Information for discounters
- What's new
- Submit Documents Online
- Client Data Enquiry
- Tax Rebate Discounting Act
- Guide for Discounters
- Forms for discounters
- Direct deposit for discounters
Express NOA is a secure service that allows authorized representatives to view, from EFILE-certified software, your client’s notice of assessment indicating the amount of your client’s refund as assessed by the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). To prepare a discounted tax return when using a software offering Express NOA, follow these steps:
- prepare and sign Form RC71, Statement of Discounter Transaction and any other documents needed to process the transaction
- have the RC71 signed by the client
- pay the client
- EFILE the tax return
- obtain the amount of the refund assessed by the CRA
- if the refund assessed is less than the RC71 box A amount, you may decide to recover the payment that you just gave to the client
- if you paid by cheque, have the client sign and date the back of the cheque and give it back to you
- if any other method of payment was used, have the client give it back to you
- using your software, prepare a second RC71 by entering in box A the refund assessed by the CRA and have your client sign it
- pay your client the new, lesser amount
- you may wish to detail this on a receipt to account for the difference
- retain both RC71’s in your file — the one prepared for transmitting the return and the second one with the assessed refund amount
- when preparing the Form RC72, Notice of the Actual Amount of the Refund of Tax, use the information from the second RC71
- if the assessed amount indicates a refund of $0, you may wish to recover the payment that you just gave to the client
- follow the same steps as above
- the second RC71 that you will prepare will show $0 in box A
- no payment to the client is required
If you require more information about how Express NOA relates to discounted tax refunds you may phone 1-613-941-8864.
Submit Documents Online
You can submit your signed and scanned Form RC76, Application and Agreement to Obtain a Discounter Code / Discounter Direct Deposit Enrolment, and a scanned copy of your void cheque electronically. For more information, go to Submit Documents Online.
Before submitting your documents, make sure you meet the following requirements:
- You are registered for the CRA’s secure Represent a Client online service portal.
- Your files are saved in a format that the CRA can accept.
- Common allowable file formats are: .pdf, .doc, .docx, .xls, .xlsx, .rtf, .txt, .jpg, .jpeg, .tiff, .tif and .xps.
- If more than one file is being uploaded, each must have a unique name.
- Log in to the Represent a Client portal
- Select "Submit documents”
- Select “Non-client” and “No” in the reference number field
- Select “File a Discounter registration form”
After documents are submitted
When your documents are successfully submitted, you will receive a reference number and a confirmation number. Make sure to take note of these numbers and keep them in a safe place for future reference.
Getting help with submitting documents online
- If you have technical problems submitting documents online, contact the Individual tax enquiries service at 1-800-959-8281 for assistance.
- If you have questions about the request to submit documents, contact the CRA official who requested the documents.
Client Data Enquiry
Client Data Enquiry (CDE) is a service that allows view access to various data elements of a client's current-year account. It serves as more than a notification and can provide a summary of a client's account, including amounts, where applicable. Authorized representatives will be able to view information about a client's current-year account before preparing their return. It also assists discounters by indicating if outstanding debts exist.
To access the CDE service, you must log in to Represent a Client and have a signed Form T1013, Authorizing or Cancelling a Representative on file with the CRA.
The following information can be accessed using the CDE service:
- Home Buyers' Plan repayment amount and repayable balance
- Lifelong Learning Plan repayment amount and repayable balance
- Social assistance or workers' compensation benefits
- Employment insurance and other benefits (T4E)
- Working income tax benefit advance payments (RC210)
- Universal child care benefit (RC62)
- Reassessment information
- Balance owing
- New balance owing message for prior claim(s) on a refund
- No debt owing indicators
- Current tax year return
- Insolvency, consumer proposal indicator
- Recent page access
- Other existing outstanding balances
- Federal tuition, education, and textbook carryforward amounts
- Provincial tuition, education, and textbook carryforward amounts
- Disability tax credit eligibility
- Unfiled returns
- External refund set-off amounts
- Internal refund set-off notification
- Reassessment in progress
- Pension, retirement, annuity, and other income (T4A)
- CPP payments (T4A(P))
- Outstanding GST/HST returns
- Working income tax benefit
- Immigration Date
- Emigration Date
- EFILE ineligibility indicators
- Direct deposit indicators
The CRA receives tax information from third parties. It will have most tax information slips and other tax-related information for the 2017 tax year available by early March 2018. If the information is not available, it is possible that the CRA has not yet received it. If that is the case, please try the service again later. The information provided in the CDE system is based on our records at the time the request is processed. Balances may change between the time the CDE request is processed and the time the tax return is processed. These balances can affect the refund amount if they are updated.
Getting help with Client Data Enquiry (CDE)
If you have difficulty logging into or navigating the Represent a Client portal, or you have questions about the data in CDE, contact the Individual tax enquiries at 1-800-959-8281.
It remains the taxpayer’s responsibility to report their income before a tax return is submitted to the CRA. Taxpayers must ensure that all applicable fields on the return are filled in, including tax information not delivered by Auto-fill my return (like various credits and deductions such as moving expenses, tuition fees, to only name a few), and that the information provided is true and accurate.
Mandatory Electronic Filing
Tax preparers who prepare more than 10 returns are required to file them electronically. For more information, go to mandatory electronic filing.
Any discounter who charges fees in addition to the allowed discount fee (15% - 5%) violates subsection 3(1) of the Tax Rebate Discounting Act. Extra fees cannot be charged for the service of preparing and filing a client's income tax and benefit return or any other service directly related to the discounting transaction.
Discounters must pay the full minimum consideration (85% - 95%) by cash or cheque at the time of the discounting transaction.
Administratively, we accept that the amount the discounter pays to the client can be reduced by other unrelated fees. This is permitted provided that the client authorizes the deduction in writing and that they are for one of the two reasons below. No other fees or deductions are permitted.
A deduction is permitted for the recovery of an amount owed by the client to the discounter due to a shortage from a prior year discounted return. Administratively, we accept that interest may be added to the shortage to allow for the period between the time you notify your client of this shortage and the time the shortage is recovered by you. In such cases, the interest must be calculated using an interest rate not higher than the CRA prescribed interest rates.
A fee is permitted for the preparation of a prior year T1 return or adjustment for the client or a family member's current or prior year T1 return that is filed at the same time and that is not discounted.
For Quebec residents, this includes the fee for the preparation of the Quebec income tax return.
A client must authorize this deduction from the minimum consideration. As proof of authorization, we will accept a fully typewritten receipt or a second cheque made out to the client, which the client endorses and returns to the discounter. If a receipt is provided, the reason for the fee and the amount must be clearly shown on a fully typewritten receipt that is signed and dated by the client. If a second cheque is provided, the explanation of the fee must be typewritten on the cheque.
In addition to the proof of authorization, you must have the following documentation in the client's file available for review by the CRA should we request it.
- If you are deducting an amount for a prior year return shortage, make sure you keep the prior year Form RC71, Statement of Discounter Transaction, proof of payment of the minimum consideration, and the Form RC72, Notice of the Actual Amount of the Refund of Tax.
- If you are deducting a fee for a family member's T1 return, make sure you keep the social insurance number of the family member and details about his or her relationship to the client.
Change of Address
We would like to remind you that, as a discounter, if your mailing address or phone number(s) have changed since last year or if they change during the program, the Company/Corporation owner must notify Discounter Services. There are two options to change your address and phone number. You can call Discounter Services to make this change by answering a few security questions. You can also complete and send a new Form RC76, Application and Agreement to Obtain a Discounter Code / Discounter Direct Deposit Enrolment, by indicating a change at the top of the form. To send the form, follow the instructions at the bottom of the RC76. It is very important that we have the accurate address on file as it ensures the notices of assessment continue to be sent to the correct address without delay.
Obligations of a discounter
As a discounter, you have to comply with all provisions of the Tax Rebate Discounting Act, the most current version of the Canada Revenue Agency’s (CRA) procedures and policies contained in Guide T4163, Guide for Discounters and the information for discounters webpage. For the latest information, go to this webpage at least on a quarterly basis.
You are required to obtain an EFILE number before applying to obtain a discounter code. Therefore, before you submit Form RC76, Application and Agreement to Obtain a Discounter Code / Discounter Direct Deposit Enrolment, make sure you include your current EFILE number.
You do not need to renew your discounter code each year. A revised application is only required when information you provided on Form RC75, Application and Agreement to Obtain a Discounter Code, Form RC115, Direct Deposit Enrolment Request, or Form RC76, Application and Agreement to Obtain a Discounter Code / Discounter Direct Deposit Enrolment has changed. See Guide T4163, Guide for Discounters, for more information.
Interest added to clients' debts owed to CRA
When you acquire a right to a client's refund, and you are aware of a client's debt to the CRA, you must enter in box A, on Form RC71, Statement of Discounting Transaction, the estimated refund from line 484, minus the amount owing. Administratively, we accept that interest may be added to the interest-bearing amounts to allow for the period between the time the outstanding balance is provided to you, and the time the tax return is assessed. In such cases, the interest must be calculated using an interest rate not higher than the CRA prescribed interest rates for a period no longer than our published EFILE processing standard of two weeks (or our paper-processing standard, if you are filing paper returns). Documentation on your clients' files must show the amount of the debt, the interest added, to whom it was owed, and the source of this information. You cannot add interest on a non-interest-bearing debt. For more information about our interest rates, go to Prescribed interest rates.
Subsection 4(1) of the Act requires that a client be paid the full minimum consideration at or before the time a discounter acquires the right to the client's refund. You cannot acquire a right to a client's refund of tax and only discount part of it. For example, in a situation where you are aware of a tuition, education and textbook carry forward amount, you must account for this amount in the calculation of the estimated refund at the time of the discounting transaction. Make sure that you discount on the total estimated refund.
Notices of assessment
As a discounter, you will receive your clients’ original notice of assessment. As soon as you receive them, you have to send the original notices to all your clients along with Form RC72, Notice of the Actual Amount of the Refund of Tax. Even if your clients give us an email address on their T1 return or register through My Account to receive online mail from us, we will still send the notices of assessment to you.
To support the CRA goals of increasing electronic services and reducing paper burden, the CRA launched, on February 10, 2014, a pilot project to electronically deliver notices of assessment to participating discounters. The notice a client will receive from these discounters may look different from notices of previous years, but it is to be treated as an official CRA document.
Form RC72, Notice of the Actual Amount of the Refund of Tax
You have to inform the client, using Form RC72, of the actual amount of the refund you received from the CRA as soon as you receive a notice of assessment, a refund cheque, or a payment from the CRA. You must send Form RC72 to the clients regardless of whether there is an excess, a loss, or a nil balance. It is an offence under the Act to not send Form RC72 and the notice of assessment to your clients immediately.
Box 10 of the RC72 form should be the date you or your representative signed the form, paid any applicable excess amount to the client, and when it was sent to the client with the original notice of assessment.
Paragraph 3(3)(b) of the Tax Rebate Discounting Act requires that if the actual refund of tax, excluding refund interest, you receive for a client exceeds the estimated amount of the refund of tax by $10 or more, the discounter must pay, or make every reasonable effort to pay, the full amount of the excess to the client. Please note that an excess cheque is not considered paid until it is cashed. If the excess is not paid within 30 days, the discounter must immediately remit the excess, together with a copy of Form RC72 to the Receiver General for Canada to credit the client's account. Send this information to the client's tax centre. Refer to the Guide for Discounters for more information.
Another option would be to complete the form T7DR(A) and make the payment to CRA through a financial institution. Ensure you verify the social insurance number, name, and amount.
Electronic and paper versions of Form RC71, Statement of Discounting Transaction
If you use EFILE to file discounted returns, the electronic version of the Form RC71 transmitted to the CRA must be an exact copy of the paper version of the Form RC71 which has been signed and dated by the discounter and the client.
You may have to manually override and lock the RC71 fields in your software before electronically transmitting the form to us to ensure the EFILE version matches the paper version.
Any changes made after it has been printed must be initialed by the client as authorization. Box 14 of the RC71 must be the date the transaction took place. If the client must come back to your office on a different date to complete the transaction before you file the return, you must reprint the RC71 with the correct date and have it signed by your client to reflect the actual date of the transaction.
Credits and benefits that cannot be discounted
The goods and services tax/harmonized sales tax (GST/HST) credit, Canada child benefit (CCB), and similar benefits are credits and benefits that cannot be discounted.
The Ontario Trillium Benefit (OTB) and its components are benefits that cannot be discounted. The OTB is the integration of the payment issuance for three former programs: the Ontario Sales Tax Credit (OSTC); the Ontario Energy and Property Tax Credit (OEPTC); and the Northern Ontario Energy Credit (NOEC).
Tax Rebate Discounting Act
The Tax Rebate Discounting Act regulates the practice of tax discounting. Its purpose is to protect the rights and interests of individuals who use discounting services to get their income tax refunds.
Guide for Discounters
This publication is only available on our website. The T4163, Guide for Discounters outlines important information and procedures relating to the Tax Rebate Discounting Act, which regulates tax discounting. When you applied for your discounter code, you certified that you will comply with all the provisions of the Tax Rebate Discounting Act, the Canada Revenue Agency procedures and policies contained in the Guide for Discounters, and this webpage. Therefore, you must read this information at least on a quarterly basis.
Forms for discounters
You can find most of our forms and publications, including the discounter forms on our Web site.
Direct deposit for discounters
We can deposit your discounted refunds directly into your account at any financial institution in Canada. Send us a completed Form RC76, Application and Agreement to Obtain a Discounter Code / Discounter Direct Deposit Enrolment, and include a "VOID" personalized cheque or deposit slip to either:
- start participating in the direct deposit program; or
- change your direct deposit information that we have on file.
If you already use direct deposit and your banking information has not changed, you do not need to complete this form.
The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) conducts compliance programs to ensure that consumers are protected under the Tax Rebate Discounting Act (TRDA) and that tax discounters adhere to their responsibilities under the law. The CRA seeks publicity on convictions in the case of tax discounters who commit an offence under the TRDA. This is to increase compliance with the law through the deterrent effect of such publicity. The CRA advises the media of cases of discounters convicted in the courts for failing to comply with the provisions of the TRDA. The information released to the media is available to the public since it is derived strictly from court records and not from confidential information held by the CRA. If you suspect a failure to comply with the provisions of the TRDA or any tax law, please go to the CRA compliance webpage.
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