Manual of Drill and Ceremonial | Chapter 4 C7 Rifle Drill

A-DH-201-000/PT-000

How squad members should stand, move and fire in a rifle drill or ceremony. Diagrams show correct positions and movements of both the member and the rifle.

SECTION 1 BASIC RIFLE DRILL

INTRODUCTION

  1. Preliminary Instruction. Before commencing instruction, it is important that members of the squad be issued a rifle with the correct butt size and receive instruction in the names of the parts of the rifle and its care and maintenance (Figure 4-1-1). Safety precautions should be carried out at the commencement of arms drill lessons. Weapons should be fitted with a magazine and sling and the bolt should be in the weapon. Optical sights will not be removed for drill purposes.
  2. Drill Instruction. Initial instruction shall be by numbers following the method outlined in Chapter 1. The squad should be in hollow square or single rank.
  3. Words of Command. All movements on the march are made on successive beats of the left foot. Words of command are given as the left foot is forward and on the ground. Movements start the next time the left foot comes to the ground.
  4. Rifle Movements. Unless stated otherwise, during the execution of rifle movements:
    1. the sling is kept taut on the left-hand side of the magazine with the lower keeper 10 cm from the rear sling swivel;
    2. the rifle is moved as quickly as possible between positions and kept close to the body;
    3. the head, body and legs are maintained in the position of attention;
    4. the fingers are kept close together;
    5. the elbows are kept close to the body;
    6. the disengaged hand is brought to the rifle by the shortest route and as quickly as possible and the same principle applies when returning the disengaged hand to the position of attention; and
    7. the standard pause between all rifle and foot drill movements is observed.
  5. Resting the Squad. During initial rifle drill instruction, it is sometimes necessary to hold a rifle movement for a considerable period of time while details are being explained. This is tiring for the squad members and will result in sloppy drill. To allow rest while other members of the squad are being corrected, the commands FRONT RANK (SQUAD, etc.) – REST; and SQUAD POSI – TION may be used. To rest the squad, the following procedures are to be used:
    1. on the command FRONT RANK (SQUAD, etc.) – REST, the rifle butt is brought to the ground but the feet are not moved; and
    2. on the command SQUAD, POSI – TION, the squad resumes the position they were in when ordered squad rest.

C7A2 RIFLE

Figure 4-1-1 C7A2 Rifle

  1. Faults. Constant checking for and correcting of faults is essential. Errors will be corrected immediately when they occur.
  2. Rifle/Carbine Drill. Movements for rifle and carbine drill have been coordinated to ensure units armed with both carry out actions together.

ATTENTION

igure 4-1-2 Position of Attention

  1. The position of attention with the rifle is the same as detailed in Chapter 2, paragraph 3, except that the rifle is held with the right hand at the right side of the body (Figure 4-1-2).
  2. To assume the position of attention, squad members shall:
    1. grasp the rifle with the front sight in the palm of the right hand, fingers extended straight down the right side of the rifle with the thumb on the left side touching the seam of the trousers. The muzzle will be pulled back between the arm and the side of the body. The position of the right hand will not vary with the height of the individual, but the position of the right elbow will be either bent or straight. If the elbow is bent it will be held close to the body and to the rear;
    2. place the butt on the ground with the rifle touching the boot, toe of the butt in line with the small toe of the right foot; and
    3. keep the magazine square to the front.

STAND AT EASE FROM ATTENTION

Figure 4-1-3 Position of Stand at Ease

  1. On the command STAND AT – EASE, squad members shall:
    1. force the rifle directly to the front and to the full extent of the right arm, keeping the toe of the butt in contact with the ground and in line with the small toe of the right foot (Figure 4-1-3);
    2. simultaneously, bend the left knee and place the left foot smartly on the ground 25 cm to the left; and
    3. keep the left arm straight at the side.

STAND EASY FROM STAND AT EASE

Figure 4-1-4 Position of Stand Easy from Stand at Ease

  1. On the command STAND – EASY, squad members shall:
    1. with a quick movement of the right arm, bring the muzzle of the rifle to the centre of the body by pivoting the rifle on the toe of the butt so the base of the magazine is pointing to the left (Figure 4-1-4);
    2. simultaneously, strike and grasp the flash suppressor (when bayonets are fixed, the handle of the bayonet) with the palm of the left hand, thumb in rear and fingers in front of the flash suppressor, fingers together pointing down and to the right in a straight line from the elbow; and
    3. after observing a standard pause, relax the body.

STAND AT EASE FROM STAND EASY

  1. On the command SQUAD, the squad shall assume the position of stand at ease.

ATTENTION FROM STAND AT EASE

  1. On the command ATTEN – TION, squad members shall:
    1. bend the left knee and bring the left foot to the position of attention, keeping the left arm at the side; and
    2. with a swift motion, simultaneously force the rifle to the right side, keeping the butt in contact with the ground and the foot, and assume the position of attention.

Figure 4-1-5 Short Trail

SHORT TRAIL ARMS

  1. The short trail is used when marching the squad short distances or during dressing when squad members are required to move.
  2. On the command SHORT TRAIL – ARMS given only when the squad is in the position of attention, squad members shall (Figure 4-1-5):
    1. bend the right arm and raise the butt of the rifle 2 cm from the ground; and
    2. keep the rifle vertical and close to the body.
  3. On the command AT THE SHORT TRAIL, QUICK – MARCH, simultaneously with the detail in paragraph 15 above, step off with the left foot.
  4. On the command SQUAD – HALT, the squad shall halt as ordered and, as the right knee is straightened, lower the rifle to the attention position.
  5. When a squad is at the order arms position and the command QUICK – MARCH is given, the squad shall automatically adopt the short trail position as they step off with the left foot.

GROUND ARMS

Figure 4-1-6 Ground Arms

  1. When a squad is formed in ranks, the ground arms command is used when it is necessary to move the squad without arms. Ground arms may be ordered only when a squad is at the open order. Care must be taken not to kick or step on arms when they are grounded.
  2. On the command GROUND ARMS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. take a half pace forward with the left foot and, by bending the knees, adopt a squatting position while simultaneously lifting the rifle and forcing the butt to the rear so that the weapon is parallel to the ground (Figure 4-1-6);
    2. keeping the right arm straight, lay the rifle on the ground with the magazine to the right and the muzzle pointing straight to the front, with the front sight in line with the toe of the left foot;
    3. keep the shoulders square to the front and look down at the rifle; and
    4. keep the left arm straight against the body and hip.
  3. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall:
    1. release the rifle; and
    2. assume the position of attention by standing erect, bending the left knee and bringing the left foot smartly back to the right foot.
  4. On the command GROUND – ARMS, the two movements are combined. A standard pause shall be observed between the movements.

TAKE UP ARMS

  1. On the command TAKE UP ARMS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD-ONE, squad members shall:
    1. take a half pace forward with the left foot and squat with the weight of the body on the right foot;
    2. look down and grasp the rifle at the front sight with the right hand; and
    3. keep the left arm straight against the body and hip.
  2. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall assume the position of attention by:
    1. standing erect, bending the left knee and bringing the left foot smartly back to the right; and
    2. simultaneously, rotating the rifle to the left, bringing the magazine to the front and placing the butt of the rifle flat on the ground.
  3. On the command TAKE UP – ARMS, the two movements are combined. A standard pause shall be observed between the movements.

SHOULDER ARMS FROM THE ORDER

Figure 4-1-7 Shoulder Arms from the Order

  1. The position of shoulder arms is the main position for carrying the rifle on the march (Figure 4-1-7).
  2. On the command SHOULDER ARMS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. throw the rifle vertically up the right side with a flick of the right wrist, keeping the elbow as still as possible, release the rifle before the right hand reaches the waist, straighten the right arm, and strike and grasp the pistol grip with the right hand with the knuckles to the right, thumb around the pistol grip;
    2. simultaneously, bring the left forearm horizontally across the body to strike and grasp the handguard with an all-round grip of the left hand and force the rifle into the right shoulder; and
    3. keep the rifle vertical to the ground.
  3. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall assume the position of attention by:
    1. cutting the left hand to the side by the shortest route; and
    2. forcing the rifle back until the thumb of the right hand is in line with the trouser seam.
  4. On the command SHOULDER – ARMS, the two movements are combined. A standard pause shall be observed between movements.

ORDER ARMS FROM THE SHOULDER

Figure 4-1-8 Order Arms from the Shoulder

  1. On the command ORDER ARMS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. retain the grip with the right hand, force the left hand across the body to strike and grasp the barrel immediately below the flash suppressor with an all-round grip, and keep the left elbow close to the body (Figure 4-1-8);
    2. simultaneously, force the butt forward so the rifle is held vertically to the ground; and
    3. when the bayonet is on the rifle, the left hand will grasp the bayonet handle with an all-round grip.
  2. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall:
    1. release the pistol grip and force the rifle down the right side with the left hand until the butt is 2 cm from the ground; and
    2. simultaneously, seize the rifle with the front sight in the palm of the right hand, with the fingers extended straight down the right side of the rifle and the thumb on the left.
  3. On the command SQUAD – THREE, squad members shall cut the left hand to the side, lower the rifle to the ground and assume the position of attention.
  4. On the command ORDER – ARMS, the three movements are combined. A standard pause shall be observed between movements.

DRESSING A SQUAD

  1. When dressing a squad on parade with rifles, the squad may be at the order or shoulder arms position.
  2. On the command RIGHT (LEFT) – DRESS, the movement is executed normally except that the left arm is raised as the head is turned in the required direction.
  3. On the command SHOULDER (ELBOW) DRESSING, RIGHT (LEFT) – DRESS, the movement is executed normally.

ORDERING A SQUAD WITH RIFLES ON PARADE

  1. The squad shall assemble in three ranks at the edge of the parade ground and stand at ease. The marker detailed by the instructor shall take up position as the right-hand person of the front rank and stand at ease.
  2. On the command MARKER, the marker shall:
    1. come to attention and observe the standard pause;
    2. shoulder arms and observe the standard pause;
    3. march to a position three paces in front of and facing the instructor and halt; and
    4. remain at the shoulder.
  3. After the marker has halted, the instructor shall turn right and move to a position three paces front and centre of where the squad will be fallen in.
  4. On the command FALL – IN the squad shall:
    1. come to attention and observe the standard pause;
    2. shoulder arms and observe the standard pause;
    3. march onto the parade ground and halt on the left of and covering off the marker; and
    4. remain at the shoulder.
  5. The instructor shall then proceed as required, i.e., right dress, eyes front, order arms, stand at ease.
  6. This movement may be executed with the rifles held at the short trail position if the instructor so orders.

PRESENT ARMS FROM THE SHOULDER

Figure 4-1-9 Present Arms from the Shoulder

  1. The present arms is a ceremonial salute (Figure 4-1-9). On the command PRESENT ARMS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. with the right hand, flick the rifle up vertically 10 cm and then strike and grasp the small of the butt with the thumb on the left and the fingers together on the right;
    2. simultaneously, with the left hand, strike and grasp the rifle at the handguard, the fingers curled around the handguard, and the left forearm close to the body and parallel to the ground; and
    3. keep the right shoulder from moving backwards and move both hands simultaneously.
  2. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall:
    1. close the fingers and thumb of the right hand around the small of the butt and force the rifle up to a vertical position in the centre of the body with the magazine facing the front. The top of the magazine is level with the throat and the rear sight is 10 cm from the body;
    2. simultaneously, as the rifle reaches the central position, remove the left hand from the handguard, straighten the fingers and thumb and strike the forearm, wrist, palm and fingers against the rifle so that the slip ring rests in the palm, the elbow is forced into the side of the butt and the tip of the thumb is in line with the mouth; and
    3. keep the rifle vertical on its way up, the left forearm into the rifle and the right elbow against the waist.
  3. On the command SQUAD – THREE, squad members shall:
    1. straighten the right arm down the centre of the body thus lowering the rifle to a vertical position 10 cm from the body. The right forearm rests in the groin, the fingers of the right hand straightened down the right side of the butt and the thumb down the left;
    2. simultaneously, remove the left forearm from the rifle and with the left elbow into the side, strike and grasp the handguard, with the forearm horizontal, fingers closed around the front of the rifle, thumb vertical up the left side, wrist straight and little finger touching the magazine housing; and
    3. at the same time, bend the right knee and place the right foot smartly on the ground with the instep against the heel of the left foot; feet at an angle of 30 degrees.
  4. Common faults to watch for are:
    1. Pushing the rifle upward before starting downwards.
    2. Left hand too high on the handguard.
    3. Weight of the body going back on the right foot.
    4. Increasing the angle between the feet, thereby dragging the shoulder backwards.
    5. Rifle too close to the body.
  5. On the command PRESENT – ARMS, the three movements are combined. A standard pause shall be observed between the movements.

SHOULDER ARMS FROM THE PRESENT

Figure 4-1-10 Shoulder Arms from the Present

  1. On the command SHOULDER ARMS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. force the rifle to the right side of the body as for the first position of the shoulder arms movement (Figure 4-1-10); and
    2. simultaneously, strike and grasp the pistol grip with the right hand.
  2. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall:
    1. bend the right knee and bring the right foot to the position of attention;
    2. simultaneously, cut the left hand to the side; and
    3. move the rifle back until the thumb of the right hand is in line with the trouser seam.
  3. On the command SHOULDER – ARMS, the two movements are combined. The standard pause shall be observed between the movements.

FIX BAYONETS

Figure 4-1-11 Fix Bayonets

  1. The squad shall be at the open order when fixing and unfixing bayonets.
  2. On the command SQUAD WILL FIX BAYONETS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. force the rifle out to the full extent of the right arm as for the position of stand at ease (Figure 4-1-11); and
    2. simultaneously, grasp the bayonet handle with the thumb around the ring and the fingers extended on the handle.
  3. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall:
    1. rotate the bayonet anti-clockwise; and
    2. withdraw the bayonet by straightening the left arm, the bayonet being held along the left buttock, not visible from the front, and the fingers extended down the side of the bayonet handle with the thumb around the ring of the bayonet.
  4. On the command SQUAD WILL FIX BAYONETS – FIX, the two movements are combined.
  5. On the command BAYONETS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. lower the head to look directly at the muzzle of the rifle; and
    2. simultaneously, bring the bayonet between the body and the arm and fix the bayonet on the rifle by first fitting the bayonet ring over the muzzle and then fitting the groove in the bayonet handle over the bayonet stud on the rifle.
  6. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall push the bayonet down until the catch engages.
  7. On the command SQUAD, BAYONETS, the two movements are combined. A standard pause shall be observed between the movements.
  8. On the command SQUAD, squad members shall open the palm of the left hand and strike the handle of the bayonet, fingers and thumb together and extended in continuation of the line of the arm, thumb below the cross piece (guard) of the bayonet.
  9. On the command SQUAD, ATTEN – TION, squad members shall:
    1. pull the rifle to the right side; and
    2. cut the left arm to the left side and raise the head to assume the position of attention.

NOTE

Units of The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery do not fix bayonets when on guard or other routine parades. On such occasions bayonets will be carried, but will not be fixed. In the case of special ceremonial parades, i.e., Guards of Honour for Royal personages, separate instructions will be issued by the chain of command.

UNFIX BAYONETS

Figure 4-1-12 Unfix Bayonets

  1. On the command SQUAD WILL UNFIX BAYONETS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. lift the rifle over the right instep with the right hand and place the butt flat on the ground between the feet so the heel of the butt is forced into the angle formed by the feet (Figure 4-1-12);
    2. grasp the rifle between the knees, which shall be slightly bent; and
    3. strike and grasp the rifle with the left hand immediately below the bayonet handle with the thumb and the forefinger pressing in on the bayonet catch.
  2. On the command SQUAD – TWO, release the rifle with the right hand and grasp the bayonet handle with an upward movement, forcing the bayonet ring just clear of the rifle barrel. Keep the blade edge to the front and ensure that the angle of the bayonet does not change.
  3. On the command SQUAD WILL UNFIX BAYONETS – UNFIX, the movements are combined. A standard pause shall be observed between the movements.
  4. On the command BAYONETS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. with a flick of the right wrist, turn the bayonet over to the left so that the flat of the blade strikes the belt;
    2. grasp the scabbard with the left hand, tilting the scabbard and inserting the point of the bayonet into the mouth of the scabbard; and
    3. simultaneously, bend the head downward and to the left to look at the scabbard.
  5. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall:
    1. force the bayonet fully home in the scabbard;
    2. keep the left elbow straight to the rear;
    3. keep the right elbow close to the body; and
    4. keep the fingers of the right hand closed and extended downward over the bayonet handle.
  6. On the command SQUAD, BAYONETS, the two movements are combined. A standard pause shall be observed between the movements.
  7. On the command ATTENTION BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. grasp the rifle with the right hand as for the position of attention;
    2. simultaneously, release the scabbard with the left hand and strike and grasp the rifle barrel below the flash suppressor; and
    3. turn the head and eyes to the front.
  8. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall:
    1. lift the rifle over the right instep;
    2. stand up; and
    3. simultaneously, with the left hand, guide the rifle to the position of attention, steadying the rifle in the vertical position, fingers extended and thumb behind the muzzle.
  9. On the command SQUAD – THREE, squad members shall cut the left hand and arm to the side assuming the position of attention.
  10. On the command SQUAD, ATTEN – TION, the three movements are combined. A standard pause shall be observed between the movements.

EXAMINE ARMS FROM THE ORDER

Figure 4-1-13 Examine Arms from the Order

  1. The squad shall be in the open order when examining arms.
  2. On the command FOR INSPECTION EXAMINE ARMS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. take a half pace directly forward with the left foot (Figure 4-1-13), keeping the head, shoulder and body square to the front;
    2. throw the rifle up and forward with the right hand to an angle of 45 degrees, grasp the handguard immediately in front of the magazine with the left hand, the sling in the palm of the left hand; and
    3. with the right hand, grasp the pistol grip, the right forefinger outside the trigger guard and the butt forced into the side between the right forearm and the body.
  3. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall remove the right hand from the pistol grip and grasp the cocking handle with the index and middle fingers.
  4. On the command SQUAD – THREE, squad members shall, with the right hand:
    1. pull the working parts to the rear; and
    2. return the cocking handle to its normal position.
  5. On the command SQUAD – FOUR, squad members shall return the right hand to the pistol grip, right forefinger along the trigger guard.
  6. On the command SQUAD – FIVE, squad members shall remove the left hand from the handguard and ensure the fire control selector is on “S”.
  7. On the command SQUAD – SIX, the left hand is returned to the handguard.
  8. On the command FOR INSPECTION, EXAMINE – ARMS, the five movements are combined. The standard pause shall be observed between the movements. This command may be ordered individually, by ranks or collectively at the discretion of the inspecting officer.

EASE SPRINGS

  1. On the command EASE SPRINGS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. remove the left hand from the handguard; and
    2. strike the side of the magazine with the fingers around the forward edge of the magazine and the left thumb over the bolt catch.
  2. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall push the bolt in the bolt catch with the thumb of the left hand.
  3. On the command SQUAD – THREE, squad members shall move the fire control selector to “R” with the thumb and forefinger of the left hand.
  4. On the command SQUAD – FOUR, squad members shall return the left hand to the handguard.
  5. On the command SQUAD – FIVE, squad members shall press the trigger and release it.
  6. On the command SQUAD – SIX, squad members shall, with the right hand, strike the right side of the magazine housing with fingers together and extended and immediately, with the index finger, close the ejection port cover (Figure 4-1-14).
  7. On the command SQUAD – SEVEN, squad members shall return the right hand to the pistol grip, the right index finger along the trigger guard.
  8. On the command EASE – SPRINGS, the seven movements are combined. The standard pause shall be observed between the movements.

Figure 4-1-14 Ease Springs - Six

ORDER ARMS FROM THE EXAMINE

Figure 4-1-15 Order Arms from the Examine

  1. On the command ORDER ARMS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall remove the right hand from pistol grip to strike and grasp the rifle at the front sight, ensuring that the angle of the rifle does not change (Figure 4-1-15).
  2. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall:
    1. bend the left knee and assume the position of attention with the feet;
    2. with the right hand, force the rifle to the right side and assume the position of the short trail; and
    3. grasp the flash suppressor with an all-round grip of the left hand.
  3. On the command SQUAD – THREE, squad members shall:
    1. cut the left hand to the side; and
    2. lower the butt to the ground and assume the position of attention.
  4. On the command ORDER – ARMS, the three movements are combined. The standard pause shall be observed between the movements.
  5. On other than a ceremonial parade, it is normal for each individual to ease springs, order arms and stand at ease when the inspecting officer has reached the second file to the left. The last two members of the rank act together.

SHOULDER ARMS FROM THE EXAMINE

  1. This movement is executed with the carbine, but may also be used with the rifle. Similar to Chapter 5, Section 1.

SALUTE AT THE SHOULDER

Figure 4-1-16 Salute at the Shoulder

  1. The salute with the rifle is executed at the shoulder. The movement of the hand is the same whether saluting to the front or to a flank. The head and eyes are turned in the required direction when the salute is to a flank.
  2. On the command TO THE FRONT (LEFT) (RIGHT) SALUTE BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. with the right hand, force the rifle forward to a vertical position and simultaneously move the left hand across the body with the forearm parallel to the ground (Figure 4-1-16); and
    2. strike the handguard with the fingers and thumb together and extended, with the back of the hand to the front and the elbow close to the body.
  3. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall cut the left hand to the side and force the rifle back and assume the position of shoulder arms.
  4. On the command TO THE FRONT, (LEFT) (RIGHT) – SALUTE, the two movements are combined. The standard pause is observed between the movements.
  5. When an armed individual is saluting on the march, the head and eyes are turned in the required direction, and the salute shall commence and terminate as detailed in Chapter 3, paragraph 79

PORT ARMS FROM THE ORDER

Figure 4-1-17 Port Arms from the Order

  1. On the command PORT – ARMS, squad members shall throw the weapon across the body with the muzzle leading, the magazine to the front and the barrel crossing opposite the point of the left shoulder (Figure 4-1-17). The weapon shall be caught at the handguard with the left hand, thumb and fingers around the handguard and the hand at the point of the left shoulder. As the left hand catches the weapon, the pistol grip is gripped with the right hand in an overhand grasp. Elbows shall be held close to the body and the weapon shall be held 10 cm from the body.
  2. The port arms is used when doubling with the rifle.

ORDER ARMS FROM THE PORT

Figure 4-1-18 Order Arms from the Port

  1. On the command ORDER ARMS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. remove the right hand from the pistol grip; and
    2. strike the rifle at the front sight, keeping the right forearm and elbow resting on the upper portion of the handguards (Figure 4-1-18).
  2. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall:
    1. with the right hand, force the rifle to the right side and assume the position of the second movement of the order arms; and
    2. simultaneously strike and grasp the flash suppressor with an all-round grip of the left hand.
  3. On the command SQUAD – THREE, squad members shall:
    1. cut the left hand to the side; and
    2. lower the butt to the ground and assume the position of attention.
  4. On the command ORDER – ARMS, the three movements are combined. The standard pause is observed between the movements.

PORT ARMS FROM THE SHOULDER

Figure 4-1-19 Port Arms from the Shoulder

  1. On the command PORT ARMS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. with the right hand, force the rifle diagonally across the body with the muzzle upwards, the magazine to the front and the barrel crossing opposite the point of the left shoulder (Figure 4-1-19): and
    2. simultaneously, strike and grasp the handguard with the left hand, with the thumb around the rifle and the hand at the point of the left shoulder.
  2. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall remove the right hand from the pistol grip and strike and grip the pistol grip using an overhand grasp. The rifle shall be held 10 cm from the body.
  3. On the command PORT – ARMS, the two movements are combined. The standard pause is observed between the movements.
  4. This position is automatically assumed when changing from quick to double time.

SHOULDER ARMS FROM THE PORT

Figure 4-1-20 Shoulder Arms from the Port

  1. On the command SHOULDER ARMS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. force the rifle to the shoulder arms position with the left hand (Figure 4-1-20); and
    2. simultaneously, change the position of the right hand from the pistol grip to strike and grasp the pistol grip.
  2. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall cut the left hand to the side and assume the position of attention.
  3. On the command SHOULDER – ARMS, the two movements are combined. The standard pause is observed between the movements.

TRAIL ARMS FROM THE SHOULDER

Figure 4-1-21 Trail Arms from the Shoulder

  1. This movement can only be used when troops are equipped with the C7 rifle fitted with the carrying handle. The optical sight will not be used as a carrying handle. On the command TRAIL ARMS BY NUMBERS SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. with the left forearm parallel to the ground, strike and grasp the handguard with an all-round grip of the left hand (Figure 4-1-21); and
    2. force the rifle forward to a vertical position with the right hand.
  2. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall move the right hand and by the shortest route grasp the carrying handle at the upper forward portion of the handle with the thumb in front of the handle (the balance point).
  3. On the command SQUAD – THREE, squad members shall:
    1. lower the rifle to a horizontal position at the full extent of the right arm with the muzzle pointing forward (the muzzle will point at a 30 degree angle inwards); and
    2. cut the left hand to the side.
  4. On the command TRAIL – ARMS, the three movements are combined. The standard pause is observed between the movements.
  5. The weapon is angled 30 degrees inward on the final movement to avoid barrel-butt collision with the weapon of the person in front when marching.

SHOULDER ARMS FROM THE TRAIL

Figure 4-1-22 Shoulder Arms from the Trail

  1. This movement can only be used when troops are equipped with the C7 rifle fitted with the carrying handle. The optical sight will not be used as a carrying handle. On the command SHOULDER ARMS BY NUMBERS SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. with the right wrist and forearm force the rifle to a vertical position with the right hand at the waist and close to the body (Figure 4-1-22); and
    2. simultaneously strike and grasp the handguard with the left hand with the left forearm parallel to the ground.
  2. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall strike and grasp the pistol grip with the right hand.
  3. On the command SQUAD – THREE, squad members shall cut the left arm to the side and assume the position of the shoulder arms.
  4. On the command SHOULDER – ARMS, the three movements are combined. The standard pause is observed between the movements.
  5. When turning about with the rifle at the trail, the position as detailed in paragraph 116 is adopted to prevent clashing of the rifles.

CHANGE ARMS AT THE TRAIL

Figure 4-1-23 Change Arms at the Trail

  1. This movement can only be used when troops are equipped with the C7 rifle fitted with the carrying handle. The optical sight will not be used as a carrying handle. On the command CHANGE ARMS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. bend the right arm and raise the rifle to the vertical in front of the centre of the body holding the right forearm parallel to the ground and the magazine to the front (Figure 4-1-23); and
    2. simultaneously, strike and grasp the lower end of the handguard with the left hand.
  2. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall strike and grasp the handguard with the right hand immediately above the left.
  3. On the command SQUAD – THREE, squad members shall grasp the carrying handle with the left hand.
  4. On the command SQUAD – FOUR, squad members shall:
    1. lower the weapon to a horizontal position at the full extent of the left arm with the muzzle pointing forward (the muzzle shall point inwards at a 30 degree angle); and
    2. simultaneously, cut the right hand to the side.
  5. On the command CHANGE – ARMS, the four movements are combined. The standard pause is observed between the movements.
  6. To change arms from the left to the right, the movement is executed as detailed above, substituting “left” for “right” and vice versa.

CHANGE ARMS AT THE SHOULDER

Figure 4-1-24 Charge Arms at the Shoulder

  1. On the command CHANGE ARMS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. with the right hand, force the rifle to a vertical position 10 cm front and centre of the body with the magazine to the front (Figure 4-1-24); and
    2. strike and grasp the rifle at the handguard immediately above the magazine with an all-round grip of the left hand and the left forearm parallel to the ground.
  2. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall release the pistol grip with the right hand and strike and grasp the handguard immediately above the left hand.
  3. On the command SQUAD – THREE, squad members shall strike and grasp the pistol grip with the left hand.
  4. On the command SQUAD – FOUR, squad members shall:
    1. force the rifle to the left side to the shoulder arms position; and
    2. cut the right hand to the side.
  5. On the command CHANGE – ARMS, the four movements are combined. The standard pause is observed between the movements.
  6. To change arms from the left to the right, the movement is executed as detailed above, substituting “left” for “right” and vice versa.
  7. The elbows are kept in contact with the body during all these movements.

OTHER POSITIONS FOR CARRYING THE RIFLE

Figure 4-1-25 Sling Arms

  1. Sling Arms
    1. On the command SLING – ARMS, squad members shall loosen the sling and sling the rifle on the right shoulder with the sling in front and rifle in the rear with the muzzle pointing up (Figure 4-1-25). The right hand grasps the sling with the thumb underneath and level with the top of the breast pocket.
    2. When the rifle is slung, only the head and eyes shall be turned when saluting on the march. At the halt the position of attention is maintained. No hand salute is given.
    3. Prior to adopting other positions, the sling shall be tightened.
  2. Carrying the Rifle When Moving in Double Time. On the command DOUBLE – MARCH, squad members shall throw the rifle to the port arms position on the first pace in double time. On the command QUICK –MARCH, the rifle is returned to the shoulder arms position commencing with the first pace in quick time. When doubling and the command HALT is ordered, the rifle is returned to the original position after a standard pause when the halt has been completed.

SECTION 2 CEREMONIAL RIFLE DRILL

RECOVER ARMS FROM THE SHOULDER

Figure 4-2-1 Recover Arms from the Shoulder

  1. On the command RECOVER ARMS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. with the right hand, flick the rifle up vertically 10 cm and strike and grasp the small of the butt with the thumb on the left and the fingers together on the right (Figure 4-2-1); and
    2. simultaneously, with the left hand, strike and grasp the rifle at the handguard with the fingers curled around the handguard and the left forearm close to the body and parallel to the ground.
  2. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall:
    1. with the right hand, force the rifle to a vertical position in the centre of the body, the magazine to the front, the rear sight in line with and 10 cm from the mouth, the right hand assuming an all-round grasp and the back of the hand to the right; and
    2. simultaneously, strike and grasp the butt plate with the left hand so that it is resting in the palm of the hand, thumb to the front and around the toe of the butt and fingers together and up the right side of the butt.
  3. On the command RECOVER – ARMS, the two movements are combined. A standard pause shall be observed between the movements.

SHOULDER ARMS FROM THE RECOVER

  1. On the command SHOULDER ARMS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. force the rifle down the right side of the body, without changing the grip of the right hand on the rifle; and
    2. simultaneously, release the left hand from the butt plate, strike and grasp the handguard with the left hand with fingers curled around the handguard, left forearm parallel to the ground, and maintain the rifle in a vertical position.
    3. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall lower the rifle slightly to its normal height at the shoulder arms position and strike and grasp the pistol grip with the right hand.
    4. On the command SQUAD – THREE, squad members shall cut the left hand to the side.
    5. On the command SHOULDER – ARMS, the three movements are combined. A standard pause shall be observed between the movements.

REST ON YOUR ARMS REVERSED FROM THE PRESENT

Figure 4-2-2 Rest on our Arms Reversed from the Present

  1. On the command REST ON YOUR ARMS REVERSED BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall force the weapon forward to the full extent of the arms and simultaneously rotate the butt under the right arm pit, lower the barrel forward and downward onto the left boot, grasping the butt below the heel with the left hand. The muzzle shall be placed on the toe crease of the left boot with the rifle vertical and the magazine resting against the inner portion of the left leg (Figure 4-2-2). The entire movement is executed to a count of ten seconds.
  2. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall place the right hand on the butt plate with the thumb around the toe of the band and the fingers together.
  3. On the command SQUAD – THREE, squad members shall place the left hand over the right, drop the elbows to the sides and lower the head until the chin touches the chest.
  4. On the command REST ON YOUR ARMS – REVERSED, the three movements are combined. All movements shall be executed without pause and with smooth and solemn dignity. A count of 10 seconds shall be used to complete the entire sequence as follows:
    1. 8 seconds, SQUAD-ONE completed,
    2. 9 seconds, SQUAD-TWO completed, and
    3. 10 seconds, SQUAD-THREE completed.

PRESENT ARMS FROM REST ON YOUR ARMS REVERSED

Figure 4-2-3 Present Arms from the Rest on your Arms Reversed

  1. On the command PRESENT ARMS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall raise the head and eyes and look to the front.
  2. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall lift the weapon 10 cm outwards from the body with the right hand until the left hand grasps the handguard, the back of the left hand to the rear with the thumb pointing down the handguard and the left arm kept straight (Figure 4-2-3).
  3. On the command SQUAD – THREE, squad members shall place the right hand between the weapon and sling with the palm up and the first knuckle of the index finger at the small of the butt.
  4. On the command SQUAD – FOUR, squad members shall move the butt between the body and the right arm and rotate the weapon to the present arms position.
  5. On the command PRESENT – ARMS, the four movements are combined. A standard pause shall be observed between each movement.

FIRING CARTRIDGES FROM THE ORDER

Figure 4-2-4 Firing Cartridges from the Order

  1. In the falling-in area, the necessary number of blank rounds are loaded in the magazine and, with the working parts forward and the fire control selector at “S”, the magazine is placed on the rifle.
  2. With the rifle held in the order position, on the command WITH BLANK CARTRIDGES, STANDING LOAD BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. take a half pace forward with the left foot (Figure 4-2-4);
    2. simultaneously, with the right hand, throw the rifle up and forward to an angle of 45 degrees, grasp the handguard with the left hand immediately in front of the magazine, and hold the sling in the palm of the left hand; and
    3. with the right hand, grasp the pistol grip, the right forefinger outside the trigger guard, and the butt forced into the side between the right forearm and the body.
  3. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall:
    1. remove the hand from the pistol grip; and
    2. grasp the cocking handle with the index and middle finger.
  4. On the command SQUAD – THREE, with the right hand, pull the cocking handle to the rear and release it.
  5. On the command SQUAD – FOUR, return the right hand to the pistol grip.
  6. On the command SQUAD – FIVE, squad members shall move the fire control selector to “R” with the thumb and forefinger of the left hand (see paragraph 40).
  7. On the command SQUAD – SIX, squad members shall return the left hand to the handguard.
  8. On the command WITH BLANK CARTRIDGES, STANDING – LOAD, the six movements are combined. A standard pause is observed between the movements.
  9. On the command PRESENT, squad members shall bring the rifle to the right shoulder at an angle of 45 degrees and place the right forefinger inside the trigger guard.
  10. On the command FIRE, squad members shall press the trigger and release it.
  11. On the command RELOAD BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall return the rifle to the position of squad one, with blank cartridges, standing – load.
  12. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall grasp the cocking handle with the index and middle fingers of the right hand.
  13. On the command SQUAD – THREE, squad members shall pull the cocking handle to the rear and release it.
  14. On the command SQUAD – FOUR, squad members shall return the right hand to the pistol grip.
  15. On the command RELOAD, the four movements are combined. A standard pause is observed between the movements.
  16. On the command MAKE SAFE BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall return the rifle to the position of squad one, with blank cartridges, standing-load.
  17. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall move the fire control selector to “S” with the thumb and forefinger of the left hand.
  18. On the command SQUAD – THREE, squad members shall return the left hand to the handguard.
  19. On the command SQUAD – FOUR, squad members shall, with the right hand, strike the right side of the magazine housing with fingers together and extended and immediately, with the index finger, close the ejection port cover.
  20. On the command SQUAD – FIVE, squad members shall return the right hand to the pistol grip, the right forefinger outside the trigger guard.
  21. On the command MAKE – SAFE, the five movements are combined. A standard pause is observed between the movements.
  22. On the command ORDER – ARMS, the squad shall act as for ordering arms from the examine arms position.
  23. When making safe, it is essential to move the fire control selector to “S” in case not all of the rounds have been fired.
  24. The squad, on completion of the firing party drill, will be marched to a safe area where the unload drill will be ordered.

FIRING VOLLEYS – MILITARY FUNERALS

  1. A firing party is authorized to fire volleys at a military funeral if specifically requested by the next-of-kin. The firing party shall be formed from the funeral guard commanded by the funeral guard commander and will comprise:
    1. for a colonel and below, the funeral guard as detailed in A-AD-200-000/AG-000, The Honours, Flags and Heritage Structure of the CF(soon to become A-DH-200-000/AG-000; The Heritage Structure of the CAF), Chapter 13; and
    2. for a brigadier-general and above, the funeral guard commander and the first 12 corporals/privates of the front rank of the funeral guard.
  2. If a brigadier-general or above is to be accorded military honours by gun salute as detailed in A-AD-200-000/AG-000, The Honours, Flags and Heritage Structure of the CF (soon to become A-DH-200-000/AG-000; The Heritage Structure of the CAF), Chapter 13, volleys shall not be fired in addition to the salute of guns.
  3. For rifle volleys, three blank rounds shall be fired.
  4. On the completion of the service and after the parade commander has ordered PARADE REPLACE – HEADDRESS, the funeral guard/firing party commander shall give the following commands:
    1. GUARD/FIRING PARTY PRESENT – ARMS;
    2. FIRING PARTY :
      1. SHOULDER – ARMS,
      2. ORDER – ARMS,
      3. WITH BLANK CARTRIDGES STAN-DING – LOAD,
      4. PRESENT,
      5. FIRE,
      6. RELOAD,
      7. NOTE

        A five seconds pause shall be observed between volleys, otherwise orders at sub-subparagraphs (4), (5) and (6) are repeated until three blank rounds have been fired.

      8. MAKE – SAFE, and
      9. ORDER – ARMS;
    3. FIRING PARTY SHOULDER – ARMS, PRESENT – ARMS; and
    4. GUARD SHOULDER – ARMS, ORDER – ARMS.
  5. If the guard is for a colonel or below; the orders at subparagraphs c. and d. are omitted since the guard and firing party are the same and the latter has no larger group to rejoin.
  6. After the volleys have been fired, the funeral service will continue as noted in Chapter 11.

NOTE

In accordance with B-GL-381-001/TS-000, Operational Training-Training Safety, Chapter 4, Section 2, paragraph 403: Safety distance for firing blank cartridges for ceremonial reasons is twenty (20) meters.

REVERSE AR4MS FROM THE SHOULDER

Figure 4-2-5 Reverse Arms from the Shoulder

  1. Reversed arms may be used as a sign of mourning in a funeral procession by marching troops who are armed with swords/rifles/carbines.
  2. Weapons should be reversed before stepping off.
  3. When changing to quick time on the processional route, the rear hand shall be removed from the weapon and the arm swung. The sword hilt or rifle/carbine butt shall be dropped to bring the weapon to a horizontal position under the armpit. In the final movement, the rifle/carbine shall be pushed up from the rear by the disengaged arm which is then cut and swung.
  4. When for any reason the procession is halted unexpectedly, weapons shall be carried in the reverse arms position, except that if a long delay is anticipated, weapons shall be ordered to the shoulder arms (carry position for swords) position. Weapons should again be reversed before stepping off.
  5. Pistols shall remain in holsters.
  6. On the command REVERSE ARMS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. with the right hand, flick the weapon up vertically 10 cm and then strike and grasp the small of the butt with the thumb on the left and the fingers together on the right; and
    2. simultaneously, with the left hand, strike and grasp the weapon at the handguard with the fingers curled around the handguard, and the left forearm close to the body and parallel to the ground.

NOTE

This movement is the same as the first movement for the recover arms and the present arms (Figure 4-2-5).

  1. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall:
    1. force the barrel forward and downwards, with the left hand changing the grip of the left hand on the handguard so that the back of the hand is to the front and the thumb is curled round the back (the left arm will be held in close to the body); and
    2. simultaneously, bring the butt up between the elbow and the body, changing the grip of the right hand on the small of the butt, fingers and thumb curled around the small of the butt, fingers around the front and thumb to the side so that the right hand is in line with the right shoulder, back of the hand to the right, the weapon now being in a vertical position, barrel down.
  2. On the command SQUAD – THREE, squad members shall force the rifle under the right armpit with the left hand, magazine just in front of the right shoulder, toe of the butt in line with the right eye. The weapon will be at an angle of 45 degrees.
  3. On the command SQUAD – FOUR, squad members shall quit the handguard with the left hand and transfer the left hand behind the back, grasping the handguard behind the front sight, the back of the hand towards the ground.
  4. On the command REVERSE – ARMS, the four movements are combined. The standard pause shall be observed between the movements.

SHOULDER ARMS FROM THE REVERSE

  1. On the command SHOULDER ARMS – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. allow the barrel to swing forward until the weapon is vertical; and
    2. simultaneously, change the position of the left hand so as to grasp the handguard, back of the hand to the rear, thumb to the left and fingers to the right.
  2. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall return the weapon to the shoulder arms position by forcing the butt down between the elbow and the body and rotating the weapon between the fingers until the barrel is pointing upwards.
  3. On the command SQUAD – THREE, strike and grasp the pistol grip with the right hand.
  4. On the command SQUAD – FOUR, squad members shall cut the left hand to the side and simultaneously force the rifle back until the thumb of the right hand is in line with the trouser seam.
  5. On the command SHOULDER – ARMS, the four movements are combined. The standard pause shall be observed between the movements.

CHANGE ARMS AT THE REVERSE

  1. On the command CHANGE ARMS BY NUMBERS, SQUAD – ONE, squad members shall:
    1. release the weapon with the left hand and return the left arm to the side; and
    2. simultaneously, holding the weapon at the small of the butt with the right hand, allow the barrel to swing forward so that the weapon is vertical. Keep the right hand level with the top of the breast pocket.
  2. On the command SQUAD – TWO, squad members shall transfer the weapon across the body and grasp it at the small of the butt with the left hand level with the top of the breast pocket.
  3. On the command SQUAD – THREE, squad members shall cut the right hand to the side.
  4. On the command SQUAD – FOUR, squad members shall:
    1. force the weapon under the left armpit with the left hand; and
    2. simultaneously, shoot the right hand across the body, forcing the handguard under the armpit.
  5. On the command SQUAD – FIVE, squad members shall force the right arm around and behind the body, the right hand grasping the handguard behind the front sight, the back of the hand toward the ground.
  6. On the command CHANGE – ARMS, the five movements are combined. The standard pause shall be observed between the movements.
  7. To change back to the right side, the process is reversed.
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