Officer quick reference guide to occupations

This section contains policy, procedures and guidance used by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada staff. It is posted on the Department’s website as a courtesy to stakeholders.

Use the below table to quickly reference details on occupations.

Occupations list
Occupational group Job title Work permit ESDC LMIA Details
Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) Business visitors Exempt [R186(a)] Not required Activities covered under article 12.4 of the CPTPP
CPTPP Intra-company transferees Required Exempt (T51) Executive, managerial, specialist and management trainees
CPTPP Investors Required Exempt (T50) Those seeking to establish, develop or administer an investment in a capacity that is supervisory or executive or that involves essential skills
CPTPP Professionals and technicians Required Exempt (T52) Those engaged in a specialty professional or technical occupation
CPTPP Spouses Required Exempt (T53) n/a
Accident or incident inspectors (aviation) Aviation accident or incident inspectors Exempt R186(r) Not required Under authority of Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act
Airline personnel Flight crew Exempt R186(s) Not required Foreign-owned and registered aircraft or under wet lease arrangement
Airline personnel Flight crew Required Required Canadian aircraft or dry lease arrangement
Airline personnel Operational, ground & technical personnel Required Exempt (T11) IATA, ICAO, etc.
Airline personnel Station managers Required Exempt (C12) If they qualify as intra-company transferee
Airline personnel Security guards Exempt R186(s) Not required On aircraft
Airline personnel Security guards Required Exempt (C10) At airport
Airline Telecommunication & Information Services (SITA) N/A Required Exempt (T11) N/A
Arts and entertainment occupations Actors, directors, performing artists, technicians, creative personnel Required Required (unless exempt under ‘TV/Film Production’(C14) or ‘Performing Arts’(C23) Canadian film, TV, theatre, and Internet or radio broadcasts
Arts and entertainment occupations Actors, directors, performing artists, technicians, creative personnel Exempt R186(g) Not required Interviewed for TV or radio or benefit show
Arts and entertainment occupations Actors, directors, performing artists, technicians, creative personnel Required Exempt (T11) Film co-production (international/inter-government agreement).Telefilm Canada 1.800.567.0890
Arts and entertainment occupations Adjudicators, artistic field Exempt R186(m) Not required N/A
Arts and entertainment occupations Air show performers Exempt R186(g) Not required N/A
Arts and entertainment occupations American Federation of Musicians (and CFM) Required Exempt (C20) May also qualify under R186(g) or Performing Arts C23
Arts and entertainment occupations Buskers, guest DJs Exempt R186(g) Not required N/A
Arts and entertainment occupations Circus acts and performers (and crew) Exempt R186(g) Not required If in a foreign circus
Arts and entertainment occupations Circus acts and performers (and crew) Required Required If employer is Canadian
Arts and entertainment occupations Circus acts and performers (and crew) Required Exempt (C10) Cirque du Soleil (exception)
Arts and entertainment occupations Conductors Exempt R186(g) Not required If guest conductor with Canadian company
Arts and entertainment occupations Conductors Required Required (unless exempt under ‘Performing Arts’(C23) If hired full-time by Canadian orchestra
Arts and entertainment occupations Digital media/visual effects technicians in TV or film production Required Required N/A
Arts and entertainment occupations Directors (and essential personnel of commercial or advertising shoots) Exempt R187 Not required Business visitors; foreign-financed (for TV, magazines or other media) for short durations, i.e., typically no longer than 2 weeks.
Arts and entertainment occupations Film producers (film funded entirely from abroad) Exempt R187 Not required Business visitors
Arts and entertainment occupations Film & recording studio users Exempt R187 Not required Purchasing services or renting equipment in Canada
Arts and entertainment occupations Guest artists (contracted for one or two performances) Exempt R186(g) Not required Time-limited engagements only; including artists or musicians hired to perform at festivals, or weddings
Arts and entertainment occupations Guest artists under contract Required Required, (unless exempt under ‘Performing Arts’(C23) For full run of production, or for full season of the performing arts organization
Arts and entertainment occupations Guest appearances (on Canadian TV or radio broadcasts) Exempt R186(g) Not required Such as a musical guest artist or band featured on a segment of a Canadian TV or radio broadcast.
Arts and entertainment occupations Musical & theatre groups or individuals & essential crew of a foreign production Exempt R186(g) Not required N/A
Arts and entertainment occupations Permanent positions in performing arts venues Required Required

Employer-employee relationship

Temporary contract to fill a Canadian employer’s permanent position for longer than 4 weeks.

Arts and entertainment occupations Performing artists Required Exempt (C23)

Canadian non-profit performing arts organizations

Performing artists and other creative personnel in orchestral music, opera, live theatre or dance disciplines (NOT including erotic dance), where reciprocity exists internationally and there is funding from CCA (see program guidance).

Arts and entertainment occupations Rodeo contestants Exempt R186(g) Not required Bronco riders, steer ropers, barrel racers
Arts and entertainment occupations Rodeo performers/side-show Required Required Rodeo clowns, announcers, horsemanship or trick riding displays, ‘half-time acts’ and other specialty act entertainers
Arts and entertainment occupations World Wrestling Entertainment Exempt R186(g) Not required Performers
Purpose of the performance must be mainly for revenue from ticket sales or from the broadcast format, i.e. pay-per-view (not primarily for a TV or film production)
Arts and entertainment occupations World Wrestling Entertainment Required Required (unless exempt under ‘TV/Film production’(C14) or ‘Performing Arts’(C23) Filming or broadcasting elements
Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. Distinguished scientists or post-doctoral fellows Required Exempt (C31) N/A
Bermuda, professional trainees Professional trainee Required Exempt (T11) Temporary employment in Canada under the terms set out in the MOU between Canada and Bermuda
Bridge and tunnel authorities employees working in Canada Bridge and tunnel authorities employees working in Canada Required Exempt (C20)

As an example, the Peace Bridge Authority manages the international crossing between Fort Erie and Buffalo and has approximately 50 U.S. employees performing toll and administrative functions on the Canadian side of the border.

Employer is exempt from the employer compliance regime

Case type: 60

Work permit fee exempt code “EC1”

Business visitors Such as buyers, computer specialists/system Analysts, financial services personnel, public relations/advertising personnel, trainers & trainees, translation/interpretation personnel, tour guides & bus operators Required Required Hired by a Canadian employer
Business visitors Such as buyers, computer specialists/system analyst, financial services personnel, public relations/advertising personnel, trainers & trainees, translation/interpretation personnel, tour guides & bus operators Exempt R186(a) Not required

Working for a foreign employer.

Primary source of remuneration and principal place of business remain outside Canada.

Camp counsellors Camp counsellors working in day camps Required Required N/A
Camp counsellors Camp counsellors working in residential camps Required Exempt (C20) Offer of employment must outline that their main duties will be to work as residential camp counsellors.
Camp counsellors In training Exempt (R2) Not required Do not meet definition of work
Camp counsellors Volunteer Required Exempt (C50) For camp counsellors who are unpaid, who work for charitable or religious organizations and whose main duties are religious or charitable in nature. See guidelines for R205(d). May be fee exempt.
Canada-Chile Free Trade Agreement Business visitors Exempt R186(a) Not required Activities covered by CCFTA Appendix K-03.I.1
Canada-Chile Free Trade Agreement Intra-company transferees Required Exempt (T24) executive, managerial or specialized knowledge
Canada-Chile Free Trade Agreement Investors Required Exempt (T22) Owner, executive, supervisor or essential skill position
Canada-Chile Free Trade Agreement Professionals Required Exempt (T23) Professionals identified in CCFTA Appendix K-03.IV.1
Canada-Chile Free Trade Agreement Traders Required Exempt (T21) Executive, supervisory or essential skills
Canada-Colombia Free Trade Agreement Business visitors Exempt R186(a) Not required N/A
Canada-Colombia Free Trade Agreement Intra-company transferees Required Exempt (T24) Employed continuously by the enterprise for 6 months within the 3-year period immediately preceding the date of application for admission.
Canada-Colombia Free Trade Agreement Investors Required Exempt (T22) Owner, executive, supervisor or essential skill position.
Canada-Colombia Free Trade Agreement Professionals & technicians Required Exempt (T23) See Canada-Peru FTA for same list of Professionals NOT covered; and list of technicians covered.
Canada-Colombia Free Trade Agreement Traders Required Exempt (T21) Executive, supervisory or essential skills.
Canada-Colombia Free Trade Agreement Spouses Required Exempt (T25) N/A
Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) Business visitors Exempt R186(a) Not required N/A
Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) Intra-corporate (company) transferees Required Exempt (T44) Have been employed by an enterprise or have been a partner in the enterprise for one year.
Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) Investors Required Exempt (T46) Will establish, develop, or administer the operation of an investment in a capacity that is supervisory or executive.
Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) Contractual service providers and independent professionals Required Exempt (T47) for CSS and (T43) for IP Engaged in the temporary supply of a service not to exceed 12 months and in accordance with the annex 10-E concordance table.
Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) Spouses of intra-corporate (company) transferees Required Exempt (T45) Eligible for an open work permit for the same duration as their spouse’s work permit.
Canada-Korea Free Trade Agreement Business visitors Exempt R186(a) Not required After-sales service also includes after-lease service. Not included (i.e. different from NAFTA) are harvest owners, customs brokers and tour bus operators.
Canada-Korea Free Trade Agreement Intra-company transferees Required Exempt (T24) Executive, managerial, specialized knowledge. Different from NAFTA: category expanded to also include ‘management trainee on professional development.’
Canada-Korea Free Trade Agreement Investors Required Exempt (T22) Owner, executive, supervisor or essential skill position.
Canada-Korea Free Trade Agreement Professionals Required Exempt (T23) Contract service supplier or independent professional: providing pre-arranged professional service only. Professions identified in FTA Appendix 12-A-2.
Canada-Korea Free Trade Agreement Traders Required Exempt (T21) Executive, supervisory or essential skills.
Canada-Korea Free Trade Agreement Spouses Required Exempt (T25) N/A
Canada-Peru Free Trade Agreement (citizens and PRs) Business visitors Exempt R186(a) Not required N/A
Canada-Peru Free Trade Agreement (citizens and PRs) Intra-company transferees Required Exempt (T24) Employed continuously by the enterprise for six months within the three-year period immediately preceding the date of application for admission.
Canada-Peru Free Trade Agreement (citizens and PRs) Investors Required Exempt (T22) Owner, executive, supervisor or essential skill position.
Canada-Peru Free Trade Agreement (citizens and PRs) Professionals & technicians Required Exempt (T23) See list of professionals NOT covered; and list of technicians covered under Professionals and Technicians.
Canada-Peru Free Trade Agreement (citizens and PRs) Traders Required Exempt (T21) Executive, supervisory or essential skills.
Canada World Youth Program N/A Required Exempt (C20) Fee exempt; medical required
Caregivers not part of the Live-in Caregiver Program Caregivers Required Required N/A
Caregivers whose permanent residence application is submitted under the Home Child Care Provider Pilot (HCCPP) or Home Support Worker Pilot (HSWP) Caregivers, National Occupational Classification (NOC) specific (NOC 4411 or 4412) Required Exempt (C90) Occupation-restricted open work permit Work permit fee required
Civil aviation inspectors Civil aviation inspectors Exempt [R186(q)] Not required Employed by recognized aeronautical authority
Conventions, exhibitions, & meetings Delegates/attendees Exempt R186(a) Not required To attend a conference or a meeting
Conventions, exhibitions, & meetings Exhibitors Exempt R187(2)c Not required Sales aimed at wholesalers, retailers & institutions. Displays only or sales to others than the general public
Conventions, exhibitions, & meetings Exhibitors Required Exempt (C10) Exhibitors of all nationalities who want to sell foreign-made goods to the general public and deliver them at the time of the sale.
Conventions, exhibitions, & meetings Guest speakers or Seminar Leaders Exempt R186(j) Not required Seminar does not last longer than 5 days
Conventions, exhibitions, & meetings Show/event service contractors Required Required All foreign service providers working under contract to Canadian events
Conventions, exhibitions, & meetings Organizers/planners/
administrative support staff
Exempt R186(k) Not required Does not apply to 'hands-on' service providers and/or to Canadian event
Cooperative Waterfowl Survey & Branding Program Biologists, research personnel and airline pilots Exempt R186(a) Not required Program conducted by the Canadian Wildlife Service and the United States Fish and Wildlife Service
Crew Maritime, air, highway and rail Exempt R186(s) Not required International transport, vehicles of foreign ownership & registry (limits on loading/unloading). Work permit and LMIA may be required in specific circumstances
Crew Drivers: bus, moving van, pilot cars, etc. Exempt R186(s) Not required Goods/passengers between Canada & foreign country. Work permit and LMIA may be required in specific circumstances
Diplomats & officials accredited to Canada Foreign representatives Exempt R186(b) Not required Must be accredited by GAC Office of Protocol
Diplomats & officials accredited to Canada Family of accredited foreign representatives Exempt R186(c) Not required Require GAC Office of Protocol 'no objection' letter
Diplomats & officials accredited to Canada Service staff or private servant of high-level members of diplomatic mission Exempt R186(b) Not required Must be approved by GAC Office of Protocol
Diplomats & officials accredited to Canada - staff Locally engaged staff Required Exempt (C20) Require GAC Office of Protocol 'no objection' letter
Direct sales organizations Business visitors Exempt R186(a) Not required Training/motivation, assisting recruits, taking orders
Educational institutions (Canadian) Canada research chair positions Required Exempt (C31) Nominated for their research excellence; partially or wholly funded by federal or provincial governments
Educational institutions (Canadian) Evaluators & examiners Exempt R186(n) Not required N/A
Educational institutions (Canadian) Graduate assistants Exempt R186(f) Not required On-campus work
Educational institutions (Canadian) Guest lecturers Required Exempt (C22) Period of less than 1 academic term/semester
Educational institutions (Canadian) Post-doctoral fellows & award recipients Required Exempt (C44) N/A
Educational institutions (Canadian) Teachers: pre-school, elementary and secondary Required Exempt (C22**) **If reciprocal employment agreement exists
Educational institutions (Canadian) Family members of exchange teachers Required Exempt (C20) Where reciprocity exists. Australian & British
Educational institutions (Canadian) Visiting professors Required Exempt (C22) Not more than 2 academic years
Emergency repair personnel or preventative repairs for out-of-warranty equipment Repair personnel Required Exempt (C13) For industrial or commercial equipment, preventing disruption
Emergency services (protection of life or property) Emergency service providers Exempt R186(t) Not required Natural disasters such as floods, tornadoes, earthquakes, and fires.
Industrial or commercial accidents threatening the environment.
Medical emergency to preserve life regardless of whether it involves one or more persons.
Emergency services (protection of life or property) Emergency Preparedness Canada Exempt R186(t) Not required N/A
Emergency services (protection of life or property) Conditions not urgent but covered by agreement Required Exempt (T11) Agreements with Public Safety Canada
Entrepreneurs/self-employed persons Entrepreneurs/self-employed workers Required Exempt (C11) Temporary/seasonal; providing jobs/significant benefit
Expert witnesses or investigators Expert witnesses or investigators Exempt R186(o) Not required N/A
Family of: Temporary skilled workers (spouses or common-law partners only) Required Exempt (C41) See requirements for specific situations.
Farm workers Farm workers Required Required Includes Caribbean/Mexican seasonal workers
Farm workers Self-employed (e.g., harvester owners) Exempt (not 'work'), R2 Not required Supervising harvesting crew admitted under the applicable law.
Federal economic class Bridging open work permits for certain federal economic class applicants Required Exempt (A75) Must have valid status on a work permit that is due to expire in 4 months or less; must have received a positive eligibility assessment on their permanent residence application under one of the eligible economic class programs.
Fishing guides Fishing guides Required Exempt (C20) At border lakes
Fishing guides Fishing guides Required Required Canadian employer or on Canadian lakes
Fishing guides Self-employed (where no employer on either side exists) Required Exempt (C11) If activities attract tourism or benefit for Canadians & PRs
Foreign camp owners/directors (& spouse), and outfitters Foreign camp owners/directors and outfitters Required Exempt (C11) N/A
Foreign government officials not accredited by GAC Foreign government officials stationed in Canada Required Required In some cases, LMIA Exemption C12 can apply for senior officials of semi-official agencies who meet R205(a) requirements
Foreign government officials not accredited by GAC Foreign government officials seeking temporary entry Exempt R186(a) Not Required Includes government officials seeking to meet with foreign partners for meetings
General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) Business visitors Exempt R186(a) Not required N/A
General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) Intra-company transferees Required Exempt (C12) N/A
General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) Professionals (groups 1 & 2) Required Exempt (T33) Engineers, agrologists, architects, forestry & geomatics professionals, land surveyors, foreign legal consultants, urban planners, senior computer specialists
Global Skills Strategy Workers with job offer under NOC 0 or A Exempt under public policy short-term work permit exemption Not required

Worker coming to work for 15 consecutive calendar days or less and 6 months have passed since the first day of work under the previous use of this exemption.

Or for 30 days or less (16-30 days) and 12 months have passed since the first day of work under the previous use of this exemption

Workers who have a job offer under NOC 0 or A but who are coming for a longer period may be eligible to the priority processing of work permits under GSS

Global Skills Strategy Reshearcers (coming to work at a publicly funded, degree granting institution at the college or university level or affiliated research institution) Exempt under public policy 120-day work permit exemption for researchers Not required Researchers coming to perform work for 120 consecutive calendar days or less and 12 months have passed since the first day of work under the previous use of this exemption
Government officers (foreign) Government officers (foreign) Exempt R186(e) Not required Officers coming to work for a department or agency of the Government of Canada or of a province
Government officers (foreign) Family members Required Exempt (C20) Where reciprocity exists
Government officers (foreign) Family members Required Required Where reciprocity does not exist. May qualify as spouse of skilled worker (C41)
Guest speakers Public speakers Exempt R186(j) Not required Includes academic speakers & commercial speakers (event must be less than 5 days)
Household service workers N/A Required Required May be work permit exempt if working for a foreign representative. See Diplomats & Officials.
International Experience Canada International Co-op (internship) (ICP) Required Exempt (C21) For students only. Employer-specific work permit. Work permit fee exempt but required to pay IEC participation fee
International Experience Canada Working Holiday (WHP) Required Exempt (C21) Travel and work. Open work permit. Work permit fee exempt but are required to pay the IEC participation fee and the open work permit holder fee
International Experience Canada Young Professionals (YPP) Required Exempt (C21) Career development. Employer-specific work permit. Work permit fee exempt; but are required to pay the IEC participation fee.
International Air Transport Association (IATA) Officers, employees or specialists contracted to IATA Required Exempt (T11) N/A
International Development Research Centre of Canada Researchers Required Exempt (C31) Temporary basis, research
International Pacific Halibut Commission Sea and port samplers Required Exempt (T11) Entry pursuant to the Pacific Halibut Fishery Regulations (Canada/U.S. Agreement)
Interns (foreign students studying or associated with institutions abroad) Interns Required Required N/A
Interns (foreign students studying or associated with institutions abroad) Self-funded researchers Exempt R186(a) Not required Conducting independent research or research for a foreign entity. Must not displace Canadian or PR workers. Canadian institution must not receive remuneration for the research
Interns (foreign students studying or associated with institutions abroad)

Post-doctoral fellows awarded a Ph.D. and award recipients (C44)

Foreign medical (or dental) residents and medical research fellows (C45)

Required Exempt (C44) or (C45) Work related to public policy, competitiveness and economy (R205(c)(ii))
Interns (foreign students studying or associated with institutions abroad) Reciprocal employment Required Exempt (C20) Cultural agreements; also includes some internships at foreign missions or international organizations.
Interns (foreign students studying or associated with institutions abroad) Interns under international co-op category Required Exempt (C21) International Experience Canada
Interns (foreign students studying or associated with institutions abroad) Charitable or religious workers Required Exempt (C50) Carrying out duties for a Canadian charitable or religious organization when the duties are of a charitable or religious nature.
Interns with international organizations recognized under the Foreign Missions and International Organizations Act Interns Required Exempt (C10)

Fee exemption code “EC1”

Case type 60

Intra-company transferees Intra-company transferees Required Exempt (C12) or T24 for FTA Executives/ Senior managers, Functional managers and Specialized knowledge workers
Jamaica: Seasonal Agricultural Program, Liaison Officers Jamaican Liaison Officers Required Exempt (T11) Appointed to work at the Jamaican Liaison Service office in Toronto.
Judges (amateur sport & cultural competitions) Judges, referees and similar officials Exempt R186(m) Not required Also see Sports, Occupations in
Live-in caregivers Live-in caregivers Required Required LMIA applications must have been received on or before November 30, 2014.
Live-in caregivers Eligible under in-Canada PR class Required Exempt (A70) Includes family members in Canada
Malaysia, Professional Accounting Trainees Professional accounting trainees Required Exempt (T11) Refer to MOU eligibility
Media (working for foreign companies) Announcers & broadcasters (as part of foreign crew) Exempt R186(i) Not required N/A
Media (working for foreign companies) Blimps (and crew) Exempt R186(i) Not required N/A
Media (working for foreign companies) News correspondents & reporters Exempt R186(i) Not required N/A
Media (working for foreign companies) News reporting crews Exempt R186(i) Not required N/A
Media (working for foreign companies) Media crews on tourism promotional tours Required Exempt (C10) North American Media Crews, < 3 weeks
Media (working for foreign companies) Media crews on tourism promotional tours Required Required North American media crews, > 3 weeks
Media (working for foreign companies) Media crews on tourism promotional tours Required Exempt (C10) Non-North American media crews, < 6 weeks
Media (working for foreign companies) Media crews on tourism promotional tours Required Required Non-North American media crews, > 6 weeks
Medical professions Health care students: clinical clerkships Exempt R186(p) Not required Requires medical exam R30(1)(a)(ii)
Medical professions Interns Required Required N/A
Medical professions Medical fellowship holders Required Exempt (C45) N/A
Medical professions Medical (or dental) residents Required Exempt (C45) N/A
Military personnel International Training Programs, non-VFA participants Exempt (not 'work') Not required Requires a study permit if more than 6 months. May require a TRV
Military personnel Military Training Assistance Program, non-VFA Exempt (not 'work') Not required Requires a study permit if more than 6 months. May require a TRV
Military personnel NATO Exempt R186(d) Not required Includes civilian component
Military personnel NATO Optional Exempt (T11) If staying long term
Military personnel Visiting Forces Act (VFA) Exempt R186(d) Not required Other exemptions (passport, TRV, medical) may apply
Military personnel Family members Required Exempt (C20) Where reciprocity exists. Require a ‘letter of approval of employment’ from DND
Military personnel Family members Required Required Where reciprocity does NOT exist. May also qualify as spouse of skilled workers under C41.
National Research Council of Canada (NRC) Distinguished scientists or scholars Required Exempt (C31) Coming to participate in research for the NRC
Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) Distinguished scientists or scholars Required Exempt (C31) Scientists participating in NRCan’s Postdoctoral Research Pilot Program (PRP)
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council Distinguished scientists or scholars Required Exempt (C31) Coming to participate in research for NSERC
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Business visitors Exempt R186(a) Not required Activities covered by NAFTA Appendix 1603.A.1
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Intra-company transferees Required Exempt (T24) Executive, managerial or specialized knowledge
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Investors Required Exempt (T22) Owner, executive, supervisor or essential skill position
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Professionals Required Exempt (T23) Professions identified in NAFTA Appendix 1603.D.1
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Traders Required Exempt (T21) Executive, supervisory or essential skills
Oceans Act (working aboard marine installation) Conducting work within Canada's 12-mile territorial limit Required Required Considered to be "in Canada"
Oceans Act (working aboard marine installation) Conducting work within 12-200-mile Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Required Required Considered to be "in Canada"
Oceans Act (working aboard marine installation) Vessels operating within the EEZ and NOT "attached to" or anchored to seabed OR on or under any artificial island constructed, erected or placed on the continental shelf or seabed. Not required Not required Not considered to be "in Canada"
Oceans Act (working aboard marine installation) Vessels operating beyond the 200-mile zone Not required Not required Not considered to be "in Canada"
OECD (exchange arranged in Canada through the Public Service Commission) N/A Required Exempt (T11) May qualify for WP exemptions under R186(e)
Pacific Salmon Commission (PSC) Samplers and scientists Required Exempt (T11) N/A
Persons subject to an unenforceable removal order N/A Required Exempt (S62) Fees apply
Professionals Such as accountants, architects, consultants, computer Sspecialists/systems analyst, designers (graphic, industrial, interior, urban planners), engineers, insurance, legal & medical professionals, managers, scientists, teachers Required Required Hired by a Canadian employer
Professionals Entering under NAFTA or other FTA Required Exempt (T23) Professions identified in the respective agreement. See North American Free Trade Agreement, Canada-Chile FTA, Canada-Peru FTA, Canada-Colombia FTA, Canada-Korea FTA
Professionals Entering under the Canada-European Union FTA Required Exempt (T43) or (T47) Professions identified in the agreement
Professionals GATS Professionals (Groups 1 & 2) Required Exempt (T33) Engineers, agrologists, architects, forestry & geomatics professionals, land surveyors, foreign legal consultants, urban planners, senior computer specialists
Protected persons (in-Canada class) N/A Required Exempt (A70) Includes family members in Canada
Provincial nominees (for PR) N/A Required Exempt (T13) N/A
Quebec Certificat de sélection du Québec (CSQ), Work permit renewals and extensions for certain CSQ holders currently in Quebec Required Exempt (A75) Work permit is valid for the duration of the job offer and cannot exceed two years; possibility to extend for a year on a case-by-case basis; only employer specific work permits are to be issued (no open work permits)
Rail grinders (Sperry or other specialized track maintenance) Rail grinders (Sperry or other specialized track maintenance) Required Exempt (C10) Under contract to Canadian company
Reciprocal programs not listed N/A Required Exempt (C20) Reciprocity demonstrated by Canadian employer
Refugee claimants N/A Required Exempt (S61) Fee exempt
Religious and charitable workers Clergy and related workers Exempt R186(l) Not required N/A
Religious and charitable workers Missionaries Exempt R186(l) Not required N/A
Religious and charitable workers Persons who carry out non-spiritual roles Required Exempt (C50) May be fee exempt
Roosevelt Campobello International Park N/A Required Exempt (T11) Fee exempt. Offer of employment from the Park’s Commission required
Sales representatives/agents Sales negotiations Exempt R187(2)(c) Not required Taking orders/negotiating contracts for goods/services. In some situations, a work permit may be required.
Sales representatives/agents Sales to the general public Required Required N/A
Scientific and Technical Cooperation Agreement between Canada and Germany N/A Required Exempt (T11) N/A
Servants/personal assistants with visiting employer Servants/personal assistants Exempt R187(3)(a)(b) Not required Business visitor, unless employer stays >6 months
Sport, Occupations in Athletes Exempt R186(h) Not required Amateur (includes Junior A, B Hockey)
Sport, Occupations in Athletes Exempt (not 'work') Not required Individual competitions (for prize money)
Sport, Occupations in Athletes Required Exempt (C20) Professional or semi-professional - Canadian-based team
Sport, Occupations in Athletes Exempt R186(h) Not required Professional or semi-professional - foreign-based team
Sport, Occupations in Athletes Exempt R186(h) Not required Professional or semi-professional - coming for trials, before contract is awarded
Sport, Occupations in Athletes Required Exempt (C20) Professional or semi-professional - coming for trials, once contract is signed
Sport, Occupations in Athletes Exempt R186(h) Not required Racing car drivers
Sport, Occupations in Athletes Exempt R186(h) Not required Recreation athletes
Sport, Occupations in Coaches Required Exempt (C20) Canadian employer
Sport, Occupations in Coaches Exempt R186(h) Not required Foreign employer
Sport, Occupations in Dog handlers Exempt R186(h) Not required Pet owners entering their own animals in a show
Sport, Occupations in Horse-racing: jockeys, agents, & stable personnel, Required Required Canadian-based stables
Sport, Occupations in Horse-racing: jockeys, agents, & stable personnel, Exempt R186(h) Not required Foreign-based stables
Sport, Occupations in Officials Exempt R186(m) Not required Referees, umpires, judges - international amateur sporting event
Sport, Occupations in Officials Required Required**

Referees, umpires, judges - professional/semi-professional events
**Unless reciprocity exists, then C20

Sport, Occupations in Trainers and sports therapists Required Exempt (C20) Canadian employer
Sport, Occupations in Trainers and sports therapists Exempt R186(h) Not required Foreign employer
Students Destitute Required Exempt (H81) If on-campus employment [R186(f)] is insufficient
Students Post-secondary co-op Required Exempt (C32) Temporary employment that is an essential part of post-secondary course of study. Course requirement for designated Canadian institutions. The work cannot form more than 50% of the total program of study.
Students Secondary school co-op Required Exempt (C33) Temporary employment that is an essential part of a program at the secondary level. Includes vocational training programs offered by a designated learning institution in Quebec
Students Off-campus Exempt R186(v) Not required Up to 20 hours a week during regular academic year and full time during scheduled breaks. 
Students Off-campus – transition to post-grad Exempt R186(w) Not required Allow students who have completed their program of study to work while waiting for a decision on their post-grad work permit application. 
Students On-campus Exempt R186(f) Not required Full-time students.
Students Post-graduate Required Exempt (C43) N/A
Students Spouses/common-law partners of foreign students Required Exempt (C42) Study permit holder must be full-time student
Temporary resident permit holders N/A Required Exempt (H82) TRP must be valid for at least 6 months
USA government personnel

Official U.S. government personnel: Supervisory staff

USCIS inspectors
US customs inspectors
International Joint Commission employees and others

Required Exempt (T11)

Employer is exempt from the employer compliance regime

Work permit case type 60 must be entered manually- (not 22-Official)

The occupational codes are as follows:

  • Supervisory staff: NOC 1228
  • USCIS inspectors: NOC 1228
  • U.S. customs inspectors: NOC 1228
  • U.S. grain inspectors: NOC 2222
  • International Joint Commission employees and others: NOC 2263

Family members may obtain open or unrestricted work permits.

USA government personnel Business visitors Exempt R186(a) Not required Short-term entry
USA government personnel Family members of USA government personnel Required Exempt (C20) Fee exempt under code (E03)
Volunteers Volunteers Exempt (not work) Not required See definition of work.
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