Officer quick reference guide to occupations

This section contains policy, procedures and guidance used by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada staff. It is posted on the Department’s website as a courtesy to stakeholders.


Work Permit: exempt R186(r)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: under authority of Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board Act


Accountants (see Professionals)


Flight Crews

Work Permit: exempt R186(s)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Operational, Ground & Technical Personnel

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T11)

Details: IATA, ICAO, etc.

Station Managers

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C12)

Details: if qualify as intra-company transferee

Security Guards, on aircraft

Work Permit: exempt R186(s)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Security Guards, at airport

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C10)


Details: no hands-on building/construction work; no operating


Architects (see Professionals)


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C31)

Details: distinguished scientists or post-doctoral fellows


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T11)


Details: After-Sales Service, Distribution, General Service; Growth, Manufacture & Production; Marketing; Research & Design; Sales

hired by a Canadian employer

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required

working for foreign employer

Work Permit: exempt R186(a)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: primary source of remuneration & principal place of business remain outside Canada

(See also NAFTA, and Canada-Chile, Canada-Peru and Canada-Colombia FTAs)


Buyers (See Business Visitors)


Details: require medical only if resided in designated country

paid

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required

Work Permit: exempt (R2)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: do not meet definition of work

volunteer

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C50)

Details: see guidelines for R205(d)


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C11)


Business Visitors

Work Permit: exempt R186(a)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: activities covered by CCFTA Appendix K-03.I.1

Intra-Company Transferees

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T24)

Details: executive, managerial or specialized knowledge

Investors

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T22)

Details: owner, executive, supervisor or essential skill position

Professionals

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T23)

Details: professionals identified in CCFTA Appendix K-03.IV.1

Traders

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T21)

Details: executive, supervisory or essential skills


Business Visitors

Work Permit: exempt R186(a)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Intra-Company Transferees

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T24)

Details: employed continuously by the enterprise for six months within the three-year period immediately preceding the date of application for admission.

Investors

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T22)

Details: owner, executive, supervisor or essential skill position

Professionals & Technicians

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T23)

Details: See list of Professionals NOT covered; and list of Technicians covered.

Traders

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T21)

Details: executive, supervisory or essential skills


Business Visitors

Work Permit: exempt R186(a)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Intra-Company Transferees

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T24)

Details: employed continuously by the enterprise for six months within the three-year period immediately preceding the date of application for admission.

Investors

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T22)

Details: owner, executive, supervisor or essential skill position

Professionals & Technicians

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T23)

Details: See Canada-Peru FTA for same list of Professionals NOT covered; and list of Technicians covered.

Traders

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T21)

Details: executive, supervisory or essential skills

Spouses

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T25)


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C20)

Details: fee exempt; medical required


Work Permit: exempt R186(q)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: employed by recognized aeronautical authority



Computer Specialists/Systems Analyst (see Professionals or Business Visitors: After-Sales Service)


Consultants (See Professionals)


Conventions, Exhibitions, & Meetings

Work Permit: exempt R186(a)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

displaying only or sales to other than the general public

Work Permit: exempt R187(2)c

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: sales aimed at wholesalers, retailers & institutions

sales to the general public

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C10)

Work Permit: exempt R186(j)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: Seminar does not last longer than 5 days

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required

Work Permit: exempt R186(k)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: does not apply to 'hands-on' service providers


Work Permit: exempt R186(s)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: international transport: vehicles of foreign ownership & registry (limits on loading/unloading)


Designers (see Professionals)

Details: graphic, industrial, interior, urban planners


Work Permit: exempt R186(b)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Family of accredited foreign representatives

Work Permit: exempt R186(c)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: require DFATD Office of Protocol 'no objection' letter

Service Staff or private servant of high-level members of diplomatic mission

Work Permit: exempt R186(b)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: see limitations and requirements

Locally engaged staff

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C20)

Details: require DFATD Office of Protocol 'no objection' letter


Work Permit: exempt R186(a)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: training/motivation, assisting recruits, taking orders


Domestics (see Live-in Caregiver, or Business Visitor--if accompanying visiting employer)


Details: goods/passengers b/w Canada & foreign country


Educational Institutions

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C31)

Work Permit: exempt R186(n)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Graduate Assistants

Work Permit: exempt R186(f)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: on-campus work

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C22)

Details: period of less than 1 academic term/semester

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C44)

Self-funded Researchers

Work Permit: exempt R186(a)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: must not displace Canadian or PR workers

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt

Details: if reciprocal employment agreement exists

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C22)

Details: not more than 2 academic years


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C13)

Details: for industrial equipment, preventing disruption


Work Permit: exempt R186(t)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Emergency Preparedness Canada

Work Permit: exempt R186(t)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

conditions not urgent but covered by Agreement

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T11)


Engineers (see Professionals)


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C11)

Details: temporary/seasonal; providing jobs/significant benefit


Examiners & Evaluators (see Educational Institutions)


Work Permit: exempt R186(o)

ESDC LMIA: n/a


Family of:

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C20)

Details: Australian & British

Work Permit: exempt R186(c)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: require DFATD Office of Protocol 'no objection' letter

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C20)

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C41)

Details: NOC Skill Levels O,A, or B

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C20)

Details: fee exempt under code (E03)


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required

Details: includes Caribbean/Mexican seasonal workers

self-employed (eg. harvester owners)

Work Permit: exempt (not 'work'), R2

Details: supervising harvesting crew admitted under app. law


Financial Services Personnel (See Business Visitors)

Details: insurers, bankers, investment brokers


at border lakes

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C20)

Canadian employer

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required

self-employed (where no employer on either side exists)

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C11)

Details: if activities attract tourism or benefit Canadians & PRs



Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required

Details: C12 only for senior officials who meet R205(a) requirements

other officials and support staff

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required


Business Visitors

Work Permit: exempt R186(a)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C12)

Professionals (Groups 1 & 2)

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T33)

Details: Engineers, Agrologists, Architects, Forestry & Geomatics Professionals, Land Surveyors, Foreign Legal Consultants, Urban Planners, Senior Computer Specialists


Work Permit: exempt R186(e)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Family members: where reciprocity exists

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C20)

where reciprocity does not exist

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required

Details: may qualify as spouse of skilled worker (C41)


Work Permit: exempt R186(j)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: includes academic speakers & commercial speakers (event must be less than 5 days)



Household Service Workers (see Foreign representatives if working for diplomat)

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C21)

Details: fee exempt

Student Work Abroad Program (SWAP)

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C21)

Details: fee exempt

Working Holiday Program (WHP)

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C21)

Details: fee exempt


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C12) or T24 for FTA

Details: senior managers & specialized knowledge workers


Investor (see NAFTA and other FTAs)


Work Permit: exempt R186(m)

ESDC LMIA: n/a


Lawyers, Notaries & Paralegals (see Professionals)


Legal Consultants (Foreign) (see Professionals)


Live-in Caregivers

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required

eligible under in-Canada PR class

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (A70)

Details: includes family members in Canada


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt T11

Details: refer to MOU eligibility


Announcers & Broadcasters (as part of foreign crew)

Work Permit: exempt R186(i)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Blimps (and crew)

Work Permit: exempt R186(i)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

News Correspondents & Reporters

Work Permit: exempt R186(i)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

News Reporting Crews

Work Permit: exempt R186(i)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Media Crews on tourism promotional tours

North American Media Crews, < 3 weeks

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C10)

North American Media Crews, > 3 weeks

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required

Non-North American Media Crew, < 6 weeks

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C10)

Non-North American Media Crew, > 6 weeks

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required


Medical Professions

Details: Dentists, MDs, RNs, Therapists, Technologists

Work Permit: exempt R186(p)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: req. medical exam R30(1)(a)(ii)

Interns

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: C45

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: C45


International Training Programs, non-VFA participants

Work Permit: exempt (not 'work')

Details: req. study permit if >6mos. May req. TRV

Military Training Assistance Program, non-VFA

Work Permit: exempt (not 'work')

Details: req. study permit if >6mos. May req. TRV

NATO

Work Permit: exempt R186(d)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: includes civilian component

if staying long term

Work Permit: optional

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T11)

Visiting Forces Act (VFA)

Work Permit: exempt R186(d)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: other exemptions (passport, TRV, medical) may apply

Family members, where reciprocity exists

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C20)


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C31)

Details: distinguished scientists or scholars


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C31)

Details: distinguished scientists or scholars


News Reporters (see Media)


Details: For Citizens of Canada, United States and Mexico

Business Visitors

Work Permit: exempt R186(a)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: activities covered by NAFTA Appendix 1603.A.1

Intra-Company Transferees

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T24)

Details: executive, managerial or specialized knowledge

Investors

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T22)

Details: owner, executive, supervisor or essential skill position

Professionals

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T23)

Details: professions identified in NAFTA Appendix 1603.D.1

Traders

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T21)

Details: executive, supervisory or essential skills


Conducting work within Canada's 12-mile territorial limit

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required

Details: considered to be "in Canada"

Conducting work within 12-200-mile Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required

Details: considered to be "in Canada"

Vessels operating within the EEZ and NOT "attached to" or anchored to seabed OR on or under any artificial island constructed, erected or placed on the continental shelf or seabed.

Work Permit: n/a

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: not considered to be "in Canada"

Vessels operating beyond the 200-mile zone

Work Permit: n/a

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: not considered to be "in Canada"


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T11)

Details: may qualify for WP exemption under R186(e)


Actors, Artists, Technicians (Canadian Film, TV, Theatre)

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required

interviewed for TV or Radio or benefit show

Work Permit: exempt R186(g)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

film co-production (international/inter-gov agreement)

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T11)

Details: Telefilm Canada 1.800.567.0890

Work Permit: exempt R186(m)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Air Show Performers

Work Permit: exempt R186(g)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Work Permit: required**

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C20)

Details: may be able to apply under R186(g)

Buskers

Work Permit: exempt R186(g)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Circus Acts and Performers (and crew)

Work Permit: exempt R186(g)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

if employer is Canadian

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required

Cirque de Soleil (exception)

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C10)

Conductors

if guest conductor

Work Permit: exempt R186(g)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

if hired full-time by Canadian orchestra

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required

Work Permit: exempt R187

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: business visitors

Film & recording studio users

Work Permit: exempt R187

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: purchasing services or renting equipment in Canada

Guest Artists (contracted for one or two performances)

Work Permit: exempt R186(g)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Guest Artists under contract

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required

Details: for full run of production

Guests interviewed for nominal remuneration

Work Permit: exempt R186(g)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Musical & Theatre groups or individuals & essential crew

Work Permit: exempt R186(g)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Permanent position in performing arts venue

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required

Details: temporary contract

World Wrestling Entertainment performers

Work Permit: exempt R186(g)

ESDC LMIA: n/a


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (S62)

Details: fees apply


Professionals

hired by a Canadian employer

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required

Details: eg. Accountants, Consultants, Computer Specialists, Designers, Engineers, Insurance, Legal & Medical Professionals, Managers, Scientists, Teachers

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T23)

Details: professions identified in NAFTA Appendix 1603.D.1

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T23)

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T23)

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T23)

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T33)

Details: Engineers, Agrologists, Architects, Forestry & Geomatics Professionals, Land Surveyors, Foreign Legal Consultants, Urban Planners, Senior Computer Specialists


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (A70)

Details: includes family members in Canada


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T13)


Public Relations/Advertising Personnel (See Business Visitors)


Public Speakers (see Guest Speakers)


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C10)

Details: under contract to Canadian company


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C20)

Details: reciprocity demonstrated by Canadian employer


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (S61)

Details: fee exempt


Religious and Charitable Workers

Work Permit: exempt R186(l)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Work Permit: exempt R186(l)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Persons who carry out non-spiritual roles

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C50)

Details: fee exempt


Researchers (see Business Visitors, Educational Institutions)

Details: Technical, scientific & statistical


Details: taking orders/negotiating contracts for goods/services


Scientists (see Professionals)


Self-Employed Persons (see Entrepreneurs)


Work Permit: exempt R187(3)(a)(b)

Details: business visitor, unless employer stays >6 months


Athletes

Amateur (includes Junior A, B Hockey)

Work Permit: exempt R186(h)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Individual competitions (for prize money)

Work Permit: exempt (not 'work')

Professional or semi-professional

Canadian-based team

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C20)

Foreign-based team

Work Permit: exempt R186(h)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Coming for trials
before contract is awarded

Work Permit: exempt R186(h)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

once contract is signed

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C20)

Racing Car Drivers

Work Permit: exempt R186(h)

Recreation Athletes

Work Permit: exempt R186(h)

Coaches

Canadian employer

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C20)

Foreign employer

Work Permit: exempt R186(h)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Dog Handlers

Work Permit: exempt R186(h)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: pet owners entering their own animals in a show

Foreign-based Teams

Work Permit: exempt R186(h)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Canadian-based stables

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required

Foreign-based stables

Work Permit: exempt R186(h)

Officials: Referees, umpires, judges

international amateur sporting event

Work Permit: exempt R186(m)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

professional/semi-professional events

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: required**

Details: ** unless reciprocity exists, then C20

Trainers and Sports Therapists

Canadian employer

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C20)

Foreign employer

Work Permit: exempt R186(h)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Wrestlers (professional) (See Performing Arts)


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C41)

Details: principal applicant at NOC Skill Level 0,A, or B


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (H81)

Details: if on-campus employment [R186(f)] insufficient

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C32)

Details: course requirement for designated Canadian institutions. The work cannot form more than 50% of the total program of study.

Temporary employment that is an essential part of a program at the secondary level.

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C33)

Details: includes vocational training programs offered by a designated learning institution in Quebec

Work Permit: exempt R186(v)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: See Student Program Delivery Instructions

Off-Campus – transition to post-grad

Work Permit: exempt R186(w)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: See Student Program Delivery Instructions

Work Permit: exempt R186(f)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C43)

Spouses/Common Law Partners of Foreign Students

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C42)

Details: spouse must be full-time student


Teachers: pre-school, elementary & secondary (see Professionals)

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C22)


Teachers: University, College and Seminary (see Professionals)


Temporary Resident Permit Holders

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (H82)


Tour Guides & Bus Operators (See Business Visitors)


Traders (see NAFTA and other FTAs)


Trainers & Trainees (see Business visitors)


Translation/Interpretation Personnel (See Business Visitors)


Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (T11)

Details: work permit case type 20-Worker (not 22-Official)

short-term entry

Work Permit: exempt R186(a)

ESDC LMIA: n/a

Details: may be admitted as a business visitor

Family members of USA Government Personnel

Work Permit: required

ESDC LMIA: exempt (C20)

Details: fee exempt under code (E03)


Volunteers (part-time)

Work Permit: exempt (not 'work')

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