Data, surveillance and research on opioids and other substances

Canada continues to struggle with historic rates of drug overdoses during the COVID-19 outbreak. This includes both fatal and non-fatal overdoses. The pandemic is making the overdose crisis worse in many communities. Some regions are reporting more fatal overdoses and other harms, due to a more toxic illegal supply. People who use substances, such as opioids, cocaine, and methamphetamine, face greater risks. This page provides links to the evidence guiding our response to the overdose crisis.

On this page

Opioid- and stimulant-related harms

To better understand and respond effectively to the overdose crisis, we continue to work with our partners across Canada.

Provinces and territories collect and share data on:

  • apparent opioid and stimulant toxicity deaths
  • opioid and stimulant poisoning hospitalizations
  • suspected opioid-related overdoses attended by Emergency Medical Services

The latest update provides key findings, interactive maps and details on observed trends at the national level.

Opioid- and stimulant-related harms in Canada (Last updated: December 2020)

Federal actions on opioids

We remain committed to a collaborative, compassionate and evidence-based approach to the opioid overdose crisis.

Overview: Federal actions on opioids (Last updated: December 2020)

Reports, studies and surveys

We conduct studies and publish reports to improve our understanding of the opioid overdose crisis on a national level.

Public Health Agency of Canada

Health Canada

Statistics Canada

Canadian Institute for Health Information

Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Provincial and territorial information

Provincial and territorial differences exist in the impact of the opioid crisis and in their response. To find out more, please refer to the links below:


For more information

Learn more about problematic substance use, opioids and the Government of Canada's approach to addressing the crisis:

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