Front-of-package nutrition symbol labelling guide for industry

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Organization: Health Canada

Date published: July 2022

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1. Introduction

1.1 Background

On July 20, 2022, Health Canada published the Regulations Amending the Food and Drug Regulations (Nutrition Symbols, Other Labelling Provisions, Vitamin D and Hydrogenated Fats or Oils) in the Canada Gazette, Part II (CGII). These regulations amend the Food and Drug Regulations (FDR) to add a new requirement for front-of-package (FOP) nutrition symbol labelling (FOP labelling) for most prepackaged products containing nutrients of public health concern (saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium) at or above specified thresholds. The FOP nutrition symbol (the symbol) will help Canadians to more easily identify foods high in these nutrients. Avoiding excess consumption of these nutrients can help reduce associated health risks.

1.2 About this document

This guide is intended for stakeholders in the Canadian food industry. This includes Canadian manufacturers and importers of foods for sale in Canada and foreign companies who export food to Canada. The guide provides the Government of Canada's interpretation of the new regulations related to FOP labelling that came into force on July 20, 2022. It is intended to help regulated parties become familiar with core elements of the regulations. The user is encouraged to consult the regulations including Schedule K.1, the Directory of Nutrition Symbol Specifications, the Compendium of Nutrition Symbol Formats, the Table of Daily Values, the Table of Reference Amounts, and Table of Permitted Nutrient Content Statements and Claims while using this guide.

While this guide provides interpretation of core elements of the symbol requirements, at the end of the transition period, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency's Industry Labelling Tool (ILT) will be updated with guidance on other components of the Regulations Amending the Food and Drug Regulations (Nutrition Symbols, Other Labelling Provisions, Vitamin D and Hydrogenated Fats or Oils) not covered in this guide, such as the addition of vitamin D to milks and margarine and the labelling requirements for foods containing high-intensity sweeteners.

1.3 Disclaimer

This is not a legal document. It is not intended to be used as legal advice about the requirements for FOP labelling as set out in the FDR. The user is encouraged to consult the official version of the applicable legislation and regulations in the Food and Drugs Act and FDR for the purposes of interpreting and applying the law.

The words "prepackaged product", "product" and "food" are used interchangeably throughout this document as are "principal display panel" and "label".

The images used in this guide are not to scale and are for illustrative purposes only. The nutrition symbols are not proportional to the principal display surface (PDS) of the mock-ups.

1.4 Send us your feedback

Health Canada is committed to providing all stakeholders with timely, accurate and reliable information. This includes providing information needed to comply with the requirements for FOP labelling as set out in the FDR. We would appreciate receiving your feedback on whether this guide was useful, and we welcome your suggestions for improvement. Email your feedback to us at nut.labelling-etiquetage@hc-sc.gc.ca and indicate in the subject line Feedback on the FOP nutrition symbol labelling guide.

2. Overview of the front-of-package (FOP) nutrition symbol labelling rules

The rules for FOP nutrition symbol labelling (FOP labelling) consist of four major parts, which are explained, in this guide:

  1. Prohibitions from carrying the FOP nutrition symbol (the symbol)
  2. Nutrient thresholds for the symbol
  3. Exemptions from carrying the symbol
  4. Presentation of the symbol

2.1 When do the regulations come into force?

These regulations came into force on the date they were published in the Canada Gazette, Part II on July 20, 2022. The amendments related to FOP labelling, nutrient content claims, vitamin D fortification and high-intensity sweetener labelling are subject to a transition period that ends December 31, 2025. The transitional provisions for the different components of these amendments are independent of one another. This means that implementation of any requirement within a component (for example, applying the new high-intensity sweetener labelling requirements to prepackaged cookies that contain aspartame) during the transition period will trigger implementation of all requirements within that component but will not trigger implementation of requirements in other components (for example, FOP labelling). Manufacturers must comply with the requirements for all components of these amendments as of January 1, 2026. As of January 1, 2026, information presented in accordance with the former requirements will no longer be compliant. However, products imported, manufactured in Canada or packaged at retail before January 1, 2026 can remain in the warehouse and continue to be sold on store shelves.

2.2 Which foods are subject to the new FOP labelling rules?

The Food and Drug Regulations (FDR) state that the symbol is mandatory for most prepackaged foods sold in Canada, including those manufactured in Canada or imported for sale in Canada. When the symbol is required on a food label, it must be presented in the manner described in the FDR. These requirements are outlined in the Presentation section.

Certain foods or types of foods hold either prohibitions or exemptions from displaying the symbol. The symbol may be voluntarily displayed on labels of foods that have an exemption; however, when it is displayed, the symbol must be presented in the manner described in the FDR.

2.3 How will the regulations be enforced?

While it is Health Canada that develops regulations pertaining to FOP labelling, it is the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) that is responsible for the enforcement of the regulations. Health Canada and the CFIA have developed an implementation plan for the transition period. This plan outlines CFIA's compliance and enforcement approach during the transition period.

2.4 Where can I submit my questions?

Health Canada and the CFIA share the responsibility for answering enquiries on the new regulations. Questions on the new requirements and their intent can be submitted to Health Canada at nut.labelling-etiquetage@hc-sc.gc.ca. For questions dealing with compliance and enforcement activities, please refer to the implementation plan on the CFIA website.

3. Foods prohibited from displaying the front-of-package (FOP) nutrition symbol

3.1 Are any foods prohibited from displaying the FOP nutrition symbol?

Yes. The following foods are prohibited from carrying the symbol on their label:

Reference: subsection B.01.350(15), FDR

4. Nutrient thresholds for the front-of-package (FOP) nutrition symbol

The Food and Drug Regulations (FDR) require that a nutrition symbol appear on the label (specifically, on the principal display panel (PDP)) of a prepackaged product when the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium is equal to or higher than the specified nutrient thresholds. The regulations specify the thresholds and the approach for determining whether the amount of one or more of these nutrients meets or exceeds them.

Reference: subsection B.01.350(1) to (4), FDR

4.1 What are the FOP nutrition symbol thresholds based on?

The thresholds for the FOP nutrition symbol (the symbol) are based on Daily Values (DVs). For some nutrients, such as fibre, potassium and calcium, the DV is the recommended amount that people in a specific age group should try to consume each day. For other nutrients, such as saturated fat, sugars and sodium, the DV is the amount that people should try not to exceed. The thresholds for the symbol are expressed as percentages of the DV (% DV).

The DVs are found in the Table of Daily Values, which is incorporated by reference into the FDR and available on the Government of Canada website.

4.2 What % DV triggers the FOP nutrition symbol?

For most prepackaged products, a symbol must appear on the label when the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium is ≥ (equal to or greater than) 15% of the applicable DV set out in column 2 or column 3 of Part 1 of the Table of Daily Values. The DVs in column 2 are the basis of the thresholds for foods intended solely for children one year of age or older but less than four years of age (children one to four years only). The DVs in column 3 are the basis of the thresholds for foods intended for children one to four years of age, or for children four years of age or older and adults (children and/or adults). This is the default requirement.

However, there are two exceptions:

Reference: table to section B.01.350, FDR

Table 4.1. Thresholds for the FOP nutrition symbol
Saturated fat Sugars Sodium
Prepackaged foods with a reference amount
> 30 g or 30 mL that are not main dishes
≥ 15% DVFootnote 1
Prepackaged foods with a reference amount
≤ 30 g or 30 mL
≥ 10% DV
Prepackaged main dishes with a reference amount
≥ 200 g or 170 gFootnote 2
≥ 30% DV
Footnote 1

Based on the Daily Values (DVs) set out in column 2 of Part 1 of the Table of Daily Values when the product is intended solely for children one to four years and in column 3 when the product is intended for children and/or adults

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

200 g for main dishes intended for children and/or adults and 170 g for main dishes intended solely for children one to four years

Return to footnote 2 referrer

4.3 What quantity of a food must be used as the basis for determining whether the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium meets or exceeds the symbol threshold?

In order to determine whether a symbol is required, the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium in a specific quantity of a food must be assessed against the applicable % DV threshold. That quantity of food is either the serving of stated size (serving size) or the reference amount for the product, whichever quantity is greater. This is the default requirement.

However, there is one exception to this general rule:

Reference: subsection B.01.350(2) to (4), FDR

There are no prescribed rounding rules for determining whether the nutrient content meets or exceeds the applicable thresholds. However, manufacturers should apply rounding rules that exist for calculating the % DV declared in the NFt.

4.4 What % DV threshold applies to prepackaged products with a reference amount ≤ 30 g or 30 mL whose serving size is larger than the reference amount?

The 10% DV threshold always applies to a product with a small reference amount (more specifically, ≤ 30 g or 30 mL), even when the serving size is larger than 30 g or 30 mL and must be used as the basis when assessing the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium to determine if a symbol is required. For example, consider a dried meat, such as beef jerky, with a reference amount of 30 g and a serving size of 45 g. Given that the reference amount is 30 g, the applicable threshold is 10% DV. Given that the serving size of 45 g is greater than the reference amount, it must be used as the basis when assessing the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium against the 10% DV threshold.

5. Foods exempt from the front-of-package (FOP) nutrition symbol requirements

5.1 Are any foods exempt?

Yes, some foods are exempt from the FOP nutrition symbol requirements. An exemption means that a symbol is not required even if the product's saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium content meets or exceeds the applicable threshold, as described in the Thresholds section.

This section describes the foods that have a full exemption and those that have a conditional exemption.

5.2 Which foods have a full exemption?

The products in this list are always exempt from the FOP requirement. In other words, they are always exempt from the need to assess the saturated fat, sugars and sodium content against the appropriate threshold and therefore they are never required to carry the symbol even if the nutrient content meets or exceeds the threshold. This is known as a full exemption.

Reference: subsection B.01.350(5), FDR

5.3 Which foods have a conditional exemption?

Some products have a conditional exemption from the nutrition symbol requirements. In other words, specific conditions trigger the need to assess the saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium content of the product against the appropriate threshold to determine whether a symbol is required. Losing a conditional exemption does not necessarily mean a product will display the nutrition symbol. The symbol is required on the label only if the content of one or more of these nutrients meets or exceeds the threshold.

For some products, the conditional exemption is based on their conditional exemption from the NFt requirement and for other products it is nutrient-specific based on their ingredients.

5.3.1 Conditional exemption associated with the NFt

The following prepackaged products are conditionally exempt from the symbol requirements when they are conditionally exempt from carrying an NFt:

Reference: subsection B.01.350(13), FDR

Loss of conditional exemption: As stated above, except for ground meats, the products lose their exemption from the symbol requirements if they lose their exemption from the NFt requirement and their label is required to carry an NFt. The products lose their exemption from carrying an NFt if any of the triggers listed in subsection B.01.401(3) or section B.01.467 of the FDR are present. Ground meats lose their exemption from the FOP requirement if any of the triggers listed in paragraph B.01.401(3)(a), (b) or (e) are present. For more information, refer to Foods usually exempt from carrying a Nutrition Facts table on the Canadian Food Inspection Agency's (CFIA) Industry Labelling tool.

However, if a manufacturer chooses to voluntarily display an NFt on one of these otherwise exempt products, the product still maintains its conditional exemption from the symbol requirements.

5.3.2 Nutrient-specific conditional exemption associated with ingredients

For the foods exempt under this category, the conditional nature of the nutrient-specific exemption means that naturally occurring saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium does not trigger the need to assess whether the level of these nutrients meets or exceeds the threshold for the symbol.

5.3.2.1 Foods with health protection benefits

The products in this list are conditionally exempt from the symbol requirements:

However, the exemption does not apply when these foods are in combination with foods not in this list. For example, dried unsweetened raisins in a breakfast cereal are not eligible for the exemption.

Reference: subsection B.01.350(6) and (10), FDR

Loss of conditional exemption: The products lose their conditional exemption when:

This conditional exemption is nutrient-specific. This means that a product can lose the exemption for any or all nutrients of concern.

The nutrient-specific aspect of the exemption works as follows:

Consider a can of artichoke hearts with the following list of ingredients:

Ingredients: Artichoke hearts, Water, Salt, Citric acid, Ascorbic acid.

The presence of a sodium-containing ingredient that is not provided for in subsection B.01.350(7) (such as salt in this example) triggers the loss of the exemption for sodium and the need to assess the product's total sodium content against the threshold. Total sodium content includes the sodium from all ingredients.

If the total sodium content meets or exceeds the threshold, the product must carry a symbol indicating that it is "high in sodium".

However, the presence of such a sodium-containing ingredient does not trigger the need to assess total saturated fat or total sugars content against the applicable thresholds.

Ingredients that will not trigger the loss of the exemption in foods with health protection benefits

In relation to saturated fats and sodium, the following ingredients will not trigger a loss of the exemption when no saturated fat or sodium has been added to them:

Reference: subsection B.01.350(7), FDR

In relation to sugars, the following ingredients will not trigger a loss of the exemption when no sugars have been added to them:

Reference: subsection B.01.350(8), FDR

5.3.2.2 Foods that are important sources of calcium, a shortfall nutrient that is not readily available in other foods

The products in this list are conditionally exempt from the symbol requirements for saturated fats and sugars:

To benefit from the exemption, these products must contain: ≥ 10% DV calcium per serving or reference amount, whichever is greater, for products with a reference amount of 30 g or 30 mL or less and ≥ 15% DV calcium per serving size or reference amount, whichever is greater, for products with a larger reference amount.

Reference: subsection B.01.350(9) and (12), FDR

Loss of conditional exemption: The products lose their conditional exemption when:

As with foods that have a health protection benefit (see Section 5.3.2.1), this conditional exemption is nutrient specific. This means that a product can lose the exemption for saturated fat or sugars or both.

There is no conditional exemption from sodium for yogurt, kefir and buttermilk. Cheese that meets the calcium threshold, however, is always exempt from the requirement to assess sodium content against the threshold and will not have to display a "high in sodium" symbol.

Reference: subsection B.01.350(11), FDR

The nutrient-specific aspect of the exemption works as follows:

Consider a yogurt with the following list of ingredients:

Ingredients: Yogurt (skim milk, cream, bacterial culture) ● Milk chocolate chips (sugar, cocoa butter, unsweetened chocolate, milk ingredients, soy lecithin, vanilla extract) ● Shredded coconut preparation (sugar, water, shredded coconut, rice starch, natural flavour, pectin, citric acid).

Contains: Milk, Soy

The presence of one or more ingredients that contain sugars that is not provided for in paragraph B.01.350(9)(b) (such as the milk chocolate chips and the shredded coconut preparation) triggers the loss of the exemption for sugars and the need to assess the total sugars content of the product against the threshold. The presence of one or more ingredients that contain saturated fat that is not provided for in paragraph B.01.350(9)(a) (such as the milk chocolate chips and shredded coconut preparation) triggers the need to assess the total saturated fat content of the product against the threshold. Total nutrient content includes the amount in all ingredients.

If the total sugars content meets or exceeds the threshold, the product must carry a symbol indicating that it is "high in sugars".

Similarly, if the total saturated fat content meets or exceeds the threshold, the product must carry a symbol indicating that it is "high in sat fat".

Ingredients that will not trigger the loss of the exemption in cheese and yogurt, including drinkable yogurt, made from dairy products, kefir and buttermilk

In the case of saturated fat, the following ingredients will not trigger a loss of the exemption:

Reference: paragraph B.01.350(9)(a), FDR

In the case of sugars, the following ingredients will not trigger a loss of the exemption when no sugars have been added to them:

Reference: paragraph B.01.350(9)(b), FDR

6. Presentation of the front-of-package (FOP) nutrition symbol

The Food and Drug Regulations (FDR) prescribe where and how the FOP nutrition symbol (the symbol) must be displayed on the label of a prepackaged product that meets or exceeds established thresholds for saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium.

Figure 6.1. Examples of Health Canada's FOP nutrition symbol formats

a.

Figure 6.1.a

b.

Figure 6.1.b

c.

Figure 6.1.c

d.

Figure 6.1.d
Figure 6.1 - Text description

This figure shows four front-of-package (FOP) symbol designs side by side labelled a, b, c and d.

The first symbol labelled 'a' shows a nutrition symbol for the principal display panel that indicates that a prepackaged product is high in saturated fat, sugars and sodium. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is black and contains the words "Sat fat" followed by a forward slash and the words "Gras sat." in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "Sat" and "Gras" are in upper case. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" followed by a forward slash and the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. The third bar is black and contains the word "Sodium" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

The symbol labelled 'b' shows a nutrition symbol for the principal display panel that indicates that a prepackaged product is high in saturated fat and sugars. This symbol is in English only. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is the heading "High in" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the first word is in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is black and contains the words "Sat fat" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the first word is in upper case. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. The third bar is white, is outlined by a thin black line and contains no words. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

The symbol labelled 'c' shows a nutrition symbol for the principal display panel that indicates that a prepackaged product is high in saturated fat. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top left of the box is a black magnifying glass. To the right of the magnifying glass is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is one horizontal bar. There is a small amount of white space between the right side of the bar and the thin black line that outlines the box. The bar is black and contains the words "Sat fat" followed by a forward slash and the words "Gras sat." in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "Sat" and "Gras" are in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

The symbol labelled 'd' shows a nutrition symbol for the principal display panel that indicates that a prepackaged product is high in sodium. This symbol is in English only. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top left of the box is a black magnifying glass. To the right of the magnifying glass is the heading "High in" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the first word is in upper case. Under the heading are three bars that are stacked. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between both ends of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first and second bars are white, are outlined by a thin black line and contain no words. The third bar is black and contains the word "Sodium" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

Figure 6.1 illustrates four possible symbol formats. As shown, formats vary based on the nutrient(s) declared, number of bars, language and orientation. Schedule K.1 in the FDR contains images of the 78 unique symbol formats. However, all formats include the following mandatory design elements:

6.1 Where on the labels of prepackaged products does the symbol have to be displayed?

The symbol must be displayed on the principal display panel (PDP) as follows:

Figure 6.2. Prepackaged product where the height of the PDP is greater than its width
Figure 6.2
Figure 6.2 - Text description

This figure shows a rectangular box. The front panel is shaded grey to identify it as the Principal Display Panel or PDP and measures 21.2 cm wide and 34 cm high. The PDP is divided in half horizontally by a red dashed line. The top half is identified with the statement "Place in upper 50% of PDP".

There is a horizontal nutrition symbol in the top right corner of the PDP that identifies the food as high in saturated fat, sugars and sodium. This symbol is in English only. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is the heading "High in" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the first word is in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is black and contains the words "Sat fat" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the first word is in upper case. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. The third bar is black and contains the word "Sodium" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

There is a red dashed rectangular box around the nutrition symbol at a slight distance from it.

Figure 6.3. Prepackaged product where the height of the PDP is less than its width
Figure 6.3
Figure 6.3 - Text description

This figure shows a rectangular box. The front panel is shaded grey to identify it as the Principal Display Panel or PDP and measures 9.7 cm wide and 2.7 cm high. The PDP is divided in half vertically by a red dashed line. The right half is identified with the statement "Place in right-most 50% of PDP".

There is a horizontal nutrition symbol in the top right corner of the PDP that identifies the food as high in sugars. This figure shows a nutrition symbol for the principal display panel that indicates that a prepackaged product is high in sugars. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top left of the box is a black magnifying glass. To the right of the magnifying glass is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is one horizontal bar. There is a small amount of white space between the right side of the bar and the thin black line that outlines the box. The bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" followed by a forward slash and the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

There is a red dashed rectangular box around the nutrition symbol at a slight distance from it.

Furthermore, on cylinder-shaped packages, the symbol cannot appear within the left-most and right-most 10% of the principal display surface (PDS). Consider a can with a PDS of 6 cm in diameter, which is equivalent to the width of the package when measured along the bottom and through the midpoint of the cylinder, or can in this example. Ten percent (10%) of the width of the PDS is equal to 0.6 cm. Therefore, the symbol must be displayed at least 0.6 cm from either the left or right edge of the PDS and within the upper half (50%) of the PDP (Figure 6.4). This requirement also applies to cylinder-shaped packages on which the symbol must be displayed in the right half (50%) of the PDP. In the latter case, if it is not possible to display the symbol entirely in the right half of the PDP due to the requirement to be at a minimum distance from the edge of the PDS, the symbol can appear in the left half but only to the extent necessary. This means the edge of the symbol is as close as possible to the 10% line as shown in Figure 6.5 so that there is minimal crossing over of the symbol into the left half of the PDP.

Reference: subsection B.01.355(1) to (4), FDR

Figure 6.4. Prepackaged product that is cylindrical in shape
Figure 6.4
Figure 6.4 - Text description

This figure shows a can. The front surface of the can is shaded grey to identify it as the Principal Display Panel or PDP and measures 6 cm wide. The Principal Display Surface or PDS and the PDP are of equal dimensions. The PDP is divided in half horizontally by a red dashed line. The top half is identified with the statement "Place in upper 50% of PDP".

There is a horizontal nutrition symbol in the top left corner of the PDP that identifies the food as high in sugars. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first and third bars are white, are outlined by a thin black line and contain no words. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" followed by a forward slash and the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

There is a red dashed rectangular box around the nutrition symbol at a slight distance from it. A vertical red dashed line appears on the PDP at 0.6 cm from the edge of the can, on each side. These areas are identified with the statement "Place at a distance from the edge that measures at least 10% of the width of the PDS".

The left edge of the red dashed rectangular box around the nutrition symbol overlaps the vertical dashed line.

Figure 6.5. Prepackaged product where the FOP nutrition symbol slightly exceeds the designated area in which it must be displayed
Figure 6.5
Figure 6.5 - Text description

This figure shows a white bottle with an orange cap. Towards the top of the bottle, below the cap, are the letters PDS to identify the Principal Display Surface. Towards the middle of the bottle is a label that spans the width of the bottle. The label is shaded grey to identify it as the Principal Display Panel or PDP. The PDP is divided in half vertically by a red dashed line. The right half is identified with the statement "Place in right-most 50% of PDP".

There is a horizontal nutrition symbol in the right half of the PDP, which slightly exceeds into the left half, that identifies the food as high in sugars. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first and third bars are white, are outlined by a thin black line and contain no words. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" followed by a forward slash and the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

There is a green dashed rectangular box around the nutrition symbol at a slight distance from it.

A vertical red dashed line appears on the PDP at a slight distance from the right edge of the bottle. That area is identified with the statement "Place at a distance from the edge that measures at least 10% of the width of the PDS".

6.2 How does the symbol have to be displayed on labels of prepackaged products?

There are requirements related to the symbol's visibility, language, orientation and graphic specifications. The nutrition symbol must be displayed in accordance with the applicable symbol set out in Schedule K.1.

Visibility

The symbol must be clearly visible and distinguishable from all other information appearing on the PDP of the product.

Reference: section A.01.016, FDR

Language

The symbol must be presented in both official languages (English and French) unless otherwise exempt from bilingual labelling. For more information, refer to Bilingual food labelling requirements – Exemptions on the Canadian Food Inspection Agency's (CFIA) Industry Labelling tool.

Product labels can carry two separate unilingual symbols, one in French and one in English, or bilingual symbol(s). In a bilingual symbol, the order of languages may be reversed from the order shown in the applicable format (in other words, English before French or French before English).

Reference: subsection B.01.351(2) to (5), FDR

Figure 6.6. Examples of bilingual English first and French first horizontal FOP nutrition symbol formats
Figure 6.6.a
Figure 6.6.b
Figure 6.6 - Text description

This figure shows two front-of-package symbols side by side.

The image on the left is a nutrition symbol for the principal display panel that indicates that a prepackaged product is high in saturated fat, sugars and sodium. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is black and contains the words "Sat fat" followed by a forward slash and the words "Gras sat." in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "Sat" and "Gras" are in upper case. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" followed by a forward slash and the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. The third bar is black and contains the word "Sodium" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

The image on the right shows a nutrition symbol for the principal display panel that indicates that a prepackaged product is high in saturated fat, sugars and sodium. This symbol is bilingual, with the French text shown first, followed by the English text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is a heading composed of the words "Élevé en" followed by a forward slash and the words "High in" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "Élevé" and "High" are in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is black and contains the words "Gras sat." followed by a forward slash and the words "Sat fat" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "Gras" and "Sat" are in upper case. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sucres" followed by a forward slash and the word "Sugars" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. The third bar is black and contains the word "Sodium" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Santé Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Health Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

Orientation

The symbol must be oriented in the same manner as most of the other information that appears on the principal display panel. However, when the panel is displayed in the vertical plane and most of the other information is not displayed parallel with the base of the package, the symbol must be oriented in such a manner that the words appearing in it are parallel with the base of the package.

Orientation also refers to either a horizontal symbol format (where its width is greater than its height) or a vertical symbol format (where its height is greater than its width).

The horizontal format is the default orientation, therefore the majority of products that need to carry the symbol will display a horizontal format.

The use of the vertical format is required when:

Reference: subsection B.01.351(2) and (3) and section B.01.356, FDR

Figure 6.7. Example where the vertical FOP nutrition symbol is required on the label
Figure 6.7
Figure 6.7 - Text description

This figure shows two white juice bottles side by side.

On the left is a white juice bottle with an orange cap. The Principal Display Surface or PDS is identified at the top centre of the bottle and represents a total surface area of 158 cm2. Centred on the bottle is a thin black line that creates the outline of a white rectangular label. The white rectangular label is identified as the Principal Display Panel or PDP.

There is a horizontal nutrition symbol at the top of the PDP that identifies the juice is high in sugars. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first and third bars are white, are outlined by a thin black line and contain no words. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" followed by a forward slash and the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

The symbol exceeds the width of the PDP on both sides.

To the right is a white juice bottle with an orange cap. The Principal Display Surface or PDS is identified at the top centre of the bottle and represents a total surface area of 158 cm2. Centred on the bottle is a thin black line that creates the outline of a white rectangular label. The white rectangular label is identified as the Principal Display Panel or PDP.

There is a vertical nutrition symbol at the top of the PDP that identifies the juice is high in sugars. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top left of the box is a black magnifying glass. To the right of the magnifying glass is a heading composed of the words "High in" above the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading are three bars that are stacked. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between both ends of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first and third bars are white, are outlined by a thin black line and contain no words. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" above the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" above the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

The symbol is more narrow than the PDP.

Specifications

The term "specifications" refers to the symbol size (height and width), the minimum buffer surrounding the symbol, the height of letters in the symbol, the height of nutrient bars in the symbol and the diameter of the lens of the magnifying glass in the symbol. The specifications for each format are set out in the Directory of Nutrition Symbol Specifications (the Directory), which is incorporated by reference into the FDR and available on the Government of Canada website.

6.3 What is the minimum buffer surrounding the symbol and how is it determined?

The buffer zone is the space surrounding the symbol in which no other text or graphic material can appear. The regulations set out the minimum dimension of this zone for each symbol format. It is equal to the size of the "x" height of text in the symbol (except for the words Health Canada / Santé Canada). The "x" height is the height of the lowercase "x" in the OpenType version of the font Helvetica Neue LT STD (Figure 6.8).

Figure 6.8. Minimum buffer surrounding the FOP nutrition symbol
Figure 6.8
Figure 6.8 - Text description

This figure shows a nutrition symbol for the principal display panel that indicates that a prepackaged product is high in saturated fat, sugars and sodium. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is black and contains the words "Sat fat" followed by a forward slash and the words "Gras sat." in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "Sat" and "Gras" are in upper case. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" followed by a forward slash and the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. The third bar is black and contains the word "Sodium" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

There is a green dotted rectangular box around the nutrition symbol at a slight distance from it representing the buffer zone. Additional specifications are shown around the symbol with lines pointing to the areas addressed by the specification:

  • x height of lowercase letters in the title Élevé en
  • x height of lowercase letters in the nutrient text Gras sat.
  • x height of lowercase letters in the nutrient text Sucres
  • x height of lowercase letters in the nutrient text Sodium
  • x height of the buffer zone

There is an arrow pointing from the x height of the buffer zone to the text Buffer Zone and directly below is the statement "Minimum buffer surrounding the nutrition symbol equals x height of title and nutrient text".

6.4 What is the symbol size based on?

The size of the symbol is proportional to the PDS of the package. In other words, the height and width of the symbol decreases as the PDS decreases.

For each format, the symbol specifications shown in Figure 6.9 are set out in the Directory according to a hierarchy based on the PDS. This is a similar approach to the existing hierarchies based on the available display surface for the Nutrition Facts table formats.

Figure 6.9(a). Reference diagram showing FOP nutrition symbol specifications using a bilingual English first horizontal format
Figure 6.9.a
Figure 6.9(a) - Text description

This figure shows a nutrition symbol for the principal display panel that indicates that a prepackaged product is high in saturated fat, sugars and sodium. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is black and contains the words "Sat fat" followed by a forward slash and the words "Gras sat." in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "Sat" and "Gras" are in upper case. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" followed by a forward slash and the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. The third bar is black and contains the word "Sodium" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

There is a red dotted rectangular box around the nutrition symbol at a slight distance from it.

There is text shown around the outside of the nutrition symbol with red arrows pointing to the symbol specifications. This is described below.

Starting at the top left of the nutrition symbol, there are two sets of arrows pointing to square brackets representing the width and height of the nutrition symbol followed by the words "Nutrition symbol dimensions" open bracket "width x height" closed bracket.

At the bottom left of the nutrition symbol, there is an arrow pointing to the space between the nutrition symbol and the red dotted rectangular box followed by the words "Minimum buffer surrounding the symbol".

Next to this, there is another arrow pointing to the magnifying glass followed by the words "Diameter of the lens of the magnifying glass".

Towards the right, at the bottom of the nutrition symbol, there is an arrow pointing to the letter x between the word "Santé" and the word "Canada" followed by open quotation mark x closed quotation mark "height of letters for the words Health Canada" forward slash "Santé Canada".

At the bottom right of the nutrition symbol, there is an arrow pointing to the letter d in the word "Canada" followed by the words "Height of upper case letters or tallest ascender of lower case letters for the words Health Canada" forward slash "Santé Canada".

Continuing upward on the right side of the nutrition symbol, there is an arrow pointing to a black bar followed by the words "Height of the black" forward slash "white bars".

Above this, there is an arrow pointing to the letter G in the word "Gras" followed by the words "Height of upper case letters or tallest ascender of lower case letters" open bracket "except for the words Health Canada" forward slash "Santé Canada" closed bracket.

At the top right of the nutrition symbol, there is an arrow pointing to the letter x between the word "Élevé" and the word "en" followed by open quotation mark "x" closed quotation mark "height of letters" open bracket "except for the words Health Canada" forward slash "Santé Canada" closed bracket.

Figure 6.9(b). Reference diagram showing FOP nutrition symbol specifications using a bilingual English first vertical format
Figure 6.9.b
Figure 6.9(b) - Text description

This figure shows a nutrition symbol for the principal display panel that indicates that a prepackaged product is high in saturated fat, sugars and sodium. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top left of the box is a black magnifying glass. To the right of the magnifying glass is a heading composed of the words "High in" above the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading are three bars that are stacked. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between both ends of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is black and contains the words "Sat fat" above the words "Gras sat." in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "Sat" and "Gras" are in upper case. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" above the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. The third bar is black and contains the word "Sodium" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" above the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

There is a red dotted rectangular box around the nutrition symbol at a slight distance from it.

There is text shown around the outside of the nutrition symbol with red arrows pointing to the symbol specifications. This is described below.

Starting at the top of the nutrition symbol, there are two sets of arrows pointing to square brackets representing the width and height of the nutrition symbol followed by the words "Nutrition symbol dimensions" open bracket "width x height" closed bracket.

Moving on to the top left side of the nutrition symbol, towards the center, there is an arrow pointing to the magnifying glass followed by the words "Diameter of the lens of the magnifying glass".

At the bottom left of the nutrition symbol, there is an arrow pointing to the space between the nutrition symbol and the red dotted rectangular box followed by the words "Minimum buffer surrounding the symbol".

Towards the right, at the bottom of the nutrition symbol, there is an arrow pointing to the letter x between the word "Santé" and the word "Canada" followed by open quotation mark x closed quotation mark "height of letters for the words Health Canada" forward slash "Santé Canada".

At the bottom right of the nutrition symbol, there is an arrow pointing to the letter d in the word "Canada" followed by the words "Height of upper case letters or tallest ascender of lower case letters for the words Health Canada" forward slash "Santé Canada".

Continuing upward, towards the centre, on the right side of the nutrition symbol there is an arrow pointing to a black bar followed by the words "Height of the black" forward slash "white bars".

Towards the centre, on the right side of the nutrition symbol there is an arrow pointing to the letter S in the word "Sat" followed by the words "Height of upper case letters or tallest ascender of lower case letters" open bracket "except for the words Health Canada" forward slash "Santé Canada" closed bracket.

At the top right of the nutrition symbol, there is an arrow pointing to the letter x between the word "High" and the word "in" followed by open quotation mark "x" closed quotation mark "height of letters" open bracket "except for the words Health Canada" forward slash "Santé Canada" closed bracket.

The hierarchy of symbol specifications is based on the following PDS ranges:

  1. > 600 cm2 (applies only to horizontal formats)
  2. > 450 cm2 to ≤ 600 cm2 (applies only to horizontal formats)
  3. > 250 cm2 to ≤ 450 cm2
  4. > 100 cm2 to ≤ 250 cm2
  5. > 30 cm2 to ≤ 100 cm2
  6. ≤ 30 cm2

The hierarchy of specifications (proportional to the PDS) applies in the majority of cases.

However, there is an exception for products with a PDS > 250 cm 2 that are sold only in the retail establishment where they are packaged and have labels printed using retail scales. These products can carry a smaller symbol than would otherwise be required. They can carry a horizontal symbol with the specifications set out for a PDS in the range of > 100 cm2 to ≤ 250 cm2. Furthermore, the FOP symbol can be applied as a sticker on the retail scale label or printed directly on the label.

The symbol may be displayed with larger dimensions than those set out in Column 3 of the applicable table in the Directory if it is scaled in a proportional manner vertically and horizontally.

Reference: Directory of Nutrition Symbol Specifications and section B.01.352, FDR

6.5 How many bars have to appear in the symbol?

The number of bars that have to appear in the symbol depends on the PDS and the number of nutrients that must be declared.

PDS > 30 cm2

Three bars must always appear in the symbol on packages with a PDS > 30 cm2. This includes the bars required to identify the product as "high in sat fat", "high in sugars" and/or "high in sodium" (nutrient bars), as applicable, and blank bars. This ensures the nutrients are always in the same order.

The following are examples of formats for use on packages with a PDS > 30 cm2. Each has three bars in total; however, the number of nutrient bars and blank bars varies.

Figure 6.10. Examples of bilingual English first horizontal FOP nutrition symbol formats and unilingual English formats for use on prepackaged products with a PDS > 30 cm2

a.

Figure 6.10.a

b.

Figure 6.10.b

c.

Figure 6.10.c

d.

Figure 6.10.d
Figure 6.10 - Text description

This figure shows four front-of-package (FOP) nutrition symbols side by side labelled a, b, c and d.

The first symbol labelled 'a' shows a nutrition symbol for the principal display panel that indicates that a prepackaged product is high in saturated fat, sugars and sodium. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is black and contains the words "Sat fat" followed by a forward slash and the words "Gras sat." in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "Sat" and "Gras" are in upper case. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" followed by a forward slash and the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. The third bar is black and contains the word "Sodium" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

The symbol labelled 'b' shows a nutrition symbol for the principal display panel that indicates that a prepackaged product is high in sugars and sodium. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is white, is outlined by a thin black line and contains no words. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" followed by a forward slash and the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. The third bar is black and contains the word "Sodium" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

The symbol labelled 'c' shows a nutrition symbol for the principal display panel that indicates that a prepackaged product is high in sodium. This symbol is in English only. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is the heading "High in" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the first word is in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first and second bars are white, are outlined by a thin black line and contain no words. The third bar is black and contains the word "Sodium" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

The symbol labelled 'd' shows a nutrition symbol for the principal display panel that indicates that a prepackaged product is high in saturated fat and sodium. This symbol is in English only. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is the heading "High in" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the first word is in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is black and contains the words "Sat fat" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the first word is in upper case. The second bar is white, is outlined by a thin black line and contains no words. The third bar is black and contains the word "Sodium" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

PDS ≤ 30 cm 2

The only bars that must appear in the symbol on packages with a PDS of ≤ 30 cm2 are the bars required to identify the product as "high in sat fat", "high in sugars" and/or "high in sodium", as applicable. Blank bars are not required to be shown. Therefore, some small packages may display symbols with fewer than three bars.

The following are examples of formats for use on packages with a PDS ≤ 30 cm2.

Figure 6.11. Examples of bilingual English first horizontal FOP nutrition symbol formats and unilingual English formats for use on prepackaged products with a PDS ≤ 30 cm2

a.

Figure 6.10.a

b.

Figure 6.10.b

c.

Figure 6.10.c

d.

Figure 6.10.d

e.

Figure 6.11.e
Figure 6.11 - Text description

This figure shows five front-of-package (FOP) nutrition symbols side by side labelled a, b, c, d, and e.

The first symbol labelled 'a' shows a nutrition symbol for the principal display panel that indicates that a prepackaged product is high in saturated fat, sugars and sodium. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is black and contains the words "Sat fat" followed by a forward slash and the words "Gras sat." in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "Sat" and "Gras" are in upper case. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" followed by a forward slash and the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. The third bar is black and contains the word "Sodium" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

The symbol labelled 'b' shows a nutrition symbol for the principal display panel that indicates that a prepackaged product is high in sugars and sodium. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with two bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the two bars. The left side of the two bars forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" followed by a forward slash and the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sodium" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

The symbol labelled 'c' shows a nutrition symbol for the principal display panel that indicates that a prepackaged product is high in sodium. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top left of the box is a black magnifying glass. To the right of the magnifying glass is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is one horizontal bar. There is a small amount of white space between the right side of the bar and the thin black line that outlines the box. The bar is black and contains the word "Sodium" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

The symbol labelled 'd' shows a nutrition symbol for the principal display panel that indicates that prepackaged product is high in saturated fat, sugars and sodium. This symbol is in English only. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is the heading "High in" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the first word is in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is black and contains the words "Sat fat" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the first word is in upper case. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. The third bar is black and contains the word "Sodium" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

The symbol labelled 'e' shows a nutrition symbol for the principal display panel that indicates that a prepackaged product is high in saturated fat and sugars. This symbol is in English only. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top left of the box is a black magnifying glass. To the right of the magnifying glass is the heading "High in" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the first word is in upper case. Under the heading are two bars that are stacked. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is black and contains the words "Sat fat" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the first word is in upper case. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

6.6 In what order do the nutrient bars have to appear in the symbol?

The order of the nutrient bars in the symbol is always:

In symbol formats with three bars, the top bar is always and only for saturated fat, the middle bar is always and only for sugars and the bottom bar is always and only for sodium. The order doesn't change because of blank bars.

6.7 How are the different symbol formats identified in the regulations?

Each symbol format is identified by the same unique number and letter combination in the table to B.01.352, Schedule K.1 and the Directory. Numbers distinguish formats based on nutrient combination and letters indicate language and symbol orientation. The diagram in Figure 6.12 further describes this naming convention.

Figure 6.12. FOP nutrition symbol format naming convention in the table to B.01.352, Schedule K.1 and the Directory of Nutrition Symbol Specifications of the FDR
Figure 6.12
Figure 6.12 - Text description

The notation 1(EH) is centered at the top of the image in black, bold letters. A red bracket points to the number 1 indicating nutrient combination and another bracket points to the letters EH indicating language and orientation. Below this notation is a grey table of three columns. The first two columns carry the heading in black, bold letters Nutrient combination followed by a list of numbers with their respective nutrient combination: 1 Saturated fat, sugars and sodium, 2 Saturated fat and sugars, 3 Sugars and sodium, 4 Saturated fat and sodium, 5 Saturated fat, 6 Sugars, 7 Sodium. This is end of the first column. The second column continues with the list of numbers and their respective nutrient combination: 8 Saturated fat and sugars, 9 Sugars and sodium, 10 Saturated fat and sodium, 11 Saturated fat, 12 Sugars, 13 Sodium. A white box appears below 13 sodium with the following text in red: Numbers 8 through 13 represent nutrition symbols with no blank bars. The third column carries the heading in black, bold letters Language and orientation followed by a list of abbreviations and their meanings: EH English Horizontal, AH Anglais Horizontal, FH French Horizontal, EV English Vertical, AV Anglais Vertical, FV French Vertical, BH Bilingual Horizontal (English first), BV Bilingual Vertical (English first), HB Bilingual Horizontal (French first), VB Bilingual Vertical (French first). All numbers and abbreviations are in black, bold letters. All nutrient combinations, and abbreviation meanings are in black without any bolding.

6.8 How can I obtain high resolution graphic files of all variations of the symbol?

A Compendium of Nutrition Symbol Formats (the Compendium) is available in PDF as a reference document for label designers and the food and packaging industry to comply with the format specifications set out in the FDR and in the Directory. Ready-to-use high resolution graphic files of all variations of the symbol are available in.EPS format. To obtain a copy of the Compendium and the graphic files, please send an e-mail to smiu-ugdi@hc-sc.gc.ca with the subject line "HPFB BNS Compendium of Nutrition Symbol Formats".

In addition to the number and letter combination used in the naming convention in the regulations, the Compendium includes a number to distinguish the figures based on the PDS (Figure 6.13). For example, consider a product with a PDS > 600 cm2, which requires symbol format 6(BH) as per the naming convention used in the regulations. In the Compendium, this is the symbol format equivalent to Figure 1.6(BH). Appendix A in the Compendium shows how these different conventions align.

Figure 6.13. FOP nutrition symbol format naming convention in the Compendium of Nutrition Symbol Formats
Figure 6.13
Figure 6.13 - Text description

The notation 1.1(EH) is centered at the top of the image in black, bold letters. A red bracket points to the first number 1 indicating Item number, another bracket points to the second number 1 indicating Nutrient combination and a third bracket points to the letters EH indicating Language and orientation. Below this notation is a grey table of three columns. The first column carries the heading Item number in black, bold letters and the words corresponding to PDS range directly below it. A list of numbers with their respective PDS range follows: 1 followed by > 600 cm2, 2 followed by > 450 cm2 to ≤ 600 cm2, 3 followed by > 250 cm2 to ≤ 450 cm2, 4 followed by > 100 cm2 to ≤ 250 cm2, 5 followed by > 30 cm2 to ≤ 100 cm2, 6 followed by ≤ 30 cm2. The second column carries the heading Nutrient combination followed by a list of numbers with their respective nutrient combination: 1 Saturated fat, sugars and sodium, 2 Saturated fat and sugars, 3 Sugars and sodium, 4 Saturated fat and sodium, 5 Saturated fat, 6 Sugars, 7 Sodium. The third column carries the heading Language and orientation in black, bold letters followed by a list of abbreviations and their meanings: EH English Horizontal, FH French Horizontal, EV English Vertical, FV French Vertical, BH Bilingual Horizontal (English first), BV Bilingual Vertical (English first), HB Bilingual Horizontal (French first), VB Bilingual Vertical (French first). All numbers and abbreviations are in black, bold letters. All PDS ranges, nutrient combinations, and abbreviation meanings are in black without any bolding.

7. Nutrient and health-related claims and the front-of-package (FOP) nutrition symbol

For the purposes of FOP nutrition labelling, in subsection B.01.357(3), the regulations define "health-related representation" as:

Health-related representation means Examples
(a) a declaration referred to in subsection B.01.301(1) or (2)

Quantitative declarations outside of the Nutrition Facts table

"360 mg of calcium per bar (40 g)"

(b) a statement or claim referred to in subsection B.01.311(2) or (3)

Nutrient function claims

"Protein helps build strong muscles"

(c) a representation referred to in any of sections B.01.503 to B.01.513

Nutrient content claims

"Reduced in sugar"

(d) a statement or claim referred to in subsection B.01.601(1)

Health claims

"A healthy diet rich in a variety of vegetables and fruit may help reduce the risk of heart disease."

(e) any other health-related statement, logo, symbol, seal of approval or mark

The use of a name, logo, symbol, seal of approval or other certification mark of a third party-organization

Using a check mark to draw attention to good or healthy choices.

Nutrition and health-related statements and claims may be made on the label or in advertisements for foods on a voluntary basis. However, when they are made, they must comply with subsection 5(1) of the Food and Drugs Act, the food provisions of the FDR, and subsection 6(1) of the Safe Food for Canadians Act and should follow any applicable guidance.

7.1 Are health-related representations permitted on the principal display panel (PDP) when a food also carries the FOP nutrition symbol (the symbol)?

Yes. Most health-related representations are permitted on the PDP when it displays the symbol. This includes representations not related to saturated fat, sugars or sodium (for example, protein, fibre or energy) and representations that are related to these nutrients of concern as long as there is no "high in" symbol for that nutrient on the PDP. For example, a "low sodium" claim is permitted on the PDP when the product carries a "high in sat fat" symbol. Statements or claims described in sections D.01.004 to D.01.007 and D.02.002 to D.02.005 are also permitted on the PDP when it carries a symbol. However, the "unsweetened" claim is prohibited on the PDP when it carries a symbol for "high in sugars" and the representation that a food is for use in a sodium-restricted diet is prohibited when the PDP carries a symbol for "high in sodium".

Furthermore, all nutrient content claims related to saturated fat, sugars or sodium, as set out in the incorporated by reference Table of Permitted Nutrient Content Statements and Claims (the Table), are prohibited on the PDP when it carries a symbol to identify the food as "high in" that particular nutrient, except for "reduced in" claims.

For instance, the claims related to saturated fat set out in item 18, 19 and 21 of the Table are prohibited on the PDP when it carries a symbol for "high in sat fat". The "reduced in saturated fatty acids" claim (item 20) is the only claim about saturated fat in the Table that is permitted on the PDP when it carries a symbol for "high in sat fat". The nutrient content claims "lean" and "extra lean" set out in item 46 and 47 of the Table are considered related to the total fat content of a meat or poultry that has not been ground, a marine or fresh water animal or a product of any of these. These claims are not considered related to saturated fat and are not prohibited on the PDP when it carries a symbol for "high in sat fat".

The same applies to claims about sugars and sodium set out in column 4 of the Table:

Using a representation such as a word, phrase, illustration, sign, mark, symbol or design that could be mistaken for the symbol is also prohibited regardless of whether the food carries the symbol. Note that a representation does not include a supplemented food caution identifier.

Reference: subsection B.01.357(3), section B.01.358, subsection B.01.503(1.1), B.01.508(2) and B.01.509(2), FDR

7.2 Do restrictions apply to the size of health-related representations displayed on the PDP when a food also carries the symbol?

Yes. There are limits on the size (in other words, the height of letters) of any health-related representation defined in subsection B.01.357(3) and any statement or claim described in sections D.01.004 to D.01.007 and D.02.002 to D.02.005 displayed on a PDP that carries the symbol. The maximum permitted height of the letters in the claims, statements or representations depends on whether the nutrient they feature is declared in the symbol.

However, these size limits do not apply to the brand name or product name that appear on the PDP, such as those that include the name of a nutrient or nutritive substance, for example "fibre" or "probiotics".

When the nutrient featured in a health-related representation displayed on the PDP is also declared in the symbol:

Figure 7.1. Height of upper case letter/tallest ascender of lower case letters
Figure 7.1
Figure 7.1 - Text description

This figure shows the words "High in" forward slash "Élevé en" in black, bold lower case letters except that the first letters of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. A double-ended red arrow appears to the left of the word High that spans the height of the uppercase letter H. To the left of that arrow is the statement "Height of upper case letters forward slash tallest ascender of lower case letters". A red line appears both above and below this text. The lines span the width of the figure.

Figure 7.2. Jug of fruit drink with the symbol for "high in sugars" and the claim "reduced in sugars" on the PDP
Figure 7.2
Figure 7.2 - Text description

This figure shows a white bottle of fruit drink. A label spans the width of the bottom half of the bottle. The label is shaded grey to identify it as the Principal Display Panel or PDP.

There is a horizontal nutrition symbol in the top right corner of the PDP that identifies the food as high in sugars. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first and third bars are white, are outlined by a thin black line and contain no words. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" followed by a forward slash and the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

The PDP carries a "Reduced in Sugars" claim centred and at the bottom of the panel. This claim is linked to the statement "The height of the upper case letters and of the tallest ascender of lower case letters must not exceed the height of the upper case letters and of the tallest ascender of lower case letters in nutrition symbol format 3(BH), i.e. 2.5 mm".

When the nutrient featured in a health-related representation or a statement or claim referred to in any of sections D.01.004 to D.01.007 and D.02.002 to D.02.005 displayed on the PDP is not declared in the symbol:

Figure 7.3. Granola cereal with the symbol for "high in sat fat and sugars" and the claim "Source of fibre" and "Low in sodium" on the PDP
Figure 7.3
Figure 7.3 - Text description

This figure shows a granola cereal box. The front panel is shaded grey to identify it as the Principal Display Panel or PDP.

There is a horizontal nutrition symbol in the top right corner of the PDP that identifies the food as high in saturated fat and sugars. This symbol is in English only. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is the heading "High in" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the first word is in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is black and contains the words "Sat fat" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the first word is in upper case. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. The third bar is white, is outlined by a thin black line and contains no words. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

The PDP carries a "Source of Fibre" and a "Low in Sodium" claim to the left and near the bottom of the panel. These two claims are linked to the statement "The height of the upper case letters and of the tallest ascender of lower case letters must not exceed 2 times the height of the upper case letters and of the tallest ascender of lower case letters in nutrition symbol format 1(EH), i.e. 3.5 mm".

Figure 7.4. Creamy tomato soup with the symbol for "high in sat fat, sugars and sodium" and the nutrient function claim "Vitamin A contributes to maintenance of normal vision" on the PDP
Figure 7.4
Figure 7.4 - Text description

This figure shows a creamy tomato soup can. The front surface is shaded grey to identify it as the Principal Display Panel or PDP.

There is a horizontal nutrition symbol in the top right corner of the PDP that identifies the soup as high in saturated fat, sugars and sodium. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is black and contains the words "Sat fat" followed by a forward slash and the words "Gras sat." in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "Sat" and "Gras" are in upper case. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" followed by a forward slash and the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. The third bar is black and contains the word "Sodium" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

The PDP carries the claim "Vitamin A contributes to the maintenance of normal vision" to the right and near the bottom of the panel. This claim is linked to the statement "The height of the upper case letters and of the tallest ascender of lower case letters must not exceed 2 times the height of the upper case letters and of the tallest ascender of lower case letters in nutrition symbol format 4(BH), i.e. 2.0 mm".

The Directory of Nutrition Symbol Specifications (the Directory) sets out the height of upper case letters and tallest ascender of lower case letters that must be used in each symbol format. The information is in column 5 of each table in the Directory. See the Presentation section for more information on how to identify which symbol format must appear on the PDP.

Reference: section B.01.357 and D.01.001.2, FDR

8. Definitions

The Food and Drug Regulations (FDR) should be referred to for definitions. The definitions in this section are provided for ease of reference only.

Daily value: As defined in subsection B.01.001(1) of the FDR, means, in respect of a nutrient, the quantity applicable to the nutrient according to subsection B.01.001.1(2).

Main dish: As defined in subsection B.01.001(1) of the FDR, means a combination dish, as set out in the Table of Reference Amounts, that does not require the addition of ingredients, other than water, for its preparation and that contains food from at least two of the following categories:

  1. dairy products and their alternatives, except butter, cream, sour cream, ice cream, ice milk, sherbet and alternatives for those foods;
  2. meat products, poultry products, marine and fresh water animal products referred to in Division 21, and their alternatives such as eggs, tofu, legumes, nuts, seeds, nut or seed butters and spreads made from legumes;
  3. fruits and vegetables except pickles, relishes, olives and garnishes; and
  4. breads, breakfast cereals, rice and other grains, and alimentary pastes.

Milk ingredients: As defined in item 7 of Table 2 in the Common Names for Ingredients and Components Document, which is incorporated by reference into the FDR, means any of the following in liquid, concentrated, dry, frozen or reconstituted form, namely, butter, buttermilk, butter oil, milk fat, cream, milk, partly skimmed milk, skim milk and any other component of milk the chemical composition of which has not been altered and that exists in the food in the same chemical state in which it is found in milk.

Modified milk ingredients: As defined in item 7.1 of Table 2 in the Common Names for Ingredients and Components Document, which is incorporated by reference into the FDR, means any of the following in liquid, concentrated, dry, frozen or reconstituted form, namely, calcium-reduced skim milk (obtained by the ion-exchange process), casein, caseinates, cultured milk products, milk serum proteins, ultrafiltered milk, whey, whey butter, whey cream and any other component of milk the chemical state of which has been altered from that in which it is found in milk. As defined in item 7.2 of the Common Names for Ingredients and Components Document, which is incorporated by reference into the FDR, it also means one or more ingredients or components set out in item 7 combined with any one or more ingredients or components set out in item 7.1.

Nutrition symbol: As defined in subsection B.01.001(1) of the FDR, means a symbol set out in Schedule K.1 that is carried on the principal display panel (PDP) of a prepackaged product.

Principal display panel (PDP): As defined subsection B.01.001(1) of the FDR, means, despite the meaning assigned to that term in section A.01.010:

  1. in the case of a label that is applied to a consumer prepackaged food within the meaning of section 1 of the Safe Food for Canadians Regulations, the principal display panel as described in paragraphs (a) to (c) of the definition of that term in that section;
  2. in the case of a label that is applied to a prepackaged product other than a consumer prepackaged food subject to the Safe Food for Canadians Regulations, the part of the label that is applied to all or part of any side or surface of the container that is displayed or visible under normal or customary conditions of sale or use and, if the container does not have such a side or surface, the part of the label that is applied to any part of the container except on the bottom; or
  3. in the case of a label that is applied to a food that is not a prepackaged product, the part of the label that is applied to all or part of the side or surface of the food that is displayed or visible under normal or customary conditions of sale or use.

Principal display surface (PDS): As defined in subsection B.01.001(1) of the FDR and in respect of a prepackaged product, means:

  1. if the package has a surface that is displayed or visible under customary conditions of sale or use, the total area of that surface, excluding any surface that is the top of the package;
    Figure 8.1. PDS of cereal box
    Figure 8.1
    Figure 8.1 - Text description

    This figure shows a box. The front panel is crosshatched with grey lines to identify it as the Principal Display Surface or PDS. It is also shaded grey.

    For example, the front panel of this cereal box, is usually visible when the product is displayed for sale. Therefore, the total area of that panel is considered the PDS, which is the area shown here with crosshatching. The grey shaded area is considered the PDP.

  2. if the package has a lid that is the part of the package that is displayed or visible under customary conditions of sale or use, the total area of the top surface of the lid;
    Figure 8.2. PDS of hummus container
    Figure 8.2
    Figure 8.2 - Text description

    This figure shows a round container with a lid. The outer edge of the lid is orange. The top total area of the lid is crosshatched with grey lines to identify it as the Principal Display Surface or PDS. Covering half of the PDS is a label shaded in grey.

    For example, the lid of this hummus container is usually visible when displayed for sale. Therefore, the total area of the lid is considered the PDS, which is the area shown here with crosshatching. The grey shaded area is considered the PDP.

  3. if the package does not have a particular surface that is displayed or visible under customary conditions of sale or use, 40% of the total surface area of the package, excluding any surface area that is its top and bottom, if it is possible for that proportion of the total surface area to be displayed or visible under customary conditions of sale or use;
    Figure 8.3. PDS of soup can
    Figure 8.3
    Figure 8.3 - Text description

    This figure shows a can. The front surface is crosshatched with grey lines to identify it as the Principal Display Surface or PDS. It is also shaded grey.

    For example, cylindrical shaped packages, such as this soup can, don't have a particular surface that is usually visible when displayed for sale. Therefore, 40% of the package's total surface area, excluding the top and bottom is considered the PDS. It is the area shown here with crosshatching. The grey shaded area is considered the PDP.

    Figure 8.4. PDS of jar of toffee peanuts
    Figure 8.4
    Figure 8.4 - Text description

    This figure shows a cylindrical jar with an orange lid. The front surface is crosshatched with grey lines to identify it as the Principal Display Surface or PDS. Covering approximately half of the PDS is a label shaded in grey.

    This definition also applies to cylindrical containers that do not have a constant diameter such as this jar of toffee peanuts, in which the PDS is shown here with crosshatching. The grey shaded area is considered the PDP.

  4. if the package is a bag with surfaces of equal dimensions, the total area of one of the surfaces;
    Figure 8.5. PDS of bag of popcorn
    Figure 8.5
    Figure 8.5 - Text description

    This figure shows a bag. The front surface is crosshatched with grey lines to identify it as the Principal Display Surface or PDS. It is also shaded grey.

    For example, the surfaces of this bag of popcorn are the same size. Therefore, the total area of one surface is considered the PDS. It is the area shown here with crosshatching. The grey shaded area is considered the PDP.

  5. if the package is a bag with surfaces of different dimensions, the total area of one of the largest surfaces;
    Figure 8.6. PDS of bag of mini brownies
    Figure 8.6
    Figure 8.6 - Text description

    This figure shows a bag with an orange tin tie closure. The front surface is crosshatched with grey lines to identify it as the Principal Display Surface or PDS. Covering the majority of the PDS is a label shaded in grey.

    For example, the surfaces of this bag of mini brownies are different sizes. Therefore, the total area of the largest surface is considered the PDS. It is the area shown here with crosshatching. The grey shaded area is considered the PDP.

  6. despite paragraphs (a) to (e), if the package does not have a surface that is displayed or visible under customary conditions of sale or use to which a label can be applied, the total area of one side of a tag that is attached to the package;
    Figure 8.7. PDS of mesh bag with individually-wrapped chocolates
    Figure 8.7
    Figure 8.7 - Text description

    This figure shows a mesh bag held together by a string. A tag is hanging from the string. One side of the tag is crosshatched with grey lines to identify it as the Principal Display Surface or PDS. It is also shaded grey.

    For example, given that a mesh bag such as this one containing individually wrapped chocolates doesn't have a surface on which a label can be applied, the total area of one side of the tag attached to the bag is considered the PDS. It is the area shown here with crosshatching. The grey shaded area is considered the PDP.

  7. despite paragraphs (a) to (e), if the package contains wine that is exposed for sale, any part of the surface of the package, excluding its top and bottom, that can be seen without having to turn the package; and
    Figure 8.8. PDS of dealcoholized wine bottle
    Figure 8.8
    Figure 8.8 - Text description

    This figure shows a cylindrical bottle with an orange neck and lid. The front surface is crosshatched with grey lines to identify it as the Principal Display Surface or PDS. Covering approximately two-thirds of the PDS is a label shaded in grey.

    For example, any part of this dealcoholized wine bottle's surface, excluding its top and bottom, that is visible without having to turn the bottle is considered the PDS. It is the area shown here with crosshatching. The grey shaded area is considered the PDP.

  8. if the package is a wrapper or confining band that is so narrow in relation to the size of the food it contains that it cannot reasonably be considered to have any surface that is displayed or visible under customary conditions of sale or use, the total area of one side of a tag that is attached to the package.
    Figure 8.9. PDS of bundle of lollipops
    Figure 8.9
    Figure 8.9 - Text description

    This figure shows a bundle of five lollipops held together by a string. A tag is hanging from the string. One side of the tag is crosshatched with grey lines to identify it as the Principal Display Surface or PDS. It is also shaded grey.

    For example, the surface of the wrapper on this bundle of lollipops is too narrow to be considered visible. Therefore, the total area of one side of the tag attached to it is considered the PDS. It is the area shown here with crosshatching. The grey shaded area is considered the PDP.

Reference amount: As defined in subsection B.01.001(1) of the FDR, means, in respect of a food set out in column 1 of the Table of Reference Amounts, the amount of that food set out in column 2.

Serving of stated size: The serving size is a specific amount of food upon which the nutrient information presented in the nutrition facts table is based. The serving size is a quantity of food that can be reasonably consumed at a single eating occasion.

Sweetening agent: As defined in subsection B.01.001(1) of the FDR, includes any food for which a standard is provided in Division 18, but does not include those food additives listed in the tables to Division 16.

Appendix 1: Steps for determining whether the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium in a prepackaged product meets or exceeds the FOP nutrition symbol thresholds

These instructions describe the steps to determine whether the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium in a food meets or exceeds the applicable thresholds and triggers the need to display the FOP nutrition symbol (the symbol) on the label. Although most prepackaged products are subject to the FOP nutrition symbol labelling requirements, some foods are exempted from carrying the symbol, and in some cases, the symbol is prohibited on the label of certain foods. See the Exemptions and Prohibitions sections for more information.

Examples A to E illustrate the following scenarios:

Example A – the serving size is greater than the reference amount

This example illustrates a scenario in which the serving of stated size (serving size) declared in the Nutrition Facts table (NFt) is larger than the reference amount set out for the food in the Table of Reference Amounts.

Consider lemon-flavoured iced tea sold in a bottle. The serving size declared in the NFt is 1 bottle (547 mL). These instructions describe the steps to follow to determine whether the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium meets or exceeds the applicable threshold and therefore, triggers the need to carry the front-of-package (FOP) nutrition symbol (the symbol) on the label.

Figure A1.1. NFt for lemon-flavoured iced tea
Figure a1.1
Figure A1.1 - Text description

This figure shows a Nutrition Facts table. Left justified at the top of the table is the heading Nutrition Facts and stacked below it is the heading Valeur nutritive. Both are in bold. The next line is Per 1 bottle open parenthesis 547 mL close parenthesis. The next line is pour 1 bouteille open parenthesis 547 mL close parenthesis. There is a thin rule below pour 1 bouteille open parenthesis 547 mL close parenthesis that spans the width of the table. The next line is Calories in bold followed by 170, also in bold. Right justified on the same line is the subheading percent symbol Daily Value in bold. Stacked under this is percent symbol valeur quotidienne. Both Percent Daily Value and percent valeur quotidienne are followed by an asterisk that refers to a footnote at the bottom of the Nutrition Facts table. There is a thick rule under Calories that ends after the 170; it does not span the width of the table.

Left justified on the next line is Fat, forward slash, Lipides in bold followed by the number zero and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is 0 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the fat information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Carbohydrate, forward slash, Glucides in bold followed by 43 and a lowercase g. Indented on the next line is Sugars, forward slash Sucres, followed by 43 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is 43 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the sugars information that spans the width of the table. The next line is Protein, forward slash, Protéines in bold followed by 0.1 and a lowercase g. There is a thin rule under the protein information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Sodium in bold followed by 40 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 2 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the sodium information that spans the width of the table. The next two lines is the footnote: Not a significant source of saturated fat, trans fat, fibre, cholesterol, potassium, calcium and iron. There is a thin rule below this footnote. The next two lines is the footnote: Source négligeable de lipides saturés, lipides trans, fibres, cholestérol, potassium, calcium et fer. There is a thin rule below this footnote.

The next two lines is the percent Daily Value footnote that was referred to at the beginning of the table description. The footnote starts with an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol or less is a little, 15 percent symbol or more is a lot and on the second line is an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol ou moins c'est peu, 15 percent symbol ou plus c'est beaucoup. The terms 'a little', 'a lot', 'peu', and 'beaucoup' are in bold. This is the end of the Nutrition Facts table.

  1. Identify for whom the product is intended.
    Determine which of the following 2 categories applies to the food:
    • A food intended solely for children one year of age or older, but less than four years of age (children one to four years only).
    • A food intended for children one year of age or older, but less than four years of age or for children four years of age or older and adults (children and/or adults).
      • In this example, the product is intended for children and/or adults. Therefore, the thresholds in columns 2 to 4 of the table to section B.01.350 (Thresholds Requiring a Nutrition Symbol) apply.
  2. Identify the quantity of food that must be used to assess the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium against the symbol threshold.
    1. Consult the Table of Reference Amounts to identify the amount applicable to the product.
      • The reference amount for iced tea is 375 mL; it is set out in Item B.1, Column 2, of the Table of Reference Amounts.
    2. Compare the product's reference amount and the serving size declared in the NFt. The larger quantity must be used as the base quantity for the nutrient content assessment.
      • In this example, the serving size (547 mL) is greater than the reference amount. Therefore, the serving size is the base quantity that must be used for the assessment.
  3. Identify the applicable % Daily Value (% DV) threshold.
    Determine in which of the following classes the product belongs:
    • Prepackaged products with a reference amount ≤ (less than or equal to) 30 g or 30 mL: threshold of ≥ (greater than or equal to) 10% DV
    • Prepackaged main dishes with a reference amount ≥ 170 g (when intended solely for children one to four years) or ≥ 200 g (when intended for children and/or adults): threshold of ≥ 30% DV
    • Prepackaged products with a reference amount > 30 g or 30 mL other than main dishes: threshold of ≥ 15% DV
      • In this example, the applicable threshold is ≥ 15% DV given that iced tea has a reference amount > (greater than) 30 g or 30 mL and is not a main dish.
  4. Determine whether the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium in the base quantity meets or exceeds the threshold.
    Compare the % DV for saturated fat, sugars and sodium declared in the NFt and the applicable % DV threshold identified in Step 3. If the % DV declared in the NFt for one or more of the nutrients is equal to or greater than the % DV threshold, a symbol for the nutrient or nutrients is required.
    • In this example, only the % DV for sugars declared in the NFt (43%) is equal to or greater than the 15% DV threshold. Therefore, the label must carry a symbol for "high in sugars".
    • See the Presentation section for more information on the symbol location and presentation requirements.
Figure A1.2. Lemon-flavoured iced tea that requires a symbol for "high in sugars". The nutrient content per serving size was assessed against the thresholds because the serving size declared in the NFt is greater than the reference amount for the product.
Figure 6.1.a
Figure a1.2.
Figure A1.2 - Text description

This figure shows a white bottle of iced tea with an orange cap. Centered on the bottle is a thin black line that creates the outline of a grey shaded rectangular label with a rounded top. There is a vertical nutrition symbol in the top half of the label that identifies the beverage as high in sugars. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top left of the box is a black magnifying glass. To the right of the magnifying glass is a heading composed of the words "High in" above the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading are three bars that are stacked. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between both ends of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first and third bars are white, are outlined by a thin black line and contain no words. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" above the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" above the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

The symbol is more narrow than the label.

To the right of the bottle of iced tea is a Nutrition Facts table. Left justified at the top of the table is the heading Nutrition Facts and stacked below it is the heading Valeur nutritive. Both are in bold. The next line is Per bottle open parenthesis 547 mL close parenthesis. The next line is par bouteille open parenthesis 547 mL close parenthesis. A red box surrounds these two lines of text. There is a thin rule below par bouteille open parenthesis 547 mL close parenthesis that spans the width of the table. The next line is Calories in bold followed by 170, also in bold. Right justified on the same line is the subheading percent symbol Daily Value in bold. Stacked under this is percent symbol valeur quotidienne. Both Percent Daily Value and percent valeur quotidienne are followed by an asterisk that refers to a footnote at the bottom of the Nutrition Facts table. There is a thick rule under Calories that ends after the 170; it does not span the width of the table.

Left justified on the next line is Fat, forward slash, Lipides in bold followed by the number zero and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is 0 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the fat information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Carbohydrate, forward slash, Glucides in bold followed by 43 and a lowercase g. Indented on the next line is Sugars, forward slash Sucres, followed by 43 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line in a red box is 43 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the sugars information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Protein, forward slash, Protéines in bold followed by 0.1 and a lowercase g. There is a thin rule under the protein information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Sodium in bold followed by 40 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 2 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the sodium information that spans the width of the table. The next two lines is the footnote: Not a significant source of saturated fat, trans fat, fibre, cholesterol, potassium, calcium and iron. There is a thin rule below this footnote. The next two lines is the footnote: Source négligeable de lipides saturés, lipides trans, fibres, cholestérol, potassium, calcium et fer. There is a thin rule below this footnote.

The next two lines is the percent Daily Value footnote that was referred to at the beginning of the table description. The footnote starts with an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol or less is a little, 15 percent symbol or more is a lot and on the second line is an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol ou moins c'est peu, 15 percent symbol ou plus c'est beaucoup. The terms 'a little', 'a lot', 'peu', and 'beaucoup' are in bold. This is the end of the Nutrition Facts table.

Example B – the reference amount is greater than the serving size

This example illustrates a scenario in which the reference amount set out for the food in the Table of Reference Amounts is larger than the serving of stated size (serving size) declared in the Nutrition Facts table (NFt).

Consider a lasagna sold in a 907 g tray. The serving size declared in the NFt is ¼ tray lasagna (227 g). These instructions describe the steps to follow to determine whether the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium meets or exceeds the applicable threshold and therefore, triggers the need to display the front-of-package (FOP) nutrition symbol (the symbol) on the label.

Figure A1.3. NFt for Lasagna
Figure a1.3
Figure A1.3 - Text description

This figure shows a Nutrition Facts table. Left justified at the top of the table is the heading Nutrition Facts and stacked below it is the heading Valeur nutritive. Both are in bold. The next line is Per 1/4 tray open parenthesis 227 g close parenthesis. The next line is pour ¼ plateau open parenthesis 227 g close parenthesis. There is a thin rule below pour ¼ plateau open parenthesis 227 g close parenthesis that spans the width of the table. The next line is Calories in bold followed by 290, also in bold. Right justified on the same line is the subheading percent symbol Daily Value in bold. Stacked under this is percent symbol valeur quotidienne. Both Percent Daily Value and percent valeur quotidienne are followed by an asterisk that refers to a footnote at the bottom of the Nutrition Facts table. There is a thick rule under Calories that ends after the 290; it does not span the width of the table.

Left justified on the next line is Fat, forward slash, Lipides in bold followed by 8 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is 11 followed by a percent symbol. Indented on the next line is Saturated, forward slash, saturés followed by 5 and a lowercase g. Indented on the next line is a plus symbol followed by Trans, forward slash, trans followed by 0 and a lowercase g. Right justified and vertically centered against the saturated and trans information on the left is 25 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule below the trans information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Carbohydrate, forward slash, Glucides in bold followed by 34 and a lowercase g. Indented on the next line is Fibre, forward slash, Fibres, followed by 3 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is 11 followed by a percent symbol. Indented on the next line is Sugars, forward slash, Sucres, followed by 1 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is 1 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the sugars information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Protein, forward slash, Protéines in bold followed by 20 and a lowercase g. There is a thin rule under the protein information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Cholesterol, forward slash, Cholestérol in bold followed by 35 and mg in lowercase. There is a thin rule under the cholesterol information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Sodium in bold followed by 580 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 25 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the sodium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Potassium followed by 75 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 2 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the potassium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Calcium followed by 225 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 17 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule below the calcium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Iron, forward slash, Fer followed by 3.5 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 19 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the iron information that spans the width of the Nutrition Facts table.

The next two lines is the percent Daily Value footnote that was referred to at the beginning of the table description. The footnote starts with an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol or less is a little, 15 percent symbol or more is a lot and on the second line is an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol ou moins c'est peu, 15 percent symbol ou plus c'est beaucoup. The terms 'a little', 'a lot', 'peu', and 'beaucoup' are in bold. This is the end of the Nutrition Facts table.

  1. Identify for whom the product is intended.
    Determine which of the following 2 categories applies to the food:
    • A food intended solely for children one year of age or older, but less than four years of age (children one to four years only).
    • A food intended for children one year of age or older, but less than four years of age or for children four years of age or older and adults (children and/or adults).
      • In this example, the product is intended for children and/or adults. Therefore, the thresholds in columns 2 to 4 of the table to section B.01.350 (Thresholds Requiring a Nutrition Symbol) apply.
  2. Identify the quantity of food that must be used to assess the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium against the symbol threshold.
    1. Consult the Table of Reference Amounts to identify the amount applicable to the product.
      • The reference amount for lasagna is 300 g; it is set out in Item N.1, Column 2, of the Table of Reference Amounts.
    2. Compare the product's reference amount and the serving size declared in the NFt. The larger quantity must be used as the base quantity for the nutrient content assessment.
      • In this example, the reference amount is greater than the serving size (227 g). Therefore, the reference amount is the base quantity that must be used for the assessment.
  3. Identify the applicable % Daily Value (% DV) threshold.
    Determine in which of the following classes the product belongs:
    • Prepackaged products with a reference amount ≤ 30 g or 30 mL: threshold of ≥ 10% DV
      • Prepackaged main dishes with a reference amount ≥ 170 g (when intended solely for children one to four years) or ≥ 200 g (when intended for children and/or adults): threshold of ≥ 30% DV
    • Prepackaged products with a reference amount > 30 g or 30 mL other than main dishes: threshold of ≥ 15% DV
      • In this example, the applicable % DV threshold is ≥ 30% DV given that lasagna is a main dish with a reference amount ≥ 200 g.
  4. Determine the amount of saturated fat, sugars and sodium in the base quantity of the food.
    Convert the saturated fat, sugars and sodium content declared per serving size in the NFt into content per reference amount. The following formula could be used: (Nutrient content per serving size / Serving size) x Reference amount = Nutrient content per reference amount.
    • The nutrient content per reference amount of lasagna is shown below:
      Table A1.1. Nutrient content per reference amount of lasagna
      Nutrient Content per serving size declared in NFt (227 g) Content per reference amount (300 g)
      Saturated fat 5 g 6.61 g
      Sugars 1 g 1.32 g
      Sodium 580 mg 766.52 mg
  5. Identify the applicable Daily Value for saturated fat, sugars and sodium.
    Consult Part 1 of the Table of Daily Values and determine in which column the applicable DVs are specified based on the intended consumers identified in Step 1:
    • Column 2: DVs used for thresholds applicable to prepackaged products intended solely for children one to four years or
    • Column 3: DVs used for thresholds applicable to prepackaged products intended for children and/or adults
      • In this example, the applicable DVs are in column 3. They are 20 g for saturated fat and trans fat, 100 g for sugars and 2300 mg for sodium.
  6. Determine whether the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium in the base quantity of the food meets or exceeds the threshold.
    1. Calculate the % DV for the saturated fat, sugars and sodium content per reference amount using values calculated in Step 4 and the DV identified in Step 5.
      • In this example, the % DVs for the nutrient content per reference amount are shown below:
        Table A1.2. % DVs for the nutrient content per reference amount
        Nutrient Content per reference amount (300 g) Daily Value % DV calculation1
        [(Nutrient content per reference amount/DV for the nutrient) x 100]
        % DV threshold
        Saturated fat 6.61 g 20 g

        33.05%

        [(6.61 g ∕ 20 g)*100]

        ≥ 30%
        Sugars 1.32 g 100 g

        1.32%

        [(1.32 g ∕ 100 g)*100]

        ≥ 30%
        Sodium 766.52 mg 2300 mg

        33.47%

        [(770 mg ∕ 2300 mg)*100]

        ≥ 30%

        1 There are no prescribed rounding rules for determining whether the nutrient content per reference amount meets or exceeds the applicable thresholds. However, manufacturers should apply similar rounding rules that exist for calculating the % DV declared in the NFt. In this example, the unrounded content of saturated fat and of sugars per reference amount were used for the calculation, however rounded content is also permitted. The rounded content of sodium was used in accordance with the NFt rounding rules.

    2. Compare the % DV calculated for each nutrient and the % DV threshold. If the calculated % DV is equal to or greater than the % DV threshold for one or more of the three nutrients, a symbol for the nutrient or nutrients is required.
      • In this example, the % DV for the saturated fat and sodium content per reference amount of lasagna meet or exceed the 30% DV threshold. Therefore, the label must carry a symbol for "high in sat fat and sodium".
      • See the Presentation section for more information on the symbol location and presentation requirements.
Figure A1.4. Prepackaged lasagna that requires a symbol for "high in sat fat and sodium". The nutrient content per reference amount was assessed against the thresholds because the reference amount is greater than the serving size declared in the NFt.
Figure a1.2.
Figure a1.2.Figure 6.1.b
Figure A1.4 - Text description

This figure shows a rectangular box of lasagna. The front panel is shaded grey. There is a horizontal nutrition symbol in the top right corner of the panel that identifies the food as high in saturated fat and sodium.

This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is black and contains the words "Sat fat" followed by a forward slash and the words "Gras sat." in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "Sat" and "Gras" are in upper case. The second bar is white, is outlined by a thin black line and contains no words. The third bar is black and contains the word "Sodium" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

To the right of the rectangular box of lasagna is a Nutrition Facts table. Left justified at the top of the table is the heading Nutrition Facts and stacked below it is the heading Valeur nutritive. Both are in bold. The next line is Per 1/4 tray open parenthesis 227 g close parenthesis. The next line is par ¼ plateau open parenthesis 227 g close parenthesis. A red box surrounds these two lines of text. There is a thin rule below par plateau open parenthesis 227 g close parenthesis that spans the width of the table. The next line is Calories in bold followed by 290, also in bold. Right justified on the same line is the subheading percent symbol Daily Value in bold. Stacked under this is percent symbol valeur quotidienne. Both Percent Daily Value and percent valeur quotidienne are followed by an asterisk that refers to a footnote at the bottom of the Nutrition Facts table. There is a thick rule under Calories that ends after the 290; it does not span the width of the table.

Left justified on the next line is Fat, forward slash, Lipides in bold followed by 8 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is 11 followed by a percent symbol. Indented on the next line is Saturated, forward slash, saturés followed by 5 and a lowercase g. Indented on the next line is a plus symbol followed by Trans, forward slash, trans followed by 0 and a lowercase g. Right justified and vertically centered against the saturated and trans information on the left is 25 followed by a percent symbol surrounded by a red box. There is a thin rule below the trans information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Carbohydrate, forward slash, Glucides in bold followed by 34 and a lowercase g. Indented on the next line is Fibre, forward slash, Fibres, followed by 3 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is 11 followed by a percent symbol. Indented on the next line is Sugars, forward slash, Sucres, followed by 1 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is 1 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the sugars information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Protein, forward slash, Protéines in bold followed by 20 and a lowercase g. There is a thin rule under the protein information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Cholesterol, forward slash, Cholestérol in bold followed by 35 and mg in lowercase. There is a thin rule under the cholesterol information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Sodium in bold followed by 580 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line in a red box is 25 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the sodium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Potassium followed by 75 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 2 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the potassium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Calcium followed by 225 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 17 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule below the calcium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Iron, forward slash, Fer followed by 3.5 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 19 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the iron information that spans the width of the Nutrition Facts table.

The next two lines is the percent Daily Value footnote that was referred to at the beginning of the table description. The footnote starts with an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol or less is a little, 15 percent symbol or more is a lot and on the second line is an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol ou moins c'est peu, 15 percent symbol ou plus c'est beaucoup. The terms 'a little', 'a lot', 'peu', and 'beaucoup' are in bold. This is the end of the Nutrition Facts table.

Example C – the food requires preparation and only has a reference amount for its prepared form

This example illustrates a scenario in which the prepackaged product is sold in its unprepared form. In other words, it either needs to be reconstituted with water (or other liquid) or combined with another ingredient and it has only a reference amount for its prepared form in the Table of Reference Amounts.

Consider hot chocolate mix sold in a canister. The serving of stated size (serving size) declared in the Nutrition Facts Table (NFt) is 2 tbsp. (25 g), since this is the quantity required to prepare a reference amount of 250 mL. These instructions describe the steps to follow to determine whether the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium meets or exceeds the applicable threshold and therefore, triggers the need to display the front-of-package (FOP) nutrition symbol (the symbol) on the label.

Figure A1.5. NFt for powdered hot chocolate mix
Figure a1.5
Figure A1.5 - Text description

This figure shows a Nutrition Facts table. Left justified at the top of the table is the heading Nutrition Facts and stacked below it is the heading Valeur nutritive. Both are in bold. The next line is Per 2 tbsp open parenthesis 25 g close parenthesis. The next line is pour 2 c. à soupe open parenthesis 25 g close parenthesis. There is a thin rule below pour 2 c. à soupe open parenthesis 25 g close parenthesis that spans the width of the table. The next line is Calories in bold followed by 100, also in bold. Right justified on the same line is the subheading percent symbol Daily Value in bold. Stacked under this is percent symbol valeur quotidienne. Both Percent Daily Value and percent valeur quotidienne are followed by an asterisk that refers to a footnote at the bottom of the Nutrition Facts table. There is a thick rule under Calories that ends after the 100; it does not span the width of the table.

Left justified on the next line is Fat, forward slash, Lipides in bold followed by 2 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is 3 followed by a percent symbol. Indented on the next line is Saturated, forward slash, saturés followed by 1.5 and a lowercase g. Indented on the next line is a plus symbol followed by Trans, forward slash, trans followed by 0 and a lowercase g. Right justified and vertically centered against the saturated and trans information on the left is 8 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule below the trans information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Carbohydrate, forward slash, Glucides in bold followed by 20 and a lowercase g. Indented on the next line is Fibre, forward slash, Fibres, followed by 1 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is 4 followed by a percent symbol. Indented on the next line is Sugars, forward slash, Sucres, followed by 17 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is 17 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the sugars information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Protein, forward slash, Protéines in bold followed by 1 and a lowercase g. There is a thin rule under the protein information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Cholesterol, forward slash, Cholestérol in bold followed by 0 and mg in lowercase. There is a thin rule under the cholesterol information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Sodium in bold followed by 115 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 5 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the sodium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Potassium followed by 175 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 4 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the potassium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Calcium followed by 40 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 3 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule below the calcium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Iron, forward slash, Fer followed by 0.75 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 4 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the iron information that spans the width of the Nutrition Facts table.

The next two lines is the percent Daily Value footnote that was referred to at the beginning of the table description. The footnote starts with an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol or less is a little, 15 percent symbol or more is a lot and on the second line is an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol ou moins c'est peu, 15 percent symbol ou plus c'est beaucoup. The terms 'a little', 'a lot', 'peu', and 'beaucoup' are in bold. This is the end of the Nutrition Facts table.

  1. Identify for whom the product is intended.
    Determine which of the following 2 categories applies to the food:
    • A food intended solely for children one year of age or older, but less than four years of age (children one to four years only).
    • A food intended for children one year of age or older, but less than four years of age or for children four years of age or older and adults (children and/or adults).
      • In this example, the product is intended for children and/or adults. Therefore, the thresholds in columns 2 to 4 of the table to section B.01.350 (Thresholds Requiring a Nutrition Symbol) apply.
  2. Identify the quantity of food that must be used to assess the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium content against the symbol threshold.
    1. Consult the Table of Reference Amounts to identify the amount applicable to the product
      • The reference amount for hot chocolate mix is 250 mL prepared; it is set out in Item B.5, Column 2, of the Table of Reference Amounts.
    2. Compare the product's reference amount and the serving size declared in the NFt. The regulations prescribe the use of the larger quantity between serving size and reference amount as the base quantity when assessing the nutrient content against the threshold. This is the default requirement. However, there is one exception to this general rule. For prepackaged products that must be reconstituted with water (or other liquid) or prepared with an additional ingredient and that only have a reference amount for their prepared form, the serving size of the products as sold must be used as the basis when assessing the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium against the applicable % DV threshold. This exception applies to foods such as powdered hot chocolate mix, liquid non-alcoholic drink mix, cake mix and macaroni and cheese dinner mix.
      • In this example, the product is sold unprepared and has only a reference amount of 250 mL for its prepared form. Therefore, the serving size of 2 tbsp. (25 g) of the unprepared product is the base quantity that must be used for the assessment.
  3. Identify the applicable % Daily Value (% DV) threshold.
    Determine in which of the following classes the product belongs:
    • Prepackaged products with a reference amount ≤ 30 g or 30 mL: threshold of ≥ 10% DV
    • Prepackaged products with a reference amount > 30 g or 30 mL other than main dishes: threshold of ≥ 15% DV
    • Prepackaged main dishes with a reference amount ≥ 170 g (when intended solely for children one to four years) or ≥ 200 g (when intended for children and/or adults): threshold of ≥ 30% DVX
      • In this example, the applicable % DV threshold is determined according to the serving size of the unprepared product rather than the reference amount of the prepared form. Therefore, the applicable threshold is ≥ 10% DV given that hot chocolate mix has a serving size ≤ 30 g or 30 mL.
  4. Determine whether the amount of saturated fat, sugars or sodium in the base quantity of the food meets or exceeds the threshold.
    Compare the % DV of saturated fat, sugars and sodium declared in the NFt and the applicable % DV threshold identified in Step 3. If the % DV declared in the NFt for one or more of the nutrients is equal to or greater than the % DV threshold, a symbol for the nutrient or nutrients is required.
    • In this example, only the % DV for sugars declared in the NFt is equal to or greater than the 10% DV threshold. Therefore, the label must carry a symbol for "high in sugars".
      • See the Presentation section for more information on the symbol location and presentation requirements.
Figure A1.6. Powdered hot chocolate mix that requires a symbol for "high in sugars". The nutrient content per serving size was assessed against the thresholds because the product is sold unprepared and has only a reference amount for the prepared form.
Figure a1.2.
Figure a1.2.Figure 6.1.b
Figure A1.6 - Text description

This figure shows a container of hot chocolate mix with an orange lid. The front surface is shaded grey. There is a horizontal nutrition symbol in the top right corner of the surface that identifies the food as high in sugars. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first and third bars are white, are outlined by a thin black line and contain no words. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" followed by a forward slash and the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

To the right of the container of hot chocolate mix, is a Nutrition Facts table. Left justified at the top of the table is the heading Nutrition Facts and stacked below it is the heading Valeur nutritive. Both are in bold. The next line is Per 2 tbsp open parenthesis 25 g close parenthesis. The next line is pour 2 c. à soupe open parenthesis 25 g close parenthesis. A red box surrounds these two lines of text. There is a thin rule below pour 2 c. à soupe open parenthesis 25 g close parenthesis that spans the width of the table. The next line is Calories in bold followed by 100, also in bold. Right justified on the same line is the subheading percent symbol Daily Value in bold. Stacked under this is percent symbol valeur quotidienne. Both Percent Daily Value and percent valeur quotidienne are followed by an asterisk that refers to a footnote at the bottom of the Nutrition Facts table. There is a thick rule under Calories that ends after the 100; it does not span the width of the table.

Left justified on the next line is Fat, forward slash, Lipides in bold followed by 2 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is 3 followed by a percent symbol. Indented on the next line is Saturated, forward slash, saturés followed by 1.5 and a lowercase g. Indented on the next line is a plus symbol followed by Trans, forward slash, trans followed by 0 and a lowercase g. Right justified and vertically centered against the saturated and trans information on the left is 8 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule below the trans information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Carbohydrate, forward slash, Glucides in bold followed by 20 and a lowercase g. Indented on the next line is Fibre, forward slash, Fibres, followed by 1 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is 4 followed by a percent symbol. Indented on the next line is Sugars, forward slash, Sucres, followed by 17 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line in a red box is 17 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the sugars information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Protein, forward slash, Protéines in bold followed by 1 and a lowercase g. There is a thin rule under the protein information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Cholesterol, forward slash, Cholestérol in bold followed by 0 and mg in lowercase. There is a thin rule under the cholesterol information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Sodium in bold followed by 115 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 5 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the sodium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Potassium followed by 175 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 4 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the potassium information that spans the width of the table. The next line is Calcium followed by 40 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 3 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule below the calcium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Iron, forward slash, Fer followed by 0.75 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 4 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the iron information that spans the width of the Nutrition Facts table.

The next two lines is the percent Daily Value footnote that was referred to at the beginning of the table description. The footnote starts with an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol or less is a little, 15 percent symbol or more is a lot and on the second line is an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol ou moins c'est peu, 15 percent symbol ou plus c'est beaucoup. The terms 'a little', 'a lot', 'peu', and 'beaucoup' are in bold. This is the end of the Nutrition Facts table.

Example D – the serving size is greater than the reference amount and the product is intended solely for children one to four years of age

This example illustrates a scenario in which the serving of stated size (serving size) declared in the Nutrition Facts table (NFt) is larger than the reference amount set out for the food in the Table of Reference Amounts and the food is intended to be consumed by young children only.

Consider toddler biscuits sold in a box. The serving size declared in the NFt is 1 biscuit (10 g). These instructions describe the steps to follow to determine whether the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium meets or exceeds the applicable threshold and therefore, triggers the need to display the front-of-package (FOP) nutrition symbol (the symbol) on the label.

Figure A1.7. NFt for toddler biscuits
Figure a1.7
Figure A1.7 - Text description

This figure shows a Nutrition Facts table. Left justified at the top of the table is the heading Nutrition Facts and stacked below it is the heading Valeur nutritive. Both are in bold. The next line is Per 1 biscuit open parenthesis 10 g close parenthesis. The next line is pour 1 biscuit open parenthesis 10 g close parenthesis. There is a thin rule below pour 1 biscuit open parenthesis 10 g close parenthesis that spans the width of the table. The next line is Calories in bold followed by 40, also in bold. Right justified on the same line is the subheading percent symbol Daily Value in bold. Stacked under this is percent symbol valeur quotidienne. Both Percent Daily Value and percent valeur quotidienne are followed by an asterisk that refers to a footnote at the bottom of the Nutrition Facts table. There is a thick rule under Calories that ends after the 40; it does not span the width of the table.

Left justified on the next line is Fat, forward slash, Lipides in bold followed by 1.5 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is 3 followed by a percent symbol. Indented on the next line is Saturated, forward slash, saturés followed by 0 and a lowercase g. Indented on the next line is a plus symbol followed by Trans, forward slash, trans followed by 0 and a lowercase g. Right justified and vertically centered against the saturated and trans information on the left is 0 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule below the trans information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Carbohydrate, forward slash, Glucides in bold followed by 7 and a lowercase g. Indented on the next line is Fibre, forward slash, Fibres, followed by 0 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is 0 followed by a percent symbol. Indented on the next line is Sugars, forward slash, Sucres, followed by 3 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is 6 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the sugars information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Protein, forward slash, Protéines in bold followed by 0 and a lowercase g. There is a thin rule under the protein information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Cholesterol, forward slash, Cholestérol in bold followed by 0 and mg in lowercase. There is a thin rule under the cholesterol information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Sodium in bold followed by 35 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 2 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the sodium information that spans the width of the table. The next line is Potassium followed by 20 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 1 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the potassium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Calcium followed by 75 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 11 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule below the calcium information that spans the width of the table. The next line is Iron, forward slash, Fer followed by 1 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 14 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the iron information that spans the width of the Nutrition Facts table.

The next two lines is the percent Daily Value footnote that was referred to at the beginning of the table description. The footnote starts with an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol or less is a little, 15 percent symbol or more is a lot and on the second line is an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol ou moins c'est peu, 15 percent symbol ou plus c'est beaucoup. The terms 'a little', 'a lot', 'peu', and 'beaucoup' are in bold. This is the end of the Nutrition Facts table.

  1. Identify for whom the product is intended.
    Determine which of the following 2 categories applies to the food:
    • A food intended solely for children one year of age or older, but less than four years of age (children one to four years only).
    • A food intended for children one year of age or older, but less than four years of age or for children four years of age or older and adults (children and/or adults).
      • In this example, the product is intended for children one to four years only. Therefore, the thresholds in columns 5 to 7 of the table to section B.01.350 (Thresholds Requiring a Nutrition Symbol) apply.
  2. Identify the quantity of food that must be used to assess the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium against the symbol threshold.
    1. Consult the Table of Reference Amounts to identify the amount applicable to the product.
      • The reference amount for biscuits for children under four years of age is 7 g; it is set out in Item W.3, Column 2, of the Table of Reference Amounts.
    2. Compare the product's reference amount and the serving size declared in the NFt. The larger quantity must be used as the base quantity for the nutrient content assessment.
      • In this example, the serving size (10 g) is greater than the reference amount. Therefore, the serving size is the base quantity that must be used for the assessment.
  3. Identify the applicable % Daily Value (% DV) threshold.
    Determine in which of the following classes the product belongs:
    • Prepackaged products with a reference amount ≤ 30 g or 30 mL: threshold of ≥ 10% DV
    • Prepackaged products with a reference amount > 30 g or 30 mL other than main dishes: threshold of ≥ 15% DV
    • Prepackaged main dishes with a reference amount ≥ 170 g (when intended solely for children one to four years) or ≥ 200 g (when intended for children and/or adults): threshold of ≥ 30% DV
      • In this example, the applicable threshold is ≥ 10% DV given that the biscuits have a reference amount ≤ 30 g or 30 mL.
  4. Determine whether the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium in the base quantity of the food meets or exceeds the threshold.
    Compare the % DV for saturated fat, sugars and sodium declared in the NFt and the applicable % DV threshold identified in Step 3. If the % DV declared in the NFt for one or more of the nutrients is equal to or greater than the % DV threshold, a symbol for the nutrient or nutrients is required.
    • In this example, the % DV for all three nutrients are below the threshold. Therefore, no symbol is required on the label.

Example E – the serving size and reference amount are equal and the food has a reference amount ≤ 30 g or 30 mL

This example illustrates a scenario in which the serving of stated size (serving size) declared in the Nutrition Facts table (NFt) is equal to the reference amount for the food in the Table of Reference Amounts and the food has a reference amount of ≤ 30 mL.

Consider soy sauce sold in a bottle. The serving size declared in the NFt is 1 tbsp. (15 mL). These instructions describe the steps to follow to determine whether the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium meets or exceeds the applicable threshold and therefore, triggers the need to display the front-of-package (FOP) nutrition symbol (the symbol) on the label.

Figure A1.8. NFt for soy sauce
Figure a1.8
Figure A1.8 - Text description

This figure shows a Nutrition Facts table. Left justified at the top of the table is the heading Nutrition Facts and stacked below it is the heading Valeur nutritive. Both are in bold. The next line is Per 1 tbsp open parenthesis 15 mL close parenthesis. The next line is pour 1 c. à soupe open parenthesis 15 mL close parenthesis. There is a thin rule below pour 1 c. à soupe open parenthesis 15 mL close parenthesis that spans the width of the table. The next line is Calories in bold followed by 10, also in bold. Right justified on the same line is the subheading percent symbol Daily Value in bold. Stacked under this is percent symbol valeur quotidienne. Both Percent Daily Value and percent valeur quotidienne are followed by an asterisk that refers to a footnote at the bottom of the Nutrition Facts table. There is a thick rule under Calories that ends after the 10; it does not span the width of the table.

Left justified on the next line is Fat, forward slash, Lipides in bold followed by 0 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is 0 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the fat information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Carbohydrate, forward slash, Glucides in bold followed by 1 and a lowercase g. There is a thin rule under the carbohydrate information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Protein, forward slash, Protéines in bold followed by 1 and a lowercase g. There is a thin rule under the protein information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Sodium in bold followed by 1160 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 50 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the sodium information that spans the width of the table. The next line is Potassium followed by 75 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 2 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the potassium information that spans the width of the table.

The next two lines are the English footnote: Not a significant source of saturated fat, trans fat, fibre, sugars, cholesterol, calcium and iron. There is a thin rule below this footnote. The next two lines are the French footnote: Source négligeable de lipides saturés, lipides trans, fibres, sucres, cholestérol, calcium et fer. There is a thin rule below this footnote.

The next two lines is the percent Daily Value footnote that was referred to at the beginning of the table description. The footnote starts with an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol or less is a little, 15 percent symbol or more is a lot and on the second line is an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol ou moins c'est peu, 15 percent symbol ou plus c'est beaucoup. The terms 'a little', 'a lot', 'peu', and 'beaucoup' are in bold. This is the end of the Nutrition Facts table.

  1. Identify for whom the product is intended.
    Determine which of the following 2 categories applies to the food:
    • A food intended solely for children one year of age or older, but less than four years of age (children one to four years only).
    • A food intended for children one year of age or older, but less than four years of age or for children four years of age or older and adults (children and/or adults).
      • In this example, the product is intended for children and/or adults. Therefore, the thresholds in columns 2 to 4 of the table to section B.01.350 (Thresholds Requiring a Nutrition Symbol) apply.
  2. Identify the quantity of food that must be used to assess the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium against the symbol threshold.
    1. Consult the Table of Reference Amounts to identify the amount applicable to the product.
      • The reference amount for soy sauce is 15 mL; it is set out in Item R.5, Column 2, of the Table of Reference Amounts.
    2. Compare the product's reference amount and the serving size declared in the NFt. The larger quantity must be used as the base quantity for the nutrient content assessment.
      • In this example, the serving size and reference amount are equal. Therefore, the serving size can be used as the base quantity for the assessment.
  3. Identify the applicable % Daily Value (% DV) threshold.
    Determine in which of the following classes the product belongs:
    • Prepackaged products with a reference amount ≤ 30 g or 30 mL: threshold of ≥ 10% DV
    • Prepackaged products with a reference amount > 30 g or 30 mL other than main dishes: threshold of ≥ 15% DV
    • Prepackaged main dishes with a reference amount ≥ 170 g (when intended solely for children one to four years) or ≥ 200 g (when intended for children and/or adults): threshold of ≥ 30% DV
      • In this example, the applicable threshold is ≥ 10% DV given that soy sauce has a reference amount ≤ 30 g or 30 mL.
  4. Determine whether the amount of saturated fat, sugars and/or sodium in the base quantity meets or exceeds the threshold.
    Compare the % DV for saturated fat, sugars and sodium declared in the NFt and the applicable % DV threshold identified in Step 3. If the % DV declared in the NFt for one or more of the nutrients is equal to or greater than the % DV threshold, a symbol for the nutrient or nutrients is required.
    • In this example, only the % DV for sodium declared in the NFt (50%) is equal to or greater than the 10% DV threshold. Therefore, the label must carry a symbol for "high in sodium".
    • See the Presentation section for more information on the symbol location and presentation requirements.
Figure A1.9. Soy sauce that requires a symbol for "high in sodium". The nutrient content per serving size was assessed against the thresholds because the serving size declared in the NFt is the same as the reference amount for the product.
Figure a1.9
Figure A1.9 - Text description

This figure shows a white cylindrical bottle of soy sauce with an orange wrapper around the lid. Covering the bottom third of the front surface is a label shaded in grey. There is a horizontal nutrition symbol in the top right corner of the label that identifies the product as high in sodium. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first and second bars are white, are outlined by a thin black line and contain no words. The third bar is black and contains the word "Sodium" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

To the right of the bottle of soy sauce is a Nutrition Facts table. Left justified at the top of the table is the heading Nutrition Facts and stacked below it is the heading Valeur nutritive. Both are in bold. The next line is Per 1 tbsp open parenthesis 15 mL close parenthesis. The next line is pour 1 c. à soupe open parenthesis 15 mL close parenthesis. A red box surrounds these two lines of text. There is a thin rule below pour 1 c. à soupe open parenthesis 15 mL close parenthesis that spans the width of the table. The next line is Calories in bold followed by 10, also in bold. Right justified on the same line is the subheading percent symbol Daily Value in bold. Stacked under this is percent symbol valeur quotidienne. Both Percent Daily Value and percent valeur quotidienne are followed by an asterisk that refers to a footnote at the bottom of the Nutrition Facts table. There is a thick rule under Calories that ends after the 10; it does not span the width of the table.

Left justified on the next line is Fat, forward slash, Lipides in bold followed by 0 and a lowercase g. Right justified on the same line is 0 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the fat information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Carbohydrate, forward slash, Glucides in bold followed by 1 and a lowercase g. There is a thin rule under the carbohydrate information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Protein, forward slash, Protéines in bold followed by 1 and a lowercase g. There is a thin rule under the protein information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Sodium in bold followed by 1160 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line in a red box is 50 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thick rule under the sodium information that spans the width of the table.

The next line is Potassium followed by 75 and mg in lowercase. Right justified on the same line is 2 followed by a percent symbol. There is a thin rule under the potassium information that spans the width of the table.

The next two lines are the English footnote: Not a significant source of saturated fat, trans fat, fibre, sugars, cholesterol, calcium and iron. There is a thin rule below this footnote. The next two lines are the French footnote: Source négligeable de lipides saturés, lipides trans, fibres, sucres, cholestérol, calcium et fer. There is a thin rule below this footnote.

The next two lines is the percent Daily Value footnote that was referred to at the beginning of the table description. The footnote starts with an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol or less is a little, 15 percent symbol or more is a lot and on the second line is an asterisk followed by the statement: 5 percent symbol ou moins c'est peu, 15 percent symbol ou plus c'est beaucoup. The terms 'a little', 'a lot', 'peu', and 'beaucoup' are in bold. This is the end of the Nutrition Facts table.

Appendix 2: Steps for choosing a FOP nutrition symbol format

These instructions describe steps to follow to identify the FOP nutrition symbol (the symbol) format required on the label of different prepackaged products.

Example A: general rules of application for symbol presentation

Example B: required use of a vertical symbol

Example A – general rules of application for symbol presentation

This example illustrates a typical scenario in which the general rules of application apply.

Consider a box of granola-type breakfast cereal, for which it has been determined that the saturated fat and sugars content exceeds the thresholds (see the Thresholds section for more information). Therefore, a symbol must appear on the label to indicate that the cereal is "high in" these two nutrients.

These instructions describe the steps to follow to identify the symbol format required on the label.

  1. Identify the product's principal display surface (PDS).
    Refer to the PDS definition to determine which surface of the package is considered the PDS.
    • The front panel of the box of cereal is displayed under normal conditions of sale. Therefore, it is considered the PDS. In this example, the package is labelled in English on one of the two large panels. It is labelled in French on the other large panel. Either one of the larger panels could be considered the PDS. Both are included in this example.
  2. Calculate the PDS (size).
    • The PDS is equal to 721 cm2. The PDS is crosshatched on both large panels of the cereal box in Figure A2.1.
      Figure A2.1. Unilingual English and unilingual French PDS of the box of cereal
      Figure A2.1
      Figure A2.1 - Text description

      This figure shows two rectangular boxes of cereal with a unilingual front panel, one in English and one in French. The front panels are crosshatched to identify it as the Principal Display Surface or PDS. The PDS has a total surface area of 721 cm2.

      Did you know? The size of the symbol is proportional to the PDS. In most cases, the larger the PDS the larger the symbol on the label.
  3. Identify the product's principal display panel (PDP).
    Refer to the PDP definition to determine which part of the label is considered the PDP. The dimensions of the PDP determine where to place the symbol and validate which symbol orientation must be used.
    • In this example, the PDP of the box of cereal is the same part of the label as the PDS. The PDP is shaded on both large panels of the cereal box in Figure A2.2. The shading overlaps with the crosshatching used to identify the PDS because the areas are the same part of the label.
      Figure A2.2. Unilingual English and unilingual French PDS and PDP of the box of cereal
      Figure a2.2
      Figure A2.2 - Text description

      This figure shows two rectangular boxes of cereal with a unilingual front panel, one in English and one in French. The front panels are crosshatched to identify them as the Principal Display Surface or PDS. They are also shaded grey to identify them as the Principal Display Panel or PDP. This means the PDS and PDP both have a total surface area of 721 cm2.

      Did you know? The symbol must appear on the PDP.
  4. Consult the table to section B.01.352 of the Food and Drug Regulations (FDR) (Nutrition Symbols and Formats table) to identify the symbol format that must appear on the label.
    1. Refer to Column 1 (Range of principal display surface) to determine whether the PDS calculated in Step 2 corresponds to Item 1 (> 30 cm2) or Item 2 (≤ 30 cm2).
      • The PDS of 721 cm2corresponds to Item 1 (> 30 cm2).
    2. Within that item, refer to Column 2 (Nutrients that meet or exceed threshold […]) to find the "high in" nutrient combination that applies to the product.
      • The cereal is "high in sat fat" and "high in sugars". Therefore, the applicable combination is Saturated fat (Sat fat) and sugars.
    3. Choose a language option (unilingual or bilingual) to determine which column sets out the applicable format: Column 3, 4, 5 or 6.
      • In this example, unilingual symbols are the language option used. This narrows down the relevant columns to Column 3 (Nutrition symbol in unilingual horizontal format) or 4 (Nutrition symbol in unilingual vertical format).
    4. Validate the symbol orientation (horizontal or vertical).
      The regulations set out the horizontal format as the default orientation. The vertical format is required only if the product has a PDS ≤ 450 cm2 and the horizontal format that would otherwise need to be used on the label is wider than the PDP (see the Presentation section for more information).
      • In this example, the PDS is larger than 450 cm2, therefore vertical symbols are not permitted. Horizontal symbols must be used. This eliminates Column 4 and means that the applicable symbol format is set out in Column 3 (Nutrition symbol in unilingual horizontal format).
    5. Identify the symbol format that must appear on the label.
      Given that:
      • the PDS falls within Item 1 of the table to B.01.352 of the FDR
      • the cereal is "high in sat fat" and "high in sugars"
      • the language option chosen is unilingual and
      • the default horizontal orientation applies
      symbol formats 2(EH) and 2(FH) set out in Column 3 must be displayed on the English label and French label, respectively. Refer to Schedule K.1 of the FDR to see an image of these two formats.
      Table A2.1. Excerpt from the table to section B.01.352 of the FDR
      Item Column 1
      Range of principal display surface
      Column 2
      Nutrients that meet or exceed threshold in subsection B.01.350(1)
      Column 3
      Nutrition symbol in unilingual horizontal format
      Column 4
      Nutrition symbol in unilingual vertical format
      Column 5
      Nutrition symbol in bilingual horizontal format
      Column 6
      Nutrition symbol in bilingual vertical format
      1 > 30 cm2 Saturated fat (Sat fat), sugars and sodium 1(EH) and 1(FH) 1(EV) and 1(FV) 1(BH) 1(BV)
          Saturated fat (Sat fat) and sugars 2(EH) and 2(FH) 2(EV) and 2(FV) 2(BH) 2(BV)
  5. Consult the Compendium of Nutrition Symbol Formats and associated graphic files to find the symbol that must appear on the label (refer to section 6.8 for how to obtain these documents).
    1. Refer to the Table of Contents to identify the section with the language and symbol orientation that matches the symbol formats identified in Step 4.
      • In this example, the applicable section is Unilingual Horizontal Format.
    2. Within that section, find the relevant PDS range.
      • In this example, the relevant range is > 600 cm2.
    3. Within that PDS range, find the symbol with the nutrient combination that applies to the product.
      • In this example, the relevant symbols are Figures 1.2(EH) and 1.2(FH).
    4. Find the appropriate.EPS graphic files in the package.
    Did you know? Different naming conventions are used to identify a given symbol format in the regulations and in the Compendium of Nutrition Symbol Formats. Appendix A in the Compendium shows how these different conventions align.
  6. Determine where to place the symbol on the label.
    Compare the height and width of the PDP to determine whether the symbol must appear in the upper half (50%) or in the right half (50%) of the PDP.
    • In this example, the height of the PDP is greater than the width. Therefore, the symbol must be placed in the upper half (50%) of the PDP (see the Presentation section for more information).
  7. Consult the Directory of Nutrition Symbol Specifications to determine the dimension of the buffer surrounding the symbols.
    There must be a buffer zone around the symbol without any text or other graphic material.
    1. Refer to the Table of Contents to identify the table with the language and symbol orientation that matches the symbol formats identified in Step 4.
      • In this example, the relevant table is Table 1 - Unilingual Horizontal Format.
    2. Within that table, refer to Column 1 to identify the relevant PDS range.
      • In this example, the relevant PDS range is > 600 cm2.
    3. Within that PDS range, refer to Column 4 to identify the minimum buffer dimension required.
      • In this example, the minimum buffer dimension is 2.7 mm.

Table A2.2. Excerpt of Table 1 from the Directory of Nutrition Symbol Specifications of the FDR

TABLE 1
Unilingual Horizontal Format
Table A2.2. Excerpt of Table 1 from the Directory of Nutrition Symbol Specifications of the FDR
Item COLUMN 1
Range of principal display surface
COLUMN 2
Nutrition symbol in Schedule K.1 of the Food and Drug Regulations
COLUMN 3
Nutrition symbol dimensions
(width x height)
COLUMN 4
Minimum buffer surrounding the nutrition symbol
COLUMN 5
Height of upper case letters or tallest ascender of lower case letters
(except for the words Health Canada / Santé Canada)
COLUMN 6
Height of upper case letters or tallest ascender of lower case letters for the words Health Canada / Santé Canada
COLUMN 7
"x" height of letters
(except for the words Health Canada / Santé Canada)
COLUMN 8
"x" height of letters for the words Health Canada / Santé Canada
COLUMN 9
Height of the black / white bars
COLUMN 10
Diameter of the lens of the magnifying glass
1 > 600 cm2 1(EH) and 1(FH)
2(EH) and 2(FH)
3(EH) and 3(FH)
4(EH) and 4(FH)
5(EH) and 5(FH)
6(EH) and 6(FH)
7(EH) and 7(FH)
4.42 cm x 3.30 cm 2.7 mm 3.5 mm 3.0 mm 2.7 mm 2.3 mm 6.2 mm 17.3 mm
Figure A2.3. Box of cereal with an English and a French unilingual FOP nutrition symbol for "high in sat fat and sugars" displayed on the label in the corresponding language
Figure a2.3
Figure A2.3 - Text description

This figure shows two rectangular boxes of cereal with a unilingual front panel, one in English and one in French. The front panels are crosshatched to identify them as the Principal Display Surface or PDS. They are also shaded grey to identify them as the Principal Display Panel or PDP. This means the PDS and PDP both have a total surface area of 721 cm2. The PDP is divided in half horizontally by a red dashed line. The top half is identified with the statement "Upper 50% of PDP".

On the English front panel, there is a horizontal nutrition symbol in the top right corner of the PDP that identifies the food as high in saturated fat and sugars. This symbol is in English only. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is the heading "High in" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the first word is in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is black and contains the words "Sat fat" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the first word is in upper case. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. The third bar is white, is outlined by a thin black line and contains no words. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

This symbol is identified as Figure 1.2(EH). There is a red dashed rectangular box around the nutrition symbol at a slight distance from it. That area is identified as Minimum buffer 2.7 mm.

On the French front panel, there is a horizontal nutrition symbol in the top right corner of the PDP that identifies the food as high in saturated fat and sugars. This symbol is in French only. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is the heading "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the first word is in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first bar is black and contains the words "Gras sat." in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the first word is in upper case. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter is in upper case. The third bar is white, is outlined by a thin black line and contains no words. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

This symbol is identified as Figure 1.2(FH). There is a red dashed rectangular box around the nutrition symbol at a slight distance from it. That area is identified as Minimum buffer 2.7 mm.

Example B – required use of a vertical symbol

This example illustrates a scenario where the use of a vertical symbol is assessed and determined to be required.

Consider a bottle of juice for which it has been determined that the sugars content exceeds the threshold (see the Thresholds section for more information). Therefore, a symbol must appear on the label to indicate that the juice is "high in sugars".

These instructions describe the steps to follow to identify the symbol format required on the label.

  1. Identify the product's principal display surface (PDS).
    Refer to the PDS definition to determine which surface of the package is considered the PDS.
    • The entire front of the bottle is displayed under normal conditions of sale. Therefore, it is considered the PDS.
  2. Calculate the PDS (size).
    • The PDS is equal to 158 cm2. The PDS is crosshatched on the juice bottle in Figure A2.4.
      Figure A2.4. PDS of the bottle of juice
      Figure a2.4
      Figure A2.4 - Text description

      This figure shows a white juice bottle with an orange cap. The front surface, including the cap, is crosshatched to identify it as the Principal Display Surface or PDS. The PDS has a total surface area of 158 cm2. Centered on the bottle is a thin black line that creates the outline of a rectangular label.

  3. Identify the product's principal display panel (PDP).
    Refer to the PDP definition to determine which part of the label is considered the PDP. The dimensions of the PDP determine where to place the symbol and validate which symbol orientation must be used.
    • In this example, the PDP of the bottle is the part of the label that is applied to the PDS. The PDP is shaded on the bottle of juice in Figure A2.5. The shading overlaps with the crosshatching used to identify the PDS because the PDP covers a portion of the PDS.
      Figure A2.5. PDS and PDP of the bottle of juice
      Figure a2.5
      Figure A2.5 - Text description

      This figure shows a white juice bottle with an orange cap. The front surface, including the cap, is crosshatched to identify it as the Principal Display Surface or PDS. The PDS has a total surface area of 158 cm2. Centered on the PDS is a rectangular label that is crosshatched and shaded grey. This identifies it as the Principal Display Panel or PDP.

  4. Consult the table to section B.01.352 of the Food and Drug Regulations (FDR) (Nutrition Symbols and Formats table) to identify the applicable nutrition symbol format.
    1. Refer to Column 1 (Range of principal display surface) to determine whether the PDS calculated in Step 2 corresponds to Item 1 (> 30 cm2) or Item 2 (≤ 30 cm2).
      • The PDS of 200 cm2 corresponds to Item 1 (> 30 cm2).
    2. Within that item, refer to Column 2 (Nutrients that meet or exceed threshold […]) to find the "high in" nutrient combination that applies to the product.
      • The juice is "high in sugars". Therefore, the applicable combination in Column 2 is Sugars.
    3. Choose a language option (unilingual or bilingual) to determine which column sets out the applicable format: Column 3, 4, 5 or 6.
      • In this example, a bilingual symbol (with English text shown first) is used as the language option. This narrows down the relevant columns to Column 5 (Nutrition symbol in bilingual horizontal format) or 6 (Nutrition symbol in bilingual vertical format).
    4. Validate the symbol orientation (horizontal or vertical).
      The regulations set out the horizontal format as the default orientation. The vertical format is required only if the product has a PDS ≤ 450 cm2 and the horizontal format that would otherwise need to be used on the label is wider than the PDP (see the Presentation section for more information).
      • The PDS of this product is < 450 cm2, therefore it is relevant to compare the width of the horizontal symbol and the width of the PDP to determine whether a vertical symbol must be used.
    5. First, identify the symbol format in the default horizontal orientation.
      Given that:
      • the PDS falls within Item 1 of the table to B.01.352 of the FDR
      • the juice is "high in sugars" and
      • the language option chosen is bilingual
      symbol format 6(BH) set out in Column 5 is the format in the default horizontal orientation.
      Table A2.3. Excerpt from the table to section B.01.352 of the FDR
      Item Column 1
      Range of principal display surface
      Column 2
      Nutrients that meet or exceed threshold in subsection B.01.350(1)
      Column 3
      Nutrition symbol in unilingual horizontal format
      Column 4
      Nutrition symbol in unilingual vertical format
      Column 5
      Nutrition symbol in bilingual horizontal format
      Column 6
      Nutrition symbol in bilingual vertical format
      1 > 30 cm2 Saturated fat (Sat fat), sugars and sodium 1(EH) and 1(FH) 1(EV) and 1(FV) 1(BH) 1(BV)
          Sugars 6(EH) and 6(FH) 6(EV) and 6(FV) 6(BH) 6(BV)
    6. Next, consult the Directory of Nutrition Symbol Specifications to find the width of the horizontal symbol. Refer to the Table of Contents to identify the table with the applicable language option in the horizontal orientation.
      • In this example, the language option is bilingual. Therefore, the relevant table is Table 3 - Bilingual Horizontal Format.
    7. Within that table, refer to Column 1 to identify the relevant PDS range.
      • In this example, the relevant PDS range is > 100 cm2 to ≤ 250 cm2.
    8. Within that PDS range, refer to Column 3 to find the width of the symbol in the default horizontal orientation.
      • In this example, the width of the horizontal symbol (that is, format 6(BH)) is 3.60 cm.

      Table A2.4. Excerpt of Table 3 from the Directory of Nutrition Symbol Specifications of the FDR

      TABLE 3
      Bilingual Horizontal Format

      Table A2.4. Excerpt of Table 3 from the Directory of Nutrition Symbol Specifications of the FDR
      Item COLUMN 1
      Range of principal display surface
      COLUMN 2
      Nutrition symbol in Schedule K.1 of the Food and Drug Regulations
      COLUMN 3
      Nutrition symbol dimensions
      (width x height)
      COLUMN 4
      Minimum buffer surrounding the nutrition symbol
      COLUMN 5
      Height of upper case letters or tallest ascender of lower case letters
      (except for the words Health Canada / Santé Canada)
      COLUMN 6
      Height of upper case letters or tallest ascender of lower case letters for the words Health Canada / Santé Canada
      COLUMN 7
      "x" height of letters
      (except for the words Health Canada / Santé Canada)
      COLUMN 8
      "x" height of letters for the words Health Canada / Santé Canada
      COLUMN 9
      Height of the black / white bars
      COLUMN 10
      Diameter of the lens of the magnifying glass
      4 > 100 cm2 to ≤ 250 cm2 1(BH)
      2(BH)
      3(BH)
      4(BH)
      5(BH)
      6(BH)
      7(BH)
      3.60 cm x 1.89 cm 1.5 mm 2.0 mm 1.8 mm 1.5 mm 1.3 mm 3.5 mm 9.9 mm
  5. Compare the width of the PDP and the width of the symbol in the default horizontal orientation to determine whether the vertical orientation must be used.
    1. In this example, the width of symbol 6(BH) is greater than the width of the PDP. Therefore, the vertical orientation must be used on the label.
    2. This eliminates Column 5 and means that the vertical symbol format set out in Column 6 (Nutrition symbol in bilingual vertical format) of the table to B.01.352 of the FDR must be used on the label. In this example, the applicable symbol in the vertical orientation is format 6(BV). Refer to Schedule K.1 of the FDR to see an image of this format.
      Figure A2.6. Example where the vertical FOP nutrition symbol is required on the label: PDS is < 450 cm2and the width of horizontal symbol exceeds the width of the PDP
      Figure a2.6
      Figure A2.6 - Text description

      This figure shows two white juice bottles side by side.

      On the left is a white juice bottle with an orange cap. The front surface, including the cap, is crosshatched to identify it as the Principal Display Surface or PDS. The PDS has a total surface area of 158 cm2. Centred on the PDS is a rectangular label that is crosshatched and shaded grey. This identifies it as the Principal Display Panel or PDP.

      There is a horizontal nutrition symbol at the top of the PDP that identifies the juice is high in sugars. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top of the box is a heading composed of the words "High in" followed by a forward slash and the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading is a left-justified black magnifying glass with three bars stacked to its right. There is a small amount of white space between the magnifying glass and the left side of the three bars. This left side forms a concave curve that follows the curvature of the magnifying glass. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between the right side of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first and third bars are white, are outlined by a thin black line and contain no words. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" followed by a forward slash and the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" followed by a forward slash and the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

      This symbol is identified as Format 6(BH). The symbol exceeds the width of the PDP on both sides.

      To the right is a white juice bottle with an orange cap. The front surface, including the cap, is crosshatched to identify it as the Principal Display Surface or PDS. The PDS has a total surface area of 158 cm2. Centred on the PDS is a rectangular label that is crosshatched and shaded grey. This identifies it as the Principal Display Panel or PDP.

      There is a vertical nutrition symbol at the top of the PDP that identifies the juice is high in sugars. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top left of the box is a black magnifying glass. To the right of the magnifying glass is a heading composed of the words "High in" above the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading are three bars that are stacked. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between both ends of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first and third bars are white, are outlined by a thin black line and contain no words. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" above the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" above the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

      This symbol is identified as Format 6(BV). The symbol is more narrow than the PDP.

  6. Consult the Compendium of Nutrition Symbol Formats and associated graphic files to find the symbol that must appear on the label (refer to section 6.8 for how to obtain these documents).
    1. Refer to the Table of Contents to identify the section with the language and symbol orientation that matches the symbol format identified in Step 4.
      • In this example, the applicable section is Bilingual Vertical Format.
    2. Within that section, find the relevant PDS range.
      • In this example, the relevant range is > 100 cm2 to ≤ 250 cm2.
    3. Within that PDS range, find the symbol with the applicable nutrient combination.
      • In this example, the relevant symbol is Figure 4.6(BV).
    4. Find the appropriate.EPS graphic file in the package.
  7. Determine where to place the symbol on the label.
    Compare the height and width of the PDP to determine whether the symbol must appear in the upper half (50%) or in the right half (50%) of the PDP.
    • In this example, the height of the PDP is greater than the width. Therefore, the symbol must be placed in the upper half (50%) of the PDP (see the Presentation section for more information).
  8. Consult the Directory of Nutrition Symbol Specifications to determine the dimension of the buffer surrounding the symbol.
    There must be a buffer zone around the symbol without any text.
    1. Refer to the Table of Contents to identify the table with the language and symbol orientation that matches the symbol format identified in Step 4.
      • In this example, the relevant table is Table 4 - Bilingual Vertical Format.
    2. Within that table, refer to Column 1 to find the relevant PDS range.
      • In this example, the relevant range is > 100 cm2 to ≤ 250 cm2.
    3. Within that PDS range, refer to Column 4 to identify the minimum buffer dimension required.
      • In this example, the minimum buffer dimension required is 1.5 mm.

      Table A2.5. Excerpt of Table 4 from the Directory of Nutrition Symbol Specifications of the Food and Drug Regulations

      TABLE 4
      Bilingual Vertical Format
      Table A2.5. Excerpt of Table 4 from the Directory of Nutrition Symbol Specifications of the Food and Drug Regulations
      Item COLUMN 1
      Range of principal display surface
      COLUMN 2
      Nutrition symbol in Schedule K.1 of the Food and Drug Regulations
      COLUMN 3
      Nutrition symbol dimensions
      (width x height)
      COLUMN 4
      Minimum buffer surrounding the nutrition symbol
      COLUMN 5
      Height of upper case letters or tallest ascender of lower case letters
      (except for the words Health Canada / Santé Canada)
      COLUMN 6
      Height of upper case letters or tallest ascender of lower case letters for the words Health Canada / Santé Canada
      COLUMN 7
      "x" height of letters
      (except for the words Health Canada / Santé Canada)
      COLUMN 8
      "x" height of letters for the words Health Canada / Santé Canada
      COLUMN 9
      Height of the black / white bars
      COLUMN 10
      Diameter of the lens of the magnifying glass
      4 > 100 cm2 to ≤ 250 cm2 1(BV)
      2(BV)
      3(BV)
      4(BV)
      5(BV)
      6(BV)
      7(BV)
      1.75 cm x 3.31 cm 1.5 mm 2.0 mm 1.8 mm 1.5 mm 1.3 mm 6.3 mm 5.0 mm
      Figure A2.7. Bottle of juice with a vertical bilingual FOP nutrition symbol
      Figure a2.7
      Figure A2.7 - Text description

      This figure shows a white juice bottle with an orange cap. The front surface, including the cap, is crosshatched to identify it as the Principal Display Surface or PDS. The PDS has a total surface area of 158 cm2. Centered on the PDS is a rectangular label that is crosshatched and shaded grey. This identifies it as the Principal Display Panel or PDP.

      The PDP is divided in half horizontally by a red dashed line. The top half is identified by the statement "Upper 50% of PDP".

      There is a vertical nutrition symbol in the top half of the PDP that identifies the beverage as high in sugars. This symbol is bilingual, with the English text shown first, followed by the French text. There is a white rectangular box outlined by a thin black line. At the top left of the box is a black magnifying glass. To the right of the magnifying glass is a heading composed of the words "High in" above the words "Élevé en" in black, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of the words "High" and "Élevé" are in upper case. Under the heading are three bars that are stacked. There is a small amount of white space between each bar, as well as between both ends of the bars and the thin black line that outlines the box. The first and third bars are white, are outlined by a thin black line and contain no words. The second bar is black and contains the word "Sugars" above the word "Sucres" in white, bold, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case. Centred at the bottom of the box are the words "Health Canada" above the words "Santé Canada" in black, lower case letters, except that the first letter of each word is in upper case.

      This symbol is identified as Figure 4.6(BV). There is a red dashed rectangular box around the nutrition symbol at a slight distance from it. That area is identified as Minimum buffer 1.5 mm.

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