COVID-19: Canada’s response

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Support to provinces and territories

COVID 19: Support to provinces and territories

We're working to support provinces and territories in responding to COVID-19, such as with:

Economic and financial support

Canada's COVID-19 Economic Response Plan

Learn more about Canada's actions to help Canadians and businesses facing hardship as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak.

Border measures and travel

As of October 1, 2022, all COVID-19 border requirements, including vaccination, mandatory use of ArriveCAN, and any testing and quarantine/isolation requirements have ended for all travellers entering Canada whether by land, air or sea.

For more information: COVID-19: Travel, testing and borders

Digital tools and apps

Digital government response to COVID-19

Canada has developed apps and tools including the free COVID Alert app which notifies you if someone you were near in the past 14 days tells the app they tested positive.

Public education

Awareness resources

Public education plays a critical role in our response to COVID-19 by providing timely, accessible and evidence-informed information that:

We've developed printable resources in many languages, on topics such as handwashing, making a mask, and how to isolate, so that Canadians can better understand and take steps to protect themselves and their families.

We've launched a national public education campaign that provides Canadians with evidence-based information on COVID-19, and encourages behaviours that protect individuals and our communities. This campaign includes:


Vaccines for COVID-19

Free vaccines are available to everyone in Canada.

Canada's COVID-19 immunization plan

We're working at all levels of government to be ready to deliver safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines to everyone who wants one.

COVID-19 immunization: Federal, provincial and territorial statement of common principles

How governments will approach decisions on COVID-19 immunization in their respective jurisdictions.

Health care preparedness, guidance and ethics

Pandemic guidance for the health care sector

This framework offers guidance on:

Guidance for managing COVID-19

This ethical and technical guidance was developed for health professionals and a broad range of sectors in collaboration with:

Public health ethics framework

We developed this framework to help guide policy makers and public health professionals when making decisions in the context of COVID-19. The framework outlines ethical principles and values for public health authorities to consider. It also sets out questions to help clarify issues, analyze and weigh relevant considerations and assess options to support decision making in real situations.

To help communities across Canada, we have mobilized resources where needed, such as:


Military response to COVID-19

The Canadian Armed Forces and the Department of National Defence are working with civil authorities at all levels of government. While helping communities, we're doing everything possible to protect armed forces members from exposure.

Support includes:

Diverse communities

Addressing COVID-19 needs in diverse communities

We're engaging across government and directly with equity-seeking groups to ensure the federal response to the pandemic is informed by diverse community needs. These groups include:

Helping people who use substances

Targeted actions to reduce the risk of harm for people who use substances

We're taking a number of targeted actions to address these issues. The COVID-19 pandemic is compounding the ongoing public health crisis related to high rates of opioid overdose and deaths, as well as acute substance use harms. These crises are made worse in communities where there is chronic overcrowding, including a shortage of housing or other shelters.

Research and technology

Canadian researchers are working hard to support international efforts. To slow, and eventually stop, the spread of COVID-19, we need to advance research and technology development.

Research is taking place to enhance our capacity to:

Research is also underway to quickly detect, manage and reduce the transmission of COVID-19, including:

Evidence reviews

Public health organizations are looking for the latest scientific evidence to inform the COVID-19 response in Canada. Evidence is the available body of facts or information on a topic. There are different types of evidence: research-based, experience and opinion. Optimal evidence is based upon well-designed research studies, systematic reviews and meta-analyses found in the published scientific literature.

The Public Health Agency of Canada aims to rapidly identify, categorize and briefly summarize the most recent evidence around various aspects of COVID-19. Our aim is to provide the most accurate and up-to-date scientific intelligence to decision makers. Access a list of the Public Health Agency of Canada's COVID-19 evidence.

The Public Health Agency of Canada is also working with the National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools, which houses a repository for COVID-19 related evidence reviews. The repository helps to minimize duplication and facilitate collaboration among public health partners.

Wastewater surveillance

People infected with COVID-19 can shed the virus through their stool, even if they don't have any symptoms. Testing a community's sewage (wastewater) can tell us if COVID-19 is increasing or decreasing in that community.

Our scientists have developed a pan-Canadian wastewater network to monitor the spread of COVID-19 in Canada. This is in collaboration with provincial, territorial and municipal governments and academia across Canada.

Some communities and local health authorities are collecting wastewater samples for analysis by Canada's National Microbiology Laboratory. Analysis helps detect the virus that causes COVID-19 and variants.

For more information, please refer to:


Federal/Provincial/Territorial Public Health Response Plan for Biological Events

The response plan was created to ensure a coordinated response across Canada.

Special Advisory Committee on COVID-19

This committee was established to advise Federal/Provincial/Territorial Deputy Ministers of Health across Canada on the coordination, public health policy and technical content related to this outbreak. This committee consists of the members of the Pan-Canadian Public Health Network Council and the Council of Chief Medical Officers of Health, and is co-chaired by Dr. Theresa Tam, Canada's Chief Public Health Officer, and Dr. Saqib Shahab, Saskatchewan Chief Medical Health Officer. On May 1, 2020, the committee released: Foundations for Living with COVID-19 in Canada: Lifting of Restrictive Public Health Measures. On May 20, 2020, the committee released a fact sheet on mask wearing for community settings.

Canada's National Microbiology Laboratory (NML) has developed a real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) test that can diagnose COVID-19 from clinical specimens. The NML is working collaboratively with Canadian provincial public health laboratories through the Canadian Public Health Laboratory Network to ensure there is additional testing capacity in multiple jurisdictions.

At this time, the NML also supports the use of other publicly posted international assays.

Further collaborative scientific studies to investigate the virus are underway.

International response

Since February 11, 2020, the Government of Canada has supported the global effort to beat the pandemic. To date, Canada has committed over $3.4 billion to the global response to COVID-19. We've made an additional $1 billion available for International Monetary Fund loans related to COVID-19. Since May 2020, Canada has also provided more than $70 million in temporary debt service relief for the poorest countries through the G20 and Paris Club agreed Debt Service Suspension Initiative.

Canada is part of the Access to COVID-19 Tools Accelerator. This ensures that people worldwide have equal and affordable access to COVID-19 health products like:

Prime Minister Trudeau participated in 2 Coronavirus Global Response pledging events. The European Union, Canada and other global leaders co-hosted the first event on May 4, 2020. On June 27, 2020, he participated in the second virtual event hosted by the European Union and Global Citizen. These events raised 15.9 billion euros for COVID-19 tests, treatments and vaccines, as well as the global recovery effort.

In September 2020, the Prime Minister announced Canada's participation in the COVID-19 Vaccine Global Access Facility. This initiative develops and deploys safe, effective and accessible COVID-19 vaccines to Canadians and low- and middle-income countries.

Canada's pandemic response also supports critical areas of international development, including:

Clinical trials and sponsors

Companies and researchers with drugs, medical devices, or natural health products that may be effective in treating or diagnosing COVID-19 are encouraged to contact us to facilitate clinical trials.

Clinical trials are studies to find out whether a drug or medical device is safe and effective for people. We can authorize a clinical trial quickly in urgent situations.

Please contact us at:

Drug and medical device supply monitoring

The Government of Canada is actively monitoring the novel COVID-19 and its impact on the supply of prescription and over-the-counter drugs, natural health products and medical devices in Canada. We do this through regular contact with:

We're aware that there may be supply disruptions related to COVID-19 and are monitoring the situation closely.

Companies that market prescription drugs for human use in Canada must report anticipated or actual drug shortages on Drug Shortages Canada. We've contacted companies to remind them of this requirement. We've also asked industry stakeholder associations to notify us of any early signals of shortages related to COVID-19. The provinces and territories, health care professionals or the public can also report drug and medical device shortage signals.

We'll continue to use all available tools to help manage critical national shortages when they happen, and work with partners so that Canadians have access to the medications they need.

Critical Drug Reserve during the COVID-19 pandemic

The Government of Canada has been working with provinces/territories and other partners to establish a COVID-19 Critical Drug Reserve that focuses on the drugs that hospitals are using to treat patients who are critically ill with COVID-19. The reserve will be a safety net, helping to increase the supply of key drugs used to treat COVID-19. It's an additional tool and part of our collective pandemic response efforts to support the health and safety of Canadians.

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