Compliance and Enforcement

Compliance and enforcement activities are a key element of safeguarding the drugs and health products to which Canadians have access.

As part of its regulatory responsibilities, Health Canada is responsible for compliance monitoring and enforcement activities related to health products in order to verify that regulatory requirements are being applied appropriately. The Regulatory Operations and Enforcement Branch (ROEB) is responsible for health product compliance monitoring activities such as industry inspection and product investigation. ROEB develops and implements enforcement strategies in these areas.

The Compliance and Enforcement Policy for Health Products (POL-0001) applies to Health Canada compliance and enforcement activities conducted in relation to health products that fall under the Food and Drugs Act. These products include:

ROEB is also responsible for compliance and enforcement activities in relation to the Assisted Human Reproduction Act (AHR Act). The AHR Act and its regulations establish at the federal level, the framework to help protect the health, safety, dignity and rights of individuals who use or are born of assisted human reproduction (AHR) in Canada.

The Compliance and Enforcement Policy for the Assisted Human Reproduction Act (POL-0100) describes Health Canada's national compliance and enforcement approach for materials and activities subject to the AHR Act and its regulations.

Registering a complaint for health products and for materials and activities pertaining to assisted human reproduction:

What information can you find here?

In this section, you will find information concerning our compliance and enforcement activities related to blood, cells, tissues and organs, drugs, medical devices, and natural health products, assisted human reproductive material (donor sperm and donor ova) and related activities. You will be able to read about our international activities, and learn about legislation, licensing, good manufacturing procedures and good clinical practices.

Annual inspection summary reports outline inspection activities conducted by ROEB.

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency provides all federal inspection services related to food and enforces the food safety and nutritional quality standards established by Health Canada.

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