Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Prevention and risks

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How coronavirus spreads

Human coronaviruses cause infections of the nose, throat and lungs. They are most commonly spread from an infected person through:

Preventing coronavirus

There are currently no vaccines available to protect you against human coronavirus infection.

If you have travelled to Hubei province, China, in the last 14 days, limit your contact with others for 14 days from the date that you left Hubei. This means self-isolate and stay at home. Contact the local public health authority in your province or territory within 24 hours of arriving in Canada.

The following steps will help to reduce contact with others:

In general, the following advice can help reduce the risk of infection or spreading infection to others:

People travelling to the province of Hubei should take precautions.

Health care or humanitarian workers caring for patients with suspected or confirmed coronavirus should use standard infection prevention and control precautions. This includes wearing appropriate personal protective equipment.

Risks of getting coronavirus

The public health risk associated with COVID-19 for Canada is low and generally low for Canadian travellers, but will vary depending on the destination.

Canada has no direct flights from Wuhan and the volume of travellers arriving indirectly from Wuhan is low. However, at this time, the Government of Canada recommends that Canadians avoid non-essential travel to China due to an outbreak of COVID-19.

Canada also recommends that Canadians avoid all travel to the province of Hubei due to very strict travel and movement restrictions imposed by Chinese authorities to limit the spread of COVID-19.

Current evidence suggests person-to-person spread is efficient when there is close contact.

Public health risk is continually reassessed as new information becomes available.

Recommendations for travellers

Always consult a health care professional or visit a travel health clinic at least 6 weeks before you travel.

When travelling:

Visit the travel advice and advisories page for the most up-to-date information on the risk of coronavirus in your travel destination. This information will help you:

In some areas, access to health care may be affected.

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