5 8.4 0.2 2.1 2.9 2.2 10.3 3.0
2018 3.7 8.9 0.2 2.0 2.9 2.3 10.8 3.2
2019 3.7 8.8 0.2 2.0 2.9 2.4 10.9 3.2
2020 3.5 8.1 0.2 2.0 2.8 1.8 10.1 2.4
2021 3.3 7.4 0.1 2.0 2.9 1.9 10.5 2.4
2022 3.1 7.4 0.1 1.8 2.9 2.0 10.6 2.3
2023 3.0 7.0 0.1 1.8 3.0 2.0 10.5 2.3
2024 2.8 6.7 0.1 1.7 3.0 2.0 10.4 2.2
2025 2.6 6.4 0.1 1.7 3.0 2.1 10.4 2.1
2026 2.5 6.1 0.1 1.7 3.0 2.1 10.3 2.0
2027 2.4 5.9 0.1 1.6 3.0 2.1 10.2 1.9
2028 2.2 5.7 0.1 1.6 2.9 2.1 10.1 1.9
2029 2.1 5.5 0.1 1.6 2.9 2.2 10.0 1.8
2030 2.0 5.4 0.1 1.5 2.9 2.2 9.9 1.7
2031 2.0 5.3 0.1 1.5 2.9 2.2 10.1 1.8
2032 2.0 5.2 0.1 1.5 2.9 2.2 10.2 1.8
2033 2.0 5.1 0.1 1.5 2.9 2.3 10.2 1.8
2034 2.0 5.0 0.1 1.5 2.9 2.3 10.3 1.8
2035 2.0 4.9 0.1 1.5 2.9 2.3 10.4 1.8
Land use, land-use change and forestry

Land use, land-use change and forestry

Environment and Climate Change Canada publishes Land Use, Land-use Change and Forestry net GHG flux and accounting contributions projections annually. In December 2022, the projections were updated and published as part of Canada’s Eighth National Communication and Fifth Biennial Report to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and include projections out to 2035. The Land use, land-use change and forestry sector is made up of six land categories: forests, cropland, grassland, wetlands, settlements, other land, as well as a seventh category for harvested wood products derived from those lands.

Key results:

  • The accounting contribution from the Land use, land-use change and forestry sector is projected to be a credit of 12.3 megatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (Mt CO2 eq) in 2030, and 12.5 Mt CO2 eq in 2035.
  • The accounting contribution from the Land use, land-use change and forestry sector is dominated by the Forest Land remaining Forest Land category and associated harvested wood products, which is projected to be an accounting credit of 23.6 Mt CO2 eq in 2030 and 22.1 Mt CO2 eq in 2035.
  • Reductions from nature-based solutions and agricultural measures are expected to be 14 to 16 Mt CO2 eq in 2030, which are not represented in the chart below below.

Note: historical and projected accounting contributions are not comparable as the projected accounting contribution includes only elements for which net GHG flux projections are available.

LULUCF accounting contribution data
Year Forest Land Cropland Grassland Wetlands Settlements Harvested Wood Products Total LULUCF
2015 -3300 12000 0.3 -100 870 -4500 4500
2016 -5700 5100 0.4 -13 880 -8500 -8300
2017 -7500 -1300 0.4 -56 770 -9100 -17000
2018 -8400 3000 0.4 -370 530 -7400 -13000
2019 -12000 8200 0.4 -210 590 -17000 -21000
2020 -15000 12000 0.4 -210 510 -21000 -24000
2021 -15000 11000 - -550 890 -15000 -18000
2022 -14000 8500 - -980 870 -13000 -19000
2023 -13000 10000 - -990 550 -12000 -16000
2024 -11000 11000 - -730 400 -11000 -12000
2025 -11000 11000 - -1000 160 -12000 -12000
2026 -11000 12000 - -1000 -29 -12000 -12000
2027 -11000 12000 - -1000 -220 -13000 -13000
2028 -11000 12000 - -1100 -410 -13000 -13000
2029 -11000 12000 - -1100 -580 -13000 -13000
2030 -10000 12000 - -1100 -750 -12000 -12000
2031 -11000 13000 - -1100 -900 -12000 -13000
2032 -11000 13000 - -1100 -1000 -13000 -13000
2033 -12000 13000 - -270 -1200 -12000 -12000
2034 -12000 13000 - -1100 -1300 -12000 -13000
2035 -11000 13000 - -1100 -1500 -12000 -13000
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