Strengthening transparency and accountability

The Federal Sustainable Development Act

Since 2008, the Act has required the Minister of Environment and Climate Change to table and report on a Federal Sustainable Development Strategy every three years.

Environment and Climate Change Canada has worked with other federal organizations to develop four strategies (covering 2010 to 2013, 2013 to 2016, 2016 to 2019, and 2019 to 2022). Each has built on the one before, reflecting new federal priorities, improved performance measurements, and comments from Canadians, as well as reviews by the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development, the Sustainable Development Advisory Council and parliamentary committees.

In 2020, amendments to the Act came into force. They responded to a 2016 review of the Act by the House of Commons Standing Committee on Environment and Sustainable Development. The committee’s review highlighted changes to the Act that could facilitate more effective sustainable development strategies.

The amendments have broadened the Act’s scope and reach. Its focus has shifted from the environment alone to include all three dimensions of sustainable development—economic, social and environmental. The Act’s purpose now goes beyond transparency and accountability to include advancing sustainable development in Canada with a view to improving Canadians’ quality of life. New principles have been added to guide the development of the FSDS and departmental sustainable development strategies.

The amendments also promote a whole-of-government approach. The number of federal organizations required to contribute to the strategy has increased from 28 to 99. Two further organisations participate on a voluntary basis bringing the total to 101 contributors to the Strategy. This approach provides a comprehensive view of federal sustainable development action and ensures that organizations across government work toward common goals and targets.

Transparency and accountability remain central to the Act. Beginning with the 2022 to 2026 FSDS, all targets must be measurable and include a time frame. Federal organizations will also be required to report on how they are implementing their own sustainable development strategies.

The amendments support an ongoing dialogue with Canadians. The role of the Sustainable Development Advisory Council, originally established under the 2008 Federal Sustainable Development Act, has been revised to ensure the council can advise the Minister of Environment and Climate Change on a range of sustainable development issues.

Amendments to the Act double the number of seats on the council reserved for representatives of Indigenous Peoples from three to six. The Act also includes a new requirement for federal organizations to consider public comments when preparing their own sustainable development strategies.

The 2022 to 2026 strategy reflects the strengthened Federal Sustainable Development Act. In particular:

Departmental sustainable development strategies

Under the Act, each federal organization that is required to contribute to the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS) must prepare its own departmental sustainable development strategy within one year after the federal strategy is tabled. These complement the federal strategy by setting out what individual organizations will do to support its goals and targets. In preparing their strategies, federal organizations must consider comments from partners, stakeholders and Canadians provided during public consultations on the FSDS. Each federal organization must report on its progress in implementing its departmental sustainable development strategy each year for at least two years after it is tabled.

Annex 2: Performance measurement

Performance measurement is an essential part of the Government of Canada’s sustainable development approach. The government tracks and reports on sustainable development actions and results through:

FSDS progress reports

The Federal Sustainable Development Act requires the Minister of Environment and Climate Change to table a Federal Sustainable Development Strategy progress report at least once every 3-year period. These progress reports describe how the government is implementing the strategy and the progress made toward its goals and targets. In response to past recommendations from the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development, a simple scorecard rating system approach helps to ensure that Federal Sustainable Development Strategy progress reports are clear and accessible.

Unless otherwise stated, the timeframe for assessing progress against the targets and milestones will be taken to mean the end of the calendar year identified in the target.

The Sustainable Development Office (SDO) uses the rating system to assess progress against each target by examining the most recent target-level indicator results achieved during the FSDS cycle to propose an assessment of “achieved”, “underway”, “attention required”, or “no new data available”. All assessments are determined through a comparison of results from target-level indicators as set out in this annex. Assessments do not include contextual indicator results in their determination. Where targets refer to multiple dates (for example, if the target contains one date for medium-term results and another date for long-term results), assessments of those targets will concentrate on progress made toward the first date as a reflection on medium-term results. Assessments are defined as follows:

The SDO consults with the federal organizations whose ministers are responsible for each target to determine a fair and balanced assessment.

The progress report has also described progress against the strategy’s targets by using additional reporting on contextual indicators and short-term milestones. In some cases, the report notes where activity to date may constitute a newly set baseline against which future progress will be measured. Progress reports are a snapshot in time that should be read in tandem with departmental reporting on departmental sustainable development strategies. In future, short-term milestones will be reported on in the on-line version of the strategy, as they are achieved to help streamline the progress report, in response to comments on the length and breadth of the report.

While FSDS progress reports provide important information on environmental outcomes, it is important to note that responsibility for the environment and sustainable development is shared, and that the Government of Canada supports sustainable development within the constraints of federal jurisdiction and authorities. As a result, in some instances it can be difficult to link directly federal actions to specific outcomes.

Departmental sustainable development strategies

Departmental sustainable development strategies (DSDSs) provide detailed information on what individual departments and agencies are doing to help meet the aspirational goals and/or targets of the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy. Within one year after the 2022 to 2026 strategy is tabled in Parliament, taking into account Canadians’ comments and ideas, participating federal organizations will develop DSDSs that support the implementation of the goals and/or targets of the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy.

DSDSs include:

Federal organizations bound by the Act contribute differently to FSDS goals and/or targets depending on their mandate; however, all are responsible for contributing to the greening government content and to the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act.

Indicators

A number of the indicators that will be used to measure and report on progress are drawn from the Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators (CESI) program, which provides a wide range of indicators for public availability. The program selects indicators using the following criteria:

The CESI program produces indicators with the support of programs within Environment and Climate Change Canada and other federal departments and agencies, including Health Canada, Statistics Canada, Natural Resources Canada, Parks Canada, Transport Canada and Fisheries and Oceans Canada, as well as provincial and territorial governments.

In addition to the indicators drawn from the CESI program, indicators are sourced from reporting structures used in the departmental planning and reporting cycle of contributing federal organizations, as well as from surveys conducted on a regular or semi-regular basis.

The following table lays out the performance measurement framework to be used for reporting and assessing progress on the targets of the strategy. It also details the contextual indicators that are used to provide more information in progress reporting about issues related to the goals and targets of the strategy. Indicators that have also been included in the Canadian Indicator Framework have been marked with: *.

Goal 1: Reduce poverty in Canada in all its forms
Indicator type Target Indicator Source Update cycle
Target By 2030, reduce the poverty rate by 50% from its 2015 level Percentage of Canadians below Canada’s Official Poverty Line * Statistics Canada Annual
Contextual Prevalence of asset resilience * Statistics Canada Occasional
Goal 2: Support a healthier and more sustainable food system
Indicator type Target Indicator Source Update cycle
Target By 2030, support improvement in the environmental performance of the agriculture sector by achieving a score of 71 or higher for the Index of Agri-Environmental Sustainability Index of Agri-Environmental Sustainability for water, soil, air and biodiversity * Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Two updates every five years
Contextual Greenhouse gas emissions from Canada’s agriculture sector CESI Annual
Prevalence of food insecurity * Statistics Canada Annual
Goal 3: Support mental health and adopt healthy behaviours
Indicator type Target Indicator Source Update cycle
Target By March 2027, reduce the percentage of Canadians (aged 15+) with a mental disorder who have expressed that they have an unmet care need to 22% at most Percentage of Canadians with a mental disorder with unmet care Statistics Canada Annual
Target By March 2035, at most 5% of Canadians (aged 15+) are current cigarette smokers Percentage of Canadians who are current cigarette smokers * Statistics Canada Annual
Contextual Incidence of selected diseases * Public Health Agency of Canada Annual
Percentage of Canadians who perceived their overall health and social well-being as very good to excellent * Statistics Canada Annual
Percentage of the population that is overweight or obese * Statistics Canada Occasional
Goal 4: Promote knowledge and skills for sustainable development
Indicator type Target Indicator Source Update cycle
Target By March 31 2026, regulated child care fees will be reduced to $10 a day, on average, everywhere outside of Quebec Number of provinces and territories with $10-a-day average child care costs Employment and Social Development Canada Occasional
Target By December 2025, Canada’s pool of science talent grows by 175,000 science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) graduates Number of science, technology, engineering and mathematics graduates in Canada Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Annual
Target By 2025, Canada's Average Relative Citation (ARC) in natural sciences and engineering ranks within the top 10 of OECD countries, increasing from a ranking of 18 in 2020 Canada's ranking for Average Relative Citation in natural sciences and engineering Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Annual
Contextual Funding invested in research related to the environment and sustainable development

Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada

Annual
Goal 5: Champion gender equality
Indicator type Target Indicator Source Update cycle
Target By 2026, at least 37% of employees in the environmental and clean technology sector are women Percentage of women working in the environmental and clean technology sector Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Annual
Target By 2026, reduce self-reported rates of intimate partner violence by up to 5% Proportion of women and girls aged 15 years and older subjected to physical, sexual or psychological violence * Women and Gender Equality Canada Occasional
Contextual Persistence and representation of women in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) programs Statistics Canada Occasional
Proportion of leadership roles held by women * Statistics Canada Occasional
Goal 6: Ensure clean and safe water for all Canadians
Indicator type Target Indicator Source Update cycle
Target By 2027, action plans are in place to advance restoration and protection of major lakes and rivers in Canada Number of action plans to advance restoration and protection of major lakes and rivers Environment and Climate Change Canada Annual
Target By March 31, 2026, 97% of Indigenous Services Canada-funded First Nations public drinking water systems produce treated water meeting prescribed bacteriological standards in the Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality Percent of First Nations drinking water systems that meet the Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality Indigenous Services Canada Annual
Target By March 2030, 85% of wastewater systems on reserves achieve effluent quality standards Percentage of wastewater systems on reserves where effluent quality standards are achieved Indigenous Services Canada Annual
Target By December 2040, 100% of wastewater systems achieve effluent quality standards Percentage of wastewater systems where effluent quality standards are achieved Environment and Climate Change Canada Annual
Contextual Boil water advisories CESI Every 2 years
Sustainable water use CESI Indicator under development
Water quality in Canadian rivers * CESI Annual
Water quantity in Canadian rivers CESI Every 2 years
Goal 7: Increase Canadians’ access to clean energy
Indicator type Target Indicator Source Update cycle
Target By 2030, 90%, and in the long term 100% of Canada's electricity is generated from renewable and non-emitting sources Proportion of electricity generated from renewable and non-greenhouse gas-emitting sources * Natural Resources Canada Annual
Target By 2030, 600 petajoules of total annual energy savings will be achieved as a result of adoption of energy efficiency codes, standards and practices from a baseline savings of 20.0 petajoules in 2017 to 2018 Total annual energy savings resulting from adoption of energy efficiency codes, standards and practices * Natural Resources Canada Annual
Target By March 2030, increase Canada’s capacity to produce clean fuels by 10% over 2021 levels Percentage increase in clean fuels production Natural Resources Canada Indicator under development
Contextual Number of projects funded to support First Nations, Inuit and Métis communities’ clean energy capacity and readiness Indigenous Services Canada Indicator under development
Goal 8: Encourage inclusive and sustainable economic growth in Canada
Indicator type Target Indicator Source Update cycle
Target By 2026, there are at least 245,000 jobs in the cleantech products sector, an increase from 2019 Jobs in the clean technology products sector * Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Annual
Target By 2030, ensure that 100% of Canadians have access to broadband speeds of at least 50 Mbps download and 10 Mbps upload Proportion of households that have access to broadband Internet service at speeds of 50/10 Mbps * Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Annual
Contextual Environmental and clean technology sector compensation Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Annual
Year-over-year employment growth of Strategic Innovation Fund-supported firms Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Annual
Goal 9: Foster innovation and green infrastructure in Canada
Indicator type Target Indicator Source Update cycle
Target By 2023 and each year thereafter until 2026, 30% of Sustainable Development Technology Canada’s portfolio of SD Tech Fund-supported technologies are commercialized annually Percentage of SD Tech Fund-supported technologies commercialized (revenue derived from project technology) Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Annual
Target By March 31, 2026, 34,500 new electric vehicle chargers and 25 hydrogen refueling stations are completed where Canadians, live, work and play, including in public places, on-street, at multi-unit residential buildings, rural and remote locations and the workplace Number of zero-emission vehicle chargers and hydrogen refueling stations completed Natural Resources Canada Annual
Target By March 31, 2027, contribute to the deployment of 50,000 new zero-emission vehicle chargers and refueling stations Number of zero-emission vehicle chargers and hydrogen refueling stations added to Canada’s network Natural Resources Canada, in collaboration with Canada Infrastructure Bank Annual
Target By fiscal year 2027 to 2028, the federal share of the value of green infrastructure projects approved under the Investing in Canada Plan will reach $27.6 billion Value of green infrastructure projects approved under the Investing in Canada plan Infrastructure Canada Annual
Contextual Average percentage growth in R&D expenditures over pre-project baseline for Strategic Innovation Fund (SIF) projects in their work phase Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Annual
Capital expenditures directly related to SIF-funded clean technology adoption projects Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Annual
Greenhouse gas emissions per dollar of value-added from the production of infrastructure assets * Infrastructure Canada Annual
Percentage of Strategic Innovation Fund (SIF) projects that result in intellectual property (IP) protection Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Annual
Value of investments leveraged in clean technologies Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada Annual
Goal 10: Advance reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples and take action on inequality
Indicator type Target Indicator Source Update cycle
Target Between 2023 and 2026, and every year on an ongoing basis, develop and table annual progress reports on implementing the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act Publication of annual progress reports on implementing the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act Department of Justice Canada Annual
Target Each year, the federal public service meets or surpasses the workforce availability for women, Indigenous persons, persons with a disability, and members of a visible minority Percentage of employees who are women, Indigenous persons, persons with a disability, and members of a visible minority President of the Treasury Board Annual
Contextual Proportion of the population reporting discrimination or unfair treatment * Statistics Canada Annual
Goal 11: Improve access to affordable housing, clean air, transportation, parks, and green spaces, as well as cultural heritage in Canada
Indicator type Target Indicator Source Update cycle
Target By 2028, reduce chronic homelessness by 50% Growth rate of people experiencing chronic homelessness * Infrastructure Canada Annual - 3-year lag in the availability of data.
Target By 2028, reduce or eliminate housing need for 530,000 households Households whose housing need was reduced or eliminated Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation Annually
Target By 2030, 22% of commuters use public transit or active transportation Population using public transit or active transportation * Statistics Canada Every 5 years
Target Increase the percentage of the population across Canada living in areas where air pollutant concentrations are less than or equal to the Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards from 60% in 2005 to 85% in 2030 Population exposure to outdoor air pollutants * CESI Annual
Target Designate national urban parks as part of a network, with a target of up to 6 new national urban parks by 2026 and a total of 15 new national urban parks by 2030 Designation of new national urban parks Parks Canada Annual
Target By 2026, support at least 23.7 million visitors annually to Parks Canada places Number of visits at Parks Canada places Parks Canada Annual
Contextual Air quality CESI Annual
Emissions of harmful substances to air CESI Annual
Population living close to a public transit stop * Statistics Canada Occasional
Proximity to neighbourhood parks Statistics Canada Every 2 years
Visits to parks and public green spaces Statistics Canada Every 2 years
Goal 12: Reduce waste and transition to zero-emission vehicles
Indicator type Target Indicator Source Update cycle
Target By 2030, the amount of single-use plastics that are entering the environment as pollution will be reduced by 5% and that are sent to landfill by 3% Compliance with the Single-Use Plastic Prohibition Regulations Environment and Climate Change Canada Indicator under development
Target Reduce the amount of waste Canadians send to disposal from a baseline of 699 kilograms per person in 2014 to 490 kilograms per person by 2030 (a 30% reduction); and to 350 kilograms per person by 2040 (a 50% reduction) Solid waste diversion and disposal CESI Every 2 years
Target For the 2030 model year, at least 60% of new light-duty vehicle sales are zero-emission vehicles, and 100% of vehicle sales will be zero-emission vehicles for the 2035 model year* Proportion of new light-duty vehicle registrations that are zero-emission vehicles * Transport Canada Annual
Target Aim is to have 35% of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles sales being zero-emission by 2030 and 100% by 2040 for a subset of vehicle types based on feasibility Proportion of new medium- and heavy-duty vehicle registrations that are zero-emission vehicles Transport Canada Indicator under development
Target By 2030, the Government of Canada will divert from landfill at least 75% by weight of non-hazardous operational waste Percentage of non-hazardous operational waste diversion from landfill by weight Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat Annual
Target By 2030, the Government of Canada will divert from landfill at least 90% by weight of all construction and demolition waste Percentage of construction and demolition waste diversion from landfill by weight Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat Annual
Target The Government of Canada’s procurement of goods and services will be net-zero emissions by 2050, to aid the transition to a net-zero, circular economy Percentage of standing offers and supply arrangements available to federal departments for the purchase of goods and services that include criteria that address environmental considerations such as greenhouse gas emissions reduction, plastics waste reduction and/or broader environmental benefits Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat with data from Public Service and Procurement Canada Annual
Percentage of light-duty on-road fleet that comprises zero-emissions vehicles, including battery electric, plug-in hybrid and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat Annual
Percentage electricity consumption from clean electricity generation Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat Annual
Contextual Human exposure to harmful substances CESI Every 3 years
Plastic packaging Environment and Climate Change Canada Indicator under development
Total waste diversion Statistics Canada Every 2 years
Goal 13: Take action on climate change and its impacts
Indicator type Target Indicator Source Update cycle
Target Achieve 40 to 45% greenhouse gas emission reductions below 2005 levels by 2030, and achieve net-zero greenhouse emissions by 2050 Greenhouse gas emissions * CESI Annual
Greenhouse gas emissions projections CESI Annual
Target The Government of Canada will transition to net-zero carbon operations for facilities and conventional fleets by 2050 Percentage change in energy-related greenhouse gas emissions from facilities and conventional fleets relative to fiscal year 2005 to 2006 Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat Annual
Target The Government of Canada will transition to net-zero carbon national safety and security fleet operations by 2050 Percentage change in energy-related greenhouse gas emissions from national safety and security (NSS) fleets relative to fiscal year 2005 to 2006 Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat Annual
Target The Government of Canada will transition to climate resilient operations by 2050 Percentage of departments that have taken actions to address risks identified in their climate risk assessment processes Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat Annual
Contextual Extreme heat Environment and Climate Change Canada Indicator under development
Greenhouse gas concentrations CESI Annual
Proportion of municipal organization who factored climate change adaptation into decision-making processes *

Infrastructure Canada

Statistics Canada

Occasional
Sea ice in Canada CESI Every 2 years
Snow cover CESI Every 2 years
Temperature change in Canada CESI Annual
Goal 14: Conserve and protect Canada’s oceans
Indicator type Target Indicator Source Update cycle
Target Conserve 25% of marine and coastal areas by 2025, and 30% by 2030, in support of the commitment to work to halt and reverse nature loss by 2030 in Canada, and achieve a full recovery for nature by 2050 Canada's conserved areas * CESI Annual
Target By 2026, at least 55% of Canada’s key fish stocks are in the Cautious and Healthy zone Status of key fish stocks CESI Annual
Contextual Eelgrass in Canada CESI Every 3 years
Harvest levels of key fish stocks * CESI Annual
Shellfish harvest area quality CESI Every 2 years
Goal 15: Protect and recover species, conserve Canadian biodiversity
Indicator type Target Indicator Source Update cycle
Target Between 2023 and 2026, Canada’s sustainable wood supply level (guided by sustainable forest management policies to reflect the current unique social, environmental and economic characteristics of managed forests), exceeds the annual timber harvests Sustainability of timber harvest CESI Annual
Target Conserve 25% of Canada’s land and inland waters by 2025, working toward 30% by 2030, from 12.5% recognized as conserved as of the end of 2020, in support of the commitment to work to halt and reverse nature loss by 2030 in Canada, and achieve a full recovery for nature by 2050 Canada's conserved areas * CESI Annual
Target By 2026, increase the percentage of species at risk listed under federal law that exhibit population trends that are consistent with recovery strategies and management plans to 60%, from a baseline of 42% in 2019 Species at risk population trends CESI Annual
Target By 2030, increase the percentage of migratory bird species whose population sizes fall within an acceptable range—neither too low nor too high—to 70% from 57% in 2016 Population status of Canada’s migratory birds CESI Every 5 years (last update December 2019)
Contextual Canadian Species Index CESI Every 3 years
Deforestation and afforestation Natural Resources Canada Annual
Ecological integrity of national parks CESI Annual
Status of wild species CESI Every 5 years
Trends in Canada’s bird populations CESI Every 5 years
Goal 16: Promote a fair and accessible justice system, enforce environmental laws, and manage impacts
Indicator type Target Indicator Source Update cycle
Target By 2030, at least 70% of Canadians think the criminal justice system is fair and accessible to all people Percentage of Canadians with moderate-to-high confidence that the criminal justice system is fair to all people Department of Justice Canada Annual
Percentage of Canadians with moderate-to-high confidence that the criminal justice system is accessible to all people Department of Justice Canada Annual
Target By March 31, 2026, ensure that 100% of Environment and Climate Change Canada laws, regulations, and enforceable instruments have completed risk classifications Percentage of Environment and Climate Canada Change Canada laws, regulations, and enforceable instruments that have completed risk classifications Environment and Climate Change Canada Annual
Goal 17: Strengthen partnerships to promote global action on sustainable development
Indicator type Target Indicator Source Update cycle
Target By 2026, implement Canada’s climate finance commitment of $5.3 billion with at least 40% of funding going toward climate adaptation and at least 20% to projects that leverage nature-based climate solutions and projects that contribute biodiversity co-benefits Delivery of Canada’s climate finance commitment Environment and Climate Change Canada Annual
Contextual Percentage of international climate finance projects that integrate gender equality Global Affairs Canada Annual

Annex 3: Responsibilities and contributions of federal organizations

The 2022 to 2026 Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (FSDS) includes specific, measurable and time-bound targets linked to the 17 Sustainable Development Goals.

Each federal organization included in the Schedule of the Federal Sustainable Development Act is required to prepare its own departmental sustainable development strategy, which must be tabled within one year of the FSDS tabling date. While the FSDS provides a framework for action across government, departmental sustainable development strategies set out and report on specific actions that contribute to FSDS implementation strategies. Environment and Climate Change Canada’s Sustainable Development Office provides guidance to support federal organizations in preparing these strategies.

Implementation strategies and short-term milestones may support a broader FSDS goal, or they may support a specific target as well as the goal. For implementation strategies that support both a target and a goal, federal organizations may specify whether their departmental actions support either the goal or the target in their departmental sustainable development strategies.

All federal organizations bound by the Federal Sustainable Development Act are responsible for implementation strategies related to specific Greening Government Strategy commitments and the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People Act. Through departmental sustainable development strategies, each federal organisation is responsible for identifying their contributions to relevant implementation strategies in line with their mandate. For additional details on these commitments please visit the Greening Government Strategy and the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People Act websites.

Goal 1: Reduce poverty in Canada in all its forms
FSDS component Title Supports Goal and/or Target Responsible organization(s)
Target theme: Poverty reduction
Target By 2030, reduce the poverty rate by 50% from its 2015 level Supports the goal Minister of Families, Children and Social Development
Milestone Address key gaps in poverty measurement Supports the goal and the Poverty Reduction Target Employment and Social Development Canada
Implementation strategy Improve the measurement of poverty Supports the goal and the Poverty Reduction Target

Employment and Social Development Canada

Statistics Canada

Implementation strategy Make investments to reduce poverty Supports the goal and the Poverty Reduction Target

Employment and Social Development Canada

Indigenous Services Canada

Implementation strategy Work with partners to reduce poverty Supports the goal and the Poverty Reduction Target Employment and Social Development Canada
Goal 2: Support a healthier and more sustainable food system
FSDS component Title Supports Goal and/or Target Responsible organization(s)
Target theme: Sustainable food systems
Target By 2030, support improvement in the environmental performance of the agriculture sector by achieving a score of 71 or higher for the Index of Agri-Environmental Sustainability Supports the goal Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food
Milestone Publish a “What we heard” report on reducing emissions from fertilizer use Supports the goal and the Environmental Performance Target Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Milestone Develop a Green Agriculture Plan Supports the goal and the Environmental Performance Target Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Milestone Promote and support the Agricultural Policy Frameworks Supports the goal and the Environmental Performance Target Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Milestone Publish Canada’s National Pathways document Supports the goal and the Environmental Performance Target Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Milestone Develop a National School Food Policy Supports the goal

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Employment and Social Development Canada

Milestone Contribute to growing the economy Supports the goal Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Milestone Improve the affordability of nutritious food in northern communities Supports the goal Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada
Implementation strategy Build knowledge for sustainable agriculture Supports the goal and the Environmental Performance Target

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Implementation strategy Promote clean technology in the agriculture sector Supports the goal and the Environmental Performance Target Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Implementation strategy Promote sustainable agricultural practices Supports the goal and the Environmental Performance Target

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Implementation strategy Support agricultural climate solutions in Canada Supports the goal and the Environmental Performance Target Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Implementation strategy Enhance Indigenous and northern food security Supports the goal

Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

Implementation strategy Ensure the safety of Canada’s food system Supports the goal

Canada Border Services Agency

Canadian Food Inspection Agency

Implementation strategy Help Canadian communities access healthy food Supports the goal Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Goal 3: Support mental health and adopt healthy behaviours
FSDS component Title Supports Goal and/or Target Responsible organization(s)
Target theme: Mental health
Target By March 2027, reduce the percentage of Canadians (aged 15+) with a mental disorder who have expressed that they have an unmet care need to 22% at most Supports the goal Minister of Health
Milestone Implement the Federal Framework on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Supports the goal and the Mental Health Target Public Health Agency of Canada
Milestone Support the mental health of those most affected by COVID-19 Supports the goal and the Mental Health Target Public Health Agency of Canada
Milestone Fund mental health projects aimed at vulnerable populations Supports the goal and the Mental Health Target Public Health Agency of Canada
Implementation strategy Collect data and information to inform evidence-based decisions Supports the goal and the Mental Health Target

Health Canada

Public Health Agency of Canada

Implementation strategy Support distinctions-based approaches to mental wellness for First Nations, Inuit and Métis Supports the goal and the Mental Health Target Indigenous Services Canada
Implementation strategy Work with partners and stakeholders to expand access to mental health services Supports the goal and the Mental Health Target Health Canada
Target theme: Adopting healthy behaviours
Target By March 2035, at most 5% of Canadians (aged 15+) are current cigarette smokers Supports the goal Minister of Health
Milestone Reducing prevalence of smoking (aged 15 and older) Supports the goal and the Cigarette Smoking Target Health Canada
Milestone Address substance use harms Supports the goal Health Canada
Milestone Reduce vaping use in students (grades 7 to 12) Supports the goal Health Canada
Milestone Increase use of dietary guidance Supports the goal Health Canada
Implementation Strategy Promote healthy behaviours Supports the goal and the Cigarette Smoking Target

Health Canada

Public Health Agency of Canada

Implementation Strategy Address substance use harms Supports the goal Health Canada
Implementation Strategy Collect data and information to inform evidence-based decisions Supports the goal Health Canada
Goal 4: Promote knowledge and skills for sustainable development
FSDS component Title Supports Goal and/or Target Responsible organization(s)
Target theme: Child care
Target By March 31 2026, regulated child care fees will be reduced to $10 a day, on average, everywhere outside of Quebec Supports the goal Minister of Children, Families and Social Development
Milestone Reduce child care fees Supports the goal and the Child Care Target Employment and Social Development Canada
Implementation Strategy Work with provincial, territorial, and Indigenous partners to build a Canada-wide, community-based system of quality child care Supports the goal and the Child Care Target Employment and Social Development Canada
Target theme: Training and skills in sustainable development
Target By December 2025, Canada’s pool of science talent grows by 175,000 science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) graduates Supports the goal Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry
Milestone Waive student loan interest until March 2023 and enhance repayment assistance Supports the goal and the Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Graduates Target Employment and Social Development Canada
Milestone Continue support for K-12 fundamental skills Supports the goal Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada
Milestone Provide training and support to youth Supports the goal Employment and Social Development Canada
Implementation strategy Support youth skill development in environmental sectors Supports the goal and the Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Graduates Target

Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Employment and Social Development Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada

Implementation strategy Continue support for elementary and secondary education for First Nations students ordinarily living on reserves Supports the goal Indigenous Services Canada
Implementation strategy Support capacity in Indigenous communities Supports the goal Indigenous Services Canada
Target theme: Research and knowledge sharing
Target By 2025, Canada's Average Relative Citation (ARC) in natural sciences and engineering ranks within the top 10 of OECD countries, increasing from a ranking of 18 in 2020 Supports the goal Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry
Milestone Support research excellence Supports the goal and the Average Relative Citation Target

Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada

Milestone Roll out the Science Literacy Promotion Initiative Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Implement an environmental marketing campaign Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation Strategy Work with partners on sustainable development research initiatives Supports the goal and the Average Relative Citation Target

Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada

Implementation Strategy Conduct research supporting climate change mitigation and adaptation Supports the goal

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Implementation Strategy Promote environmental knowledge and data sharing Supports the goal

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Implementation Strategy Provide information to help consumers make more sustainable choices Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation Strategy Support knowledge in the Arctic and Antarctic Supports the goal Polar Knowledge Canada
Goal 5: Champion gender equality
FSDS component Title Supports Goal and/or Target Responsible organization(s)
Target theme: Take action on gender equality
Target By 2026, at least 37% of employees in the environmental and clean technology sector are women Supports the goal Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry
Target By 2026, reduce self-reported rates of intimate partner violence by up to 5% Supports the goal Minister for Women and Gender Equality and Youth
Milestone Support Indigenous, culturally-competent GBA Plus Supports the goal

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

Indigenous Services Canada

Implementation Strategy Prevent gender-based violence and support survivors Supports the goal and the Gender-Based Violence Target Women and Gender Equality Canada
Implementation Strategy Invest in women’s skills, employment, and leadership Supports the goal and the Women in Clean Technology Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Global Affairs Canada

Indigenous Services Canada

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Implementation Strategy Reduce systemic barriers to gender equality Supports the goal and the Women in Clean Technology Target Women and Gender Equality Canada
Implementation Strategy Disaggregate data Supports the goal

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Statistics Canada

Goal 6: Ensure clean and safe water for all Canadians
FSDS component Title Supports Goal and/or Target Responsible organization(s)
Target theme: Healthy lakes and rivers
Target By 2027, action plans are in place to advance restoration and protection of major lakes and rivers in Canada Supports the goal Minister of Environment and Climate Change
Milestone Advance freshwater science and data Supports the goal and the Restoration and Protection of Lakes and Rivers Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Restore the Great Lakes Areas of Concern Supports the goal and the Restoration and Protection of Lakes and Rivers Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Create a new Canada Water Agency Supports the goal

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada (lead)

Milestone Publish reports on the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Report on the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation Strategy Develop knowledge of water sustainability in Canada Supports the goal and the Restoration and Protection of Lakes and Rivers Target

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Implementation Strategy Implement water quality and ecosystem partnership programs Supports the goal and the Restoration and Protection of Lakes and Rivers Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Target theme: Drinking water and wastewater
Target By March 31, 2026, 97% of Indigenous Services Canada-funded First Nations public drinking water systems produce treated water meeting prescribed bacteriological standards in the Guidelines for Canadian Drinking Water Quality Supports the goal Minister of Indigenous Services
Target By March 2030, 85% of wastewater systems on reserves achieve effluent quality standards Supports the goal Minister of Indigenous Services
Target By December 2040, 100% of wastewater systems achieve effluent quality standards Supports the goal Minister of Environment and Climate Change
Milestone Repeal and replace the Safe Drinking Water for First Nations Act Supports the goal and the First Nations Public Drinking Water Systems Target Indigenous Services Canada
Milestone Reduce risk to public water systems on reserves Supports the goal and the First Nations Public Drinking Water Systems Target Indigenous Services Canada
Milestone Reduce risk to public wastewater systems on reserves Supports the goal and the First Nations Wastewater Effluent Quality Target Indigenous Services Canada
Milestone Complete approved water and wastewater projects Supports the goal Infrastructure Canada
Implementation Strategy Continue to take action towards eliminating remaining long-term drinking water advisories on reserves Supports the goal and the First Nations Public Drinking Water Systems Target Indigenous Services Canada
Implementation Strategy Support First Nations control of water delivery Supports the goal and the First Nations Public Drinking Water Systems Target Indigenous Services Canada
Implementation strategy Implement the Wastewater Systems Effluent Regulations on reserves Supports the goal and the First Nations Wastewater Effluent Quality Target Indigenous Services Canada
Implementation Strategy Implement the Wastewater Systems Effluent Regulations Supports the goal and the Wastewater Effluent Quality Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation Strategy Work with partners on drinking water quality Supports the goal Health Canada
Goal 7: Increase Canadians’ access to clean energy
FSDS component Title Supports Goal and/or Target Responsible organization(s)
Target theme: Renewable and non-emitting sources of electricity
Target By 2030, 90%, and in the long term 100% of Canada's electricity is generated from renewable and non-emitting sources Supports the goal Minister of Natural Resources
Milestone Demonstrate and deploy the next generation of smart grids Supports the goal and the Clean Power Generation Target Natural Resources Canada
Milestone Develop the Clean Electricity Regulations Supports the goal and the Clean Power Generation Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Install renewable energy in Indigenous and northern communities Supports the goal and the Clean Power Generation Target Natural Resources Canada
Milestone Support smart renewables Supports the goal and the Clean Power Generation Target Natural Resources Canada
Milestone Provide access to more efficient sources of electricity Supports the goal Infrastructure Canada
Implementation Strategy Implement and enforce regulations and legislation Supports the goal and the Clean Power Generation Target

Canada Energy Regulator

Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission

Implementation Strategy Invest in research, development, and demonstration of clean energy technologies Supports the goal and the Clean Power Generation Target

National Research Council of Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Implementation Strategy Play a leading role to promote clean and renewable energy Supports the goal and the Clean Power Generation Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Indigenous Services Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Implementation Strategy Support renewable energy deployment Supports the goal and the Clean Power Generation Target

Indigenous Services Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Implementation Strategy Support voluntary action to adopt clean energy technologies Supports the goal and the Clean Power Generation Target

Department of Finance Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Implementation Strategy Work with partners on clean and renewable energy Supports the goal and the Clean Power Generation Target

Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency

Indigenous Services Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Implementation Strategy Streamline federal investments to advance clean, reliable energy in rural, remote, and Indigenous communities Supports the goal Indigenous Services Canada
Target theme: Energy efficiency
Target By 2030, 600 petajoules of total annual energy savings will be achieved as a result of adoption of energy efficiency codes, standards and practices from a baseline savings of 20.0 petajoules in 2017 to 2018 Supports the goal Minister of Natural Resources
Milestone Support greener homes Supports the goal and the Energy Efficiency Target Natural Resources Canada
Milestone Develop the Canada Green Buildings Strategy Supports the goal and the Energy Efficiency Target Natural Resources Canada
Milestone Demonstrate energy-efficient and net-zero energy building technologies Supports the goal and the Energy Efficiency Target Natural Resources Canada
Milestone Promote ENERGY STAR® Portfolio Manager® Supports the goal and the Energy Efficiency Target Natural Resources Canada
Implementation Strategy Develop and implement energy efficiency codes and regulations Supports the goal and the Energy Efficiency Target

National Research Council of Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Implementation Strategy Invest in research, development, and demonstration of energy efficiency technologies Supports the goal and the Energy Efficiency Target Natural Resources Canada
Implementation Strategy Support use of energy efficiency technologies and practices Supports the goal and the Energy Efficiency Target Natural Resources Canada
Implementation Strategy Support voluntary action to adopt energy efficiency technologies and practices Supports the goal and the Energy Efficiency Target Natural Resources Canada
Implementation Strategy Work with domestic and international partners on energy efficiency Supports the goal and the Energy Efficiency Target

Canada Energy Regulator

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Target theme: Clean fuels
Target By 2030, increase Canada’s capacity to produce clean fuels by 10% over 2021 levels Supports the goal Minister of Natural Resources
Milestone Support the development of clean fuel production facilities Supports the goal and the Clean Fuels Target Natural Resources Canada
Milestone Support biomass supply chains Supports the goal and the Clean Fuels Target Natural Resources Canada
Milestone Develop codes, standards and regulations Supports the goal

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Implementation Strategy Deliver the Clean Fuels Fund Supports the goal and the Clean Fuels Target Natural Resources Canada
Implementation Strategy Develop and update codes and standards Supports the goal and the Clean Fuels Target

Canada Energy Regulator

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Implementation Strategy Invest in research, development and demonstration of clean fuels Supports the goal Natural Resources Canada
Implementation Strategy Work with stakeholders to advance the Hydrogen Strategy for Canada Supports the goal Natural Resources Canada
Goal 8: Encourage inclusive and sustainable economic growth in Canada
FSDS component Title Supports Goal and/or Target Responsible organization(s)
Target theme: Support for workers and business
Target By 2026, there are at least 245,000 jobs in the cleantech products sector, an increase from 2019 Supports the goal Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry
Milestone Expand support for apprenticeships and workers Supports the goal and the Clean Technology Employment Target Employment and Social Development Canada
Milestone Train and re-skill workers Supports the goal and the Clean Technology Employment Target Employment and Social Development Canada
Milestone Introduce sustainable jobs legislation to support a just transition Supports the goal Natural Resources Canada
Milestone Deliver on the two coal-transition programs Supports the goal

Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency

Prairies Economic Development Canada

Milestone Develop regional net zero growth strategies Supports the goal Natural Resources Canada
Implementation Strategy Support job growth in the clean tech products sector Supports the goal and the Clean Technology Employment Target

Employment and Social Development Canada

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Implementation Strategy Collaborate with provinces and territories through the Regional Energy and Resource Tables Supports the goal Natural Resources Canada
Implementation Strategy Implement a mines-to-mobility approach to grow strategic supply chains Supports the goal Natural Resources Canada
Implementation Strategy Increase labour market participation of Persons with Disabilities Supports the goal Employment and Social Development Canada
Implementation Strategy Support workers, businesses and communities Supports the goal

Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency

Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency

Economic Development Agency of Canada for Québec Regions

Federal Economic Development Agency for Northern Ontario

Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Pacific Economic Development Canada

Parks Canada

Prairies Economic Development Canada

Implementation Strategy Take a sector-by-sector approach to investing in workforce support Supports the goal Employment and Social Development Canada
Implementation Strategy Test community-based approaches to national and regional priorities Supports the goal Employment and Social Development Canada
Target theme: Connectivity in Canada
Target By 2030, ensure that 100% of Canadians have access to broadband speeds of at least 50 Mbps download and 10 Mbps upload Supports the goal Minister of Rural Economic Development as delegated by the Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry
Milestone Provide access to broadband that meets minimum download and upload speeds Supports the goal and the Access to High-speed Internet Target Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada
Implementation Strategy Invest in broadband capacity across Canada Supports the goal and the Access to High-speed Internet Target

Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Goal 9: Foster innovation and green infrastructure in Canada
FSDS component Title Supports Goal and/or Target Responsible organization(s)
Target theme: Green infrastructure and innovation
Target By 2023 and each year thereafter until 2026, 30% of Sustainable Development Technology Canada’s portfolio of SD Tech Fund-supported technologies are commercialized annually Supports the goal Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry
Target By March 31, 2026, 34,500 new electric vehicle chargers and 25 hydrogen refueling stations are completed where Canadians, live, work and play, including in public places, on-street, at multi-unit residential buildings, rural and remote locations and the workplace Supports the goal Minister of Natural Resources
Target By March 31, 2027, contribute to the deployment of 50,000 new zero-emission vehicle chargers and refueling stations Supports the goal Minister of Natural Resources, in collaboration with the Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Infrastructure and Communities
Target By fiscal year 2027 to 2028, the federal share of the value of green infrastructure projects approved under the Investing in Canada Plan will reach $27.6 billion Supports the goal Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Infrastructure and Communities
Milestone Demonstrate electric and hydrogen vehicle infrastructure Supports the goal and the Electric Vehicle Chargers and Hydrogen Refueling Stations Target, and the New Zero Emission vehicle Chargers and Refuelling Stations Target Natural Resources Canada
Milestone Publish national model codes Supports the goal and the Green Infrastructure Target National Research Council of Canada
Milestone Deliver standardization strategies Supports the goal and the Green Infrastructure Target Standards Council of Canada
Milestone Enable new and revised codes, standards and guidelines and decision support tools for climate-resilient infrastructure Supports the goal and the Green Infrastructure Target National Research Council of Canada
Milestone Support research, development and demonstration of carbon capture, utilization and storage technologies Supports the goal Natural Resources Canada
Implementation Strategy Invest in the deployment of electric vehicle chargers and hydrogen refueling stations Supports the goal and the Electric Vehicle Chargers and Hydrogen Refueling Stations Target Natural Resources Canada
Implementation Strategy Invest in the deployment of zero emission vehicles and refueling infrastructure Supports the goal and the New Zero Emission Vehicle Chargers and Refuelling Stations Target Natural Resources Canada
Implementation Strategy Develop and implement climate-resilient codes and standards Supports the goal and the Green Infrastructure Target

Infrastructure Canada

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

National Research Council of Canada

Standards Council of Canada

Implementation Strategy Invest in green infrastructure Supports the goal and the Green Infrastructure Target

Infrastructure Canada

The Jacques Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc.

Implementation Strategy Invest in deployment and adoption of clean technologies Supports the goal and the SD Tech Fund Target

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Natural Resources Canada

National Research Council of Canada

Implementation Strategy Invest in research, development and demonstration of clean technologies Supports the goal and the SD Tech Fund Target

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Implementation Strategy Attract and scale up sustainable finance in Canada Supports the goal

Department of Finance

Canada Environment and Climate Change Canada

Implementation Strategy Develop knowledge of clean technologies Supports the goal

Employment and Social Development Canada

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Implementation Strategy Implement the National Standards Strategy Supports the goal Standards Council of Canada
Implementation Strategy Support voluntary action to adopt clean technologies Supports the goal Department of Finance Canada
Goal 10: Advance reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples and take action on inequality
FSDS component Title Supports Goal and/or Target Responsible organization(s)
Target theme: Advancing reconciliation with First Nations, Inuit and Métis communities
Target Between 2023 and 2026, and every year on an ongoing basis, develop and table annual progress reports on implementing the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act Supports the goal Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada
Milestone Co-develop an Action Plan for the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act with Indigenous Partners Supports the goal and the UN Declaration Act Target Department of Justice Canada
Milestone Collaborate with Indigenous Peoples in fisheries management Supports the goal Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Implementation Strategy Implement the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act Supports the goal and the UN Declaration Act Target Department of Justice Canada - supported by whole-of-government implementation
Implementation Strategy Co-manage natural resources, collaborate, and share benefits with Indigenous Peoples Supports the goal

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Impact Assessment Agency of Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Parks Canada

Implementation Strategy Increase Indigenous employment in the federal public service Supports the goal Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat
Implementation Strategy Publish the National Pollutant Release Inventory Indigenous Series Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation Strategy Support economic development and entrepreneurship in Indigenous communities Supports the goal

Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency

Employment and Social Development Canada

Indigenous Services Canada

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Target theme: Taking action on inequality
Target Each year, the federal public service meets or surpasses the workforce availability for women, Indigenous persons, persons with a disability, and members of a visible minority Supports the goal President of the Treasury Board
Milestone Hire 5,000 new public servants with disabilities Supports the goal and the Diversity, Equity and/or Inclusion Target Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat
Implementation Strategy Advance gender equality in the Government of Canada Supports the goal and the Diversity, Equity and/or Inclusion Target Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat
Implementation Strategy Foster diversity, inclusion and accessibility in the federal public service Supports the goal and the Diversity, Equity and/or Inclusion Target Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat
Implementation Strategy Implement the Disaggregated Data Action Plan to fill data and knowledge gaps on inequalities Supports the goal and the Diversity, Equity and/or Inclusion Target Statistics Canada
Implementation Strategy Implement the 50 – 30 Challenge Supports the goal Innovation, Science and Economic Development
Implementation Strategy Implement the Federal 2SLGBTQI+ Action Plan Supports the goal Women and Gender Equality Canada
Implementation Strategy Invest in targeted scholarships Supports the goal

Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada

Implementation Strategy Support accessibility and employment opportunities for persons with disabilities Supports the goal Employment and Social Development Canada
Implementation Strategy Support entrepreneurship and community development in Black communities Supports the goal

Employment and Social Development Canada

Innovation, Science and Economic Development

Women and Gender Equality Canada

Goal 11: Improve access to affordable housing, clean air, transportation, parks, and green spaces, as well as cultural heritage in Canada
FSDS component Title Supports Goal and/or Target Responsible organization(s)
Target theme: Affordable housing and homelessness
Target By 2028, reduce chronic homelessness by 50% Supports the goal Minister of Housing and Diversity and Inclusion
Target By 2028, reduce or eliminate housing need for 530,000 households Supports the goal Minister of Housing and Diversity and Inclusion
Milestone Launch a new Veteran Homelessness Program Supports the goal and the Reducing Chronic Homelessness Target Infrastructure Canada
Milestone Make progress on reducing chronic homelessness Supports the goal and the Reducing Chronic Homelessness Target Infrastructure Canada
Implementation Strategy Prevent and address homelessness Supports the goal and the Reducing Chronic Homelessness Target Infrastructure Canada
Implementation Strategy Implement the National Housing Strategy Supports the goal and the Reduction or Elimination of Housing Need for 530,000 households Target Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
Implementation Strategy Support affordable housing and related infrastructure for Indigenous communities and communities in the North Supports the goal and the Reduction or Elimination of Housing Need for 530,000 households Target

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

Indigenous Services Canada

Target theme: Public transit and active transportation
Target By 2030, 22% of commuters use public transit or active transportation Supports the goal Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Infrastructure and Communities
Milestone Support the purchase of zero-emission buses Supports the goal Infrastructure Canada
Implementation Strategy Invest in public transit and active transportation Supports the goal and the Public Transit and Active Transportation Target

Infrastructure Canada

The Jacques Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc.

National Capital Commission

Target theme: Air quality
Target Increase the percentage of the population across Canada living in areas where air pollutant concentrations are less than or equal to the Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards from 60% in 2005 to 85% in 2030 Supports the goal

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Minister of Health

Milestone Maintain reduced air pollutant emission levels Supports the goal and the Air Quality Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Strengthen Canadian Ambient Air Quality Standards Supports the goal and the Air Quality Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Health Canada

Implementation Strategy Develop, administer and enforce measures addressing air pollution Supports the goal and the Air Quality Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Transport Canada

Implementation Strategy Work with partners to address air pollution Supports the goal and the Air Quality Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Health Canada

Implementation Strategy Encourage communities across Canada to innovate Supports the goal Infrastructure Canada
Implementation Strategy Inform Canadians about air quality Supports the goal

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Health Canada

Implementation Strategy Research the impacts of air pollution Supports the goal

Health Canada

National Research Council of Canada

Transport Canada

Target theme: Green spaces, cultural and natural heritage
Target Designate national urban parks as part of a network, with a target of up to 6 new national urban parks by 2026 and a total of 15 new national urban parks by 2030 Supports the goal Minister of Environment and Climate Change
Target By 2026, support at least 23.7 million visitors annually to Parks Canada places Supports the goal Minister of Environment and Climate Change
Milestone Increase visitation to the National Wildlife Areas Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation Strategy Develop green spaces close to urban centres Supports the goal, and the National Urban Parks Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

The Jacques Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc.

National Battlefields Commission

National Capital Commission

Parks Canada

Implementation Strategy Enhance visitor experience in parks and historic places Supports the goal and the Visitation to Parks Canada Heritage Places Target Parks Canada
Implementation Strategy Promote access to green space, cultural and natural heritage Supports the goal and the Visitation to Parks Canada Heritage Places Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

The Jacques Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc.

National Battlefields Commission

National Capital Commission

Parks Canada

Implementation Strategy Work with partners on conservation Supports the goal

Environment and Climate Change Canada

National Capital Commission

Parks Canada

Goal 12: Reduce waste and transition to zero-emission vehicles
FSDS component Title Supports Goal and/or Target Responsible organization(s)
Target theme: Management of waste, resources and chemicals
Target By 2030, the amount of single-use plastics that is entering the environment as pollution will be reduced by 5% and that is sent to landfill by 3% Supports the goal Minister of Environment and Climate Change
Target Reduce the amount of waste Canadians send to disposal from a baseline of 699 kilograms per person in 2014 to 490 kilograms per person by 2030 (a 30% reduction); and to 350 kilograms per person by 2040 (a 50% reduction) Supports the goal Minister of Environment and Climate Change, as federal lead in the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment
Milestone Finalize the Canadian Critical Minerals Strategy Supports the goal Natural Resources Canada
Milestone Implement the Chemicals Management Plan Supports the goal

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Health Canada

Milestone Reduce food loss and waste Supports the goal Agriculture and Agri-food Canada
Milestone Regulate plastics in the economy Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Use mining waste to produce critical minerals Supports the goal Natural Resources Canada
Milestone Build Indigenous community capacity to participate in critical minerals and metals projects Supports the goal Natural Resources Canada
Milestone Address contaminated sites Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation Strategy Implement the Single-Use Plastics Prohibition Regulations Supports the goal and the Single-Use Plastics Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation Strategy Work with provinces and territories through the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME) to implement the Canada-wide Strategy on Zero Plastic Waste Supports Goal and the Waste Reduction Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation Strategy Advance the circular economy in Canada Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation Strategy Assess and manage risks from chemicals and harmful substances Supports the goal

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Health Canada

Implementation Strategy Deliver efficient food systems Supports the goal

Agriculture and Agri-food Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Implementation Strategy Boost the supply of critical minerals for the green and digital economy Supports the goal Natural Resources Canada
Implementation Strategy Continue review of pesticides Supports the goal Health Canada
Implementation Strategy Reduce methane emissions from municipal solid waste landfills Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation Strategy Remediate high-priority contaminated sites Supports the goal

Canada Border Services Agency

Correctional Service Canada

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Health Canada

Indigenous Services Canada

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

The Jacques Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc.

National Capital Commission

National Defence

National Research Council of Canada

Parks Canada

Public Service and Procurement Canada

Transport Canada

Implementation Strategy Research innovative solutions for plastics Supports the goal

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

National Research Council of Canada

Statistics Canada

Transport Canada

Target theme: Zero-emission vehicles
Target For the 2030 model year, at least 60% of new light-duty vehicle sales are zero-emission vehicles, and 100% of vehicle sales will be zero-emission vehicles for the 2035 model year Supports the goal

Minister of Transport

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Target Aim is to have 35% of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles sales being zero-emission by 2030 and 100% by 2040 for a subset of vehicle types based on feasibility Supports the goal

Minister of Transport

Minister of Environment and Climate Change

Milestone Make progress toward the light-duty zero-emission vehicle sales target Supports the goal and the Light-Duty Zero-Emission Vehicle Sales Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Transport Canada

Milestone Decarbonize on-road freight Supports the goal and the Medium- and Heavy-Duty Zero-Emission Vehicle Sales Target Transport Canada
Milestone Establish interim zero-emission vehicle sales targets Supports the goal and the Medium- and Heavy-Duty Zero-Emission Vehicle Sales Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Transport Canada

Implementation Strategy Develop regulations and programs that support light-duty zero-emission vehicles Supports the goal and the Light-Duty Zero-Emission Vehicle Sales Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Transport Canada

Implementation Strategy Accelerate regulatory readiness through the Zero Emission Trucking Program Supports the goal and the Medium- and Heavy-Duty Zero-Emission Vehicle Sales Target Transport Canada
Implementation Strategy Develop regulations that support medium- and heavy-duty zero-emission vehicles Supports the goal and the Medium- and Heavy-Duty Zero-Emission Vehicle Sales Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation Strategy Make zero-emission vehicles more affordable and improve supply Supports the goal and the Medium- and Heavy-Duty Zero-Emission Vehicle Sales Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Transport Canada

Implementation Strategy Work with partners in the transportation sector Supports the goal

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Transport Canada

Target theme: Federal leadership on responsible consumption
Target By 2030, the Government of Canada will divert from landfill at least 75% by weight of non-hazardous operational waste Supports the goal All Ministers
Target By 2030, the Government of Canada will divert from landfill at least 90% by weight of all construction and demolition waste Supports the goal All Ministers
Target The Government of Canada’s procurement of goods and services will be net-zero emissions by 2050, to aid the transition to a net-zero, circular economy Supports the goal All Ministers
Milestone Purchase zero-emission vehicles Supports the goal and the Net-Zero Procurement Target All federal organizations owning conventional fleets, as reported to Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat
Milestone Purchase low-carbon intensity fuels for air and marine fleets Supports the goal and the Net-Zero Procurement Target

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

National Defence

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Milestone Achieve total clean electricity use in federal real property Supports the goal and the Net-Zero Procurement Target All federal organizations owning real property, as reported to Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat
Milestone Characterize the waste stream Supports the goal and both Waste Diversion Targets All federal organizations owning real property, as reported to Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat
Implementation strategy Disclose embodied carbon in construction Supports the goal and the Net-Zero Procurement Target

National Defence

Public Services and Procurement Canada

Implementation strategy Incentivize supplier disclosure Supports the goal and the Net-Zero Procurement Target

National Defence

Public Services and Procurement Canada

Implementation strategy Transform the federal light-duty fleet Supports the goal and the Net-Zero Procurement Target All federal organizations owning conventional fleets
Implementation strategy Strengthen green procurement criteria Supports the goal and the Net-Zero Procurement Target All federal organizations
Implementation strategy Maximize diversion of waste from landfills Supports the goal and both Waste Diversion Targets All federal organizations owning real property
Goal 13: Take action on climate change and its impacts
FSDS component Title Supports Goal and/or Target Responsible organization(s)
Target theme: Climate change mitigation and adaptation
Target Achieve 40 to 45% greenhouse gas emission reductions below 2005 levels by 2030, and achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 Supports the goal Minister of Environment and Climate Change - Supported by whole-of-government implementation
Milestone Establish a 2030 plan to reduce methane emissions Supports the goal and the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Ensure a strengthened price on carbon pollution is in place in Canada Supports the goal and the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Implement the Clean Fuel Regulations Supports the goal and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Phase out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies Supports the goal and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Reach the interim greenhouse gas emissions reduction objective Supports the goal and the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Release a national adaptation strategy for Canada Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Increase awareness of Canadians of disaster risks Supports the goal Public Safety Canada
Milestone Take steps to adapt to climate change Supports the goal Natural Resources Canada
Milestone Reduce black carbon emissions Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Implement evidence-based measures to protect health from extreme heat in health regions Supports the goal Health Canada
Implementation Strategy Continue to implement Canada’s climate plans and actions Supports the goal and the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Target Environment and Climate Change Canada alongside other federal organizations
Implementation Strategy Implement the Canadian Net-Zero Emissions Accountability Act Supports the goal and the Greenhouse Gas Emissions Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation Strategy Collaborate on emergency management and disaster risk reduction Supports the goal

Canada Border Services Agency

Health Canada

Indigenous Services Canada

Infrastructure Canada Natural

Resources Canada

Public Safety Canada

Implementation Strategy Strengthen Indigenous leadership on climate action Supports the goal

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Crown Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

Implementation Strategy Support climate change adaptation across Canada Supports the goal

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Parks Canada

Target theme: Federal leadership on greenhouse gas emissions reductions and climate resilience
Target The Government of Canada will transition to net-zero carbon operations for facilities and conventional fleets by 2050 Supports the goal All Ministers
Target The Government of Canada will transition to net-zero carbon national safety and security fleet operations by 2050 Supports the goal Ministers with national safety and security fleets
Target The Government of Canada will transition to climate resilient operations by 2050 Supports the goal All Ministers
Milestone Reduce greenhouse gas emissions in federal real property and conventional fleet Supports the goal and the Net-Zero Carbon Operations Target All federal organizations owning real property and conventional fleets, as reported to Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat
Milestone Develop national safety and security operational fleet decarbonization plans Supports the goal and the National Safety and Security Fleet Operations Target

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

National Defence

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Milestone Identify and incorporate awareness of climate-change-related risks into federal planning Supports the goal and the Climate Resilient Operations Target All federal organizations, as reported to Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat
Milestone Develop a zero-carbon, climate-resilient office leasing federal portfolio plan Supports the goal and the Climate Resilient Operations Target Public Services and Procurement Canada
Implementation strategy Apply a greenhouse gas reduction life-cycle cost analysis for major building retrofits Supports the goal and the Net-Zero Carbon Operations Target All federal organizations owning real property
Implementation strategy Implement the Greening Government Strategy through measures that reduce greenhouse gas emissions, improve climate resilience, and green the government’s overall operations Supports the goal and the Net-Zero Carbon Operations Target All federal organizations
Implementation strategy Modernize through net-zero carbon buildings Supports the goal and the Net-Zero Carbon Operations Target All federal organizations owning real property
Implementation strategy Improve environmental performance of national safety and security fleets Supports the goal and the National Safety and Security Fleet Operations Target

National Defence

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Implementation strategy Reduce risks posed by climate change impacts to federal assets, services and operations Supports the goal and the Climate Resilient Operations Target All federal organizations owning real property
Goal 14: Conserve and protect Canada’s oceans
FSDS component Title Supports Goal and/or Target Responsible organization(s)
Target theme: Ocean protection and conservation
Target Conserve 25% of marine and coastal areas by 2025, and 30% by 2030, in support of the commitment to work to halt and reverse nature loss by 2030 in Canada, and achieve a full recovery for nature by 2050 Supports the goal Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard, in collaboration with the Minister of Environment and Climate Change
Milestone Establish new national marine conservation areas Supports the goal and the Marine Conservation Target Parks Canada
Milestone Further develop Canada’s Ghost Gear Program Supports the goal Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Implementation Strategy Build knowledge of coastal and marine ecosystems and marine protected areas Supports the goal and the Marine Conservation Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

National Research Council of Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Parks Canada

Transport Canada

Implementation Strategy Protect, manage, and restore marine and coastal areas Supports the goal and the Marine Conservation Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Parks Canada

Transport Canada

Implementation Strategy Reduce marine litter and support the Canada-wide Strategy on Zero Plastic Waste Supports the goal

Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Transport Canada

Target theme: Ocean sustainability
Target By 2026, at least 55% of Canada’s key fish stocks are in the Cautious and Healthy zone Supports the goal Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and Canadian Coast Guard
Milestone Regulate key fish stocks provisions Supports the goal and the Sustainable Fisheries Target Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Milestone Manage Canadian aquaculture Supports the goal Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Implementation Strategy Build knowledge to support sustainable fisheries Supports the goal and the Sustainable Fisheries Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Implementation Strategy Implement policies for sustainable fisheries Supports the goal and the Sustainable Fisheries Target Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Implementation Strategy Support sustainable aquaculture Supports the goal Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Implementation Strategy Support the recovery and protection of Canada’s endangered whales Supports the goal

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Parks Canada

Transport Canada

Implementation Strategy Support the recovery and protection of Canada’s marine ecosystem and wildlife Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Goal 15: Protect and recover species, conserve Canadian biodiversity
FSDS component Title Supports Goal and/or Target Responsible organization(s)
Target theme: Conservation of land and fresh water
Target Between 2023 and 2026, Canada’s sustainable wood supply level (guided by sustainable forest management policies to reflect the current unique social, environmental and economic characteristics of managed forests), exceeds the annual timber harvests Supports the goal Minister of Natural Resources
Target Conserve 25% of Canada’s land and inland waters by 2025, working toward 30% by 2030, from 12.5% recognized as conserved as of the end of 2020, in support of the commitment to work to halt and reverse nature loss by 2030 in Canada, and achieve a full recovery for nature by 2050 Supports the goal Minister of Environment and Climate Change
Milestone Finalize nature agreements Supports goal and the Terrestrial Ecosystem Conservation Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Make progress on Canada’s commitment to area-based conservation Supports the goal and the Terrestrial Ecosystem Conservation Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Establish new national wildlife areas Supports the goal and the Terrestrial Ecosystem Conservation Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Establish new national parks Supports the goal and the Terrestrial Ecosystem Conservation Target Parks Canada
Milestone Support ecological corridors Supports the goal and the Terrestrial Ecosystem Conservation Target Parks Canada
Implementation Strategy Conserve natural spaces Supports the goal and the Terrestrial Ecosystem Conservation Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Parks Canada

Implementation Strategy Support Indigenous leadership in conservation Supports the goal and the Terrestrial Ecosystem Conservation Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Parks Canada

Implementation Strategy Better understand lands and forests Supports the goal and the Sustainable Forests Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

The Jacques Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc.

Natural Resources Canada

Implementation Strategy Promote participation in Canada’s forest sector and support the transition to a sustainable economy Supports the goal and the Sustainable Forests Target Natural Resources Canada
Target theme: Species protection and recovery
Target By 2026, increase the percentage of species at risk listed under federal law that exhibit population trends that are consistent with recovery strategies and management plans to 60%, from a baseline of 42% in 2019 Supports the goal Minister of Environment and Climate Change; Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard
Target By 2030, increase the percentage of migratory bird species whose population sizes fall within an acceptable range—neither too low nor too high—to 70% from 57% in 2016 Supports the goal Minister of Environment and Climate Change
Milestone Develop conservation action plans Supports the goal and the Species at Risk Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Collaborate on protection and recovery actions for terrestrial species at risk Supports the goal and the Species at Risk Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Parks Canada

Milestone Partner with provinces and territories on species at risk Supports the goal and the Species at Risk Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Enhance protection and recovery actions for aquatic species at risk Supports the goal and the Species at Risk Target

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Parks Canada

Milestone Increase the percentage of migratory bird species whose population sizes fall within an acceptable range Supports the goal and the Migratory Birds Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Develop and implement a no net loss of biodiversity policy framework Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Milestone Work with Indigenous Peoples on migratory bird monitoring and research Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation Strategy Deliver enhanced conservation action Supports the goal and the Species at Risk Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

The Jacques Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc.

Parks Canada

Implementation Strategy Implement, innovate and modernize the regulatory and policy framework and tools to protect species at risk, other fish and fish habitat Supports the goal and the Species at Risk Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Implementation Strategy Work with partners to enhance foundational knowledge of species, habitats and ecosystems Supports the goal and the Species at Risk Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Parks Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Implementation Strategy Work with partners to implement the Pan-Canadian Approach to Transforming Species at Risk Conservation in Canada and the Framework for Aquatic Species at Risk Conservation Supports the goal and the Species at Risk Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Parks Canada

Implementation Strategy Work with partners to implement the pan-Canadian approach to wildlife health Supports the goal and the Species at Risk Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation Strategy Ensure key knowledge is available to support migratory bird conservation Supports the goal and the Migratory Birds Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation Strategy Implement, innovate and modernize the regulatory and policy framework and tools to protect migratory birds Supports the goal and the Migratory Birds Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation Strategy Modernize technology for monitoring international wildlife trade Supports the goal

Canada Border Services Agency

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Implementation Strategy Prevent, detect, respond to, control and manage invasive alien species Supports the goal

Canada Border Services Agency

Canadian Food Inspection Agency

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada 

Natural Resources Canada

Parks Canada

Implementation Strategy Uphold international commitments related to wildlife Supports the goal

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Goal 16: Promote a fair and accessible justice system, enforce environmental laws, and manage impacts
FSDS component Title Supports Goal and/or Target Responsible organization(s)
Target theme: A fair and accessible justice system and the rule of law
Target By 2030, at least 70% of Canadians think the criminal justice system is fair and accessible to all people Supports the goal Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada
Milestone Maintain Canada’s international ranking with respect to the rule of law Supports the goal Department of Justice Canada
Implementation strategy Take action to improve fairness in law enforcement and the criminal justice system Supports the goal and the Fair and Accessible Justice System Target

Department of Justice Canada

Public Prosecution Service of Canada

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Target theme: Compliance with environmental laws and high-quality impact assessments
Target By March 31, 2026, ensure that 100% of Environment and Climate Change Canada laws, regulations, and enforceable instruments have completed risk classifications Supports the goal Minister of Environment and Climate Change
Milestone Minimize the adverse effects of projects through impact assessments Supports the goal Impact Assessment Agency of Canada
Milestone Promote evidence-based decision making that considers public and Indigenous community input, including Indigenous Knowledge Supports the goal Impact Assessment Agency of Canada
Milestone Restore and/or enhance the natural environment through Environmental Damages Fund projects Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation strategy Conduct risk classifications for Environment and Climate Change Canada laws, regulations, and enforceable instruments Supports the goal and the Risk Classification Target Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation strategy Apply “Best-in-Class” requirements in federal impact assessment of oil and gas projects Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation strategy Foster research to support high-quality impact assessments Supports the goal Impact Assessment Agency of Canada
Implementation strategy Implement monitoring, inspection and enforcement activities Supports the goal

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Impact Assessment Agency of Canada

Transport Canada

Implementation strategy Meaningfully consult, engage and accommodate Indigenous Peoples and consider Indigenous Knowledge in impact assessment and regulatory processes Supports the goal

Canada Energy Regulator

Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission

Impact Assessment Agency of Canada

Implementation strategy Provide the public and Indigenous Peoples with a voice in impact assessment and regulatory processes Supports the goal

Canada Energy Regulator

Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission

Impact Assessment Agency of Canada

Implementation strategy Support fair, transparent, and predictable impact assessment and regulatory processes Supports the goal

Canada Energy Regulator

Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission

Impact Assessment Agency of Canada

Implementation strategy Use a risk-based approach to enforcement Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Goal 17: Strengthen partnerships to promote global action on sustainable development
FSDS component Title Supports Goal and/or Target Responsible organization(s)
Target theme: Sustainable development partnerships
Target By 2026, implement Canada’s climate finance commitment of $5.3 billion with at least 40% of funding going toward climate adaptation and at least 20% to projects that leverage nature-based climate solutions and projects that contribute biodiversity co-benefits Supports the goal Minister of Environment and Climate Change
Milestone Advance Canada’s priorities on sustainable natural resources and clean technology Supports the goal Natural Resources Canada
Milestone Engage with priority countries and regions Supports the goal Environment and Climate Change Canada
Implementation Strategy Increase support to and help build capacity in developing countries to adapt to and mitigate climate change Supports the goal and the Climate Finance Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Global Affairs Canada

Implementation Strategy Support a clean energy transition Supports the goal and the Climate Finance Target

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Global Affairs Canada

Implementation Strategy Advance international collaboration on critical minerals Supports the goal

Global Affairs Canada

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Implementation Strategy Advance open data initiatives Supports the goal Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat
Implementation Strategy Promote environmental protection in trade agreements and other engagement mechanisms Supports the goal

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Global Affairs Canada

Implementation Strategy Promote responsible business conduct by Canadian companies abroad Supports the goal Global Affairs Canada
Implementation Strategy Work with partners to monitor and protect our ecosystems through space-based services and technologies Supports the goal

Canadian Space Agency

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Natural Resources Canada

Annex 5: List of contributing federal organizations

As per the Federal Sustainable Development Act, federal organisations named in schedules I, I.1, and II of the Financial Administration Act must contribute to the development of the Federal Sustainable Development Strategy (strategy). At this time, 101 active federal organisations contribute to the strategy.

List of mandatory contributing federal organizations
  1. Administrative Tribunals Support Service of Canada
  2. Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency
  3. Canada Border Services Agency
  4. Canada Emission Reduction Incentives Agency (not presently active)
  5. Canada Employment Insurance Commission
  6. Canada Revenue Agency
  7. Canada School of Public Service
  8. Canadian Accessibility Standards Development Organization
  9. Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety
  10. Canadian Energy Regulator
  11. Canadian Food Inspection Agency
  12. Canadian Grain Commission
  13. Canadian High Arctic Research Station
  14. Canadian Human Rights Commission
  15. Canadian Institutes of Health Research
  16. Canadian Intergovernmental Conference Secretariat
  17. Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency
  18. Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission
  19. Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission
  20. Canadian Security Intelligence Service
  21. Canadian Space Agency
  22. Canadian Transportation Accident Investigation and Safety Board
  23. Canadian Transportation Agency
  24. Civilian Review and Complaints Commission for the Royal Canadian Mounted Police
  25. Communications Security Establishment
  26. Copyright Board
  27. Correctional Service of Canada
  28. Courts Administration Service
  29. Department for Women and Gender Equality
  30. Department of Agriculture and Agri-Food
  31. Department of Canadian Heritage
  32. Department of Citizenship and Immigration
  33. Department of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs
  34. Department of Employment and Social Development
  35. Department of Finance
  36. Department of Fisheries and Oceans
  37. Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development
  38. Department of Health
  39. Department of Indigenous Services
  40. Department of Industry
  41. Department of Justice
  42. Department of National Defence
  43. Department of Natural Resources
  44. Department of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness
  45. Department of Public Works and Government Services
  46. Department of the Environment
  47. Department of Transport
  48. Department of Veterans Affairs
  49. Department of Western Economic Diversification
  50. Economic Development Agency of Canada for the Regions of Quebec
  51. Federal Economic Development Agency for Northern Ontario
  52. Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario
  53. Financial Consumer Agency of Canada
  54. Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada
  55. Immigration and Refugee Board
  56. Impact Assessment Agency of Canada
  57. Invest in Canada Hub
  58. Law Commission of Canada
  59. Leaders’ Debates Commission
  60. Library and Archives of Canada
  61. Military Grievances External Review Committee
  62. Military Police Complaints Commission
  63. National Capital Commission
  64. National Farm Products Council
  65. National Film Board
  66. National Research Council of Canada
  67. National Security and Intelligence Review Agency Secretariat
  68. Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council
  69. Northern Pipeline Agency
  70. Office of Infrastructure of Canada
  71. Office of the Auditor General
  72. Office of the Chief Electoral Officer
  73. Office of the Commissioner for Federal Judicial Affairs
  74. Office of the Commissioner of Lobbying
  75. Office of the Commissioner of Official Languages
  76. Office of the Correctional Investigator of Canada
  77. Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions
  78. Office of the Governor General’s Secretary
  79. Office of the Intelligence Commissioner
  80. Office of the Public Sector Integrity Commissioner
  81. Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions
  82. Offices of the Information and Privacy Commissioners of Canada
  83. Pacific Economic Development Agency of Canada
  84. Parks Canada Agency
  85. Parole Board of Canada
  86. Patented Medicine Prices Review Board
  87. Privy Council Office
  88. Public Health Agency of Canada
  89. Public Service Commission
  90. Registrar of the Supreme Court of Canada and that portion of the federal public administration appointed under subsection 12(2) of the Supreme Court Act
  91. Royal Canadian Mounted Police
  92. Royal Canadian Mounted Police External Review Committee
  93. Secretariat of the National Security and Intelligence Committee of Parliamentarians
  94. Shared Services Canada
  95. Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
  96. Statistics Canada
  97. The Jacques-Cartier and Champlain Bridges Inc.
  98. The National Battlefields Commission
  99. Treasury Board
  100. Veterans Review and Appeal Board
List of voluntary contributing federal organizations
  1. Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
  2. Standards Council of Canada

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